Printer Friendly

Fishes of marine protected areas near La Jolla, California.

The coastal environment in and around La Jolla, San Diego County, California is notable for its complex and diverse array of habitats within a relatively small area. These include kelp forests, rocky reefs, rocky intertidal, sandy beaches, sand and mud subtidal areas, eelgrass and surf-grass stands, pier pilings, and submarine canyons, as well as the pelagic environment. Because of the proximity of the La Jolla and Scripps submarine canyons, depths range to over 500 meters within less than 7 km of the coastline. These diverse habitats support a rich marine community, which has served as the focus of a variety of scientific investigations (e.g., Limbaugh 1955; Quast 1968; Craig et al. 2004; Brueggeman 2008).

The nearshore environment of La Jolla is especially important within the context of marine conservation because it houses a network of marine protected areas (MPAs) of varying size and age and with varying levels of use restrictions (Fig. 1). Historically, the first of these was the San Diego Marine Life Refuge established in 1957, which included the Scripps Coastal Reserve, a part of the University of California Natural Reserve system (McArdle 1997). Directly to the south is the San Diego-La Jolla Ecological Reserve (SDLJER), a small no-take reserve on the northern end of the La Jolla rocky coastline that was established in 1971. The San Diego-La Jolla Ecological Reserve Areas of Special Biological Significance was established in 1974 and largely overlapped the SDLJER (McArdle 1997). Recently the SDLJER was included in the Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve (CDFG 2013). In addition, the area on the southern part of the La Jolla peninsula was recently designated as the South La Jolla State Marine Reserve, and an area directly west of that was designated as the South La Jolla State Marine Conservation Area (CDFG 2013). These MPAs have a variety of use restrictions, but all recognize and seek to protect the biodiversity of this ecologically important region.

This study documents the fish fauna in and around this series of marine protected areas. The primary source of information on fishes occurring in the La Jolla area was the Scripps Institution of Oceanography's Marine Vertebrate Collection (MVC). The important roles of natural history collections such as the MVC to conservation biology have been widely documented (Allman 1994; Pyke and Ehrlich 2010; Drew 2011). These include compiling biotic inventories, documenting the loss or degradation of habitats and associated biota, documenting changes in the distribution and occurrence of native species, and documenting species invasions. In addition to compiling an inventory of fish species collected in the area and archived in the MVC, we report on diver surveys of the abundance and diversity of fishes in kelp forests, one of the most prominent habitats in the area, in and around the SDLJER (now the Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve) from 2002 to 2005.

Brief History of Fish Collecting in the La Jolla Area

The marine fishes of California have been studied for many decades and are well-known (Miller and Lea 1972, 1976; Hubbs et al. 1979; Love et al. 2005; Allen et al. 2006) with at least 519 species known from state waters (Horn et al. 2006). In addition to early collections of fishes from the San Diego area reported by Jordan and Gilbert (1880, 1881), the study of fishes in the San Diego region of southern California was begun in earnest with the Albatross surveys (Moring 1999) as reported by C.H. Gilbert (1890, 1896, 1915), as well as inventories by Eigenmann and Eigenmann (1890) and Eigenmann (1892).

The establishment of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in the San Diego region in 1903 and its subsequent move to La Jolla in 1905 marked a significant increase in the study of the region's biota (Hastings and Rosenblatt 2003). The on-site aquarium displayed many of the common shallow-water fish species of the area. In 1918, Percy S. Barnhart (Fig. 2A) was appointed as Collector and Curator of the Aquarium, and in 1926, Barnhart was elevated to the position of Curator of the Biological Collections, a position he held until 1948. Barnhart studied the local fishes leading to a publication on the fishes of southern California (Barnhart 1936), and he assembled a small collection of preserved specimens from the region that ultimately formed the basis of the SIO Marine Vertebrate Collection (MVC).

