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Funds pumped into war on crime include new program.

Responding to the intensifying crime and violence plaguing the nation's cities and towns, President Bush requested $12.7 billion to fight the war on drugs, crime and violence. That is 6.5 percent increase over FY 1992 and a 93 percent increase since 1989. Of the $12.7 billion, $3.5 billion would go to state and local governments for all prevention, enforcement and treatment efforts.

Of particular importance to localities is the state and local law enforcement block grant program. The FY 1993 budget request includes $497 million which is the same as the 1992 level. The discretionary grant program would also receive the current $50 million level for 1993.

The only major new initiative in the war on drugs is a $500 million "Weed and Seed" initiative designed to provide comprehensive, coordinated enforcement and economic development assistance to cities and towns that have suffered the most drugs and the violent crime and economic decay that follows.

With few details of the program available at press time, it is unclear where the program funds would come from and the number of cities and towns that would be eligible for assistance. At least $220 million is likely to be shifted from current programs with the remaining $280 million identified as "new" money.

The two-part program would first "weed" gangs, violent offenders and drug peddlers out of cities and towns with high rates of violent crime and social ills and then "seed" them with social and economic support to rebuild and revitalize them.

According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), the Secretaries of Health and Human Services, Education, Labor, Transportation would join ONDCP and the Attorney General to pull marshal expertise and resources to reclaim drug and crime infested neighborhoods.

Agencies slated to obligate funds for Weed and Seed are: Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Education, Department of Transportation, and Department of Agriculture.

In 1991, two cities, Trenton, N.J. and Kansas City, Mo. received $500,000 in demonstration grants to implement a similar program and are expected to be used as models for a national initiative.

Other Enforcement Programs

As noted above, the state and local law enforcement block grant, also known as the Byrne grant, would receive current level funding ($497 million) of which $22 million will be shifted again this year to continue funding the national criminal background data bank system 2000. The law enforcement discretionary grant program would also receive level funding.

The High Intensity Drug Areas grant program would receive $50 million--also 1992 level funding--to continue to providence assistance to five designated sites with the highest rates of drug trafficking. They are Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, and the nation's southwest border region.

As a result of a profitable year for the Federal Asset Forfeiture program, state and local governments are expected to receive their share of approximately $252 million. The Federal program has shared approximately $1 billion in confiscated cash and other assets of drug criminals with state and local law enforcement since 1989.


The President has requested a total of $1.8 billion for treatment programs and activities that would focus on children and teens. The FY 1993 total is a $77 million increase over FY 1992.

Among those programs particularly important to cities and towns are the High Risk Youth Demonstration Program funded at $63 million for FY 1993, a 9 percent increase over 1992. In addition, the Drug Free Schools and Community grants program is slated to receive $655 million in 1993. The Drug Free Schools Emergency Grants would receive a 100 percent increase over 1992 to reach $60 million in 1993.


The total request for drug treatment and relates research programs would reach $256 million in FY 1993, a 12 percent increase over 1992 and a 94 percent increase of FY 1989. The Capacity Expansion grants program that would increase the number of treatment slots by combining federal and state dollars would receive $86 million in federal assistance--eight times the 1992 request.

Health and Human Services

The President has requested a total spending package of $100 billion on children's programs for FY 1993--a 66 percent increase since he took office. Because the President's health care reform proposal has not yet been released, budget details regarding what is expected to represent a critical part of the HHS budget request are not included.

Head Start

The Head Start program, a key program to municipal officials across the country, receive an additional $600 million for FY 1993--totaling $2.8 billion. This would, enable 779,206 eligible children to receive one year of Head Start before entering school. However, this pool of all eligible children includes only four-year-olds and with the funding increase, 80 percent of the nation's four year olds in communities would be able to enroll.

In addition, the Head Start program is listed among those obligating funds to the Weed and Seed program noted above and in the adjoining chart.


Under the 1993 budget request, the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Act of 1990 would receive $306 million to assist persons with the HIV infection who are not eligible for public or private reimbursement programs to receive care. Included in the $306 million figure is a $27 million increase for emergency relief for cities through formula and discretionary grants. Currently, 18 cities have qualified for federal assistance. The administration believes that perhaps six additional cities will qualify in 1993.

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

One of few programs indicated by the budget request as having been cut is the LIHEAP program. Under this program, grants are provided to low income households with heating and cooling costs, weatherization, and energy crisis assistance. The President's request of $1.1 billion for 1993 is a $3435 million cut from the 1992 level. The annual budget has a long tradition of seeking steep reductions in this program as a way to phase it out.

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Title Annotation:FY 1993 proposed budget
Author:Quist, Janet
Publication:Nation's Cities Weekly
Date:Feb 3, 1992
Previous Article:Senate passes NLC-backed cable bill, substitute defeated.
Next Article:EPA programs fare well in new budget plan.

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