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Getting to the root cause.

In any collective situation: the planet; the regions of the planet; the nation; the society; the institution; the family--whatever else--there are bound to tie problematic situations which need to be addressed. They can be addressed superfidally, symptom-wise or diagnostically by getting to tine? root cause. If treated superficially they wili reoccur in different manifestations. To fully/ eliminate them, one needs to come to grips with the fundamental problem causing elements.

Some of the issues that need to be tackled in developing India have a broad consensus but the thundering silence on some key items makes one wonder what the outcome could, likely ber In a democracy people power needs no elaboration; however the quality of the people (and their involvement) determines the quality of power. In deed, it determines in which directions and how far it can drive?.

The smugness on the burgeoning of the population in the country? is terrifying. It's difficult to find any serious public opinion leader offering an 'opinion' on it, let alone a solution to contain it. In a country which flourishes on seminars, symposia, conferences and the like there is hardly ever any forum on which population growth is discussed.

At a rough estimate India has about 3100 million poor. No political party in its manifesto or otherwise ever addresses the? issue of numbers of people. By 204-15 we would have added another 550 million people to India. Putting it simply, we would have added another Europe and USA to our population. This is like sitting on a time bomb.

Media, which In ladia is a breed of its own type, will through a participant ask if a channel doing a programme in collaboration with Al-zazira on Balochistan, would consider similar collaboration to do a programme on Kashmir This is considered bold. That it misses the whole point about the difference between the merger of Kashmir in India and Balochistan in Pakistan is of no concern, if it boosts the TRP.

The miracle is, this kind of dare devHry is conspicuous by its absence on anythmg that has to do with population control

Even the awareness on some of the consequences of population growth is low.

It is estimated that gh/en the present rate of population growth, the existing green land will face great difficulties in maintaining an adequate supply of food and water to the burgeoning population in a few decades. In 1960 the cultivable land, in India, was 0.21 acres per person. This had dropped to 0.5 by 2009. The water tables are depleting at twice the rate. They are not bein(?) adequately replenished. The result of the natural destructions of water networks in Mumbai or Srinagar have not received much comment or even discussion by the informed citizenry.

The political parties tiptoe around the issue. The august offices of governance deal with subject with the spirit that everything is normal. The fun with figures is fascinating.

The focus is entirely on GDP growth. One wonders why there is not enough talk of per capita income. Forget inflation, the people numbers are enough to disturb the economic equilibrium.

The hospitals seem to be coming apart at the seams. To beat that, high cost hospitals are created and they seem to be booming with opulence and prosperity. The eateries are teaming with people and the high priced joints are much in vogue. The export of Indian manpower is predominantly low end and their abuse in certain parts of the world are too well known to need repetition. Clearly for a country which has 17% of the world population such as India with 2.2% of the global land area, its inadequacy is quoted even by the Singaporean Deputy Prime Minister. Add to it that India has 2.6% of the world GDP and only 2.2% of the world trade. By a simple calculation, India is left out of, 97.4% of the world GDP and 97.8% of the world trade. At times it helps to look at figures to understand the facts. Figures quite obviously do not have any color: red, green or saffron.

Three countries began their journey for their space under the sun around 1947: Germany, Japan, India. Germany and Japan devastated by war began their reconstruction efforts around 1946-47. India wrested freedom in 1947. Nearly 70 year later Germany and Japan are in the forefront of global economy and India is still trying to develop a consensus on its developmental priorities.

The Indian population had risen significantly percentage-wise; Germany has registered negative growth at 0.03% and Japan another nation with prowess, a negative population growth of 0.08%. Japan is trying to come to terms with its ageing population and India is talking of demographic dividends. The realization that there are no demographic dividends without discipline and ability to add value is slow in coming.

It is no body's case that India hasn't developed, but to conclude, it may be pointed out that as of today life expectancy in India is 67 years, in Germany 80 years in Japan 84.

Clearly the population boom has to be indented for.

Dr. Vinayshil Gautam, FRAS (London)
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Title Annotation:From the Desk of the Honorary Chief Editor; demographic dividend
Author:Gautam, Vinayshil
Article Type:Editorial
Geographic Code:9INDI
Date:Jul 1, 2016
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