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ACCOUNTANT

WHAT ACCOUNTANTS DO

The accountant performs professional-level accounting work in the maintenance and review of fiscal records. The position requires considerable knowledge of basic accounting principles and accounting functions. This individual is responsible for the general ledger, job cost, bank reconciliations and accounts payable. Additional responsibilities include performing monthly closings, maintenance of accounting files, and preparation/organization of various financial forms, reports, and financial analyses, etc. This individual may be asked to assist with ad-hoc projects and general office support tasks when necessary. These responsibilities and tasks will be coordinated with and supervised by the Senior Project Controller.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Most accountants and auditors work full time. In 2016, about one in five worked more than 40 hours per week. Overtime hours are typical at certain times of the year, such as at the end of the budget year or during tax season.

HOW TO BECOME AN ACCOUNTANT

Graduation from an accredited four-year college or university with a major in the field of accounting or other related field. Experience may be considered as a substitute for this requirement.

Quick Facts: Accountants

2017 Median Pay: $69,350 per year / $33.34 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Could require job-specific training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 1,397,700

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 10% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 139,900

PAY

The median annual wage for accountants and auditors was $69,350 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of accountants and auditors is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016-2026, faster than the average for all occupations. In general, employment growth of accountants and auditors is expected to be closely tied to the health of the overall economy. As the economy grows, more workers should be needed to prepare and examine financial records.

ARCHITECT

WHAT ARCHITECTS DO

Architects plan and design houses, factories, office buildings, and other structures.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Architects spend much of their time in offices, where they develop plans, meet with clients, and consult with engineers and other architects. They also visit construction sites to prepare initial drawings and review the progress of projects to ensure that clients' objectives are met.

HOW TO BECOME AN ARCHITECT

There are typically three main steps to becoming a licensed architect: completing a professional degree in architecture, gaining relevant experience through a paid internship, and passing the Architect Registration Examination.

Quick Facts: Architects

2017 Median Pay: $78,470 per year / $37.72 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Internship/residency

Number of Jobs, 2016: 128,800

Job Outlook, 2014-24: 4% (Slower than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 5,500

PAY

The median annual wage for architects was $78,470 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of architects is projected to grow 4 percent from 2016 to 2026, slower than average for all occupations. With a high number of students graduating with degrees in architecture, strong competition for internships and jobs is expected.

BOILERMAKERS

WHAT BOILERMAKERS DO

Boilermakers assemble, install, and repair boilers, closed vats, and other large vessels or containers that hold liquids and gases.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Boilermakers perform physically demanding and dangerous work. Many boilermakers must travel to worksites and live away from home for long periods.

HOW TO BECOME A BOILERMAKER

Most boilermakers learn their trade through an apprenticeship program.

Quick Facts: Boilermaker

2017 Median Pay: $62,260 per year / $29.93 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 17,200

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 9% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 1,500

PAY

The median annual wage for boilermakers was $62,060 in May 2016.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of boilermakers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. The need to install, replace, and maintain boiler parts, such as boiler tubes, heating elements, and ductwork, is an ongoing process that will require the work of boilermakers.

BRICKMASONS (MASON WORKERS)

WHAT BRICKMASONS, BLOCKMASONS, AND STONEMASONS DO

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons (or, simply, masons) use bricks, concrete blocks, and natural stones to build fences, walkways, walls, and other structures.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The work is physically demanding because masons often must lift heavy materials and must stand, kneel, and bend for long periods of time. They usually work outdoors, and poor weather conditions may reduce work activity.

Most masons work full time.

HOW TO BECOME A BRICKMASON, BLOCKMASON, OR STONEMASON

Although most masons learn through a formal apprenticeship, some learn informally on the job. Others learn through one- or two-year mason programs at technical colleges.

Quick Facts: Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons

2017 Median Pay: $42,900 per year / $20.62 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 292,500

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 12% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 34,200

PAY

In May 2017, the median annual wage of brickmasons and blockmasons was $42,900.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of masonry workers is projected to grow 12 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Population growth will result in the construction of more schools, hospitals, homes, and other buildings. Workers with a good job history and with experience in masonry and construction should have the best job opportunities.

