Guilt-free getaways for MDS coordinators: just because the MDS never takes a vacation doesn't mean you can't.
1. Work those dates.
2. Back yourself up.
3. Be an early bird.
4. Leave a wake behind you.
Work Those Dates
Before you buy that perfect poolside ensemble, a quick review of the scheduling requirements mandated by CMS is necessary. The required MDS assessment schedule (including completion and transmission requirements) is summarized in the RAI Manual, Version 2.0 (August 2003, p. 2). The following list spells out the maximum number of days allowed between assessments:
* The Admission assessment (AA8a=01) must be completed no later than day 14 of admission, with the first day of admission counting as day 1.
* Following this, each Quarterly assessment (AA8a=05) is due for completion no later than 92 days after the previous assessment's R2b date (date of completion).
* Annual assessments (AA8a=02) must be completed no later than 366 days after the completion date of the previous comprehensive assessment. The specific MDS data field used to count this is VB2 (Date of RAP assessment process).
* In addition, care plan completion or revision must be within 7 days of this RAP completion date (VB2).
* CMS requires an MDS assessment every 92 days. They use the R2b date to count off the 92 days, not the Assessment Reference Date (ARD), as is often erroneously assumed.
* Additionally, CMS looks for a comprehensive assessment every 366 days, and the VB2 date is used to count off these days.
The "MDS clock" is reset whenever a new completed assessment is submitted; thus, the next assessment is due based on the R2b date of the most recent assessment.
In addition to the requirements for OBRA assessments described above, Medicare MDSs have a higher frequency of required assessments, each with its own ARD window. Each of these assessments must be completed (R2b) within 14 days of the ARD. If an assessment is dually coded as Medicare and OBRA, then both sets of rules must be followed; to be compliant with both, always choose the most stringent. For all assessment types, data entry and transmission to the state must be completed within 31 days of the completion date of the MDS.
As you can see, you have to deal with a strict timeline, which can lead to F-tags on surveys as well as financial penalties if the submission process falls behind. Unfortunately, the realities of working in a nursing home sometimes interfere with the timely completion of MDS assessments. Staffing issues often result in MDS coordinators being pulled from their jobs to work on the floor. Sick days are often unavoidable. And, yes, MDS coordinators get vacation time, too! But how can you take the time off you're entitled to while maintaining compliance with your MDS schedule?
Back Yourself Up
MDS coordinators are a "rarebreed" in each facility. Most facilities have only a few MDS nurses, with one person coordinating the process. Many homes have only one person doing the MDS scheduling, coordination, data entry, and transmission. You may prefer to say, "The buck stops here" with the MDS and be in charge of the resident assessment process, but there are times when it may be necessary for you to have some backup. Consider taking some time to train one or two coworkers in the MDS process and be sure that your director of nursing is involved. Remember that CMS rules don't specify who actually completes the MDS, only that an RN coordinates the process. The team approach is a very important factor in keeping the MDS ball rolling. If you have difficulty compelling staff to be cross-trained in MDS, a few well-placed comments to the administrator or CFO about a "single point of failure" and common "dips" in RUG scores and CMI occurring during summer holidays might raise an eyebrow.
Be an Early Bird
Once you have reliable backup in your facility, you can keep up to date with MDS submissions, even in the case of an emergency leave. Now you can begin to plan ahead for that much-needed vacation! To do this, you need to consider what can and can't be flexible in the MDS schedule.
First, though, a word of caution: MDS schedules should not be "played with" on a regular basis merely as a matter of convenience. Our advice is meant for nonroutine situations, such as planned time off for vacations or medical leaves. For example, if you have a Medicare resident who will be due for a 30-day MDS while you are in the middle of your Caribbean cruise, you and your team will need to plan ahead to make sure that the MDS is in compliance and accurately reflects the resident's acuity.
