# High stakes in Philly: commercial airports sport all the low-weather gear, but this attempt might be less steak and more like a soft pretzel.

Philadelphia may be home to great food and gobs of history, but this trip has been one misstep after another. Delays have you arriving well after dark with low ceilings and a gusty south wind.

Keep your head in the game and your mind on the rules as we take you down to the short hairs on this approach. Philly may be the City of Brotherly Love, but for tonight, you're looking for love in all the wrong places. Answers on page 22.

1. While briefing this approach, you notice the HOLEY transition altitude and distances. The (2.5) and (8.8) reference the distance:

a. Breakdown from HOLEY to FOSOM and then ESKOE

b. Totals from HOLEY to ESKOE

c. Total from the IAF to the FAF

d. Breakdown from HOLEY to FOSOM

2. What does MSA OOD mean?

a. Minimum Sector Altitude, Zero Deviation (for RNP 0.3)

b. Minimum Safe Altitude, Zero, Zero Deviation

c. Minimum Sector Altitude, Only Outside Distance of 25 nm

d. Minimum Safe Altitude, Only Inside Distance of 25 nm

3. How far are we from OOD?

a. Less than 5 nm

b. Between 5 and 10 nm

c. Greater than 10 nm

d. There's absolutely no way to tell

4. Flying the ILS 26, the sequence of altitudes at FOSOM, prior to ESKOE, and crossing ESKOE are:

a. Greater than 2000, greater than 2000, and 2000 desired

b. 2000, 2000, and 2000

c. Greater than 2000, 2000 mandatory, and 2000 desired

d. 2000 desired, 2000 mandatory, and 2000 mandatory

5. Where does our missed approach procedure begin?

a. 5.6 miles inside the FAF

b. I-LLH 0.6 DME

c. At the expiration of timing (corrected for groundspeed)

d. At 288 feet MSL

6. Breaking out of the weather, Runway 26's lighting should include:

a. MALSR and VASI on the right

b. RAIL and PAPI on the right

c. ALSF-2 and HIRL

d. REIL and PAPI on the right

7. Looks like the wind has blown you to the right. What's the deal?

a. We're not far off, it's just crab angle.

b. One more dot and it's a go around.

c. Go around now!

d. a and b

8. As a pilot, what does "LOC offset 2.58 degrees" mean to you?

a. You must subtract this from 263 for the proper OBS setting.

b. The LOC flies you to a point north of extended centerline.

c. Checking the airfield postage stamp reveals the antenna location.

d. b and c

9. When the touchdown zone becomes clearly visible, landing is:

a. Assured

b. Still illegal because we're too far off

c. Not wise due to how far off we are

d. Going to be tricky given the crosswind and wet runway

10. Where are you, anyway?

a. Right of course, but correcting

b. Well right of course--fly left now!

c. Quickly learning that GA aircraft can't receive an offset LOC

d. Comfortably seated; why do you ask?

a. Are set right for NAV 1 but not NAV 2

b. Are the cause of all your problems

c. a&b

d. Don't matter

12. The number 138 isn't on the plate but is significant because:

a. It is your maneuvering speed, Va.

c. 1.38 is the computed VDP.

c. You can't fly lower unless you seethe runway.

d. You can add 773 in order to dial 911.

13. T or F: In order to land, you need to see either red side-row or red terminating-bar lights.

14. You've called Tower but they haven't answered you.

a. You're on the 27R frequency.

b. Tower won't respond until they're ready to issue landing clearance.

c. Maybe it's you; look for light signals.

d. Heck with them; you're landing anyway.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

1. d. The numbers are nautical-mile distance totals from HOLEY to FOSOM. Although it could be presented better, it literally means, "Fly 264 degrees for 2.5 miles and then 263 degrees for 8.8 miles to reach FOSOM." The key word is "and."

2. d. Our apologies for the prank. The MSA gives 1000 feet of obstacle protection within 25 miles of the Woodstown (OOD) VOR. Note that OOD is located off the plan view.

3. c. Without tuning the station, it's tough to tell; however, a big clue is that the station is not within the 10-mile-scale circle around ESKOE. This sure makes its usefulness for determining MSA questionable.

4. a. The inbound altitudes, including the so-called lightning bolt, can be above 2000, with an ideal ESKOE crossing altitude of 2000 on the slope. The mandatory 2000 is for the S-LOC or circle procedures.

5. d. The decision is made at DH. The other choices describe the S-LOC or circling MAPS.

6. b. Runway Alignment Indicator Lights are an integral part of the advertised MALSR. The postage stamp diagram also shows HIRL and a PAPI on the right.

7. a. You're not as far off as it may appear. Because you can see some of the approach lights (just under the compass), it's legal to continue ... for now.

8. c. The diagram shows the antenna located near midfield on the south side of the runway; the course angles slightly from north to south. A note on the Jepp version says that the LOC course crosses the extended centerline 2496 feet from the threshold.

9. d. The blustery conditions, low vis, and wet runway may make this a trick.

10. d. It looks as though you are well within tolerance for 26; however the visibility and crab angle are making 27R stand out. Stay on the needles and continue to 26, straight ahead.

11. d. A LOC will indicate correctly on this type of instrument regardless of the OBS setting. An HSI would be another story.

12. c. Per FAR 91.175 you can descend no lower than 100 feet above TDZE with only the approach lights in sight. Although the reported visibility is above mins, remember that's an average. Sometimes localized patches will hamper vis, as seen here. The runway that stands out best is 27R. There is also a slim chance that 27R's lighting is set on a higher step than 26.

13. False. Although that's part of the rule, you must see other things to continue as a MALSR has neither.

14. c. or d. You've transposed the last two digits of the frequency so you won't be hearing Tower. Seeing light gun signals may be impractical tonight. The safe bet would be to land, assuming you line up on the correct asphalt. This is another good reason to monitor 121.5 on your second radio.
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