Abuse--Intentional acts that cause unwarranted or unnecessary pain or suffering to an animal.
Acquisition--The act of acquiring possession of pets.
Affiliative--The tendency to associate with other individuals.
Agility--A competitive sport emphasizing teamwork between the handler and dog as they negotiate a timed series of obstacles.
American Boarding Kennel Association (ABKA)--Represents the profession and promotes training and standards of practice.
American Fancy Rat and Mouse Association (AFRMA)--Was founded in 1983 to promote and encourage the breeding and exhibition of fancy rats and mice for shows and pets.
American Kennel Club (AKC)--The oldest and largest purebred dog registry in the United States. founded in 1884.
American Pet Product Manufacturers Association (APPMA)--Was founded in 1958 (< www.appnla.org>). Its 830 members include product manufacturers, importers. and livestock suppliers.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)--Refers to the U.S. public law that prohibits, under certain circumstances. discrimination based on disability.
Angell, George--Founder of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Animal-assisted activities (AAA)--Provides opportunities for motivational, educational. recreational, and/or therapeutic benefits to enhance quality of life.
Animal--assisted therapy (AAT)--The incorporation of trained and certified animals into well-defined therapeutic interventions for humans.
Animal control--The enforcement of laws and regulations related to the seizure, capture, impoundment and disposition of animals in a community.
Animal fighting--The practice of allowing to animals to fight. They may be animals of different species such as dogs and bears or bulls, or more frequently. animals of the same species. Dogfighting and cockfighting are among the most common manifestations of this practice, though fish (Siamese fighting fish) and crickets are among other species that are also bred and allowed to fight.
Animal protection--A general term used to describe activities to ensure that animals are treated responsibly. It is a compromise term used to avoid potential negative associations with either animal rights or animal welfare.
Animal rights--The proposition that animals have rights regarding their treatment by humans regardless of their economic value or other human defined conditions
Animal sheltering--The practice of providing homeless, lost, and abandoned animals with housing. including food, water, and veterinary care.
Animal welfare--The. position that humans should not mistreat animals or cause them unnecessary pain or suffering. Human use of animals is justified if unnecessary pain and suffering is prevented or kept to a minimum.
Animal Welfare Act (AWA)--The most significant federal law related to companion animals.
Applied animal behaviorists--Professionals who apply a wide range of behavior theory to the management and treatment of animals. They commonly work with companion animals, but also with animals in zoo, farm, and laboratory settings.
Aquarium--Generally constructed of glass, learn, or other transparent material. it is used to keep animals that live in water. Reptiles and small mammals may also be kept in an aquarium.
Asilomar Accords--A document for saving healthy, treatable companion animals in the United States. It is accepted and utilized by reputable animal-welfare organizations, shelters, and rescue groups across the United Stales.
Assistance Dogs International, Inc. (ADI)--An organization focusing on setting standards for the assistance dog industry since 1987.
Assistance dogs--These by partnering with a person with disabilities provide a specific service as well as provide their handler with greater independence and companionship.
Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO)--A nonregulatory, nongovernmental group that conducts feeding trials to verify the nutritional claims made by pet food companies.
Association of Pet Dog Trainers (APDT)--A professional organization that provides dog trainers with continuing education and professional services.
Bands of Mercy--After-school clubs that encouraged children to learn about animals and how to care for them.
Behavior evaluation--The evaluation of animals. such as dogs, in animal shelters to check whether they are appropriate for placement in new homes.
Bestiality--Is sexual contact with animals.
Biophilia--A term coined by E.O. Wilson to describe the relationship between human beings and nature.
Birth rate--The number of progeny born per one thousand individuals in a population. Combined with the death rate it will provide an estimate of population growth.
Boarding kennels--A temporary place for dogs. cats, or other animals to stay.
Breed--A particular type or form of a domesticated species. Members of a breed will share common characteristics. and when mated with one another will "breed true" meaning that they will produce progeny with similar characteristics.
Breed--specific bans-Under these laws, municipalities may preemptively ban specific breeds of dogs as a prophylactic effort to protect public safety.
Breed standard--A set of guidelines that determine and define the appearance, and sometimes behavior of a breed of domestic species. For a species such as dogs, the breed standard will define the shape and set of the ears, acceptable colors, overall size. and other characteristics. In show competitions individual animals are judged Oil how closely they match the standard for their breed.
