Gardening lingo 101.
Aeration: Free movement of air through the root zone; this is prevented in compacted and waterlogged soils.
Alkaline soil: Soil with a pH above 7.0
Annuals: Plants that live one year or less.
Axils: The angle or upper side where the leaf is attached to the stem.
Blanching: The process of blocking out light around certain plants (such as celery and cauliflower) to improve quality and whiten stems.
Broadcast: Scattering geed or fertilizer rather than placing it in rows.
Chlorosis: Lack of green color in leaves, caused by nutritional deficiencies, environment or disease.
Companion planting: Growing two or more plants together in a given area to improve each other's quality or to maximize the use of garden space with plants that have different lengths of maturation.
Compost: Decayed organic matter.
Cool weather crops: Vegetables that do not thrive in summer heat.
Corm: Enlarged, fleshy base of a stem -- bulb-like but not solid -- in which food accumulates.
Damping off: A condition in seedlings caused by a fungus that attacks at the soil level, causing them to rot, wilt and die. This usually happens under moist, airless conditions.
Drip irrigation: A method of watering plants so that only the soil in the plants' immediate vicinity is moistened, usually by use of a plastic tube at a low flow rate.
Everbearing: Plants such as strawberries which bloom intermittently, producing fruit throughout the entire growing season.
Friable: A term for soil that breaks or crumbles easily when handled.
Green manure: A crop grown primarily to add nutrients to the soil when plowed under, e.g., vetch, clover, or grasses.
Hardening off: The process of gradually acclimating plants to outdoor conditions by withholding water and lowering temperature before transplanting outdoors.
Hardy plants: Plants that are adapted to winter temperatures or other climatic conditions of a certain area.
Herbaceous plants: Perennial, non-woody plants that die back to the ground each winter but whose roots live and produce new growth the next spring, such as asparagus or rhubarb.
Humus: Decomposed organic matter used as a soil conditioner.
Leaching: Loss of nutrients caused by the draining of water through the soil.
Leggy: Weak-stemmed, spindly plants caused by too much heat, shade, fertilizer or crowding.
Mites: Extremely small sucking insects which infest various plants.
Mulch: Organic material placed on the soil surface around plants to conserve moisture, prevent crusting, reduce soil erosion, control weeds and improve soil structure.
Nematodes: Microscopic, worm-like animals that attack roots or stems, causing stunted or unhealthy growth.
NPK: Nitrogen, phosphate, potassium -- symbols for the three primary nutrients needed by plants.
Node: Region of a plant stem which normally produces leaves and buds.
Perennials: Plants which normally live more than two years.
pH: Chemical symbol used to give the relative acidity or alkalinity of soil.
Pinching: Removing terminal buds or growth to stimulate branching.
Rhizome: Horizontal underground stem distinguished from a root by the presence of nodes and buds.
Rust: Plant disease caused by a fungus and characterized by a round red or yellow lesion.
Sunscald: Cracking or splitting of tree trunks and large branches caused by the sun warming them during the winter.
Tamping: Lightly firming soil over seeds or around newly set transplants.
Tuber: Thickened or swollen underground branch or stolon (stem) with numerous buds or eyes; thickening occurs because of the accumulation of reserved food, as in potatoes.
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|Publication:||Countryside & Small Stock Journal|
|Date:||Jan 1, 2001|
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