Growth and development of Architectural engineering college libraries in Haryana, India.
Architectural engineering education plays a vital role in the building community and educates future leaders in planning and design of outdoor space. Information is a key element for any kind of research and development. Libraries help accelerate knowledge, creation in collaboration with educational and research organizations. The library helps improve collections, maintains, preserves, and organizes documents, cooperates with other institutions and is a link between information sources and users (Ku, 1996). Today's libraries focus on electronic publications to provide rapid access to information and save storage space for traditional resources (Thakur, 2003).
The pillars of the development of libraries and information services are collections, information infrastructure, network with information resources, digitization of information, copyright of electronic resources, multimedia centres, and digital libraries (Skaliczki, 1999). Collection development includes assessing user needs, evaluating the collection, selection policies, and other kinds of planning and coordinating activities. Collection development is not a single activity but a group of activities (Kumar, et al., 2008).
Libraries of Architecture Colleges in Haryana
There are nine libraries of Architecture colleges in the state of Haryana. Eight are private/self-financing colleges; most of these were established from 2006 to 2010.
There is quite a good collection of literature on examining engineering college libraries, but only a few relevant studies have been discussed here. Sharma & Kumar (2010) found that the libraries of textile institutes are making an effort to do well in collection development, services, and infrastructure. Biradar, et al. (2009) did a study on use of information sources and services in library of an agricultural science college. Mahmood & Shafique (2009) found a number of problems with libraries in Pakistan, particularly public and school libraries. Most federal policies do not provide for the establishment of effective libraries. Gul & Khan (2008) discussed that describe how in the British period the Oriental library reached its zenith and that the Mughals also contributed a great deal to the development of Oriental libraries. Vasishta (2007) observed that present situation of deemed universities libraries of north India is not so satisfactory especially in area of professional staff and collection development of e-resources. Rukanci & Anameric (2006) observe that books and library tradition play important role in the scientific, social, and cultural formation of society in a nation. Voorbij & Lemmen (2006) applied the method of list checking in their study to look at books with and without ISBN. Olaojo (2006) states that collection development is a planned, continuous, and cost effective acquisition of quality, relevant materials to meet the needs of users and the objectives of the library. Abd, Mohd. Zain, et al. (2004) did a study on faculty awareness of the collection. Fombad & Mutula (2003) describe the challenges in library collection development in the area of book budgets, electronic material, delays in the delivery of ordered books and evaluation of materials. Turpening (2003) found that law libraries addressed their preservation problems. Byrd (1982) used a statistical method for determining subject strengths and weakness in a library book collection in relation to user demand.
Scope of the Study
The scope of the present study is limited and concerned only to those colleges, which offer degree level courses in the field of Architecture engineering and technology and approved by AICTE and Council of Architecture, India.
The study assesses:
* Space and related facilities issues
* The various kinds of resources available in the library.
* Library hours.
* Number of users being served.
* Library staff and their qualifications.
* The collection policies and practices.
* The financial resources and expenditure on equipment.
* Technical processing of documents.
* Library services being provided.
* State of IT applications in the library.
A structured questionnaire was designed to collect the primary data. The questionnaire was circulated to nine college libraries in the state and the questionnaires were received from all nine libraries. The presentation and interpretation of the analyzed data are given below.
Libraries in Architecture Colleges Table 1 S.No. Name of the Year of Name of the Abbreviation Architecture Establishment library Institution 1 Deen Bandu 2006 Central DCRUST Chhotu Ram Library Univerasity of Science & Technology, B. Arch., Sonipat. 2 Gateway 2008 GCAD GCAD College of Library Architecture & Design, Sonipat. 3 Faculty of 2009 RPET RPET Central Architecture Library R.P. Educational Trust Group of Institutions, Karnal. 4 Budha College 2009 BCA Central BCA of Library Architecture, Karnal. ICL Institute of Architecture & Town Planning, 5 Ambala. 2009 ICL-ATP ICLATP Library 6 Sat Priya 2009 SPSAD SPSAD School of Library Architecture and Design, Rohtak. 7 Lingaya's 1998 LU Central LU University, B. Library Arch., Faridabad 8 Sushant School 1989 SSAA, SSAA of Arts & Library Architecture, Gurgaon. 9 Om Institute 2010 OM IMT OMIAD of Central Architecture Library and Design, Hisar. S.No. Type of Institute 1 Govt. 2 Private 3 Private 4 Private 5 Private 6 Private 7 Public Sector 8 Private 9 Private
There are nine Architecture engineering colleges in Haryana state. All offer a bachelor's degree in architecture. All are self-financed except DCRUST. Only three colleges namely DCRUST, GCAD and LU provide a master's degree in architecture engineering.