Cages--At one time people who kept pets often needed to build their own enclosures or cages to keep their pets. These would often be made with wood frames and wire fencing, or woven from sticks and reeds. Modern cages are often fabricated from combinations of stainless steel wire and plastic, simplifying cleaning and helping to ensure that the pet is unable to escape.
Canine Freestyle--A choreographed musical program performed by handlers and their clogs. The object of musical freestyle is to display the dog and handler in a creative. innovative. and original dance, using music and intricate movements to showcase teamwork, artistry, costuming, athleticism. and style in interpreting the theme of the music.
Canine Good Citizen (CGC)--Established in 1989 by the American Kennel Club, it promotes responsible dog ownership and training dogs to be well-mannered in public. Dogs and their owners are required to take a short behavior evaluation with items that include accepting a friendly stranger, walking through a crowd, and coming when called. Dogs do not need to be registered with the AKC to earn their CGC.
Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA)--One of the oldest and largest registries for purebred cats, it was founded in 1906.
Cockapoos--A mix of cocker spaniel and poodle.
Commercial breeders--People who breed animals with the purpose of selling them.
Companion animal--Generally thought to be a more respectful term for "pet." Both terms refer to domestic or tame animals that live with humans, usually in the home, for companionship rather providing work, food, or fiber.
Competitions--People with companion animals compete in a wide variety of events to see whose animals are the best looking, fastest, or most accomplished in one activity or another. Some competitions are strictly for fun. others are very organized, and animals are able to earn points towards championships or other titles.
Conformation--The physical appearance of animals. When judged in competitions the conformation of different breeds of animals are defined by the breed standard.
Conservation dogs--Offers assistance around the world in a variety of conservation efforts.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)--Has over 150 member countries or parties, and regulates the capture, killing, confinement, or possession of wildlife designated as endangered, whether alive or dead, whole or parts.
Counseling--Something that offers direction or advice to a course of action.
Cropping--When a dog's ears are cut and shaped to stand erect.
Cruelty--The legal definition of cruelty may vary from state to state, but its commonly accepted definition is to cause unnecessary suffering or pain to an animal.
Dealers--People who sell animals as part of a business or commercial enterprise. They may breed the animals themselves, or buy them from others and resell them to retailers or the public.
Death rate--The number of individuals per one thousand in a population that die each year. Combined with the birth rate it will provide an estimate of population growth.
Declawing--A procedure involving the amputation of the last bone of each toe to prevent regrowth of the nail, which is attached to the bone. The procedure. is most commonly performed on domestic cats.
Decompression chambers--A pressure chamber for euthanizing animals in shelters; generally not accepted as a humane practice now.
Delta Society--Air organization best known for its work pertaining to the human-animal bond, supporting research and formalizing training and ethics surrounding service animals.
Designer dogs--Intentional hybrids of two different purebred dogs.
Diet--The amount and balance of nutrients provided for an individual.
Disasters--A disaster is a natural or man-made event that negatively affects industry, property. life, or livelihood, often resulting in permanent changes to human societies. ecosystems. environment, and animal shelters.
Docking--When a clog's tail is cut short.
Dog training--Began in Germany in the early 1900s. It was based on the practices developed for training dogs for German military and police applications.
Domestication--The process by which a wild species is adapted to live with humans.
Earthdog--A competition for terriers or other dog breeds that were originally bred to pursue and catch rodents, badgers, and other animals underground.
Enrichment--Providing animals under managed care with environmental stimulation to improve the animals' quality of life. The goal of enrichment is typically to increase physical activity, stimulate natural behaviors, and reduce the likelihood of repetitive or stereotypical behaviors.
Euthanasia--The practice of ending the. life of a terminally ill animal in a painless or minimally painful way.
Evidence dogs--Trained to use scent to alert to the presence of a variety of controlled or contraband substances or products.
Evolution--The change in inherited traits in a population from generation to generation.
Exotic animals--The capture, ownership, and transport of these animals are limited by several different federal laws.
Exotic pets--Animals other than native wildlife or common domestic pets. Examples would be monkeys, tropical birds, and snakes.
