Growth and development of the academic societies and animal production in Korea, China and Asia over the last 50 years.
Prior to the birth of the Korean Society of Animal Science (KSAS) in 1956, South Korean people experienced the outbreak of the tragic Korean War initiated by North Korean Armed Forces on June 25, 1950. This war caused great human sacrifice and economic loss. Korean War Damage Statistics (1996) indicated that a total 3.3 million people, consisting of South and North Korean, UN, and Chinese armed forces as well as civilian were killed or wounded during the Korean War. In addition to the human loss, estimated economic damage reached US$ 2.28 billion. Approximately 50% of civilian houses, schools, administrative offices, medical institutions, churches, manufacturing plants, harbor facilities, railroads, bridges, power plants and coal mines were destroyed during Korean War.
When South Korea almost lost the battle, UN armed forces, lead by US troops, came to their aid to save the Republic of Korea. A total of 16 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Luxemburg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Republic of South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, UK and USA) sent military personals. Five countries (Denmark, India, Italy, Norway and Sweden) provided medical support, and 19 countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Iceland, Israel, Lebanon, Liberia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela) provided financial support to protect South Korea's freedom and national security. Fortunately, the economy of Korea developed remarkably over the last fifty years. In this context, Republic of Korea should pay back to those countries that helped during Korea War.
Birth of the KSAS
In the early 1950's there was only one academic society, the Korean Society of Agricultural Science in the field of agriculture. Soon after the Korean War ended, some of the leading animal scientists led by Professor Sang Won Yun of Seoul National University officially founded the Korean Society of Animal Science (KSAS) on October 8, 1956 at Milk Hall of Seoul Dairy Cooperatives located in Seoul. Professor Yun was elected to be the first president of the KSAS, and the office of the society was located at the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry near Namdaemoon, Seoul, Korea.
It would be quite important to look back the number of major species of animals raised in Korea with some other statistics concerning per capita income, formula feed production and consumption pattern of animal products at the time when the KSAS was founded (1956). Comparison was made with China and Asia including Oceania and Pacific rim. As is seen in Table 1, animal production status was very poor for Korea compared with China or Asia. Data indicate that Korea raised only 1.6% of total animals raised in China, and only 0.7% of animals raised in all Asian countries. Per capita income for Korea (US$ 66) or China (US$ 59) was about 10% of Asian's average income (US$ 513) in 1956. Korea has known to be a very much underdeveloped country at that time. Furthermore, foods of animal origin consumed by Koreans were 20% and Chinese was 30% of that consumed by average Asian people.
Creation of the Korean Journal of Animal Science in March, 1969
Although the first issue of the Proceedings of the KSAS was published on October 28, 1958, the first issue of quarterly journals of the KSAS "Korean Journal of Animal Science" was published from March 1, 1969 by the editorial efforts of Professor In K. Han. Annual proceedings contained all papers presented at the annual meeting of the KSAS. The Korean Journal of Animal Science, on the other hand, carried original and review papers with news and notes of the society.
Publication records of the Korean Journal of Animal Science since 1958 are illustrated in the Table 2. It is clear that the number of papers published annually has steadily increased, although the publication frequency has remained bimonthly for many years since 1998.
Introduction of the KSAS Animal Science Award and the AAAP Animal Science Award
In 1967, the Korean Society of Animal Science granted its first "Animal Science Award" to recognize distinguished Korean animal scientists. Between 1967 and 2007, a total of 66 eminent Korean animal scientists received this award. A large portion of this award fund was donated by Professor In K. Han. Professor Han has donated his Korea Science Award money given by the Korean Government in 1971. The "KSAS Distinguished Service Award" was also introduced in 1977 by the Professor In K. Han. The first award was given to Professor Sang W. Yun, the founding president of the KSAS. Currently, a total of 66 scientists and technical personals have received this award.
The AAAP has three different categories of awards. The "AAAP Animal Science Award" was established in 2000 to recognize internationally known animal scientists in the AAAP region. This award is funded for by Hans' Animal Life Science Foundation (HALSF). So far, six famous animal scientists have received this award. In order to stimulate the research activities and submission of manuscripts to the AJAS by young Asian scientists under age of 40 years, the "AJAS-Cargill Agribrand Purina Inc. Outstanding Research Award" was introduced in 1990 with the donation of Cargill Agribrand Purina Inc. A total of 19 young animal scientists have received this award. For the selected Asian animal scientists who presented an excellent scientific paper at each AAAP Animal Science Congress, "AAAP Excellent Presentation Award" was created in 1992 with the donation of individuals or AAAP member societies. A total of 44 young scientists received this award since it was initiated.