Library Opening Hours
Table 2 Institute Monday Saturday Sunday & Examination Vacations to Holidays Day Friday DCRUST 8 am - 7 9 am - 5 9 am - 5 9 am - 5 pm 9 am - 5 pm pm pm pm GCAD 9 am - 6 closed closed 9 am - 6 pm 9 am - 6 pm pm RPET 9 am- 9 am Close 9 am - 4.30 9 am - 4.30 pm -1.00 pm pm 4.30 pm BCA 9 am-5 9 am-5 Close 9 am-5 pm 9 am-5 pm pm pm ICL-ATP 9 am- Off Close 9 am- 3.50 9 am- 3.50 3.50 pm pm pm SPSAD 9:30am- 9:30am- Close 9:30am- 5.00 9:30am- 5.00 pm 5.00 pm pm 5.00 pm LU 8.30 am- 1st and Close 8.30 am - Vacation 4 pm 3rd 5.30 pm SSAA 9 am-5 Close Close 9 am-5 pm 9 am-5 pm pm OMIAD 9 am-5 9 am-5 9 am-5 9 am - 5 pm 9 am - 4 pm pm pm pm
Library opening time is an important factor in the utilization of library collections, Table 2 shows that each library has different time schedule. Two libraries 'DCRUST & OMIAD' are kept open for seven days in a week for eight hours a day.
Table 3 Space DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Area in 675 125 800 100 80 2000 164 400 Sq. Mt. Seating 150 40 150 20 30 40 500 50 80 Capacity Open - 120 20 v Access Others - 30 - v -
Table 3 describes the area and the seating capacity of all the responding libraries.
Table 4 Print Media DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU Books 41,2006 2000 25000 700 810 700 75000 Reference 4,307 700 4500 240 398 100 10000 collection Journal subs. 1335 14 148 09 10 10 150 during current year Number of back 4 years 3000 164 08 - 600 volumes Thesis and 3200 08 - - 10 dissertations Reports 05 - - 10 5000 Patents - - - Standards 4000 10 10 15 20 75 Map/Atlases 05 - 05 50 15 Any other, 10 News 04 10, 5, 10, News 10, 20, Pl.specify Paper News News News Paper News News Paper Paper Paper Paper Paper Print Media SSAA OMIAD Books 6150 10000 Reference 1855 500 collection Journal subs. 27 20 during current year Number of back 6500 volumes Thesis and 1200 - dissertations Reports 120 - Patents - - Standards - - Map/Atlases 50 - Any other, 15, 8 News Pl.specify Newspaper paper
Table 4 presents the library print collections. It shows that DCRUST and LU libraries have good collections of print materials.
Scheme of Classification and Cataloguing
Table 5 Institute Classification Catalogue Physical form Periodical Scheme Code of Catalogue Record DCRUST DDC22 AACR II Card Register GCAD DDC22 - Computerized Register RPET DDC 22 - Computerized Register BCA UDC - Register ICL-ATP DDC22 Computerized Register SPSAD DDC22 - Register LU DDC22 AACR II Computerized Computerized SSAA UDC AACR II Computerized Register OMIAD - Register
Table 5 shows that DCRUST, GCAD, RPET, ICL-ATP, SPSAD & LU libraries are using DDC22 scheme to classify the library material while BCA & SSAA libraries use UDC scheme. As far as cataloguing is concerned DCRUST, LU& SSAA libraries are, using AACR II while rest of the libraries do not respond to these questions. Computerized catalogue maintained by GCAD, RPET, ICL-ATP, LU & SSAA except DCRUST library. Register system is used by all responding libraries for the recording of periodicals except LU libraries.
Any one type of the library may use both open and closed access system. In open access system, the users have the freedom to go the shelves to select the books, reading materials that they wish to read while in the closed library system books have to be fetched by the staff. Open access system helps in increasing the ease of libraries and library materials. The study presents that all the libraries have the open access system except OMIAD library.
Library Staff Pay
Without work force, it is not possible to make a library and its successful working. Library staff is the primary concern, like books available in the library, with more and more responsibility. Under the study, the result shows that DCRUST and LU libraries pay the salary to the library staff according to the rules while others responding library pay the consolidated salary to the library staff.
Finance is the most vital factor that determines the effectiveness of a library. Adequate funds are necessary to build library collections, to provide services to their users and to purchase and maintain various equipments. Figure 4 present the library annual budget of the responding libraries.
