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Foreword.

THE CENTERPIECE FOR THIS ISSUE of the journal is a Thematic Section on Twenty-First Century Fascism, guest edited by Chris Chase-Dunn and Vishwas Satgar. This section was initially proposed to late editor, Francois Depelteau some time ago, and the guest editors and their colleagues have been hard at work on this for well over a year. Thanks to their excellent work, we have four provocative papers looking at fascism in its previous and present incarnations. These papers enhance our theoretical and empirical understanding of fascism, and shed light on this sociological phenomenon that is becoming increasingly important in light of political and social developments worldwide.

The themed section begins with an Introduction by Vishwas Satgar (University of Witwatersrand) and Chris Chase-Dunn (University of California-Riverside) in which the authors (and section editors) set the scene, provide context, and describe the papers within the section. Following this are four papers. The first article by Clarence Y.H. Lo (University of Missouri, Columbia) explores business collaboration with the German Nazi State. Lo sheds light on the role of business in supporting fascist states by examining different types of collaboration. The second article by Chris Chase-Dunn, Peter Grimes, and E.N. Anderson (all from the University of California-Riverside) illuminates recent right-wing and neo-fascist social movements through a comparison with 20th-century fascism. Through their comparative approach, they bring some valuable conceptual clarity and historical perspective to recent events. The next article, written by Fabian Georgi (Philipps-Universitat Marburg), develops the concept of "fortress capitalism" to describe migration and border regimes that repress the mobility of the global working class. He links this to 21st-century fascism. Finally, the article by Vishwas Satgar (University of Witwatersrand) reveals variations within 21st-century fascism, shaped by socioecological conditions, in his case study of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) in South Africa.

Preceding the thematic section are two original articles on very different topics. The issue begins with a piece by Sida Liu (University of Toronto) and Terence C. Halliday (American Bar Foundation), which advances ecological theory in the analysis of professional mobilization through a look at early 21st-century political activism among Chinese lawyers. Drawing on a variety of methodologies, including interviews, on-line ethnography and archival data, Liu and Halliday identify an ecology of activism, exploring boundary work within this ecology, and the resulting government crackdown in 2015.

Next is a paper by Jean-Francois Nault (University of Toronto) examining language retention among Francophone communities in Ontario. Nault pays particular attention to the significance of cultural factors, but also considers sociodemographic and structural factors. Through statistical data analysis he finds that identity, cultural consumption, and values are important factors shaping Franco-Ontarians' linguistic continuity.

This issue concludes with a timely research note by Michael P. Carroll (Laurier University) who, inspired by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, takes a critical look at how indigenous peoples are represented in Canadian Introductory Sociology Textbooks. He focuses on three key areas--residential schools, religion, and indigenous identity--and finds that while many textbooks have endeavored to expand coverage of indigenous issues, they fall short in several respects. As sociologists in Canada work toward decolonization and indigenizing our curriculum, Carroll recommends that we draw more on the work of indigenous scholars to decolonize our texts and our teaching.

TRACEY L. ADAMS, EDITOR

The University of Western Ontario
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Author:Adams, Tracey L.
Publication:Canadian Review of Sociology
Date:Nov 1, 2019
Words:546
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