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Look after yourself and others, with St John Wales HOW WOULD I TREAT A MINOR BURN OR SCOLD? Small, superficial burns and scalds are often due to domestic incidents, such as touching a hot iron or spilling boiling water on the skin. Most minor burns can be treated successfully by first aid and will heal naturally. However, you should advise the casualty to seek medical advice if you are at all concerned about its severity.

After a burn, blisters may form. These thin "bubbles" are caused by tissue fluid leaking into the burnt area just beneath the skin's surface. You should never break a blister caused by a burn because you may introduce infection.

1. Flood the injured part with cold water for at least 10 minutes or until the pain is relieved.

2. Gently remove any jewellery, watches, belts or constricting clothing from the injured area before it begins to swell.

3. Cover the burn with kitchen film or place a clean bag over a foot or hand. Apply the kitchen film lengthways over the burn, not around the limb because the tissues swell.

4. Seek medical advice if the casualty is a child, or if in any doubt about the casualty's condition. BLISTERS Never burst a blister; they usually need no treatment. However, if a blister breaks or IS likely to burst, cover it with a non-adhesive sterile dressing that extends well beyond the blister's edges.

* For information on first aid courses or if you would like a free pocket first aid guide call St John Wales on 029 2044 9500 or visit
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Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:Features
Publication:Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales)
Date:Aug 13, 2011
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