Library Orientation Programs
Table 6 Reference DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Service Lecture cum v v v v v v v - - demonstration Computer - - - - v - - - - training Audio-visual - - v - v - - - - Aid Written - - v v v v - - - materials Any other, - - v - v - - - - pl.specify
Orientation is a much-needed program of library resources and services. Orientation is designed to answer questions before they are asked and to provide solutions before problems occur.
Table 7 Charging/Discharging DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA system Computerized system - - v - v - v Register system - v v v - Browne system v v v - - v Ne wark system - - - - - - Any other(any - - - - - - - others) Charging/Discharging OMIAD system Computerized system v Register system v Browne system - Ne wark system - Any other(any - others)
Circulation is the most important and used services in any academic library where users charge and discharge library documents. To make an easy process of circulation a library may use one of the many charging systems. Table 7 describes ICL and OMIAD libraries use computerized and Register system for charging and discharging of books. RPET library use computerized and Browne system while BCA and SPSAD libraries use register system to circulate the books. DCRUST, GCAD and SSAA libraries use brown system.
Issuing of Books
Table 8 Circulation on DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU Books 20 10 05 06 06 08 08 No. of 180 180 90 14 30 180 180 Day Faculty Fine - - - - - Books 6 02 02 02 03 04 04 Students No. of 14 14 14 07 14 07 15 Day Fine 01 02 01 02 - 05 Books 02 10 05 06 06 10 08 Administrative No. of 180 180 90 14 30 180 180 Staff Day Fine - - - - - Books 04 03 02 02 02 04 02 Teaching No. of 108 180 90 07 30 30 15 Sporting Staff Day Fine - - - - - Circulation on SSAA OMIAD 05 05 15 90 Faculty - 02 02 Students 07 14 05 01 05 05 Administrative 15 90 Staff - - 05 05 Teaching 15 90 Sporting Staff - -
Table 8 shows the varying policies on number of books that can be checked out, and fines accessed on user category.
Table 9 Services DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD CAS v v v v v v v v v SDI v - v v v - v - - ILL v - v v - - v - - Photocopy v v v v v v v v v Service Bibliography - - v - v v v v - services Translation - - - - - - - - - Service Reservation - v v v v v v - - of Books Book Bank v v v - - v v v v Any other - - - - - - v - -
Table 9 presents the others services being provided in responding libraries. CAS and photocopy services offered by the all-responding libraries rather than rest others services of library.
Table 10 Automation DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Fully - - - - - - v - - Partially v - v - v - - v v Proposed - v - v - v - - -
This is the need of time to develop library automation to make easy use of library activities. Table 10 describes under study, the status of library automation of the responding libraries
Multi Media Hardware
Table 11 Hardware DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA Monitor 15 02 04 02 03 04 25 04 Scanner - 01 01 01 01 01 01 02 Fax - - - - - - 01 01 Telephone 02 - 01 01 01 01 03 01 T.V. - - - - - - 02 01 LCD - - - 01 - - 01 01 Projector CD Net - - 04 01 - - 01 01 server CD Rome - - 02 - - - 01 01 Tower Back up 05 02 01 01 02 02 01 02 devices UPS 05 01 Online 02 01 04 Online 04 CD Drive - 02 - - 03 04 06 04 Multimedia - 02 03 01 02 - 01 01 Kit Server 01 01 01 01 01 - 01 01 Dot matrix 01 - 01 - - 01 01 01 printer Line - - - - - - 01 01 printer Ink-jet - - - - - - 01 01 printer Laser 03 01 01 02 01 - 01 01 printer Bar code - - 01 - 01 - 01 - printer Hardware OMIAD Monitor 05 Scanner - Fax - Telephone - T.V. - LCD - Projector CD Net - server CD Rome - Tower Back up 02 devices UPS 05 CD Drive - Multimedia - Kit Server 01 Dot matrix - printer Line - printer Ink-jet - printer Laser - printer Bar code - printer
Table 11 present the data relating to the number of multimedia facilities available in the responding libraries. All the responding libraries have comparable equipment and IT infrastructures.
Table 12 Operating DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD System Window 95 - - - - - - - - - Window 98 - - - - - - - - - Window - - - - - - - - - 2000 Window ME - - - - - - - - - Window XP v v v v v v v v v Window NT - - - - - - - - Window - - - - - - - - - Unix Linux - - - - v - - - - Other - - - - - - - - -
Table 12 reveals the operating system. It shows that window XP is maximum used by all the responding libraries. ICL library use both XP and Linux operating systems.
