HEALTH SOS; Look after yourself and others, with St John Wales.
The ABC check is a quick assessment to establish if any conditions or injuries sustained are life-threatening. RESPONSE Try to get a response from the casualty, for example by calling to them.
AIRWAY Is the casualty's airway open and clear? If the casualty is conscious, treat conditions such as choking or suffocation that cause the airway to be blocked. If the casualty is unconscious, tilt the head and lift the chin to open the airway.
BREATHING Is the casualty breathing normally? Look, listen and feel for breaths (if trained). If the casualty is unconscious and not breathing, call 999. Begin chest compressions and rescue breaths.
CIRCULATION Are there any signs of severe bleeding? Conditions that affect blood circulation can also be life-threatening. Injuries that result in severe bleeding can cause blood loss from the circulatory system so must be treated immediately to minimise the risk of a life-threatening condition known as shock.
CONTROL THE BLEEDING. Call 999 for emergency help.
For information on first aid courses, or if you would like a free pocket first aid guide, call 02920 449500 or visit www.stjohnwales.org.uk