Horatian satire Urbane and amusing satire of contemporary society that seeks to correct by gentle laughter rather than by bitter condemnation. Horatian satire takes its name from its originator, Horace, the Latin lyricist and satirist of the 1st century BC, whose verse satires on Roman society were suffused with charm and warm humanity. In three of his Satires, Horace discusses the tone appropriate to the satirist who out of a moral concern attacks the vice and folly he sees around him. As opposed to the harshness of earlier satirists such as Gaius Lucilius, Horace opts for mild mockery and playful wit as the means most effective for his ends. This type of satire has been used in poetry, by Nicolas Boileau, John Dryden, and Alexander Pope, among others; in drama, in such forms as the comedy of manners; and in prose fiction, in the novels of such authors as Miguel de Cervantes and Jane Austen. CompareJuvenalian satire.