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HERWIG ZAHORKA (1932-2019).

Herwig Zahorka, my father, was born in Wallern im Bohmerwald, June 12th, 1932. Following World War II, Wallern, in South Bohemia, was renamed Volary and returned to the present-day Czech Republic. (1) His parents were Franz and Maria. He had an older and a younger sister, Inge and Ria (the latter passed away in 2017). He was still a child when the war ended; but the years of his childhood in Wallern were clearly filled with unpleasant memories and in later life, he rarely spoke of them. He graduated with a M. Sc. degree from the University of Gottingen in Forest Science/Tropical Forest Ecology. Later he became the forest director in Wiesbaden, Germany.

Father first went to Indonesian Borneo as a short-term forestry expert for roughly 3 months each in 1976, 1978, and 1980. In 1983-84 he spent almost 2 years in Sumatra. In 1989 he worked in Sarawak, Malaysia, and in 1990 Thailand. Later, he quit his post as director of forestry in Wiesbadan and went to work full-time for GTZ (now GIZ) the German government's Organization for International Cooperation and Development, where he met his second wife, Zahara, my mother. From 1991 to 1993 he was the head of a major development project in the western Himalayan region of Pakistan, on the border with Afghanistan, and for the two years that followed he was sent to Ethiopia as a government consultant.

Upon his retirement, he chose to live in Indonesia, in Bogor, where he continued to do interdisciplinary scientific research, write, and publish. At the time of his death, he had published 5 books on Indonesia and over 250 articles and shorter pieces for magazines, newspapers, and scientific journals, including the Borneo Research Bulletin. His first book was published in 1986 and his last, two years ago. Of these books, Die Siberuter, which was published in Germany, is about the 3 expeditions he made to the remote Indonesian island of Siberut and about the people living there, who have preserved their old animistic culture. Like many of his other writings, the book contains numerous photographs which he took. An earlier book, The Sunda Kingdoms of West Java, published in Indonesia and printed in both English and Indonesian, is about the archaeology and history of the last Hindu kingdom of West Java, which was destroyed in 1527. He also wrote numerous articles on Indonesian archaeology and ethno-botany, a few of which were published in The Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology, by LIPI, and in a book issued by the National Museum of Jakarta.

Father was also a collector. He collected old illustrations, paintings, postage stamps, ancient currencies, jewelry, and Benuaq Dayak cultural objects. Some of his collection of Indonesian traditional woven textiles (tenun ikat) he loaned to the Textile Museum of Jakarta for special events. He also participated in conferences sponsored by the National Museum in Jakarta and the Jakarta Textile Museum, sometimes as a presenter.

One of his mandatory events, which he participated in every year, was the annual commemorative ceremony, sponsored by the German Embassy in Indonesia, held at the German war memorial cemetery of "Arca Domas" which is located in a forest reserve near Bogor. Each year, my father went there and played a song on his trumpet. (2)

On January 14, 2015, father was awarded the Federal Republic's Cross of the Order of Merit (Bundesverdienskreuz) by the President of the German Republic in recognition of his service in advancing German-Indonesian cooperation and for a lifetime of scientific research in Indonesia. The certificate of award was presented to father by the German ambassador to Indonesia, Dr. Georg Ritschel, during an embassy ceremony in Jakarta.

After I was born in 1995, my father settled in Bogor, Java, with my Sumatran (Minang) mother, Zahara, and my half-brother Reza. From his previous marriage, father had two children, Dr. Daniza Zahorka and her younger brother Carlo Zahorka.

Usually each year, including the last year of his life, father returned to Germany for a reunion with his older children and a medical check-up. However, it was an Indonesian doctor, late last year, who diagnosed father with a life-threatening heart condition. Father quickly scheduled emergency surgery at the Cardiology Department of the University of Mainz, Germany, where his daughter Daniza, a doctor, is on the medical staff. (3) The surgery took place on February 18th. Father received five heart stents and the surgery appeared to have gone well. He was quite fit and mentally alert beforehand and afterwards was scheduled to be released from the hospital on the 25th of February. Instead, however, he unexpectedly passed away in the University of Mainz hospital on the 23rd of February, 2019, at the age of 86. His passing was reportedly quick and painless.