Knowledge of the ichthyofauna of the region greatly increased after 1944 when Carl L. Hubbs (Fig. 2B) moved to SIO and began actively archiving collections of fishes in the MVC. In negotiations regarding his forthcoming move from the University of Michigan to SIO, Hubbs wrote to then SIO Director Harald Sverdrup:

"I would no doubt want to put considerable emphasis on systematic and variational studies of west coast marine fishes, particularly those in which speciation would be correlated with oceanographical (sic) conditions...I would no doubt be interested in exploratory work, for instance with the fauna of the deep basins off the southern California coast. I will probably be interested too in detailed analyses of the distribution of fishes along the entire west coast, again as correlated with the oceanographic conditions." (Shor et al. 1987, pp. 226-227).

Before his arrival in October 1944, Hubbs convinced Sverdrup to invest in facilities to store his anticipated collection of fishes, leading to the ultimate establishment of the MVC (Shor et al. 1987). Hubbs wasted little time in collecting fishes from the surroundings of the SIO campus, amassing over 200 collections in his first year and over 500 by the end of the decade (Fig. 3).

Hubbs had another California project in mind when considering the move to La Jolla. In 1944 he wrote to W. I. Follett in Oakland, with whom he had been corresponding for a decade:

"I look forward particularly to cooperating with you in making better known the California fish fauna. I no doubt will have new material published from time to time on the systematics and biology of the fishes but will definitely hope that you will maintain your plan to work toward a 'Fishes of California.' It will be a pleasure to make records and other information available for your project." (Shor et al. 1987, p. 227).

That project was published shortly after Hubb's death in 1979 (Hubbs et al. 1979).

In 1958, Professor and Curator Richard H. Rosenblatt (Fig. 2C) was hired to oversee the growing collection of fishes at SIO. He and other researchers and students at SIO actively collected fishes in and around the La Jolla region. By the end of 1969, over 1,000 collections and well over 3,000 lots of fishes from La Jolla had been archived in the MVC (Fig. 3). Local collecting of fishes declined after that time due to diverging research interests, and constraints of space in the MVC for storage of specimens. Since that time, the MVC has archived specimens of fishes from the La Jolla region primarily when new or unusual specimens become available, specimens from focused efforts associated with faunal inventories of the area (e.g., Craig et al., 2004; Craig and Pondella, 2006), and voucher specimens for the growing MVC tissue collection, established by H.J. Walker in 1993 (Hastings and Burton, 2008).

Materials and Methods

We compiled a list of fishes recorded from La Jolla, California based on specimens collected and archived in the MVC of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego (Table 1). We included all species collected less than 10 km from shore (east of 117020.5' W longitude) and from Torrey Pines State Beach southward to Tourmaline Beach (32054' N-32048' N latitude). This area includes the entire rocky headland of La Jolla, as well as the primary conservation areas in the vicinity (Fig. 1). These include the San Diego-Scripps Coastal State Marine Conservation Area, the Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve, the South La Jolla State Marine Reserve and Marine Conservation Area (CDFG 2013).

While some collections date to the early 1900s and a few were made in recent years, most were made between 1944 and 1969 (Fig. 3). Archived specimens were collected using a wide variety of sampling methods and were taken from the beach or ocean surface to depths of over 500 meters. Species are listed in Table 1 arranged in taxonomic order. Common names of families and species follow those recognized by the American Fisheries Society (Page et al. 2013). Brief information on habitat or habitats occupied and special occurrences is provided for each species. Habitat type was divided into three categories as follows: H = hard substrates, including rocky reef, rocky intertidal, kelp forest, sides of pier pilings, boulders or any other type of hard substrate; S = soft bottom, including sand, mud, eelgrass and surfgrass; P = pelagic, including species that always swim well above the bottom, as well as those that periodically or regularly swim several meters above the bottom. Also indicated in Table 1 are the species collected in the La Jolla and Scripps Canyons from > 30 meters depth (= Cn), and the species observed in transects conducted in and adjacent to the SDLJER (= Tr) between 2002 and 2005 (see below).

