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Genomics and plant breeding: the experience of the initiative for future agricultural and food systems.

INTRODUCTION

For plant genomics to affect economic and environmental benefits, the knowledge gained must be "translated" into crop varieties having desired characteristics. The discipline of plant breeding is the "translator" of new knowledge from emerging technologies into improved crop cultivars, or "varieties." The AgGenomics section of the peer-reviewed Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems [(IFAFS) offered by CSREES, USDA in 2000 and 2001] was one of the few sources of funding to date for integration of genomics and plant breeding. A symposium held 13 Nov. 2002 at the annual meetings of the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), cosponsored by CSREES, USDA, and by CSSA Divisions C-1 and C-7, shared perspectives gained from IFAFS research on the value of genomics to plant breeding. A panel of IFAFS grantees representing a diversity of crops was invited to present summaries of their research experience and participate in a discussion. IFAFS panel members were Charles Brummer, Agronomy Dep., Iowa State Univ.; Jorge Dubcovsky, Dep. of Agronomy and Range Science, Univ. of California, Davis; Michael Havey, USDA-ARS and Horticulture Dep., Univ. of Wisconsin; Molly Jahn, Plant Breeding Dep., Cornell Univ.; Steven Knapp, Crop and Soil Sciences Dep., Oregon State Univ.; Robert Martienssen, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories; and Andrew Paterson, Crop and Soil Sciences Dep., Univ. of Georgia. In addition, Dr. M. Goodman, Crop Science Dep., North Carolina State Univ., represented classical plant breeding, and Dr. Mark Cooper, Pioneer HiBred International, represented the private sector. Each essay in the present collection addresses the utility of molecular biology for crop improvement, from the viewpoint of an individual panelist. Following the panelist essays, are a brief report of the discussion and an overall summary of the symposium's main points, both prepared by the symposium editors.

Ann Marie Thro,* Wayne Parrott, Joshua A. Udall, and William D. Beavis, Editors

A.M. Thro, CSREES, USDA, 800 9th St. S.W., Washington, DC 20024 USA; W. Parrott, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7272; J.A. Udall, Department of Botany, Bessey Hall Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011; W. Beavis, National Center for Genome Resources, 2935 Rodeo Park Drive East, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Received 23 July 2003. * Corresponding editor (athro@csrees.usda.gov).

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Title Annotation:Symposium
Author:Thro, Ann Marie; Parrott, Wayne; Udall, Joshua A.; Beavis, William D.
Publication:Crop Science
Date:Nov 1, 2004
Words:370
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