In March, my mother and I travelled to Germany to attend his funeral and a memorial ceremony held for him in the forest, where an urn containing his ashes was buried. As this occurred, French horn players played two songs that are typical of the hunt. Some 50 people attended and afterwards retired to a nearby cafe.

My father was a very kind, friendly, and loving person. Our house in Bogor is filled with memories of him. Almost every day in my life I saw him doing what he loved to do best, reading and writing in a very organized way. His passing was very sudden and heart-breaking for all of us in both Indonesia and in Germany. His works were his legacy and something that our family is very proud of.

Vera A. Zahorka

Bogor, Indonesia

A partial bibliography of Herwig Zahorka's writings on Borneo:

1982 Traditionelle Eingeborenenkleidung fur Menschen und Geister im Urwald Borneos - Die Russellilie Curculigo latifolia liefert die Faser hierzu. Der Palmengarten 1/82: 31-34, Frankfurt/M.

1985 Traditionelle Eingeborenenkleidung im Urwald Borneos. Mensch und Kleidung, Zeitschrift fur menschengemasse Bekleidung. Heft 22/1985: 36-39. Winterbach.

1986 Inzest bei den Punan - Leben und Sterben der letzten nichtsesshaften Urwaldjager Borneos. (Incest with the Punan - Life and death of the last non-settled jungle hunters of Borneo), In: Weiglein/Zahorka: Expeditionen durch Indonesien: p. 60-78. ZTV Neu Isenburg.

1987 UPAS, das Blasrohrpfeilgift der Wildbeuter und Kopfjager in Borneo - Der Giftbaum Antiaris toxicaria, die Giftherstellung, Chemismus des Giftes, letale Dosis. Der Palmengarten 1/87: 24-28, (57), Frankfurt/M.

1990 PALANG - Gebrauch und seine Darstellungen - uber ganz Indonesien verbreitet. Tribus Nr. 39/ 1990: 141-152, Jahrbuch des Linden Museums fur Volkerkunde. Stuttgart.

1999 PANGIUM EDULE - Der Kuhlschrank der Jager und Sammler auf Borneo. Der Palmengarten 63/2 (1999): 121-124, Frankfurt/M.

2001a A Tumon Dayak Burial Ritual (Ayah Besar): Description and Interpretation of its Masks, Disguises, and Ritual Practices. Borneo Research Bulletin vol. 32:84-102.

2001a The Last Basap Cave Dwellers in the Mangkalihat Karst Mountains, East Kalimantan - A Brief Report. Borneo Research Bulletin vol. 32: 240-247.

2002a Wildschweinjagd mit lautlosen Schussen (Blasrohrjagd mit den letzten Hohlen-Basap Kalimantans). Jagd & Natur 10/2002:40-44. Bulach, Schweiz.

2002b A wooden figure used to take on human diseases - Shamanistic healing rituals of the Basap in East Kalimantan. Borneo Research Bulletin vol. 33/2002: 181-183.

2003a Die Erschliessungsfronten auf Borneo 1937 und Heute--Soziookonomische, Ethnographische und Okologische Veranderungsprozesse unter Besonderer Berucksichtigung Der Stammeskulturen der Dayak. Libertas Paper 48 (69 Seiten, 23 Farbfotos und Karten). Sindelfingen: Libertas - Europaisches Institut. ISBN 3-921929-22-9.

2003b The "Palang" design on ceremonial Indonesian textiles and its culturalhistoric background represented with archaeological monuments - and the purpose to use those penis inserts still today. International Conference on the Diversity of Nusantara Ikat Weaving: 29-46. Jakarta Museum Nasional, 2003.