BUILDING INSPECTOR

WHAT CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING INSPECTORS DO

Construction and building inspectors ensure that construction meets local and national building codes and ordinances, zoning regulations, and contract specifications.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Construction and building inspectors spend considerable time inspecting worksites, alone or as part of a team. Some inspectors may have to climb ladders or crawl in tight spaces. Most work full time during regular business hours.

HOW TO BECOME A CONSTRUCTION OR BUILDING INSPECTOR

Most employers require construction and building inspectors to have at least a high school diploma and considerable knowledge of construction trades. Inspectors typically learn on the job. Many states and local jurisdictions require some type of license or certification.

Quick Facts: Building Inspector

2017 Median Pay: $59,090 per year / $28.41 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: five years or more

On-the-job Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 105,100

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 10% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 10,500

PAY

The median annual wage for construction and building inspectors was $59,090 in May 2017

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of construction and building inspectors is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Public interest in safety and desire to improve the quality of construction should continue to create demand for inspectors. Certified construction and building inspectors who can perform a variety of inspections should have the best job opportunities.

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER/MARKETING

WHAT ADVERTISING, PROMOTIONS, AND MARKETING MANAGERS DO

Advertising, promotions, and marketing managers plan programs to generate interest in products or services. They work with art directors, sales agents, and financial staff members.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Many of these workers are employed in advertising agencies or in corporate or regional managing offices.

HOW TO BECOME AN ADVERTISING, PROMOTIONS, OR MARKETING MANAGER

A bachelor's degree is required for most advertising, promotions, and marketing management positions. These managers typically have work experience in advertising, marketing, promotions, or sales.

Quick Facts: Business Development Manager/Marketing 2017

Median Pay: $129,380 per year / $62.20 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: Usually have some sales experience

On-the-job Training: None

Number of Jobs, 2016: 249,600

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 10% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 23,800

PAY

The median annual wage for advertising and promotions managers was $106,300 in May 2017. The median annual wage for marketing managers was $132,230 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of advertising, promotions, and marketing managers is projected to grow

10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Advertising, promotions, and marketing campaigns will continue to be essential for organizations as they seek to maintain and expand their share of the market.

BUYERS/PURCHASING AGENTS

WHAT BUYERS AND PURCHASING AGENTS DO

Buyers and purchasing agents buy products and services for organizations to use or resell. Purchasing managers oversee the work of buyers and purchasing agents.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Most buyers and purchasing agents work full time. Some work more than 40 hours per week.

HOW TO BECOME A BUYER OR PURCHASING AGENT

Buyers and purchasing agents typically have a bachelor's degree. Purchasing managers must also have a few years of work experience.

Quick Facts: Buyers/Purchasing Agent

2017 Median Pay: $66,610 per year / $32.02 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Long-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 520,400

Job Outlook, 2016-26: -3% (decline)

Employment Change, 2016-26: -17,200

PAY

The median annual wage for buyers and purchasing agents was $66,610 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of buyers and purchasing agents is projected to decline 3 percent from 2016 to 2026. The outsourcing and automation of less complex procurement functions are among contributing factors causing employment declines for these occupations.

CARPENTERS

WHAT CARPENTERS DO

Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, and rafters made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Because carpenters are involved in many types of construction, from building highways and bridges to installing kitchen cabinets, they may work both indoors and out. The work is sometimes strenuous, and carpenters experience a higher than average rate of injuries and illnesses.

HOW TO BECOME A CARPENTER

Although most carpenters learn their trade through a formal apprenticeship, some learn on the job, starting as a helper.

Quick Facts: Carpenters

2017 Median Pay: $45,170 per year / $21.71 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 1,025,600

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 8% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 83,800PAY

The median annual wage of carpenters was $45,170 in May 2017

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of carpenters is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Increased levels of new home construction and remodeling will require more carpenters.

CEMENT MASONS AND TERRAZZO WORKERS (MASON WORKER)

WHAT CEMENT MASONS AND TERRAZZO WORKERS DO

Cement masons pour, smooth, and finish concrete floors, sidewalks, roads, and curbs. Using a cement mixture, terrazzo workers create durable and decorative surfaces for floors and stairways.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Concrete and terrazzo work is fast paced and strenuous and often involves kneeling, bending, and reaching. Because many jobs are outdoors, work generally stops in wet weather.

