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Flagship: A History of Fisheries at the University of Washington.

"Flagship: A History of Fisheries at the University of Washington" by Robert R. Stickney and currently in press at the Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, Iowa, 52001, will be the second recent volume in the U.W. School of Fisheries' series Publications in Fisheries." Publication is expected in about September 1989.

As the first School of Fisheries in the United States, the history of the program at the U.W. is both interesting and instructive, not only for its origins, the leaders of it (and their strengths and weaknesses), but also for its ups and downs-the political and economic pressures brought to bear upon it for good and ill-and as insight into an institution's evolution over several decades. The book is also well illustrated with photographs of the original School and Fisheries Research Institute buildings, past faculty, field stations, the hatchery, laboratories, etc.

The first chapter provides an excellent review of the establishment of the school and the initial role of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries (and Commissioner Hugh M. Smith), the American Fisheries Society, Pacific Fisheries Society, and others in stimulating its establishment. The first Director of the College was none other than John N. Cobb, former Bureau of Fisheries employee and editor of Pacific Fishing, an extraordinary man with wide fisheries experience but lacking a college degree. Chapter 2 relates the ups and downs of the college after Cobb's passing in 1930-including dissolution of the College of Fisheries and reorganization of the fisheries program, the arrival of W. F. Thompson and a new Department of Fisheries, and a restructuring to emphasize fishery fundamentals rather then courses of practical application. Considerable anecdotes from students and staff provide enlightenment and human interest to the narrative. Also included are interactions with the IFC and IPSFC, initiation of the Fisheries Research Institute, and Alaska salmon research. Chapter 3 details the FRI history, its research studies on salmon, and its branching out into many other fields of marine fisheries research.

Chapter 4 highlights some of the major programs during the period that Lauren Donaldson-known widely for development of the robust "Donaldson trout" strain-was with the UW fisheries program, his selective breeding program, work in radiation ecology, and, of course, his Fisheries Center hatchery on the UW campus to which salmon return each fall.

Chapter 5, on building the academic programs, discusses the School of Fisheries under Wilbert M. Chapman (1947-48) and under Richard Van Cleve from 1948 until 1971 and its many advancements. Chapter 6 reviews "the (Douglas G.) Chapman and (Donald) Bevan Years" from mid 1971 until 1985 when author Stickney took the helm. Appendices list faculty of the College and School of Fisheries from 1959 to 1986 and 1983 School of Fisheries course offerings. Other sections provide extensive chapter notes and an index. The volume provides a thorough look at not only the earliest, but one of the more important U.S. university fisheries programs, its aims and accomplishments, and the participants involved which should be of interest to fisheries professionals and historians alike. Copies of the paperbound 176-page book will be mailed, as a token of appreciation, to those who contribute $20.00 or more to the UW School of Fisheries endowment accounts. Publication is scheduled for September 1989; checks should be made payable to "University of Washington." The Products of a Marine Science Institute

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science began as a branch of the College of William and Mary in 1940 and was called the Virginia Fisheries Laboratory from 1940 to 1962. Separated completely from the College in 1962, VIMS was reunited with it in 1979. As a scientific institution, VIMS has conducted numerous studies and produced many scientific and technical reports on them, as well as far more numerous informal communications. Those have now been catalogued in "Products and Productivity of the Men and Women of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science from 1940 to June, 1983, A Comprehensive, Annotated Inventory," by William J. Hargis, Jr., and Thomas M. Armitage, as Special Scientific Report 114 of VIMS, Gloucester Point, VA 23062.

The thick, single-spaced 457-page tome indeed catalogs a voluminous record of the institution's marine science progress, listing such items as 1110 "Contributions" to outside publications such as journals, reports, etc., and many types of inhouse publications: SRAM-SOE reports, Special Scientific Reports, Data Reports, Translation Series, and Special Papers in Marine Science. Also listed are grant and contract documents, graduate student dissertations and theses. Another section lists unpublished scientific materials and research and study collections. And a final section lists products of advisory and consultative, extension, and public educational and informational programs-i.e., testimony, essays, resource bulletins, newsletters, tide graphs, and many other educational or informative materials-all in all, an impressive historic record of scientific documentation.

Also published by VIMS is "Bibliography of the Monogenea, Literature of the World 1758 to 1982" by William J. Hargis, Jr., and Dennis A. Thoney, VIMS Special Scientific Report 112, at 384 pages. The volume incorporates 4,883 citations on studies on the monogenetic trematodes which updates a 1969 compilation and four subsequent supplements. It includes several foreign translations and was produced to encourage and facilitate research and to make easier the work of scientists who are studying this particular group of flatworms.

The citations are presented alphabetically by the senior author and include not only taxonomic literature, but references to ecological and physiological studies, and reports of preferred methods of treating their infestations as well. For those interested in this particular group of parasites, the bibliography will be very helpful.
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Publication:Marine Fisheries Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Sep 22, 1988
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