Birth of the AAAP in September, 1980
A historical event was happened in 1980. The Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) was officially founded in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on September 1, 1980. It is important to note that the KSAS was a charter member of the AAAP.
By reviewing available minutes of the AAAP Council Meetings, records on the AAAP Animal Science Congress programs, proceedings of each AAAP Animal Science Congress and "Quarter Century History of the AAAP", the followings in Table 3 is considered as the best official record for the AAAP membership.
Data in Table 3 shows that there were 8 founding members of the AAAP. Taiwan was accepted as a member in 1982 and Iran was accepted as the 17th member country in 2002. At the council meeting in Busan Korea in 2006, China and Sri Lanka became members of AAAP. It was a memorable moment for AAAP when China finally joined AAAP as a regular member in 2006. Now AAAP with a total of 19 members encompass major area of Asian and Australasian region and became a leading association in animal science in the world.
Though the AAAP is important, activity and involvement of member countries is limited. Thus, one important aspect of the society is to encourage and promote more active involvement of all member countries.
Regarding the membership of P. R. China, many individuals and all council members tried hard during the last decade. Most definite movement was made at the 12th AAAP Council Meeting in New Delhi, India in September 2002, which decided that China would be accepted as a member of the AAAP on condition that an official application letter be submitted to Secretary-General and the content be in accordance to the AAAP Statutes in regard with the membership of Taiwan. This was also confirmed at the 13th AAAP Council Meeting in 2004. Finally, acceptance of China as a member has been materialized in 2006 at 14th Council Meeting.
The procedure to become a member is fairly easy and straightforward. There is no special application form: all that needs to be done is to submit a written application letter to the Secretary-General and council for approval. So far, no applications have been rejected. Only on one occasion the Council Meeting had to deliberate the pros and cons of Taiwan's application in 1982. No one really objected to Taiwan's admission except that caution had to be taken to determine its legitimacy, since some members feared that with Taiwan's involvement they might lose their own government's support. If this should happen they were in no position to participate actively in the AAAP affairs. Fortunately, this did not happen and the AAAP continued to flourish with Taiwan as a member.
KSAS: a member of the World Association for Animal Production (WAAP)
The KSAS submitted an application letter for membership to the headquarter of the WAAP located in Rome, Italy in 1979. Dr. Kally, Secretary-General, has made postal vote among council members for their approval of the President Y. Nishikawa of the WAAP. Finally, after two year wait, KSAS became a member of the WAAP on March 1, 1981. In 1983, Professor In K. Han was elected to be a Vice-President of the WAAP, when the 5th WCAP was held in Tokyo, Japan.
The 3rd AAAP Animal Science Congress
The 3rrd AAAP Animal Science Congress was successfully hosted by the KSAS on May 6-10, 1985 at Sheraton Walker Hill Hotel, Seoul, Korea (Table 6). Growth in animal production and per capita income of Korea, China and Asia for this time period can be seen Table 4. It is apparent that the growth rate of animal production is about the same degree as that observed between the 1970's and 1980's. However, growth rate of personal income, formula feed production and intake of animal products for Koreans were much higher than that for Chinese or Asian (Table 4).
Official Journal of the AAAP (AJAS)
The KSAS initiated the creation of an official quarterly journal of the AAAP entitled "Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science (AJAS)" in March, 1988. The current printing office is located in Seoul, Korea, and now publishes a monthly journal of SCIE. Prof. In K. Han served as founding editor-in-chief until he was succeeded by Prof. Jong K. Ha. Some Statistics on the publication of the AJAS are recorded in Table 5.
The previous AAAP Animal Science Congress in summary (1980-2006)
The AAAP Animal Science Congress is an important forum that draws together scientists, as well as professionals, engaged in livestock development and trade in Asia. It is also through this forum that ideas are disseminated and developed. Scientists from many parts of Asia rarely have the opportunity to attend scientific conventions due to lack of finance, but the support scheme provided by the organizers is so essential to speakers, who may not have participated otherwise.