HOW TO BECOME A CEMENT MASON OR TERRAZZO WORKER

Although most cement masons and terrazzo workers learn informally on the job, some learn their trade through a formal apprenticeship.

Quick Facts: Cement Masons and Terrazzo Workers (Mason Worker)

2017 Median Pay: $42,900 per year / $20.62 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 292,500

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 12% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 34,200PAY

In May 2017, the median annual wage of cement masons and terrazzo workers was $42,900.

JOB OUTLOOK

Overall employment of cement masons and terrazzo workers is projected to grow 12 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Population growth will result in the construction of more schools, hospitals, homes and other buildings. Workers with experience in construction should have the best job opportunities.

CIVIL ENGINEERS

WHAT CIVIL ENGINEERS DO

Civil engineers design and supervise large construction projects, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Civil engineers generally work indoors in offices. However, they sometimes spend time outdoors at construction sites so they can monitor operations or solve problems at the site. Most work full time.

HOW TO BECOME A CIVIL ENGINEER

Civil engineers need a bachelor's degree. They typically need a graduate degree for promotion to managerial positions. Civil engineers who sell their own services publicly must be licensed in all states and the District of Columbia.

Quick Facts: Civil Engineers

2017 Median Pay: $84,770 per year / $40.75 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: None

Number of Jobs, 2016: 303,500

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 32,200PAY

The median annual wage of civil engineers was $84,770 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of civil engineers is expected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. As infrastructure continues to age, civil engineers will be needed to manage projects to rebuild bridges, repair roads and upgrade levees.

CONSTRUCTION MANAGERS

WHAT CONSTRUCTION MANAGERS DO

Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget, and supervise construction projects from early development to completion.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Many construction managers have a main office, but spend most of their time working out of a field office at a construction site, where they monitor the project and make daily decisions about construction activities. The need to meet deadlines and respond to emergencies often requires construction managers to work many hours.

HOW TO BECOME A CONSTRUCTION MANAGER

Large construction firms increasingly prefer candidates with both construction experience and a bachelor's degree in a construction-related field. Although individuals with a high school diploma and many years of experience in a construction trade may be hired as construction managers, these individuals are typically qualified to become self-employed general contractors.

Quick Facts: Construction Managers

2017 Median Pay: $91,370 per year / $43.93 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 403,800

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 44,800PAY

The median annual wage for construction managers was $91,370 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of construction managers is projected to grow 11% from 2016 to 2026, faster than average for all occupations. Construction managers are expected to be needed to oversee the anticipated increase in construction activity over the coming decade. Those with a bachelor's degree in construction science, construction management, or civil engineering, coupled with construction experience, will have the best job prospects.

COST ESTIMATORS

WHAT COST ESTIMATORS DO

Cost estimators collect and analyze data in order to estimate the time, money, materials, and labor required to manufacture a product, construct a building, or provide a service. They generally specialize in a particular product or industry.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Cost estimators work mostly in offices, and some estimators also visit construction sites and factory floors. They may sometimes work overtime to meet deadlines.

HOW TO BECOME A COST ESTIMATOR

A bachelor's degree is generally required to become a cost estimator, although some highly experienced construction workers may qualify without a bachelor's degree. A strong background in mathematics is essential.

Quick Facts: Cost Estimators

2017 Median Pay: $63,110 per year / $30.34 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 217,900

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 22,900PAY

The median annual wage for cost estimators was $63,110 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of cost estimators is projected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Overall job opportunities should be good as companies require accurate cost estimates to operate efficiently.

DRAFTERS

WHAT DRAFTERS DO

Drafters use software to convert the designs of engineers and architects into technical drawings. Most workers specialize in architectural, civil, electrical, or mechanical drafting and use technical drawings to help design everything from microchips to skyscrapers.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Although drafters spend much of their time working on computers in an office, some may visit jobsites in order to collaborate with architects and engineers. Most drafters work full time.

HOW TO BECOME A DRAFTER

Drafters typically need specialized training, which can be accomplished through a technical program that leads to a certificate or an associate's degree in drafting.

