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Fraser, Simon (2) (1729-1777).

British general. Principal wars: French and Indian War (1754-1763); American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Principal battles: Louisbourg (1758); Quebec (1759); Trois-Rivieres (1776); Hubbardton (near Proctor, Vermont), Saratoga I and II (both near Schuylerville, New York) (1777).

Born in Scotland, the son of Hugh Fraser of Balnain (1729); entered the Dutch army and was wounded in the defense of Bergen op Zoom (July-September 1747); later transferred to British service, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the 62d (later 60th) Foot (Royal Americans) (January 31, 1755); was made captainlieutenant in the 78th Foot (Fraser's Highlanders) (1757); served with distinction at the siege of Louisbourg (June 2-July 27, 1758); as captain (April 22, 1759) he took part in Gen. James Wolfe's operations against Quebec (July-September), and fought at the Plains of Abraham (now within Quebec city limits) (September 13); subsequently served as a staff officer in Germany, winning promotion to major in the 24th Foot (February 8, 1762); after service at Gibraltar and in Ireland, he was made a lieutenant colonel (1768); went with the 24th to Canada (May 1776); given command of a brigade by Burgoyne, he defeated the Americans at Trois-Rivieres (June 8) and was rewarded with the local rank (brevet) of brigadier general (June 10); led one of Burgoyne's two advance corps in his drive south toward Albany, and distinguished himself at Hubbardton (July 7, 1777); led a wide enveloping maneuver at Freeman's Farm (Saratoga I), arriving at the field after the action was over (September 19); his active and valiant leadership at Bemis Heights (Saratoga II) made him a target, and he was mortally wounded by sniper fire (October 7); nursed by Baroness Riedesel, he died early the next morning, and was buried on the field that evening (October 8).

An energetic and capable officer and a brave and experienced commander. <BL>

Sources:
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution.
     1966. Reprint. New York, 1969.
Dictionary of National Biography. London, 1892-.

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Publication:The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1992
Words:324
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