There have been 12 AAAP Congress meetings once every two to four years, depending on decision of host society. The 3rrd and 5th meetings took place at three year and the 9th at four years interval. The rest of the meetings were held in every two years. The Congresses were held in 10 different countries and countries that have hosted twice so far are Malaysia and Korea (Table 6). Member countries that have yet to host the AAAP Animal Science Congress are China, Bangladesh, Iran, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Vietnam until 2006. The 11th council which was held in Sydney recommended that a rotation should be established within the Societies with the resources to host Congress and this rotation should be based on the historical order that had been established by the AAAP. However, this idea was amended at the 14th Council Meeting in Busan, Korea, when it was recommended to set up suitable guidelines for the selection of hosting countries.
As far as the number of participants is concerned, it has been generally increasing, reaching more than 1,000 in the 3rrd, 8th and 12th meetings in Korea, Japan and Korea, respectively as is appeared in Table 6. Some of meetings were attended by scientists from more than 30 different countries.
The AAAP Animal Science Congress has a history of 26 years since its inception. It is now an international forum with participation not only from Asia and Pacific region but also over the world. With the Congress generating big interest in the region, it is confident that the numbers of participants will continue to grow.
Perhaps the most important outcome of the Congress is the Proceedings of the AAAP Animal Science Congress, which are a useful compilation of both the plenary lectures and scientific papers. While the plenary lecture covers a broad area of interest highlighting the advances in animal science and production, the latter displays individual contribution to the sector. The Congress Proceedings are important documents due to the fact that they record numerous contributions by scientists and professionals in the region. Proceedings of the 2nd congress was not published, and that of the 10th Congress has yet to be published although all the abstracts were printed (Table 6).
The quality and quantity of presentations was continuously improved. In part, this is because of the large numbers attending the congress, which provides opportunities for scientists, especially the younger ones, to learn from their peers. As a result, the standard of research has improved which augurs well for the livestock industry in this region.
Congress themes (Table 7) reflect main interests of the region at the time of the congress. Production strategies and efficiency were major concerns during the early meetings, while sustainability of livestock production and environment have become main areas of focus of the meetings held in recent years.
Numbers and categories of papers presented at the different AAAP Animal Science Congress (1980-2006)
As is shown in the Table 8, the number of scientific papers presented at the different AAAP Animal Science Congresses is steadily increasing. At the 12tth AAAP Animal Science Congress, the largest number of papers (1,268) were presented and followed by 9th (594), 8tth (585), 10tth (499), 4tth (370), 5tth (369), 7tth (367), 11tth (357), 3rrd (340), 6tth (208), 2nd (121), and 1stt (73) AAAP Congresses. On average, it appears that the number of papers presented is between 300 and 600 except the 12th AAAP.
It was found that the numbers of scientific papers presented at the AAAP Animal Science Congress by 19 AAAP member countries varied significantly. Korea (1,042), Japan (991), Australia (521), India (470) and Taiwan (444) presented more than 400 papers throughout the 12 Congresses. On the other hand, less than 100 papers were presented by Bangladesh (54), Mongolia (2), Nepal (14), Pakistan (68), Papua New Guinea (23), and Vietnam (27). Between these two groups, Indonesia (291), Malaysia (265), New Zealand (247), and Thailand (219) presented between 100 and 300 papers. This difference in presentation capability among AAAP member countries could partly be solved by increasing financial support for those under-represented countries to participate more actively in the Animal Science Congress in the future.
By analyzing data of the last 12 AAAP Animal Science Congresses, many papers were also presented by non-AAAP countries throughout the world. Some of major contributing countries include: P. R. China (190), USA (129), UK (34), Sri Lanka (33), Germany (20), Egypt (19), Canada (17), France (17), Kenya (16) and Netherland (14). These countries presented more papers than the other non AAAP member countries of the world.
It is interesting to note that slightly more than 11% (621) of papers were contributed from non-AAAP countries and about 89% papers (4,939) came from the AAAP member countries (5,560 in total).
