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Harvest bouquets.

Stroll out into the garden this month, basket and shears in hand, and chances are you'll find plenty of handsome materials to cut for harvest bouquets. Leaves are turning shades of red-gold to plum, berries on shrubs such as pyracantha are ripening, and chrysanthemums are blooming in colors that echo fall's low, golden light.

Growing among them might be other treasures, such as dried grasses, glossy or straplike green leaves, or interesting seed pods or fruits. Collected into bouquets, they can bring your garden's late-season color indoors.

The arrangements pictured on these pages, created by members of The Carmel-By-The-Sea Garden Club for a fall flower show, make use of materials gathered from gardens and roadsides. Although many of the prunings may not have the longevity of cut flowers from a florist, they go together quickly and handsomely for bouquets.

Once cut, most last about five days in water.


In the West's mild-winter areas, many summer flowers--such as cosmos, gaillardia, and some roses--continue blooming well into fall. Others, like mums, are just starting to bloom. Use these as featured plants. For the background, fall foliage might include Chinese pistache (cut twigs with leaves attached).

The chart on page 82 lists fall performers for mild climates. For hardiness in your zone, check the Sunset Western Garden Book.) Your garden or neighborhood might yield other choices.

For longest-lasting bouquets, cut foliage early in the morning, plunge stems immediately into water, and arrange as soon as possible.


Bouquets can be simple and loose, like the one pictured on page 80; symmetrical, like the one pictured at left; or asymmetrical, like the one pictured at the bottom of this page.

Wedge a moistened block of florist's foam into the vase. To secure large fruits such as apples, wire or tie them onto small twigs or branches.


Fall foliage... start with these for background

Chinese pistache. Reds, oranges, and yellows. Grape. Yellow to reddish purple fall color. Japanese maple. Various textures and leaf colors. Oak (deciduous kinds, such as blue oak, California black oak, and scarlet oak). Leaves turn yellow to red in fall. Oakleaf hydrangea. Large, bold-textured leaves turn reddish purple in fall. Smoke tree. Deep purple oval leaves.

Grasses and sedges: fill in with these

Fox red curly sedge (Carex buchannanii). Fine brown grassy foliage. New Zealand flax. Big blades in various colors.

Flowers. add these for color

Alstroemeria. Evergreen hybrids with pink, red, lavender, or purple flowers, often with white or yellow markings. Aster. Daisylike flowers in blues, pinks, reds, and white. Chrysanthemum. Many colors except blue. Fennel. Delicate yellow flowers. Gaillardia. Yellow or bronze-red daisy. Gypsophila. Clouds of tiny white flowers. Jerusalem sage (Phlomis). Yellow tubular flowers in whorls; interesting gray-green foliage. Kangaroo paw. Fuzzy tubular flowers in shades of green, yellow, red, and brown. Lion's tail. Fuzzy orange tubular flowers arranged in whorls along stem. Oregano. Loose clusters of pink flowers. Penstemon. Tubular flower in pinks, reds, purple, white. Pincushion flower. Blue, pink, or white. Roses. Many colors. Russian sage (Perovskia). Blue flowers; gray-green foliage. Safflower. Orange flowers. Sage. Many types. Red, pink, blue, or purple flowers. Sunflower. Cream or yellow to rusty orange; bold flower. Yarrow. Various colors, white and yellow to rose-pink.

Fruits and pods; use these as accents

Apples. Red, yellow, or green. Add harvest touch. Bittersweet (Celastrus). Vine with orangish red fruits inside brownish capsules. Blackberry. Red to purplish berries (if any remain unharvested this late in the season, pick clusters on stems). Cotoneaster. Small clusters of red berries. Dock (Rumex). Brown, upright stem with small brown seed capsules. Interesting texture. Good vertical form Hawthorn. Red berries in clusters. Privet. Green waxy oval leaves. Cut twigs with leaves. Pyracantha. Dense scattering of red, orange, or yellow berries; cut twigs. Rose hips. Red, orange, or yellow 1/2- to 1-inch fruits look like tiny apples.
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Copyright 1992 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:includes list of 35 bouquet makers
Author:Lincowski, Emely
Date:Oct 1, 1992
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