Hereditary Diseases in the Sultanate.
Muscat, Jun 1 (ONA) ---- Dr Musallam bin Said al- Araimi, Senior Molecular and Community Geneticist at the National Genetic Centre said that the average genetic diseases rate in the Sultanate is between 5.4% to 7% in the new live births; above the world average which is not more than 4.5%.
He added that 37% of the newborn mortality and premature newborn are due to severe genetic disorders. He added that genetic disorders are the reasons for 10% of the newborn mortality and 52% for older children in the Sultanate.
He said that more than 300 types of genetic diseases have been recorded in the Sultanate. 3.5 to 4.7:1000 live births have blood hereditary diseases and 60% of the Sultanate's population have genes for genetic blood disorders. The most common genetic blood disorder in the Omani society is the G6PD deficiency as 28% of males and 12% of females have the gene of the disease.
"Genetic disorders resulting from husband and wife having the same gene disorders contribute by 51% of the total number of genetic disorders recorded in the Sultanate compared to 28.3% for the chromosomal disorder, he fathered.
He also noted that Down syndrome is one of the chromosomal disorders. The metabolic disorders and the genetic feeding disorders contribute by 20.7% of the genetic disorders in the Sultanate.
'Genetic disorders may cause audio, visual and motor disabilities. Latest statistics show that 10% of the Omani families have one child suffering from genetic disorders that may lead to disability', he concluded.
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