Fancy--The hobby of keeping. breeding, and exhibiting a domestic species.
Federal laws--Those laws passed by Congress and signed by the president. They apply to all 50 slates. There are limited federal laws related to the care and treatment of companion animals.
Feral--Members of a domestic species that are living in a wild state.
Feral cats--Refers to cats living and breeding entirely in the wild.
Filters--Used to maintain water quality in aquariums.
Flyball--It is a team sport, matching two teams of four dogs each that run in relays over a series of jumps to retrieve balls that they release from a box opposite the starting point.
Free--roaming cats-See outdoor cats.
Genome--The complete DNA sequence of an organism.
Genotype--The genetic constitution of an individual.
Green Chimneys Children's Services and School of Little Folk--Offers care for children who cannot live at horse because of their mental or physical disabilities.
Grooming--The care typically provided to keep an animal's fur or hair trimmed or cut as needed, combed or brushed to remain free of tangles. It will also include keeping the nails or claws trimmed.
Habitat--The spatial area where an animal lives. Humans provide the habitat for companion animals. The habitats for many companion animals, especially reptiles and rodents, have become more complex and sophisticated as people have learned more about their needs for temperature, humidity, and enrichment.
Harmony Neighborhood Charter
School--Conceived to focus on humane education linking all elements of the curriculum.
Hearing dogs--These are a kind of assistance dogs that are specially chosen and trained to help people who are deaf or hearing impaired.
Herriot, James--The pen name of James Alfred Wight, a British veterinary surgeon. He wrote a beloved series of books about his work as a veterinarian between the first and second World Wars in the Yorkshire region of Britain.
Hoarding--Keeping more than the typical number of companion animals, failing to provide even minimal standards of nutrition, sanitation, shelter, and veterinary care, with this neglect often resulting in starvation, illness, and death; and denial of the inability to provide this minimum care and the impact of that failure on the animals, the household, and human occupants of the dwelling.
Hoarding of Animals Research Consortium--Recommends a task-force approach that includes the following:
* Animal control
* Public health
* Mental health
* Child and adult protective services
* Zoning boards
* Fire prevention
* Veterinary assistance
Hobbyist--An amateur who participates in an activity for enjoyment rather than financial reward. Many people who breed, raise, and exhibit various types of pets do so for the enjoyment and entertainment that it brings to their lives.
House training--Training a dog to defecate or urinate outside the house. Is based oil consistency. Feeding the clog at the same time each day, and walking the dog immediately after it arises from sleep and 20-30 minutes after feeding will take advantage of the dog's natural biological need to relieve itself after waking and eating.
Household (HH)--All of the people who occupy an individual housing unit. The approximate U.S. household size is 2.0 People.
Humane education movement--A movement promoted by George Angell to prevent cruelty against animals. under Which children were taught to show respect and kindness toward animals.
Humane movement--Beginning With the formation of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA--now Royal SPCA) in 1824, it is the formal organized effort to prevent the mistreatment of animals.
Humane societies--Organizations providing services for both animals and children.
Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)--A Washington, D.C.-based animal welfare organization. The HSUS provides many forms of assistance to local animal shelters, operates a number of direct animal care programs, and is a leader in promoting best practices for local animal shelters throughout the country.
Hurricanes--A tropical storm. with winds over 74 mph. that usually also has rain, thunder, and lightning, and common along the east coast of the United States and the Gulf of Mexico. People need to evacuate areas in the path of [lie storm and are often confronted with the difficulty of what to do with their companion animals.
Iditarod--Best known sled dog endurance race held in Alaska. It is a highly popular event, but does attract the criticism of animal rights groups regarding the treatment of the dogs.
Impartial (Pet adoption)--These people have generally had animals in the past but have few explicit preferences. They are open to whatever might be available, just looking for something that will be a good pet and member of the family.
Internet--An electronic network providing access to millions of resources worldwide. It has become an important part of pet owning by providing easy to access information, on-line shopping for products. supplies, and other services. It is also used in promoting and supporting pet adoptions.
Insurance--Companion animals, their owners, and other people that come in contact with the animals will also be affected by laces and regulations that govern liability and insurance practice.
Kennel club--An organization associated with breeding, registering, and exhibiting clogs in competition.
Kitty litter--Granulated mineral clay.