Quick Facts: Drafters

2017 Median Pay: $54,170 per year / $26.04 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Associate's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: None

Number of Jobs, 2016: 207,700

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 7% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 14,600PAY

The median annual wage for drafters was $54,170 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of drafters is projected to grow 7 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Increased construction activity is projected to drive demand for drafters, but this is expected to be tempered as engineers and architects increasingly perform some tasks previously done by drafters.

DRYWALL AND CEILING TILE INSTALLERS AND TAPERS

WHAT DRYWALL FINISHERS DO

Drywall finishers seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboards, mix sealing compound, press paper tape over joints to embed tape into compound and seal joints, or tape joints using mechanical applicators that spread compound and embed tape in one operation. They sand rough spots, fill cracks and holes in walls and may apply texturing compound and primer to walls and ceilings preparatory to final finishing, using brushes, rollers and spray guns.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

The work is done on residential, industrial and commercial properties, both new and existing construction, inside and outside as well.

HOW TO BECOME A DRYWALL FINISHER

Drywall finishers gain their training through formal apprenticeship programs or develop their skills through on-the-job training.

Quick Facts: Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers and Tapers

2017 Median Pay: $43,970 per year / $21.14 per hour

Entry-Level Education: No Formal Educational Credential

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Moderate-Term On-the-Job Training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 143,000

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 1% (Little or no change)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 1,200PAY

The median annual wage for drywall and ceiling tile installers was $42,860 in May 2017. The median annual wage for tapers was $51,620.

JOB OUTLOOK

Overall employment for drywall finishers is projected to show little or no change from 2016 to 2026. Job opportunities should be good because of the need to replace workers who leave the occupation.

ELECTRICIANS

WHAT ELECTRICIANS DO

Electricians install and maintain electrical systems in homes, businesses, and factories.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Electricians work indoors and out, in nearly every type of facility. Almost all electricians work full time, which may include evenings and weekends. Although the work is not as dangerous as some other construction occupations, common risks include electrical shocks and burns, cuts, and falls.

HOW TO BECOME AN ELECTRICIAN

Although most electricians learn through a formal apprenticeship, some start out by attending a technical school. Most states require licensure.

Quick Facts: Electricians

2017 Median Pay: $54,110 per year / $26.01 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 666,900

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 9% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 59,600PAY

The median annual wage of electricians was $54,110 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of electricians is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. As homes and businesses require more wiring, electricians will be needed to install the necessary components.

FLOORING INSTALLERS, TILE AND MARBLE SETTERS

WHAT DO FLOOR COVERING INSTALLERS DO

Resilient floor and decorative coverings workers install, replace and repair all types of carpets, plastic laminates, and other decorative coverings in residential, commercial and industrial buildings, airplanes, ships, swimming pools, highway medians, garage aprons, automobiles and athletic fields. Apprentices learn about products, how to prepare a pattern to absolute tolerances, and to use scribes and dividers for precision work. Floorcoverers use manual and power tools to measure, hammer, cut and shear, spread and stretch, and prepare floors.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Most work is inside with occasional outside work when weather conditions are suitable. Work sites range from clean to dirty. The job requires stooping, kneeling, reaching, stretching and heavy lifting for long periods.

HOW TO BECOME A FLOOR COVERING INSTALLER

Floor Covering Installers gain their training through formal apprenticeship programs or develop their skills through on-the-job training.

Quick Facts: Flooring installers, tile and marble setters

2017 Median Pay: $40,250 per year / $19.35 per hour

Entry-Level Education: No formal educational credential

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Learn-on-the-job

Number of Jobs, 2016: 122,300

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 10% (Faster than average)

Employment Change: 2016-26: 11,700PAY

The median annual wage of floor covering professionals was $40,250 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Overall employment of floor covering professionals is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. The construction of new housing will be the main source of flooring and tile and marble installation work.

GLAZIERS

WHAT DO GLAZIERS DO

Glaziers prepare and install various types of glass, mirrors, windows and aluminum doors. Construction Glaziers cut, fit and install plate glass windows, mirrors and specialty glass items in commercial and residential buildings. Some glass workers specialize in the fabrication, assembly and installation of glass framing systems for storefronts including doors, architectural panels and sealants. Hand and power tools are used.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Glaziers work indoors and outdoors. Construction glaziers often work on ladders, rigging and scaffolding. The job requires bending, lifting, carrying, pushing and pulling.