Frequency of occurrence is based on the number of lots (occurrences) of each species that have been archived in the MVC that were collected within the designated area, regardless of the abundance of the species. Common (C) species are those represented by eleven or more collections, uncommon (U) species were collected in the study area from three to ten times, and rare (R) species were collected only once or twice in the La Jolla study area. In a few cases, species that are known by us or reported by others to be more common in the study area than indicated by collection records are indicated with an asterisk (*). The biogeographic distribution of each species was designated based on the mid-point of the entire known range of the species. Range endpoints are from Horn et al. (2006), supplemented as needed based on published distribution records (e.g., Love et al. 2005). Southern species (S) are those whose range midpoint is south of Punta Eugenia on the outer coast of Baja California (27[degrees]50'N), northern species (N) have range midpoints north of Point Conception (34[degrees]27'N), and central species (C) have range midpoints between these well-established biogeographic barriers (Brusca and Wallerstein 1979; Horn et al. 2006).

Between 2002 and 2005, the abundance of fishes associated with kelp forests was visually surveyed at La Jolla Cove (within the SDLJER, now called the Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve) and an adjacent site (Boomers) a short distance beyond the reserve boundary (Fig. 1). Both sites have moderate relief rocky reefs (1-3 m high) scattered throughout the area and are dominated by red algal turf reefs and kelp forests (Parnell et al. 2005, 2006). Survey protocols were modeled after established techniques for assessing abundance and density of conspicuous fishes (McCormick and Choat 1987; Pondella et al. 2005). Randomly selected, quantitative belt transects were swum by two SCUBA divers for a period of 5 minutes over a distance of 50 m. All fishes (excluding pelagic species) observed within a two-meter window (i.e., one meter on either side of the diver and one meter above and below) along the transect were identified to species where possible, and the number of individuals was counted by each diver. If counts from the divers differed, the average was recorded. Each transect accounted for 100 [m.sup.2] of bottom area surveyed. Three replicate transects were conducted along rocky reef substrates at each of four depths (3 m, 6 m, 9 m, and 12 m) for a total of twelve transects at each site per survey period. Surveys were conducted every two months for a total of six periods per year between January 2002 and December 2005. At certain periods throughout the study, persistent foul weather prevented full surveys at each sample site, especially for the shallowest depth contours. However, at least six transects were conducted at every site during each sample period throughout the study except for July/August 2004 when continuous high surf precluded surveys at Boomers.

Results

Two hundred sixty-five species of fishes from 95 families have been recorded within the study area based on verified records in the MVC (Table 1). By 1964, 20 years after Hubbs had arrived at SIO, 238 of these species (90%) had been recorded from the immediate vicinity of La Jolla, a reflection of the intensive collecting effort made by Hubbs and associates before that time (Fig. 3). Of the 265 species recorded, 113 are common, 83 are uncommon, and 68 species are rare based on records in the MVC (Table 2; excluding one "rare" exotic species). The faunal composition of the region is typical of southern California fish communities in that it is primarily a mixture of warm-temperate and cool-temperate fishes (Hobson 1994; Horn et al. 2006). Species with central ranges number 96, those with northern ranges total 111, and those with southern ranges total 57 (Table 2). Most "common" species have range midpoints in the central region (58 species) or northern region (44) with relatively few (11) with southern range midpoints. "Uncommon" species are also dominated by species with central (25), and northern (38) ranges. Few "rare" species have central distributions (13) and more have northern (29) or southern (26) distributions. A single exotic species (Acanthogobius flavimanus, Gobiidae) rarely has been recorded from La Jolla.