2004a Ein mechanisches Blasrohr verschiesst Giftpfeile. Eine neuerfundene Jagdwaffe der Basap-Dayak in Borneo. HessenJager Februar 2004: 10.

2004b The "Palang" Phenomenon and its historic and socio-cultural background in Southeast Asia. Tribus Journal of Linden-Museum Stuttgart Band 53: 195-202.

2004c The Mystery of the Twin Masks on Megaliths at Long Pulung in East Kalimantan/ Indonesia - Prehistoric Wax Modeling Molds for Casting Bronze Moko Drums? Borneo Research Bulletin 35: 121-143.

2004d Response to Antonio J. Guerreiro. Borneo Research Bulletin 35: 99.

2004e Die Erschliepungsfronten auf Borneo 1937 und heute--Stammeskulturen der Dayak wie sie Karl Helbig sah und wie sie sich heute darstellen. In: Rutz, W. und Sibeth, A., eds., Karl Helbig--Wissenschaftler und Schiffsheizer. Sein Lebenswerk aus heutiger Sicht: 135-177 und 6 Bildseiten. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.

2005a The secret of generating the lethal blowpipe dart poison in Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology, vol. II, no.2: 1-8. The Ethnobiological Society of Indonesia, IPI.

2006 Blowpipe dart poison in Borneo and the secret of its production. Borneo Research Bulletin. 37: 223-232.

2007a Die Krankenheilungsstrategie der Schamanen bei den Benuaq Dayak in Ost-Kalimantan, Borneo. Kita 2/07: 19-37. Koln: Dtsch.-Indon. Gesellschaft.

2007b Ritualpflanzen bei schamanistischen Krankenheilungs-Ritualen der Benuaq Dayak in Ost-Kalimantan (Borneo). Der Palmengarten 71/2: 122-128.

2007c The Shamanic belian sentiu rituals of the Benuaq Ohookng with special attention to the ritual use of plants. Borneo Research Bulletin 38: 127-147.

2007d Traditional lkats and Textiles of the Dayak Benuaq in East Kalimantan and Some Indigenous Bark Cloths. Presentation at the International Conference "Traditional Textiles of Indonesia: Today and in the Future," Museum Nasional Jakarta 2007. Unpublished copy in the Museum Nasional's library.

2008a The Secret of Generating the Lethal Blowpipe Dart Poison in Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology. Vol. II No.2, July 2005: 1-8 (ersch. Jan. 2008). The Ethnobiological Society of Indonesia, LIP1.

2008b The Strategy of Shamanistic Curing Rituals among the Dayak Benuaq in Borneo. Tribus Nr. 57/2008: 83-101.

2009a Traditional lkats and Textiles of the Dayak Benuaq and some Indigenous Bark Cloths. Hong Kong: Textile Society of Hong Kong: vol.17/1: 6-11.

2009b Die Fasern einer Russellilie liefern die traditionelle Bekleidung der Benuaq Dayak und ihrer Geister in Borneo. Kita 2/2009: 78-87.

2009c Traditionelle Bekleidung aus Fasern der Russel-Lilie (Curculigo latifolia) der Benuaq Dayak in Borneo. Der Palmengarten 2/2009: 132-135.

2011a Einblicke in die Jagdkultur der Jungsteinzeit. Jagdzeit International 3/2011:74-85.

2011b Traditional Ikat Textiles of the Dayak Benuaq in East Kalimantan and Some Indigenous Bark Cloths. In: Jonathan Zilberg, ed., Proceedings of International Conference on Traditional Textiles of Indonesia: Today and in the Future: 79-94. Digital since 2011 by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign:

2012a Ethnohistory of the "Tumon Dayak" in the Schwaner Mountains of Central Kalimantan. Borneo Research Bulletin. 43: 245-254.