Hereby, the names of countries, and number of papers presented during the 12 AAAP Animal Science Congresses are listed:
AAAP Member Countries (19): Australia (521), Bangladesh (54), India (470), Indonesia (291), Iran (158), Japan (991), Korea (1,042), Malaysia (265), Mongolia (2), Nepal (14), New Zealand (247), Pakistan (68), PNG (23), Philippines (103), Taiwan (444), Thailand (219), Vietnam (27).
Non-AAAP Countries (50) : Afghanistan (2), Austria (2), Belgium(2), Bhutan (1), Bosnia (5), Brazil (7), Brunei (1), Bulgaria(1), Cambodia (2), Canada (17) Columbia(1), Czech (4), Denmark (2), Egypt (18), Ethiopia (1), France (17), Germany (20), Iraq (2), Island (2), Israel (1), Italy (18), Jordan (5), Kazakhstan (4), Kenya (16), Kuwait (1), Netherland (14), Nigeria (5), Norway (2), Oman (2), P. R. China (199), Poland (3), Portugal (1), Rumania (2), Russia (3), Saudi Arabia (4), Scotland (2), Singapore (11), South Africa (5), Spain (2), Sri Lanka (33), Sweden (1), Syria (1), Tajikistan (1), UAE (2), Uganda (1), UK (34), Uruguay (1), USA (129), Venezuela (1), West Samoa (10).
The 8tth WCAP was held in June-July, 1998 in Seoul, Korea
As an interim activity of the 7tth (1993) and 8tth WCAP (1998), an international symposium on "Supply of Livestock Products to Rapidly Expanding Urban Population" was organized by the KSAS and the WAAP on May 16-20, 1995 at the Hoam Faculty House, Seoul National University in Seoul, Korea. This event was financially supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The 8tth World Conference on Animal Production (WCAP) was held on June 28-July 4, 1998 at Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea under the leadership of Professor In K. Han, President of the WAAP and Professor Jong K. Ha, Chairman of Organizing Committee. The statistics in the Table 9 indicate that the 8tth WCAP was known to be one of most successful world conference in WAAP history.
Quarter Century History of the AAAP was published in November, 2005
A book entitled "Quarter Century History of the AAAP (1980-2005)" was published jointly by the AAAP and the Hans' Animal Life Science Foundation (HALSF) on November 1, 2005. The editorial Committee of this book consisted of 9 members: Professor In K. Han as Chairman and Drs. C. Chantalakhana (Thailand), E. Sato (Japan), Jong K. Ha (Korea), S. Watanabe (Japan), L. C. Hsia (Taiwan), H. Yano (Japan), S. Jalaludin (Malaysia), and I. Barger (Australia). This book contains history and structure of the AAAP, the AAAP Animal Science Congress, the AJAS, AAAP Animal Science Awards, and some recommendations for the future of the AAAP. The AAAP is grateful to the HALSF for their support of the printing cost of the mentioned book.
Golden anniversary of the KSAS (1956-2006) and hosting the 12tth AAAP Animal Science Congress in September 2006 in Busan, Korea
During the 50 years of its history, the KSAS has had 32 presidents and 16 editors-in-chief, who have published a total of 48 volumes with approximately 26,500 pages of Korean Journal of Animal Sciences. Furthermore, the KSAS hosted three important international conferences, the 3rrd and 12th AAAP Animal Science Congress in 1985 and 2006, and the 8tth World Conference on Animal Production in 1998. These were great successes. An additional unforgettable role of the KSAS was creation and continuous publication of an official journal of the AAAP called "Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science (AJAS)". Most of the AAAP awards such as the AAAP Animal Science Award, AJAS-CAPI Outstanding Research Award and Excellent Presentation Award were introduced by the key members of the KSAS or feed companies in Korea. Korean Animal Scientists and the KSAS have played such a critical role in the development of national, regional and international animal agriculture.
Table 10 shows that tremendous increase and/or improvement in animal production, economic status, production of formula feed and consumption of animal products during a period of last 50 years (1956-2005). During this period per capita income of Korea increased by greater than 268 folds and that of China was about 34 folds. Average Asian income increased only 15 fold as much as in 1956. It is also clear that the rate of growth in the number of major species of animals and production of formula feed for Korea was significantly higher than that of China or Asia by 2005. Annual consumption amount of animal products are also higher for Korea (105.3 kg/person/year) than that for China (92.9 kg/person/year) and Asia (77.2 kg/person/year) as is illustrated in Table 10. These data indicate that animal production in most Asian countries has been steadily growing.