HOW TO BECOME A GLAZIER

Most glaziers learn their trades through formal apprenticeship programs.

Quick Facts: Glaziers

2017 Median Pay: $42,580 per year / $20.47 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of jobs, 2016: 50,100

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 5,300PAY

The median annual wage for glaziers was $42,580 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of glaziers is projected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Good job opportunities are expected from the need to replace glaziers who leave the occupation each year.

HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN

WHAT DO HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIANS DO

Heating and air conditioning technicians often called heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVACR) technicians work on heating, ventilation, cooling, and refrigeration systems that control the temperature and air quality in buildings.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

HVACR technicians work mostly in homes, schools, hospitals, office buildings, or factories. Their worksites may be very hot or cold because the heating and cooling systems they must repair may not be working properly and because some parts of these systems are located outdoors. Working in cramped spaces and during irregular hours is common.

HOW TO BECOME A HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN

Because HVACR systems have become increasingly complex, employers generally prefer applicants with postsecondary education or those who have completed an apprenticeship. Some states and localities require technicians to be licensed.

Quick Facts: Heating and air conditioning technician

2017 Median Pay: $47,080 per year / $22.64 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Postsecondary nondegree award

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Long-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 332,900

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 15% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 48,800 PAY

The median annual wage for HVACR technicians was $47,080 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of heating and air conditioning technicians is projected to grow 15 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Candidates familiar with computers and electronics and those with good troubleshooting skills will have the best job opportunities as employers continue to have difficulty finding qualified technicians to install, maintain, and repair complex new systems.

HEAVY EQUIPMENT OPERATORS

WHAT DO HEAVY EQUIPMENT OPERATORS DO

Heavy equipment operators drive, maneuver, or control the heavy machinery used to construct roads, bridges, buildings, and other structures.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Heavy equipment operators work in nearly all weather conditions. Workers often get dirty, greasy, muddy, or dusty. The vast majority of operators work full time, and some operators have irregular hours. Some construction projects, especially road building, are done at night.

HOW TO BECOME A CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT OPERATOR

Many workers learn equipment operation on the job after earning a high school diploma or equivalent, while others learn through an apprenticeship or by attending vocational schools.

Quick Facts: Heavy equipment operators

2017 Median Pay: $46,080 per year / $22.15 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 426,600

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 12% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 52,700

PAY

The median annual wage for heavy equipment operators was $46,080 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of heavy equipment operators is projected to grow 12 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Spending on infrastructure is expected to increase, resulting in many new positions over the next ten years. Workers who can operate multiple types of equipment should have the best job opportunities.

HEAVY VEHICLE AND MOBILE EQUIPMENT SERVICE TECHNICIANS

WHAT HEAVY VEHICLE AND MOBILE EQUIPMENT SERVICE TECHNICIANS DO

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians inspect, maintain, and repair vehicles and machinery used in construction, farming, rail transportation, and other industries.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Service technicians usually work indoors in noisy repair shops. They often lift heavy parts and tools, handle greasy and dirty equipment, and stand or lie in uncomfortable positions. Most service technicians work full time, and many work evenings and weekends.

HOW TO BECOME A HEAVY VEHICLE OR MOBILE EQUIPMENT SERVICE TECHNICIAN

Most heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians have a high school diploma or equivalent. Because vehicle and equipment technology is increasingly sophisticated and computerized, some employers prefer to hire service technicians who have completed a formal training program at a postsecondary institution.

Quick Facts: Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians

2017 Median Pay: $49,440 per year / $23.77 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship or long-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 192,100

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 8% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 14,900 PAY

The median annual wage for heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians was $49,440 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Job opportunities for qualified jobseekers should be good.

INTERIOR DESIGNER

WHAT INTERIOR DESIGNERS DO

Interior designers make interior spaces functional, safe, and beautiful by determining space requirements and selecting decorative items, such as colors, lighting, and materials. They read blueprints and must be aware of building codes and inspection regulations, as well as universal accessibility standards.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Many interior designers work for the specialized design services industry or for the architectural, engineering, and related services industry. In 2016, about one in five were self-employed.