Medicare assessments. You may find this to be the area offering the least flexibility. Given the higher frequency of required assessments, as well as the pressure from your billing office to provide them with RUG scores, it may be more difficult to adjust the schedule. However, if your facility uses a team approach to managing your PPS system, you could plan ahead with your coworkers to project which residents will be in their assessment window while you are away. In many cases it is necessary to wait until the end of the assessment window to choose the optimal ARD for your residents. If the PPS team is knowledgeable about the RUG-III system and ARD selection, this process will go much more smoothly. Remember, the ARD should be chosen so that the greatest acuity is assessed. This is not "gaming the system," but one way to ensure that you are reimbursed for the excellent care provided.
Remember, however, that the routine, nonjudicious use of the grace days available at the end of each assessment window may come under review by surveyors or fiscal intermediaries, so use these days sparingly. Once an ARD is selected, the MDS must be completed within 14 days. Any member of your team should be able to complete the MDS, so cross-training can come in handy when the MDS coordinator is away. As long as the MDS is completed in a timely fashion, you have up to 31 days from the completion date to transmit the assessment.
OBRA assessments. Traditional long-term care assessments (OBRA) offer more flexibility in scheduling your assessments. As we stated above, there are explicit rules for the maximum number of days between MDS assessments, and late assessments may put your facility at risk for survey deficiencies (for a look at how close some MDS coordinators come, see figure). However, what is not spelled out in the RAI Manual is that there is no minimum time limit between assessments. (You see this in action all the time!) A significant-change assessment satisfies the requirements of a quarterly assessment and a comprehensive assessment. The next quarterly would be due 92 days from the R2b date, which means you can schedule assessments to be done early to clear the schedule for your vacation week (or to spread out assessments if you have too many of them due at the same time). You may want to schedule your annual MDSs earlier, especially if you have many of them to do, to give you more time to complete the RAP and care plan process. Once you have scheduled the assessments, the regulatory standards for completion and transmission can be complied with while allowing for time off.
Leave a Wake Behind You
Now that you have an "MDS team" to work with and have adjusted your assessment schedule to fit your needs, you can do a few more things to make your vacation guilt-free:
* Distribute the MDS schedule to the team well in advance of your vacation to be certain that everyone is "on the same page" and understands what needs to be done while you are away.
* Make sure you transmit all the assessments you have completed before you leave. You never know if an MDS will "fall through the cracks" because it was left to be transmitted when you return.
* Have the filing of your printed MDS assessments as up to date as possible. Again, some MDSs may end up not being printed, signed, or filed in the medical record because they were left to do later. This is a task you might be tempted to put on the back burner because it is tedious and time-consuming, but it is just as important as everything else you do.
* Leave important phone numbers and contact information for your team "just in case." These could include your state's RAI coordinator, your MDS software customer-support line and MIS help desk, your corporate MDS nurse if you have one, and any "pals" you may have from other facilities who can pitch in if necessary. And, most importantly, leave your passwords for your computer and for state transmission in a secure place.
You did it! Now you've arranged your MDS schedule so that you can take a week or two off without having to worry about putting your facility out of compliance. Teamwork and communication with your coworkers, as well as an understanding of the MDS scheduling and submission regulations, are the keys to help you accomplish this. Remember, just because the MDS never takes a vacation, that doesn't mean you can't.
Have a well-deserved good time.
BY JENNIFER GROSS, RN, BSN, AND STEVEN B. LITTLEHALE, MS, APRN, BC
Jennifer Gross, RN, BSN, is a long-term care consultant, and Steven B. Littlehale, MS, APRN, BC, is Chief Clinical Officer of the Healthcare Services division at LTCQ, Inc., Lexington, Mass. For further information, phone (781) 457-5907, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, or visit www.ltcq.com. To comment on this article, please send e-mail to email@example.com. For reprints in quantities of 100 or more, call (866) 377-6454.
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|Author:||Littlehale, Steven B.|
|Date:||Jun 1, 2004|
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