Based on the above analyses and observations during the last 50 years beginning in 1956, it may be concluded that Korea, China and Asia have remarkably grown in animal production levels and the activities of academic societies. In the case of Korea, the KSAS played some important roles to enhance activities of academic societies by holding its annual meetings and/or technical seminars/symposia, and by hosting international conferences such as the AAAP Animal Science Congress and the WCAP. Publishing the societies' journal since 1956 has also played important role. Moreover, the KSAS was known to be a core society that stimulated academic collaborative programs of international nature including hosting of the AAAP Animal Science Congress in 1985 and 2006, hosting the FAO/WAAP/KSAS International symposium in 1995 and the 8tth WCAP in 1998 in Korea. The KSAS is co-publishing society of the AJAS with the AAAP.
These academic interactions certainly resulted in promoting the development of animal production in Korea and Asia. Increased production of animal products (11 times) significantly stimulated the improvement of both income source (268 fold) and animal protein consumption (17 fold) of Koreans. It is expected that activities of academic societies and animal production would be even further expanded in Asian countries, including Korea and China in the forthcoming 50 years in the 21stt century.
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* This paper was presented at the International Symposium on "Strategies for the Development of Animal Science and Livestock Industry in China" which was held on September 8-9, 2008 at Yanbian University, Yanji, China.
In K. Han (1), Jong K. Ha (2) and J. H. Lee (3)
(1) Professor Emeritus and (2) Professor, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea (3) Technical Manager, Easy Bio System, Seoul, Korea
Table 1. Per capita income, number of major species of animals in Korea, China and Asia in 1956 Korea China Asia (1) Per capita income (US$) 66 * 59 (2) 513 (3) Cattle number (MH) 0.87 ** 49.51 *** 319.0 *** Pig number (MH) 1.26 ** 85.62 *** 118.47 *** Chicken number (MH) 8.92 ** 540.85 *** 1,088.21 *** Formula feed (M/T) 0.16 ** 21.83 *** 68.18 *** Consumption of animal 6.10 *** 8.40 *** 28.70 *** products (4) (kg/person/year) (1) Data including Oceania and Pacific. (2) China Statistical Yearbook, 1984. (3) Estimated value based on averaged annual economy growth in 1950s-1060s. (4) Data including beef, pork, chicken meat, eggs and milk. NA: Not available. * Statistics Year Book 1982. Bank of Korea. ** Korea Agricultural Statistic Year book, 1956. *** Data in 1961 (Source: FAO, 1961). Table 2. Publication record of the Korean J. of Animal Science since 1958 Year Volume No. of issues Pages Remark 1958 1 1 56 Published 1st proceedings 1969 11 4 408 Published quarterly Kor. J. Anim. Sci. 1985 27 12 801 Holding the 3rdAAAP ASC (1) 1988 30 12 774 Published Vol 1, No 1. of AJAS (2) 1998 40 6 733 Holding the 8th WCAP (3) 2005 47 6 1,118 2006 48 6 974 Holding the 12th AAAP ASC 2007 49 6 898 Total 48 276 28,226 (1) Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) Animal Science Congress. (2) Asian-Australasian J. of Animal Science. (3) World Conference on Animal Production. Table 3. Member country of the AAAP (as of September 23, 2006) Year Country Decision Remark was made in: 1980 Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia Founding Members of Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the