Hard-bottom Species

The rocky-reef and kelp-forest fishes of La Jolla are perhaps the best-known group due to their visibility and the fact that they have been studied repeatedly there and elsewhere in the state (e.g., Limbaugh 1955; North and Hubbs 1968; Quast 1968; Feder et al. 1974; Kobayashi 1979; Ebeling et al. 1980; Shane 1996; Paddock and Estes 2000; Pondella et al. 2000; Froeschke et al. 2006). In our survey, 140 species associated with hard substrates were recorded from the study area (Table 1). The majority of these have northern (64 species) or central (57) distributions, while relatively few (19) have southern distributions (Table 2).

We recorded 51 of these species (excluding schooling species) in the 252 transects at La Jolla Cove and 248 transects at Boomers (Table 3). Although we counted well over 90,000 fishes (52,520 fishes at La Jolla Cove and 41,330 at Boomers), this represents only 36% of the hard bottom species recorded from the vicinity. This difference is attributable to several factors. For example, small, cryptobenthic species are rarely observed by divers, some hard-bottom species are restricted to depths greater than those surveyed by divers, the surveys extended for only four years compared to several decades of collecting in the area, and rare species are unlikely to be recorded during such surveys. The top twelve species by abundance are listed in Table 4. At both sites, the numerically dominant species were the Blacksmith, Chromis punctipinnis (Pomacentridae), and the Senorita, Oxyjulis californica (Labridae) and ten of the top twelve species were identical (Table 4). The mean density of all species of fishes over the entire sampling period at La Jolla Cove (mean = 1.95/100 [m.sup.2], SE = 0.29) and at Boomers (mean = 1.51, SE = 0.21) did not differ significantly (t = 1.21, P > 0.05). Throughout the study period, the abundance of Blacksmith and Senorita varied greatly and drove many of the overall changes in density. These cycles were characterized by large recruitment pulses, followed by increases in adult densities.

Soft-bottom Species

The fishes recorded from La Jolla include 135 species known to occur on or over soft substrates (Table 1). Similar to the hard-bottom fishes, this group is dominated by species with northern (66 species) or central (52) distributions, with relatively few (17) with southern distributions (plus one exotic). Excluding the exotic, twelve of these species are listed as "resident bay" species by Allen et al. (2006). Several La Jolla records for these are from the "La Jolla Beach and Tennis Club," but these mostly date between 1950 and 1963, and these species have not (or rarely) been collected in the area since that time. For example, the Deepbody Anchovy, Anchoa compressa, is based on a single record (SIO 6322 --large series) from 1963, the Slough anchovy, Anchoa delicatissima, is based on four records, one from 1950 (SIO 50-227, 1 specimen), two from 1951 (SIO 51- 37, 1 specimen; SIO 51-378, 10 specimens) and one from 2002 (SIO 02-26, 1 specimen), and the California Killifish, Fundulus parvipinnis, is based on a single specimen collected in 1951 (SIO 51-37). Historically there was a small embayment in the vicinity of the La Jolla Beach and Tennis Club that has since disappeared (Fig. 2D). Although common in other embayments in the San Diego region (Allen et al. 2002), this component of the ichthyofauna has been largely eliminated from the La Jolla area by this habitat alteration.

Pelagic Species

In addition to several coastal fish species that regularly swim in the water column (e.g., the silversides and some drums), the proximity of deep waters to the La Jolla coastline contributes to the local diversity of fishes as several oceanic species closely approach the shoreline in this area. This includes several large, mobile species of chondrichthyan fishes (Klimley et al. 2002), flyingfishes (Exocoetidae), tunas (Scombridae), the Louvar (Luvarus imperialis), and the Ocean Sunfish (Mola mola), as well as small mesopelagic species such as the Lowcrest Hatchetfish (Argyropelecus sladeni, Sternoptychidae) that become stranded on shore during storms. Interestingly, of the 63 species classified as pelagic, the "common" species are dominated by species with northern distributions (12 of 18 species), while the "uncommon" and "rare" species are dominated by species with southern distributions (30 of 45 species; Table 2).

