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Health: Gaps in Infant Mortality and Life Expectancy.

Health status is a reflection of quality of life, hence, also of class-based differences in many fields--nutritional intake, environmental quality, residential standards, distance from medical services, quality of transportation systems, employment conditions, awareness of health hazards, and more.

Quality-of-life differences are reflected in two main indicators, used throughout the world to demonstrate health discrepancies--infant mortality and life expectancy.

In 2015, the most recent year for which the OECD published figures, the average infant mortality rate in Israel was 3.1 per thousand live births, ranking Israel well compared to other OECD countries, and representing decades of improved infant mortality rates among both Jews and Arabs in Israel. (52)

Yet, infant mortality among Arabs was 6.4--two and a half times the 2.5 rate among Jews.

As for life expectancy at birth, in 2015, the life expectancy of men in Israel was 80.1 years, placing Israel impressively high among OECD countries. The life expectancy of women was higher--84.1. Here, too, there has been ongoing improvement in Israel as in western countries. (53)

Yet, the life expectancy of Jewish men--81.5 years old--was higher than that of Arab men--77.2; while the life expectancy of Jewish women--84.7--was higher than that of Arab women - 81.4.

Israelis also score well on the "healthy life years at birth" indicator, which measures the number of years that a person at birth is expected to live in a healthy condition, combining information on mortality and morbidity. Israeli women score 65.1 and men 65.4 years on this indicator. (54) Unfortunately, figures were not published on the differences between Jews and Arabs on this indicator.

Life Expectancy at Birth, by Ethnicity and Gender, 1986-2016

      Jewish men  Arab men  Jewish women  Arab women

1986    73.9       73.2        75.8        78.5
1996    76.6       75.1        80.3        77.7
2006    79.5       75.1        83.0        77.2
2016    81.5       77.2        84.7        81.4

Note: Table made from bar graph.
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Title Annotation:WAGES
Publication:Israel: A Social Report
Date:Jan 1, 2018
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