Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide accelerates refractory wound healing by inhibition of mitochondrial oxidative stress in type 1 diabetes.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Refractory wounds in diabetic patients constitute a serious complication that often leads to amputation with limited treatment regimens. The present study was designed to determine the protective effect of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (Gl-PS) on diabetic wound healing and investigate underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mice with full-thickness excisional wounds were intragastrically administered with 10, 50 or 250 mg/kg/day of Gl-PS. RESULTS: Gl-PS dose-dependently rescued the delay of wound closure in diabetic mice. 50 and 250 mg/kg/day of Gl-PS treatment significantly increased the mean perfusion rate around the wound in diabetic mice. Diabetic conditions markly increased mitochondrial superoxide anion (O(2)*(-)) production, nitrotyrosine formation, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity in wound tissues, which were normalized with Gl-PS treatment. In diabetic wound tissues, the protein level of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) was unchanged whereas MnSOD activity was inhibited and its nitration was potentiated; Gl-PS administration suppressed MnSOD nitration and increased MnSOD and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities. Moreover, Gl-PS attenuated the redox enzyme p66Shc expression and phosphorylation dose-dependently in diabetic mice skin. CONCLUSION: Gl-PS rescued the delayed wound healing and improved wound angiogenesis in STZ-induced type 1 diabetic mice, at least in part, by suppression of cutaneous MnSOD nitration, p66Shc and mitochondrial oxidative stress.
Cell Physiol Biochem.2012;29(3-4):583-94
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|Date:||Feb 1, 2013|
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