Canyon Species

Among the most striking features of the La Jolla coastal zone is the proximity of the La Jolla and Scripps submarine canyons to the coastline (Brueggeman 2008). The heads of these canyons come within a few hundred meters of the shore, and the canyons descend to depths of over 500 meters within 7 km of the coastline. These canyons include steep rock walls, as well as sand and mud substrates that support a variety of fishes. Species recorded there number 123, with 68 common, 40 uncommon, and 15 rare species (Table 2). The canyon ichthyofauna is dominated by species with northern (64 species) or central (51) distributions, with relatively few (8) species with southern distributions (Table 2).

Notable among the canyon species are a surprisingly large number of rockfishes: 35 species of the genus Sebastes have been collected from the La Jolla canyons (Table 1). In addition, a few relatively rare or poorly known species have been taken from this habitat including the Canyon Sculpin, Icelinus limbaughi (Rosenblatt and Smith 2004) and the Deepwater Blenny, Cryptotrema corallinum. Some of these species, although rarely collected within the study area, may be more common in similar, high-relief habitats in other portions of southern California (Love and Schroeder 2007).

Discussion

The present study compiles records of 265 species collected within the immediate vicinity of the marine protected areas of La Jolla. Thus, these MPAs have the potential to provide some measure of protection for half of the 519 marine fish species recorded from state waters (Horn et al. 2006). This inventory is based exclusively on fish specimens collected within the designated study area and archived in the MVC. Other fish species are known to occur in the region and likely occur or have occurred sporadically within the study area. These include a number of species known to be common in the San Diego area (Allen et al. 2002) such as the bonefish Albula sp. (Albulidae), the Striped Mullet, Mugil cephalus (Mugilidae), the Shortfin Corvina, Cynoscion parvipinnis (Sciaenidae), and several species of gobies (e.g., Clevelandia ios, Gillichthys mirabilis, and Quietula y-cauda). In addition, a number of southern species of fishes have periodically been collected in the San Diego area, often in association with El Nino events (e.g., Lea and Rosenblatt 2000). These include species such as the Cortez Angelfish, Pomacanthus zonipectus (Pomacanthidae), and the Three Banded Butterflyfish, Chaetodon humeralis (Chaetodontidae), which have been observed (but not collected) within the La Jolla study area (Lea et al. 1989; Pondella et al. 1998). As predicted more than a half century ago (Hubbs 1948), these records suggest that the number of southern species in the La Jolla area will likely increase as a result of climate change.

Natural history collections, especially those with a regional focus, are critical resources for documenting the biodiversity of particular areas. Sampling regimes of most natural history collections are not, however, designed with conservation biology in mind. Instead they traditionally have focused on the discovery and description of new species, creating biotic inventories for particular regions, and documenting species distributions. Few natural history collections are capable of documenting changes in the abundance of particular organisms because they typically lack repeated, quantitative samples from the same sites. They may, however, provide information on the occurrence and relative abundance of cryptic fishes that are often overlooked by diver surveys and other quantitative sampling methods. Also, because of the long time-scale represented in many natural history collections, they provide a more complete inventory of species occurring in an area than is typically available from ecological surveys alone.

In some cases, natural history collections provide insight into the importance of particular habitats to the overall diversity within a region. For example, this survey highlights the importance of the La Jolla submarine canyon as habitat for a number of rockfish species and other rare and poorly known deep-water fishes. In addition, natural history collections can document long-term changes in species composition. The historical collections in the MVC document the demise of one ecological component in La Jolla, bay species, via habitat destruction, and the appearance of an exotic species in the area. In contrast, quantitative ecological surveys such as visual surveys conducted by divers, are key to documenting the abundance and short-term changes in abundance of readily visible reef species and thus they are important in evaluating the performance of MPAs (Agardy 1997). These surveys supplement data from natural history collections on the temporal trends of species abundances, including those of importance to recreational and commercial fisheries.

