France, rulers of.
Like earlier members of his house, Pepin the Short ruled the domain of the Franks as mayor of the palace on behalf of the ineffectual Merovingians; the
Carolingian dynasty began when Pepin set aside the last of the " do - nothing kings " and had himself crowned in 751. The monarchy was destroyed by the French Revolution, and the first Republic established in 1792. Napoleon became Emperor in 1804. He was eventually defeated, and the monarchy was briefly restored, to be followed by the Second Republic in 1848, and a Second Empire in 1852. The Third Republic, established in 1852, continued until World War II. In 1940, France fell to Germany. The Vichy government of unoccupied France was a tool of the Germans. The Germans were finally expelled from France, and, after a provisional government, the Fourth Republic was officially proclaimed in 1946. It was undermined by the unpopular colonial war in Algeria, and in 1958 Charles de Gaulle proclaimed the Fifth Republic.
The CAROLINGIANS Pepin III (the Short) 751- 768 Charlemagne 768- 814 Louis I (the Pious) 814- 840 Charles II (the Bald) 840- 877 Louis II 877- 879 Louis III 879- 882 Carloman 882- 884 Charles III (the Fat) 884- 887 Eudes (Odo) 888- 989 Charles IV (the Simple) 898- 922 Robert I 922- 923 Rudolf 923- 936 Louis IV 936- 954 Lothair 954- 986 Louis V 986- 987 THE CAPETS Hugh Capet 987- 996 Robert II 996-1031 Henry I 1031-1060 Philip I 1060-1108 Louis VI 1108-1137 Louis VII 1137-1180 Philip II (Augustus) 1180-1223 Louis VIII 1223-1226 Louis IX (St. Louis) 1226-1270 Philip III 1270-1285 Philip IV (the Fair) 1285-1314 Louis X (the Quarrelsome) 1314-1316 John I 1316 Philip V (the Tall) 1316-1322 Charles IV (the Fair) 1322-1328 HOUSE OF VALOIS Philip VI 1328-1350 John II (the Good) 1350-1364 Charles V 1364-1380 Charles VI 1380-1422 Charles VII 1422-1461 Louis XI 1461-1483 Charles VIII 1483-1498 Louis XII 1498-1515 Francis I 1515-1547 Henry II 1547-1559 Francis II 1559-1560 Charles IX 1560-1574 Henry III 1574-1589 HOUSE OF BOURBON Henry IV 1589-1610 Louis XIII 1610-1643 Louis XIV 1643-1715 Louis XV 1715-1774 Louis XVI 1774-1792 FIRST REPUBLIC National Convention 1792-1785 Directory 1795-1799 Napoleon (Consul) 1799-1804 FIRST EMPIRE Napoleon I 1804-1814 HOUSE OF BOURBON Louis XVIII 1814-1824 Charles X 1824-1830 HOUSE OF ORLEANS Louis Philippe 1830-1848 SECOND REPUBLIC Louis Napoleon 1848-1852 SECOND EMPIRE Napoleon III 1852-1870
From the deposition of Napoleon III, France has been ruled by a succession of political presidents. Those worthy of note will be found listed under their own names.