Labradoodles--A mix of Labrador retriever and poodle.
Law--A system of rules implemented by institutions.
Leader Dogs--A nonprofit organization that provides all training, expenses, and the dogs free of charge to the visually impaired.
Legislation--A law that has been promulgated by a legislature or representative body.
Levinson, Boris--A psychologist who theorized and demonstrated that using animals as part of the treatment process had benefits for emotionally disturbed children.
Liability--When an individual is responsible for damages caused by their actions or behavior.
Licensing--Providing the legal authority to practice a particular profession or operate a business or service. This is clone to ensure that professional standards are met to protect the public.
Livestock--Typically used to describe domestic animals raised for production. In the pet industry the term will be used in reference to animals that are bred and sold.
Local laws--Are the main source of regulations and legal oversight regarding animals in the United States.
Lure coursing--A sport for dogs that involves chasing a mechanically operated lure. The competition is most common for sight hounds. or those breeds originally developed to hunt by visually tracking their prey as opposed to using scent.
Maddie's Fund--Dave and Cheryl Duffield founded this charitable foundation in the name of Maddie, a miniature schnauzer. to help the nation's most needy dogs and cats.
Media Companion animals have appeared in the primary media of almost every era.
Messenger dogs--These clogs have been used in war to carry messages between different units in combat. These dogs are known for their loyalty, and they learn to travel silently and take advantage of natural cover when moving between the handlers.
Microchips--An integrated circuit that is placed under the skin of a dog, cat, or other animal. It is about the size of a rice grain. When "read" with a scanner it will provide a digital identification number. When these numbers are registered with an ownership database it is possible to link lost animals with their owners and arrange for their return.
Mine dogs--Also known as M-dogs or mine detection dogs that are trained to find trip wires, booby traps, metallic and nonmetallic mines.
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)--DNA found in mitochondria. the cellular organelles associated with metabolism. This DNA is inherited separately from nuclear DNA and can be tracked through the female line of a population.
Morris, Mark--Had a profound impact on the science of pet nutrition and on the veterinary profession. He produced the first prescription diet for a specific condition.
Narcotics dogs--Refer to evidence dogs.
National Animal Control Association (NACA)--An organization to support the movement toward more professional animal control management. The NACA also offers training certification in defensive driving, chemical immobilization, euthanasia, and the use of a bite stick (used for protection against an aggressive clog).
National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy (NCPPSP)--Formed in 1993. it is a coalition of companion animal groups that sponsors research related to the reasons that dogs and cats end up in animal shelters, how many pass through shelters and, how to reduce that number.
National Dog Groomers Association of America (NDGAA)--Was formed in 1969 to promote excellence in professional standards. It offers a variety of accredited training workshops to enhance an individual's skills.
Natural history--The study of animals and plants in their natural environments, including their description, life history, and relationships with other plants, animals, and the environment.
Neglect--This is a category of maltreatment. It is generally associated with the failure to provide adequate care rather than the intentional mistreatment of an animal.
Neoteny--The retention of juvenile characteristics in adults. Many domestic species kept as companions show neoteny, retaining physical traits, such as round heads, and behavioral traits such as submission and attention seeking as adults.
Neutering--Rendering an animal incapable of reproduction through surgery in addition to the benefits of preventing unwanted pregnancies. thus contributing to the homeless animal population, spaying females and neutering males have health benefits as well.
New welfarism--The position that favors working to reduce animal suffering as they are used for food and other purposes as an intermediate step, until the use of animals is completely eliminated.
No-kill--A premise that no healthy, behaviorally sound clog or cat should be killed simply* for the convenience of eliminating an unwanted animal.
Nonprofit--Sector supported by charitable contributions. Their size ranges from the Humane Society of the United States with a budget of over $100 million and a staff of hundreds to small local organizations that are organized and run by volunteers with little or no budget.
Nuclear DNA--DNA found in the nucleus of a cell.
Obedience--Many clubs arrange and host dog shows, field trials, and obedience events.
Obedience training--Teaching basic commands to a dog that would include sit, stay, come, done, and no. This helps to ensure that they are easy and safe to walk, and can be controlled in the home and around company or when traveling. People may pursue more sophisticated training with their dogs and enter obedience competitions.