The role of natural history collections in conservation biology would be facilitated by periodic resampling of key habitats and archiving of collected specimens on a regular basis. The extent to which this may be possible is dependent upon staffing of collections, available resources for collection and storage of specimens, and area restrictions on collecting activities. Resampling using historically successful methods may be problematic in many instances as collecting methods may be difficult to repeat. For example, many of the collections in the La Jolla and Scripps Canyons were made by Hubbs prior to extensive coastal development in the area. He was able to use collecting methods that are now impractical, including dispersal of large amounts of rotenone or discharge of explosives at depth. These are unthinkable in the current environment of dense human populations and activities in the area, and regulations protecting the region's biota. Instead, newer technologies such as submersibles and ROVs may be applied (Starr et al. 2008; Lindholm et al. 2012; Stierhoff et al. 2013), but these often provide low resolution of species identities and rarely reveal small or cryptic species. While the MPAs within the La Jolla region and those in other areas appropriately limit collecting within their boundaries, managers should be encouraged to permit reasonable levels of collection of specimens as long as the specimens are archived in a suitable natural history collection where they will be available to future generations of researchers.

Acknowledgements

We thank past and present students of fishes at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography whose efforts have led to the incomparable Marine Vertebrate Collection. Paul Dayton provided advice and encouragement, Cynthia Klepadlo provided assistance with collection records, Robert Lea provided helpful comments on species occurrences in the area, Marcia Moreno-Baez prepared Figure 1, and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives provided images used in Figure 2. This research was supported by California Sea Grant (Grant R/CZ-183) and the Link Family Foundation.

Literature Cited

Agardy, T. 1997. Marine protected areas and ocean conservation. Academic Press, San Diego, California. 244 pp.

Allen, L. G., A. M. Finlay, and C. M. Phalen. 2002. Structure and standing stock of the fish assemblages of San Diego Bay, California from 1994 to 1999. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 101:49-85.

Allen, L. G., D. J. Pondella II, and M. Horn (eds.). 2006. The ecology of marine fishes: California and adjacent waters. University of California Press, Berkeley. 660 pp.

Allman, W. D. 1994. The value of natural history collections. Curator, 37:83-89.

Barnhart, P. S. 1936. Marine fishes of southern California. University of California Press, Berkeley. 95 pp. Brueggeman, P. 2008. La Jolla Canyon and Scripps Canyon bibliography. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library. Bibliography: 12 p. http://repositories.cdlib.org/sio/lib/bibliography/12.

Brusca, R. C. and B. R. Wallerstein. 1979. Zoogeographic patterns of idoteid isopods in the northeast Pacific, with a review of shallow water zoogeography of the area. Bull. Biol. Soc. Washington, 3: 67-105.

California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG). 2013. Guide to the southern California marine protected areas. Point Conception to California-Mexico border, 59 pp.

Craig, M. T., F. J. Fodrie, and P. A. Hastings. 2004. The nearshore fish assemblage of the Scripps Coastal Reserve, San Diego, California. Coast. Manage, 32:341-351.

--and D. J. Pondella II. 2006. A survey of the fishes of the Cabrillo National Monument, San Diego, California. Calif. Fish and Game, 92:172-183.

Drew, J. 2011. The role of natural history institutions and bioinformatics in conservation biology. Conserv. Biol., 25:1250-1252.

Ebeling, A. W., R. J. Larson, and W. S. Alevison. 1980. Habitat groups and island-mainland distribution of kelp-bed fishes off Santa Barbara, California. Pp. 401-431 in D. M. Power (ed.). The California Islands: proceedings of a multidisciplinary symposium. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California.

Eigenmann, C. H. 1892. The fishes of San Diego, California. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 15(897): 123-178.

--and R. S. Eigenmann. 1890. Additions to the fauna of San Diego. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Series 2), 3:1-24.