HOW TO BECOME AN INTERIOR DESIGNER

Interior designers usually need a bachelor's degree with a focus on interior design.

Quick Facts: Interior Designer

2017 Median Pay: $51,500 per year / $24.76 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: None

Number of Jobs, 2016: 66,500

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 4% (Slower than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 2,900PAY

The median annual wage for interior designers was $51,500 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of interior designers is projected to grow 4 percent from 2016 to 2026, slower than the average for all occupations. Designers will be needed to respond to consumer expectations that the interiors of homes and offices meet certain conditions, such as being environmentally friendly and more easily accessible.

IRONWORKER

WHAT DO IRONWORKERS DO

Ironworkers install structural and reinforcing iron and steel to form and support buildings, bridges, and roads.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Ironworkers perform physically demanding and dangerous work, often working at great heights. As a result, workers must wear safety harnesses to reduce the risk of falling.

HOW TO BECOME AN IRONWORKER

Although most ironworkers learn through an apprenticeship, some learn on the job. Certifications in welding, rigging, and signaling can be helpful for new entrants.

Quick Facts: Ironworker

2017 Median Pay: $51,320 per year / $24.67 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 90,300

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 13% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 11,400PAY

The median annual wage for ironworkers was $51,320 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of ironworkers is projected to grow 13 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. The construction of large projects, such as high-rise buildings, is expected to drive employment growth, as will the need to rehabilitate, maintain, and replace an increasing number of older roads and bridges. Job opportunities should be best in metropolitan areas, where most large construction projects take place.

LABORERS AND HELPERS

WHAT CONSTRUCTION LABORERS, HELPERS DO

Construction laborers and helpers do many basic tasks that require physical labor on construction sites.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Most construction laborers and helpers work full time and do physically demanding work. Some work at great heights or outdoors in all weather conditions. Construction laborers have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses.

HOW TO BECOME A CONSTRUCTION LABORER OR HELPER

Most construction laborers and helpers learn their trade through short-term on-the-job training.

Quick Facts: Laborers and Helpers

2017 Median Pay: $33,450 per year / $16.08 per hour

Entry-Level Education: None

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Short-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 1,449,400

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 12% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 180,500PAY

The median annual wage for construction laborers and helpers was $33,450 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of construction laborers and helpers is projected to grow 12 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Laborers and helpers work in all fields of construction, and demand for these workers will mirror the level of overall construction activity.

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS

WHAT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS DO

Landscape architects design parks and the outdoor spaces of campuses, recreational facilities, private homes, and other open areas.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Landscape architects spend much of their time in offices, creating designs, preparing models, and meeting with clients. They spend the rest of their time at jobsites.

HOW TO BECOME A LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT

Most states require landscape architects to be licensed. Licensing requirements vary

by state, but usually include a degree in landscape architecture from an accredited school, internship experience, and passing the Landscape Architect Registration Examination.

Quick Facts: Landscape Architect

2017 Median Pay: $65,760 per year / $31.62 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Internship/residency

Number of Jobs, 2016: 24,700

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 6% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 1,600PAY

The median annual wage for landscape architects was $65,760 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of landscape architects is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Planning and developing new commercial, industrial, and residential construction projects and redeveloping existing landscapes will drive employment growth. Competition for jobs in the largest and most prestigious landscape architecture firms is expected to be strong.

LANDSCAPER

WHAT LANDSCAPERS AND GROUNDS MAINTENANCE WORKERS DO

Landscapers and grounds maintenance workers ensure that the grounds of houses, businesses, and parks are attractive, orderly, and healthy in order to provide a pleasant outdoor environment.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Many landscapers and grounds maintenance jobs are seasonal, available mainly in the spring, summer, and fall. Most of the work is done outdoors in all weather conditions. The work can be repetitive and physically demanding, requiring frequent bending, kneeling, lifting, and shoveling.

HOW TO BECOME A LANDSCAPER AND GROUNDS MAINTENANCE WORKER

Most landscapers and grounds maintenance workers need no formal education and are trained on the job. Most states require licensing for workers who apply pesticides or fertilizers.

