He went down as a fabled failure; PROFILE.
During this second venture, Scott led a party of five which reached the South Pole on January 17, 1912, only to find that they had been preceded by a few days by Roald Amundsen's Norwegian expedition.
On their return journey, Scott and his four comrades all perished from a combination of exhaustion, starvation and extreme cold.
Before his Polar expeditions Scott had followed the conventional career of a naval officer in peacetime Victorian Britain.
The march south began on November 1, 1911, a caravan of mixed transport groups (motors, dogs, horses), with loaded sledges, travelling at different rates, all designed to support a final group of four men who would make a dash for the Pole.
The party steadily reduced in size as successive support teams turned back.
By January 4, 1912, the last two four-man groups had reached the final camp and Scott announced his decision.
Five of the eight men (Scott, Edward Wilson, Henry Bowers, Lawrence Oates and Edgar Evans) would go forward, the other three men (Teddy Evans, William Lashly and Tom Crean) would return.
The chosen group marched on, reaching the Pole only to find Amundsen had preceded them by five weeks.
Scott's anguish is indicated in his diary: "The worst has happened.
"All the day dreams must go.
"This is an awful place." Scott is presumed to have died, following the famous self-sacrifice of Oates, on the return march on March 19, 1912, possibly a day later.
The positions of the bodies in the tent when it was discovered eight months later suggested that Scott was the last of the three to die.
Following the news of his death, Scott became an iconic British hero.