AAAP New Zealand, Philippines, Thailand 1982 Taiwan Philippines 2nd Council Meeting 1987 Bangladesh (1) New Zealand 5th Council Meeting 1990 Papua New Guinea (1) Taiwan 6th Council Meeting 1992 India, Vietnam (1) Thailand 7th Council Meeting 1994 Mongolia (1), Nepal (1), Indonesia 8th Council Meeting Pakistan (1) 2002 Iran (1) India 12th Council Meeting 2006 China (1), Sri Lanka (1) Korea 14th Council Meeting (1) AAAP Animal Science Congress has not been held in these countries. Table 4. Per capita income, number of major species of animals in Korea, China and Asia in 1985 Korea China Asia (1) Per capita income (US$) (2) 2,309 292 3,228 Cattle number (MH) * 2.94 62.71 373.85 Pig number (MH) * 2.85 313.86 380.91 Chicken number (MH) * 51.08 1,266.89 3,117.77 Formula feed (M/T) * 6.45 170.49 297.45 Consumption of animal 42.20 28.50 48.00 products (3) (kg/person/year) * (1) Data including Oceania and Pacific. (2) World Bank, 1992. (3) Data including beef, pork, chicken meat, eggs and milk. * FAO statistics, 1985. Table 5. Some statistics on the publication of the AJAS (1988-2007) Items Total number Volumes 20 Issues 148 Papers published 3,498 Pages published 23,161 Subscribers of the AJAS 950 Table 6. Summary of previous AAAP Animal Science Congresses (1980-2006) ASC Country Year President Chairman of O.C. 1st Malaysia 1980 S. Jalaludin Osman B. Din 2nd Philippines 1982 V. G. Arganosa G. C. Orinion 3rd Korea 1985 In Kyu Han D. A. Kim 4th New Zealand 1987 A. R. Sykes K. E. Jury 5th Taiwan 1990 T. P. Yeh S. C. Chyr 6th Thailand 1992 C. Chantalakhana C. Chantalakhana 7th Indonesia 1994 E. Soetirto E. Soetirto 8th Japan 1996 T. Morichi S. Watanabe 9th Australia 2000 J. Ternouth T. Scott 10th India 2002 P. N. Bhat V. L. Chopra 11th Malaysia 2004 Z. A. Jelan L. C. Liang 12th Korea 2006 I. K. paik S. J. Ohh No. of No. of papers ASC Paticipants Invited Proc. (Country) (Symp.) Contributed (Pages) 1st 243(15) 19 68 482 2nd 777(15) 14 125 -- 3rd 1,039(28) 56 345 1,884 4th 581(28) 35 380 519 5th 659(26) 20 381 1,083 6th 887(31) 64 195 1,035 7th 894(31) 10 397 969 8th 1,110(35) 94 627 1,949 9th 733(31) 27 609 1,361 10th 471(114) 114 419 377 * 11th 427(27) 30 359 1,279 12th 1,250(28) 61 1,207 3,488 * Program booklet. Table 7. List of themes for the AAAP Animal Science Congresses (1980-2006) AAAP Animal Date and venue Themes Science Congress 1st September 2-5, 1980 Animal Production Serdang, Malaysia and Health in the Tropic 2nd November 8-13, 1982 Livestock Development Manila, Philippines Strategies in the Tropic 3rd May 6-10, 1985 Efficient Animal Production Seoul, Korea for Asian Welfare 4th February 1-7, 1987 Not available Hamilton, N.Z 5th May 27-Jine 1, 1990 Not available Taipei, Taiwan 6th November 23-28, 1992 Animal Production and Bangkok, Thailand Rural Development 7th July 11-16, 1994 Sustainable Animal Bali, Indonesia Industries and the Environment 8th October 13-18, 1996 Partnership for Tokyo, Japan Sustainable Livestock Production and Human Welfare 9th July 2-7, 2000 Animal Production for a Sydney, Australia Consuming World 10th September 23-29, 2002 Animal Production for New Delhi, India Food and Environmental Security 11th September 5-9, 2004 New Dimensions and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Challenges for Sustainable Livestock Farming 12th September 18-22, 2006 Challenges of Animal Busan, Korea Industry for the Wellbeing of Mankind Table 8. Summary of the papers presented at the AAAP Animal Science Congress (ASC) by member countries (17 countries; 4,939 papers) ASC 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Country Australia 9 4 14 9 13 15 11 Bangladesh 0 0 1 1 2 8 12 1 India 1 2 8 18 15 18 18 9 Indonesia 13 11 29 17 26 15 112 24 Iran 0 0 1 0 2 3 2 1 Japan 3 9 58 24 75 25 69 375 Korea 0 11 131 13 44 16 43 49 Malaysia 33 38 24 12 14 18 35 12 Mongolia 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 Nepal 0 0 0 0 1 4 4 3 New Zealand 4 1 9 174 17 6 2 4 Pakistan 0 0 14 14 0 2 0 3 Papua New Guinea 1 1 2 2 5 2 4 3 Philippines 3 37 8 6 15 6 5 10 Taiwan 0 0 29 20 130 20 29 45 Thailand 6 7 10 11 14 47 16 30 Vietnam 0 0 1 0 0 5 2 4 Total 73 121 340 370 369 208 367 585 ASC 9th 10th 11th 12th Total Country Australia 344 11 16 17 521 Bangladesh 6 8 5 10 54 India 15 340 0 26 470 Indonesia 16 2 18 9 291 Iran 4 5 43 97 158 Japan 75 50 72 156 991 Korea 34 36 81 584 1,042 Malaysia 12 11 44 12 265 Mongolia 0 0 0 0 2 Nepal 1 1 0 0 14 New Zealand 28 0 0 2 247 Pakistan 8 1 1 25 68 Papua New Guinea 1 1 0 1 23 Philippines 4 1 4 4 103 Taiwan 28 25 44 74 444 Thailand 16 5 27 30 219 Vietnam 2 2 2 9 27 Total 594 499 357 1,056 4,939 Table 9. Summary of previous WCAP (1963-2003) Date & Venue President Chairman, OC 1st Sept. 2-7, 1963 (Italy) W. R. Trehane W. R. Trehane 2nd July 14-20, 1968 (USA) R. E. Hodgson R. E. Hodgson 3rd May 22-30, 1973 (Australia) R. H. Watson R. H. Watson 4th Aug. 20-26, 1978 (Argentina) F. Torres M. A. A. Morales 5th Aug. 14-19, 1983 (Japan) Y. Nishikawa K. Mimura 6th June 27-July 1, 1988 (Finland) E. Cunningham E. Poutiainen 7th June 28-July 2, 1993 (Canada) R. Blair R. J. Hudson 8th June 28-July 4, (Korea) In K. Han Jong. K. Ha 9th Oct. 26-31, 2003 (Brazil) Akke J. van Jorge Lopes der Zijpp Date & Venue Papers No. of No. of presented participant country 1st Sept. 2-7, 1963 (Italy) 66+200 336 54 2nd July 14-20, 1968 (USA) 33+186 600 60 3rd May 22-30, 1973 (Australia) 86-120 600 54 4th Aug. 20-26, 1978 (Argentina) 34+106 800 52 5th Aug. 14-19, 1983 (Japan) 600 1,229 61 6th June 27-July 1, 1988 (Finland) 450 1,000 70 7th June 28-July 2, 1993 (Canada) 446 625 72 8th June 28-July 4, (Korea) 210+988 2,159 91 9th Oct. 26-31, 2003 (Brazil) 774 600 43 (a) = Main reports, (b) = Short contribution. Table 10. Per capita income, number of major species of animals in Korea, China and Asia in 2006 Korea (inc.) China (inc.) Per capita income (US$)2 17,500 (x 268) 1,010 (x 34.1) Cattle number (MH) * 2.48 (x 2.8) 117.66 (x 2.3) Pig number (MH) * 9.38 (x 7.4) 510.62 (x 6.0) Chicken number (MH) * 119.181 (x 13.3) 4,356.97 (x 8.1) Formula feed (MT) 15.473 (x 96.7) 103.004 (x 4.7) Consumption of Animal 105.33 (x 17.2) 92.94 (x 11.1) products (kg/person/year) ** Asia1 (inc.) Per capita income (US$)2 7,883 (x 15.3) Cattle number (MH) * 460.75 (x 1.5) Pig number (MH) * 618.88 (x 5.2) Chicken number (MH) * 8,980.42 (x 8.3) Formula feed (MT) 480.235 (x 7.0) Consumption of Animal 77.205 (x 2.7) products (kg/person/year) ** (1) Data including Oceania and Pacific. 2 World Bank, 2006. (3) Korea Agricultural & Forestry Statistical Yearbook, 2006. 4 China Statistical Yearbook, 2005. (5) Data in 2002 (Source : FAO, Food balance sheet, 2002). * FAO statistics, 2006. ** Data including beef, pork, chicken meat, eggs and milk. (% increase): compared to data in 1956.
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|Author:||Han, In K.; Ha, Jong K.; Lee, J.H.|
|Publication:||Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences|
|Date:||Jun 1, 2009|
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