2012b Wastra Dayak Benuaq dari Kalimantan Timur - Traditional Textiles of the Dayak Benuaq in East Kalimantan (zweisprachig). Jurnal Wastra June 2012: 23-27, Museum Tekstil Jakarta.

2012c Die Ethno-Historie der ,,Tumon Dayak" im Schwaner Gebirge Zentral-Kalimantans. Kita 3/11: 49-59.

2013a The history of U-boats in the Java Sea. The Jakarta Post, 28 Nov.2013:8.

2013b Kwangkai: The secondary funerary rituals of the Benuaq Ohookng Dayaks, East Kalimantan. A journey of souls ending in two different heavens. Borneo Research Bulletin 44: 193-227.

2016a Die Jagd mit Blasrohr und Giftpfeil in Borneo - in den Zeiten, als der Regenwald noch lebte. Jagdzeit International Nr. 27, 2/2016, S. 100-109

2016b The raised coffin-like ossuaries of the Benuaq Dayak of East Kalimantan. Borneo Research Bulletin 47: 199-211.

2017 Punan "Gita," Penan Benalui, Punan Aput: From-hunter-gatherers to average citizens--Early and late experiences of the author in East Kalimantan. Borneo Research Bulletin 48: 283-329.

2018 Clarification. Letters to the Editor. Borneo Research Bulletin 49: 33-34.

(1) Volary is associated with one of the most horrific events of the Holocaust: the Volary Death March. In the winter of 1944-45, as the Eastern Front collapsed, over 1,300 Jewish women and girls from concentration camps in Poland were force-marched towards Germany. Less than one in ten survived. The survivors were liberated at Volary by the US Third Army on May 5. 1945 (see Volary, Wikipedia). Among Herwig Zahorka's publications is an account of these events (see 2009. Das tragische Schicksal der KZ-Judinnen in Wallern von einem Zeitzeugen--Sieben starben durch US- Tieffliegerbeschuss und zwischen 20 und 30 wurden von der Watfen-SS im Wald ermordet [The tragic fate of concentration camp Jewish women in Wallern from a contemporary witness--Seven died from US low-flying attacks and between 20 and 30 were murdered by the WarTen SS in the forest]. Bohmerw aldler Heimatbrief 62/2009/1: 10-13 und 62/2009/2: 13-15. As the author of this memorial, Vera Zahorka, notes, her father rarely spoke of his childhood, particularly of these war years. Moreover, she belonged to a later phase of his life: he was already 63 years old when she was born in 1995 [Clifford Sather, Editor].

(2) Zahorka also wrote in both German and Indonesian on the history of the Arca Domas cemetery, see 2005. Die Geschichte des Deutschen Soldatenfriedhofd ARCA DOMAS in Indonesien. and Sejarah dari Tugu Peringatan Pahlawan Jerman di ARCA DOMAS, Indonesia [editor]

(3) Your editor received an email from Herwig, sent from Bogor on January 31st, that read in part: "Dear Cliff, I hope you are fine... I want you to know that next week I have to fly to Germany for an urgent and difficult heart operation at Mainz University Clinic (my daughter is a doctor there). A general investigation at Jakarta Heart Clinic found out that parts of my heart are clogged and without blood provision. 1 did not feel it. Hopefully, the heart surgeons can do something favorable for me." The next, and final email I received from Herwig was sent from Germany on February 17th and read: "Tomorrow I will go to the Cardiology Department of the University of Mainz, where Prof. Muenzel will operate on my heart. I do not know what he will do and how long I have to stay in the clinic. The Heart Clinic in Jakarta discovered that parts of my heart are no longer supplied with blood and therefore the heart tissue has already died in three places. However, I do not feel weak or ill." Sadly, the next message I received was from Vera Zahorka informing me of his death.
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Title Annotation:MEMORIALS
Author:Zahorka, Vera A.
Publication:Borneo Research Bulletin
Article Type:In memoriam
Geographic Code:4EXCZ
Date:Jan 1, 2019
Next Article:A Rejoinder.

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