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From the editor.

The importance and influence of Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) on the behavior of enterprises, their results and effectiveness, is one of fundamental areas of interest of scientists, as well as single- and multi-dimensionality of this concept. Other constructs, such as entrepreneurial intentions, activities and opportunities seem to be derivatives of entrepreneurial orientation, without which none of these elements could appear in this area of studies. Issue 3 of JEMI, which we are proud to offer to our readers, is a collection of interesting articles, both from scientific and practical point of view, on entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial intentions and opportunities offered by entrepreneurship, which becomes an effective alternative to unemployment and social exclusion.

The first article relates to experiences of Mexican micro-enterprises in the context of entrepreneurial orientation and its influence on the productivity of analyzed companies. The authors referred to dominant logic, as a variable moderating the subject relation. Other variables, such as risk-taking, proactiveness and competitive aggressiveness also affect the productivity of analyzed firms. The article lists constraints and methods of further research into this subject. The next article presents entrepreneurial orientation in government-linked companies (GLC) and investigates the influence of innovativeness, proactiveness, risk-taking, competitive aggression and autonomy, understood as dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation in GLCs. The EE concept can be applied not only to private but to state companies as well and the latter can be successfully managed and achieve good results.

The second part of this Issue discusses entrepreneurial intentions among graduates of the university selected for the research. The authors proved that for students entrepreneurial intentions are not only related to attitudes, social norms and self-efficacy, but also to their knowledge of business associations. Moreover, access to information on business associations helps students staying abroad to return to their homeland and prevents 'brain drain'. The authors are right to emphasize that the existing models of entrepreneurship are largely based on research conducted in the USA and other developed countries, while they should be able to describe how entrepreneurship is conducted in developing economies. Therefore it is vital for the model of entrepreneurial intentions to cover the growth of local share and ownership.

Another issue discussed here is the influence of poverty, unemployment and GDP on entrepreneurship. We should emphasize the multi-year time period of the research, which allows us to measure multiple time series using adequate research methods. The volume concludes with considerations of high-risk funds and development of new technology ventures. The results demonstrated that cooperation with business groups and government certification positively influence venture capital investment. This might be a good recommendation for the above issues in such countries as Malaysia and Nigeria.

We would like to thank the Authors for their contributions to this Issue of JEMI and the Reviewers for their invaluable comments, which are reflected in the final edition of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Opportunities. We hope that the papers presented here will be of interest to scientists exploring this and related areas of knowledge.

Anna Ujwary-Gil

Editor-in-Chief, JEMI
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Author:Ujwary-Gil, Anna
Publication:Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation
Article Type:Editorial
Date:Jul 1, 2013
Words:496
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