Use of Library Software
Table 13 Library DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA Software LIBSYS v - - - - - - - SOUL - - - - - - - - ALICE for - - - - - - - - Window SANJAY - - - - - - - - CDS/ISIS - - - - - - - - WINISIS - - - - - - - - TECH. - - - - - - - - LIBPLUS KOHA - - - - v - - - Any Other - - Autosys - - - Glodyne v (in house Library OMIAD Software LIBSYS - SOUL - ALICE for - Window SANJAY - CDS/ISIS - WINISIS - TECH. v LIBPLUS KOHA - Any Other - (in house
Table 13 describes the use of library software. Libsys is used by DCRUST library while TECH. LIBPLUS and KOHA are used by OMIAD and ICL library. Rest of the libraries use house built library software.
Digital Library Activities
Table 14 Institute Acquisition Cataloguing/ Reference Circulation system OPAC service system DCRUST Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed GCAD Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed RPET Fully Fully Partially Fully BCA Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed ICL-ATP Fully Fully Partially Fully SPSAD Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed LU Fully Fully Fully Fully SSAA Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed OMIAD Partially Proposed Proposed Partially Institute Audio-visual CAS/SDI Newspaper Any system clipping other service DCRUST Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed GCAD Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed RPET Proposed Partially Partially Proposed BCA Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed ICL-ATP Proposed Partially Fully Proposed SPSAD Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed LU Fully Fully Fully Fully SSAA Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed OMIAD Proposed Proposed Proposed Proposed
Table 14 presents the situation of computerized activities in digital library of the responding libraries.
Table 15 Consortia DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD INDEST v - v - - - v - - UGC-Info - - - - - - - - - NET CSIR - - - - - - - - - Any other - - - - J-Gate - - - -
Table 15 shows the consortia membership. DCRUST, RPET and LU libraries are the member of INDEST-AICTE while ICL is the member of J-gate. GCAD, BCA, SPSAD, SSAA & OMIAD libraries have no membership of any consortia.
Table 16 Network DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Independent - - - - - - - - - library network Part of v v v - v v v v v institute network Type of LAN LAN LAN - LAN LAN LAN LAN LAN network
Table 16 reveals that all the responding libraries have LAN connectivity and are the part of their respective institute's network.
Member of Library Network
Table 17 Library DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Network INFLIBNET - - - - - - - - - NICNET - - - - - - - - - ERNET - - - - - - - - - DELNET v - - - - - v - - CALIBNET - - - - - - - - - Any other - - - - - - - - -
Table 17 presents the member of library network. It shows that DCRUST and LU is the member of DELNET while other responding libraries are not the member of any library network, which is a problem in the age of resource sharing.
Internet Service Providers
Table 18 Internet DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Service Provider ERNET - - - - - - - - - VSNL - - - - - - - - - ASIANET - - - - - - - - - Satyam - - - - - - - - - BSNL v v v - - - v v Reliance - v - v v - - Any - - - - - v - - Other
BSNL and reliance are the favorite ISP of responding libraries Internet Connections
Table 19 Connection DCRUST GCAD RPET BCA ICL-ATP SPSAD LU SSAA OMIAD Leased v v v - v - v - - Line Ordinary - - - - - v - - - Dial up ISDN - - - - - - - v v VSAT - - - - - - - - -
Table 19 reveals the internet connection. DCRUST, GCAD, RPET, ICL-ATP & LU libraries have leased line while SSAA and OMIAD libraries have the ISDN. Only SPSAD has the ordinary Dial up internet connection.
The result of the study of architecture engineering college libraries in Haryana state shows that most libraries have started functioning during the last three years. It depicts the current situation of these libraries. There is an urgent need for improvement in the collection and strength of library staff and to prepare library annual budget to build library collections, to provide quality of services to their users, purchase, and maintain equipment. Libraries under study lack automation and staff are poorly paid (except in the DCRUST and LU libraries). It is urgent to build a well-qualified professional staff, create digital libraries, and provide quality service in technical colleges. With the improvement of staff and IT status in the library, we will soon see modern libraries that can achfieve: "the right information to the right person at the right time in the right manner."
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Librarian Panipat Institute of Engineering & Technology (PIET) 70 K.M., G.T. Karnal Road Pattikalyana, Samalkha, Panipat (Haryana)-132102, India
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|Publication:||Library Philosophy and Practice|
|Date:||May 1, 2012|
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