Outdoor cats--Spend their entire lives living outside, finding what shelter they can in barns and under porches.
Ownership--The exclusive right or control over property. Under most current laws, animals are considered property and the person in possession is considered the owner.
Parasites--Organisms that survive by deriving their sustenance from another organism, frequently compromising the health of the host.
Pet--Generally thought to be derived from the French "petit," meaning small or little, it was first applied to spoiled or indulged children. Eventually it was used to describe domestic or tamed animals that families kept for pleasure.
Patrol dogs--Can detect human scent in the air and pursue that odor to find anyone hiding in a confined area such as a building.
Pet food industry--Was started by James Spratt in the 1860s. Purina revolutionized the pet food industry in the 1950s when they introduced Purina Dog Chow. the first pet food product produced by high-pressure extrusion.
Pet Food Institute (PFI)--Was founded in 1958 and represents about 97% of the industry. It provides education and consumers research for its member companies. It also lobbies legislative bodies on issues of importance to the industry.
Pet industry--It encompasses the broad range of services and products that are provided to care. for pets.
Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council (PIJAC)--Is a second major organization in the field and includes pet stores and provides training all(] certification programs for animal care and husbandry in pet stores.
Pet sitting--Pet owners will arrange to have someone come into their home and care for their pets when they are away.
Petfinder--A website (<www.Petfinder. com>) to promote and support pet adoptions. Now. it includes over 9.000 shelters and rescue groups that post pets available for adoption.
Phenotype--The measurable traits or characteristics or an organism.
Planners (Pet adoption)--These are people who know what they are looking for in terms of breed, size, and color. They may be trying to replace a companion animal from the past, or continuing a family history with a particular type of pet.
Pocket pets--Generally refers to small mammals such as mice. hamsters, gerbils, and others.
Poundmaster--In the early days of animal shelters, the location where the animals were held was called the impound (later shortened to pound). The man in charge of the impound was called the pound master.
Pound seizure--A terra commonly used to describe the practice of using lost, homeless, and abandoned dogs and cats from municipally funded pounds for use in experimentation (research, teaching and testing).
Pounds--Old term for animal shelter, derived from the term "impound." It is used less frequently now and, more often than not, as a perjorative term.
Puggles--A mix of pug and beagle.
Puppy mills--Large-scale breeding establishments for dogs that have substandard conditions for the dogs.
Pure bred--An individual that is the result of mating two parents of the same breed or type.
Radio Frequency Identification (RIFD)--see Microchip.
Rare breed--Most often used to describe uncommon breeds of domestic livestock.
Regulations--Restrictions or rules promulgated by an administrative agency rather than a legislative body. Agencies within a city government may regulate pet ownership by requiring that clogs be kept on a leash or limit the number of pets that are kept in a dwelling.
Relinquishment--When a person is unable or unwilling to keep a pet and brings their pet to an animal shelter.
Rescues--Generally small groups that work to care for homeless animals and work to find them new homes. Some will focus on particular breeds of clog or cat (i.e., breed rescue); others may work in cooperation with larger animal shelters to remove animals with special needs to provide care.
Rodents--An order of mammals characterized by two continuously growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws. Many small rodents have been domesticated and kept as pets, such as hamsters, gerbils, rats, and mice.
Schutzhund--Training and testing of clogs or various breeds for the traits needed for police-type work.
Search and rescue (SAR)--It refers to a technique under which dogs are trained to find lost people whether they are living or dead.
Seeing Eye--The name of only one of many guide dog training schools.
Selective breeding--The deliberate effort to mate specific individuals of a species or breed to produce progeny of a desired type. It has played an important role in the development of many domestic species.
Self--An animal of a solid color such as an all-black rat or mouse.
Sentry dogs--Worked on a short leash and taught to give warning by growling, alerting, or barking.
Service animals--These are legally defined and are trained to meet the disability-related needs of their handlers.
Service dogs--These help people with disabilities to overcome problems in their environments and achieve greater independence.
Shelf pet--Similar to pocket pet. It generally refers to small animals that can lice in cages or habitats that would fit on a book shelf.
Shelter design--The first animal shelters were often adapted from stables and barns that had been used to house livestock. Over the past 50 years many developments have helped to improve the materials and plans for building animal shelters to make them more sanitary and appropriate for maintaining the physical and psychological %yell-being of the animals. as well as being more welcoming to the public.