Quick Facts: Landscaper

2017 Median Pay: $28,110 per year / $13.51 per hour

Entry-Level Education: None

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Short-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 1,309,300

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 146,300PAY

The median yearly wage for landscapers and grounds maintenance workers was $28,110 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of landscapers and grounds maintenance workers is projected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. More workers will be needed to keep up with increasing demand for lawn care and landscaping services from large institutions and individual homeowners. Job prospects should be very good.

PAINTERS

WHAT PAINTERS, CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE DO

Painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to walls, buildings, bridges, and other structures.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Painting requires a lot of climbing, bending, kneeling, and stretching. Most industrial painters work outside, almost always in dry, warm weather. Those who paint bridges or building infrastructure may be exposed to extreme heights and uncomfortable positions.

HOW TO BECOME A PAINTER, CONSTRUCTION OR MAINTENANCE

Although most painters learn their trade informally on the job, some learn through a formal apprenticeship.

Quick Facts: Painters

2017 Median Pay: $37,960 per year/ $18.25 per hour

Entry-Level Education: No formal educational credential

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 381,500

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 6% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 21,900PAY

The median annual wage of painters was $37,960 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of painters is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Overall job prospects should be good because of the need to replace workers who leave the occupation each year.

PLUMBERS, PIPEFITTERS, AND STEAMFITTERS

WHAT PLUMBERS, PIPEFITTERS, AND STEAMFITTERS DO

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair pipes that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases to and in businesses, homes, and factories.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters work in factories, homes, businesses, and wherever else there are pipes or septic systems. Workers must often lift heavy materials, climb ladders, and work in tight spaces. Some plumbers travel to a variety of work sites every day.

HOW TO BECOME A PLUMBER, PIPEFITTER, OR STEAMFITTER

Most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn on the job through an apprenticeship. Some start out by attending a technical school. Most states and localities require plumbers to have a license.

Quick Facts: Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2017

Median Pay: $52,590 per year / $25.28 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 480,600

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 16% (Much faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 75,200 PAY

The median annual wage of plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters was $52,590 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters is projected to grow 16 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Construction of buildings which need new plumbing systems should drive demand for these workers. Overall job opportunities are expected to be good, with some employers continuing to report difficulty finding qualified workers.

ROOFER

WHAT ROOFERS DO

Roofers replace, repair, and install the roofs of buildings using a variety of materials, including shingles, bitumen, and metal.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Roofing work can be physically demanding. It involves heavy lifting, as well as climbing, bending, and kneeling, frequently in very hot weather. Overtime may be required to finish a job, especially during busier summer months.

HOW TO BECOME A ROOFER

Although most roofers learn on the job, some learn their trade through an apprenticeship program. There are no specific education requirements for roofers.

Quick Facts: Roofer

2017 Median Pay: $38,970 per year / $18.74 per hour

Entry-Level Education: No formal educational credential

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 146,200

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 16,200 PAY

The median annual wage for roofers was $38,970 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of roofers is projected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Most of the demand for roofers will stem from roof replacement needs and high job turnover.

SAFETY SPECIALIST

WHAT SAFETY SPECIALISTS DO

Safety specialists analyze many types of work environments and work procedures. Specialists inspect workplaces for adherence to regulations on safety, health, and the environment. They also design programs to prevent disease or injury to workers and damage to the environment.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Safety specialists work in a variety of settings, such as offices, factories, and mines. Their jobs often involve fieldwork and travel. Most specialists work full time.

HOW TO BECOME A SAFETY SPECIALIST

Safety specialists typically need a bachelor's degree in occupational health and safety or in a related scientific or technical field.

Quick Facts: Safety Specialist

2017 Median Pay: $67,720 per year / $32.56 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: None

Number of Jobs, 2016: 101,800

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 8% (About as fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 8,600PAY

The median annual wage for occupational health and safety specialists was $71,780 in May 2017. The median annual wage for occupational health and safety technicians was $49,960.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of safety specialists is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Specialists will be needed to work in a wide variety of industries to ensure that employers are adhering to both existing and new regulations.

