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Glossary.

Abduction Movement of an extremity away from the body.

Abscess Accumulation of pus within a tissue cavity.

Adventitious Externally acquired; not normal for location. With reference to lung sounds, refers to sounds that are not normally heard with auscultation.

Agalactia Condition in which milk is not secreted by the dam after having delivered offspring.

Alopecia Loss of hair.

Anorexia Decrease in or complete loss of appetite.

Anuria Absence of urination.

Ascites Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

Ataxia Uncoordinated movement; staggering gait.

Atelectasis Collapse of lung tissue or failure of lung to expand in a neonate.

Atrophy Decrease in size of a body part or organ.

Bacteremia Presence of bacteria in the blood.

Blepharospasm Spasm of the eyelid.

Bradycardia Heart rate lower than normal.

Buccal Relating to the cheek.

Cachexia Extreme malnutrition.

Calcinosis cutis Deposits of calcium salts in the skin.

Catabolism Metabolic process that breaks down complex molecules into simpler molecules, usually resulting in the release of energy.

Cellulitis Inflammation of connective tissue below the skin.

Cirrhosis Condition of the liver in which fat, fibrous tissue, and nodules replace normal tissue, reducing functional capacity of the organ.

Coprophagy Ingestion of feces.

Crackles Bubbling or crackling sound in the lungs. Also called rales.

Crepitus Grating sound in the lungs or joints.

Cupage Massage therapy treatment. The palm of the hand is cupped as if holding water, then gently tapped over the body.

Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by ischemia.

Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder and/or tract.

Cytotoxic Agent that is destructive or poisonous to cells.

Debridement Removal of foreign material and necrotic or nonviable tissue from a wound.

Dialysate Solution used in dialysis therapy.

Dialysis Process of using a semipermeable membrane to remove wastes from the blood.

Diaphoresis Profuse perspiration.

Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing.

Dyspnea Shortness of breath or labored, difficult breathing.

Dystocia Difficult or abnormal labor.

Dysuria Painful or difficult urination.

Ectopic Not located in normal anatomical position.

Embolism Blockage or obstruction of a blood vessel.

Endotoxemia Presence of endotoxins in the blood.

Endotoxin Toxin produced by gram negative bacteria that is released when the bacterial cell dies.

Enteric Pertaining to the intestines.

Epiphora Tearing or watering of the eye.

Epistaxis Bleeding from the nose.

Erythema Abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilatation of the capillaries.

Erythropoetin Hormone produced by the kidneys that stimulates production of red blood cells.

Exophthalmos Protrusion of the eyeball.

Exudate Fluid containing proteins and cellular debris that is produced in response to inflammation.

Flatulence Excessive amount of gas expelled from the anus.

Fomite Object that can support and transmit pathogens.

Glossitis Inflammation of the tongue.

Glucosuria Presence of glucose in the urine.

Halitosis Offensive or fetid breath.

Hematemesis Vomiting of blood.

Hematochezia Passage of feces containing visible blood.

Hematuria Presence of blood in the urine.

Hemoptysis Coughing up blood from the respiratory tract.

Hyper- Prefix meaning excessive, above, or beyond.

Hyperesthesia Extreme sensitivity to stimuli.

Hyperglycemia Higher-than-normal glucose in the blood.

Hypermetria Overreaching form of ataxia.

Hyperpigmentation Increase in pigmentation.

Hypo- Prefix meaning under, below, beneath, or deficient.

Hypometria Underreaching ataxia.

Hypovolemic Low circulating blood volume.

Icterus Yellowing of the skin and sclerae of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bilirubin.

Idiopathic Of unknown cause.

Ischemia Decreased blood supply.

Keratitis Inflammation of the cornea.

Ketosis Abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body.

Leukopenia Decreased number of leukocytes in the blood.

Lingual Pertaining to the tongue.

Lochia Discharge from the vagina after having given birth.

Melena Stools containing occult blood; usually dark and tarry colored.

Metabolic acidosis Acid-base imbalance produced by loss of bicarbonate or excess production of acid, as in ketoacidosis.

Micturition Urination.

Miosis Constriction of the pupil.

Neoplasia Abnormal and uncontrolled cellular growth; cancer.

Nocturia Excessive urination at night.

Mydriasis Dilatation of the pupil.

Nosocomial Of or pertaining to a hospital.

Nosocomial infection Infection acquired during a hospital stay.

Oliguria Decreased urine production.

Orthopnea Condition in which animal can breath comfortably only when sitting, standing, or extending the neck.

Pallor Abnormal paleness of the skin.

Parenchyma Functional tissue of an organ apart from supporting or connective tissue.

Patent Open as a tube or passageway.

Petechiae Tiny reddish or purplish flat spots appearing as a result of pinpoint hemorrhages.

Phlebitis Inflammation of the wall of a vein.

Photophobia Abnormal intolerance to light.

Pica Eating of nonfood substances.

Piloerection Hair standing on end or fluffed out.

Polydipsia Excessive thirst.

Polyphagia Overeating.

Polyuria Production of large volumes of usually dilute, pale urine.

Proptosis Forward displacement of the eyeball.

Ptyalism Excessive salivation.

Pudendal Pertaining to the external genitalia.

Purulent Producing or containing pus.

Pustules Small pus-containing elevations on the skin.

Rales Abnormal lung sound, usually a bubbling or crackling noise.

Regurgitation Return of previously swallowed food into the mouth.

Reticulocytopenia Reduced reticulocytes in blood.

Rhonchi Abnormal chest sound of rumbling or scraping.

Septicemia Infection in which pathogens are present in the circulating blood.

Stranguria Slow, frequent, difficult, and/or painful urinary flow.

Syncope Brief loss of consciousness; fainting.

Tachycardia Abnormally rapid heart rate.

Tenesmus Straining to defecate.

Thrombosis Condition in which a blood clot forms within a blood vessel.

Trocar Sharp, pointed rod that fits inside a tube.

Turgor Normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.

Urticaria Raised, itchy patch of skin usually associated with an allergic reaction. Also called hives.

Zoonotic Transmissible between humans and animals.
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Publication:Patient Assessment, Intervention and Documentation for the Veterinary Technician
Article Type:Glossary
Date:Jan 1, 2009
Words:898
Previous Article:Appendices.
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