Shelter programs--Many animal shelters are now becoming important resources in their communities for people and their companion animals. These programs may include humane education, dog training classes, and other community activities.
Shows--Organized events where people can show their farm or domestic animals for fun or as a way to enhance their value as breeders of their species.
Smitten (Pet adoption)--People in this group describe an irresistible pull to a particular animal.
Social/therapy animals--Animals that did not complete service animal or service dog training due to health, disposition, trainability, or other factors, and are made available to people with disabilities to have as pets.
Socialization--The process by which young animals become accustomed to the presence, proximity, and behavior of their own species. Young animals may have a brief period when they are most receptive. Domestic animals generally have longer receptive periods than their wild ancestors, and will also socialize to humans and other species if exposed when they are young.
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA)--A generic term that refers to organizations that work to prevent the mistreatment of animals. SPCAs in the United States are not organized under a single administrative structure.
Society of Animal Welfare Administrators--Founded in 1970, it is a professional organization of executives who oversee the work of humane organizations. It provides professional training and resources to encourage high standards of performance. It sponsors an accreditation program for Certified Animal Welfare Administrators (CAIVA).
Spaying--Surgical removal of a female's ovaries and uterus. In addition to the benefits of preventing unwanted pregnancies, thus contributing to the homeless animal population, spaying females has health benefits as well.
Species--A basic term of biological classification, it refers to a group of organisms capable of breeding and producing viable offspring.
State laws--Most laws related to the treatment of companion animals are passed and enforced at the slate level.
Survey--A research method where a portion or sample of a population may be contacted to provide information. When proper statistical methods are employed to select the sample the results can be used to infer how the entire population may have responded to the questions.
Tame--Used to describe an individual animal with a reduced tendency to flee or be defensive around humans. Selective breeding of the tamest animals in a population can lead to domestication.
Technology--Used by many sheltering and rescue groups to assist in their work.
Temperament tests--A test to determine the personality of your puppy or dog.
The Link--Used to describe the observation that cruelty to animals is often associated with, or linked to, other forms of violent behavior such as child and spousal abuse.
Therapy dogs--Dogs trained to interact with people for therapeutic purposes. Therapy dogs and their human partners may visit hospitals, homes for seniors, or other facilities.
Tracking--One of the ways for a dog to follow the trail of an animal or person. In this the dog follows the exact path the person has taken.
Trade--The exchange of goods and services.
Trailing--One of the ways for a dog to follow the trail of a person. In this the dog can pick up the scent, even when it is dispersed by wind, rain, and temperature and the actual path is unclear.
Trait--A single feature of an organism such as hair color or size.
Trap-Neuter-Release (TNR)--The practice of live-trapping feral cats. sterilizing them through surgery, and then releasing them back to where they were trapped for population control.
Trials--A form of competition for dogs that typically involves some form of hunting.
Vaccinations--A preventive treatment to limit the likelihood that an individual will contract an infectious disease.
Veterinary behaviorists--Practitioners providing behavior services for pets.
Veterinary medicine--The profession of providing medical care for animals.
Violence--Physical, sexual, or psychological abuse directed towards an individual.
Water rescue--When dogs are trained to assist people in water.
Weight pulling--Competitions where animals pull carts or sleds with weights on them.
White, Carolyn Earle--One of the early leaders of the humane movement in the United States. She founded the Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, but because she was a woman she was unable to take an active role in its activities. She eventually formed the Women's Auxiliary of the PennSPCA, which eventually became the Women's Humane Society.
Wildlife--Non-domestic animals that are native to a region or area.
Working Dogs for Conservation Foundation (WDCF)--An organization having dogs to help locate a variety of species.
Wright, Phyllis--In the 1970s and 130s, while at the Humane Society of the United States, she was a primary force in improving the conditions at animals shelters and raising the profile of the field of animal sheltering.
Zoonotic--Any infectious disease that can be transmitted from other animals, both wild and domestic, to humans.
Zoophilia--The sexual attraction of a human to a non-human animal.
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|Publication:||Companion Animals in Society|
|Date:||Jan 1, 2008|
|Previous Article:||Appendix American dog agility organizations.|