SHEET METAL WORKERS

WHAT SHEET METAL WORKERS DO

Sheet metal workers fabricate or install products that are made from thin metal sheets, such as ducts used for heating and air-conditioning.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Sheet metal workers often lift heavy materials and stand for long periods. Those who install sheet metal at construction sites or inside buildings often must bend, climb, and squat, sometimes in awkward positions. Most workers are employed full time.

HOW TO BECOME A SHEET METAL WORKER

Although most sheet metal workers learn their trade through formal apprenticeships, some learn informally on the job or in technical colleges. Formal apprenticeships are more likely in construction.

Quick Facts: Sheet Metal Workers

2017 Median Pay: $47,990 per year / $23.07 per hour Entry-Level

Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

On-the-job Training: Apprenticeship

Number of Jobs, 2016: 138,900

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 9% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 12,000PAY

The median annual wage of sheet metal workers was $47,990 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of sheet metal workers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Job opportunities should be particularly good for sheet metal workers who complete apprenticeship training or are certified welders.

SURVEYOR

WHAT SURVEYORS DO

Surveyors make precise measurements to determine property boundaries. They provide data relevant to the shape and contour of the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, and construction projects.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Surveying involves both fieldwork and indoor work. When working outside, surveyors may stand for long periods and often walk long distances, sometimes in bad weather. Most work full time.

HOW TO BECOME A SURVEYOR

Surveyors typically need a bachelor's degree. They must be licensed before they can certify legal documents and provide surveying services to the public.

Quick Facts: Surveyor

2017 Median Pay: $61,140 per year / $29.40 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

Training: Internship/residency

Number of Jobs, 2016: 44,800

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 5,000PAY

The median annual wage for surveyors was $61,140 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of surveyors is projected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Surveyors will continue to be needed to certify boundary lines, work on resource extraction projects, and review sites for construction.

SURVEYOR

WHAT SURVEYORS DO

Surveyors make precise measurements to determine property boundaries. They provide data relevant to the shape and contour of the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, and construction projects.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Surveying involves both fieldwork and indoor work. When working outside, surveyors may stand for long periods and often walk long distances, sometimes in bad weather. Most work full time.

HOW TO BECOME A SURVEYOR

Surveyors typically need a bachelor's degree. They must be licensed before they can certify legal documents and provide surveying services to the public.

Quick Facts: Surveyor

2017 Median Pay: $61,140 per year / $29.40 per hour

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor's degree

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

Training: Internship/residency

Number of Jobs, 2016: 44,800

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 11% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 5,000PAY

The median annual wage for surveyors was $61,140 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of surveyors is projected to grow 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Surveyors will continue to be needed to certify boundary lines, work on resource extraction projects, and review sites for construction.

WELDER

WHAT WELDERS, CUTTERS, SOLDERERS, AND BRAZERS DO

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers use hand-held or remotely controlled equipment to join or cut metal parts. They also fill holes, indentations, or seams of metal products.

WORK ENVIRONMENT

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers may work outdoors, often in inclement weather, or indoors, sometimes in a confined area. They may work on a scaffold, high off the ground, and they occasionally must lift heavy objects and work in awkward positions. Although most work full time, overtime is common.

HOW TO BECOME A WELDER, CUTTER, SOLDERER, OR BRAZER

A high school diploma or equivalent combined with technical and on-the-job training is typically required to become a welder, cutter, solderer, or brazer.

Quick Facts: Welder, cutter, solderer or brazer

2017 Median Pay: $40,240 per year / $19.35 per hour

Entry-Level Education: High school diploma or equivalent

Work Experience in a Related Occupation: None

Training: Moderate-term on-the-job training

Number of Jobs, 2016: 404,800

Job Outlook, 2016-26: 6% (As fast as average)

Employment Change, 2016-26: 22,500PAY

The median annual wage for welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers was $40,240 in May 2017.

JOB OUTLOOK

Employment of welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, as fast as the average for all occupations. Despite slower than average employment growth, skilled welders with up-to-date training should have good job opportunities.

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Publication:Daily Journal of Commerce (Portland, OR)
Date:Sep 26, 2018
Words:7243
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