Hamid Parsania: Existence and the Fall: Spiritual Anthropology of Islam.
Far from the chaotic modernity of big cities, certain small, ancient centers of Islamic learning keep functioning as they have over the centuries. Qum is one such place. On any given morning one can see students rushing toward the mosques at dawn, where they sit with their teachers after the prayer and do what their ancestors have done for centuries: learn the mysteries of the cosmos and existence from scholars who have themselves received these sciences from their teachers in similar fashion. This transmission takes place in an intimate but informal environment. There is no enrollment, no registration, no fees to be paid. After the class, students sit in small groups to further explore the intricacies of the topics, some follow the revered teacher for a more exclusive class in a more private setting; others retire to meditate.
After spending a few years with one teacher, the student receives his blessings to move on to a higher level of experience or learning and the hierarchical structure eventually leads one to a level of competence where the student can guide others. At times, books are produced through an intricate and involved process wherein a student compiles class notes, shows them to the teacher, and, after receiving permission, prepares a manuscript which then goes through several readings and changes before publication. In other cases, the teacher prepares the text and the students become part of the process of its editing and publication. In yet another scenario, as is the case with regard to Existence and the Fall: Spiritual Anthropology of Islam, a student undertakes to translate the book of his teacher for a wider readership. Originally from Canada, Shuja Ali Mirza has spent many years in Qum, studying the intellectual sciences at the heart of one of the oldest centres of learning in Islam. His faithful translation of his teacher's Farsa work, Hasta wa Hasti: Insan dar Islam, brings to the English-speaking readership a wealth of wisdom, insights, and a systematic exposition of spiritual anthropology in Islam, by which term the translator distinguishes religious anthropology from so-called "scientific anthropology." This scientific anthropology can conceive existence, but not the Fall; it can study man from a humanistic perspective, but cannot entertain the existence of anything higher.
As opposed to this modern caricature, spiritual anthropology relies on revelation and intellect as two sources of its cognitive content; the former furnishes the basic premises on which the latter constructs a veritable science of existence. Revelation provides authentic data concerning the visible and the unseen worlds, the creation, the fall, the Creator-created relationship, the hierarchy of existence and existents, and the Intellect attempts to fathom the mysteries of existence through a systematic process. The result is a systematic body of knowledge, placing humanity within a hierarchy of existent things. These and related topics form the core of Existence and the Fall, which presents a rich flavor of Islamic intellectual tradition. The book is a valuable addition to the scant resources available to English-speaking readers on traditional Islamic cosmology.
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|Publication:||Islam & Science|
|Date:||Dec 22, 2007|
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