Feder, H. M., C. Limbaugh, and C. H. Turner. 1974. Observations on fishes associated with kelp beds in southern California. Calif. Dept. Fish and Game Fish Bull., 160:1-144.

Froeschke, J. T., L. G. Allen, and D. J. Pondella II. 2006. The fish assemblages inside and outside of a temperate marine reserve in southern California. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 105:128-142.

Gilbert, C. H. 1890. A preliminary report on the fishes collected by the steamer "Albatross" on the Pacific coast of North America during the year 1889, with descriptions of twelve new genera and ninety two new species. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 13:49-126.

--. 1896. Appendix 6. The ichthyological collections of the steamer "Albatross" during the years 1890 and 1891. Rep. U.S. Fish Comm. (for 1893), 19:393-476.

--. 1915. Fishes collected by the United States steamer "Albatross" in southern California in 1904. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus., 48:305-380.

Hastings, P. A. and R. S. Burton. 2008. Establishing a DNA sequence database for the marine fish fauna of California. California Sea Grant College Program, Research Completion Reports, Fisheries 08-03.

--and R. H. Rosenblatt. 2003. Oceanographic collections at Scripps. Oceanography, 16:86-87.

Hobson, E. S. 1994. Ecological relations in the evolution of acanthopterygian fishes in warm-temperate communities of the northeastern Pacific. Env. Biol. Fishes, 40:49-90.

Horn, M. H., L. G. Allen, and R. N. Lea. 2006. Biogeography. Pp. 3-25 in L. G. Allen, D. J. Pondella II, and M. H. Horn (eds.).The ecology of marine fishes: California and adjacent waters. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Hubbs, C. L. 1948. Changes in the fish fauna of western North America correlated with changes in ocean temperature. J. Mar. Res., 7:459-482.

--, W. I. Follett, and L. J. Dempster. 1979. List of the fishes of California. Occas. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci., 133:1-51.

Jordan, D. S. and C. H. Gilbert. 1880. Notes on a collection of fishes from San Diego, California. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 3(106): 23-34.

--and--. 1881. Notes on the fishes of the Pacific coast of the United States. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 4(191): 29-70.

Klimley, A. P., S. C. Beavers, T. H. Curtis, and S. J. Jorgensen. 2002. Movements and swimming behavior of three species of sharks in La Jolla Canyon, California. Env. Biol. Fish., 63:117-135.

Kobayashi, B. N. 1979. California marine waters, areas of special biological significance reconnaissance survey report: San Diego-La Jolla Ecological Reserve, water quality monitoring report NO. 79-1. California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento. 85 pp.

Lea, R. N., J. M. Duffy, and K. C. Wilson. 1989. The Cortez angelfish, Pomacanthus zonipectus, recorded from southern California. Calif. Fish Game, 75:45-47.

--and R. H. Rosenblatt. 2000. Observations on fishes associated with the 1997-98 EI Nino off California. CalCOFI Rep., 41:117-129.

Limbaugh, C. 1955. Fish life in the kelp beds and the effects of kelp harvesting. Calif. Inst. Mar. Res., IMR Reference 55-59.

Lindholm, J., D. Rosen, A. Knight, and J. Watson. 2012. Baseline characterization and monitoring of the marine protected areas along the south coast study region: ROV surveys of the subtidal (20-500 m). Calif. Sea Grant Ann. Rep., Proj. No. RMPA-26A. 22 pp.

Love, M. S., C. W. Mecklenburg, T. A. Mecklenburg, and L. K. Thorsteinson. 2005. Resource inventory of marine and estuarine fishes of the west coast and Alaska: A checklist of north Pacific and Arctic Ocean species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border. U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Seattle, Washington. 276 pp.

--and D. M. Schroeder. 2007. A characterization of the fish assemblage of deep photic zone rock outcrops in the Anacapa Passage, Southern California, 1995 to 2004, with evidence of a regime shift. CalCOFI Rpt., 48:165-176.

McArdle, D. A. 1997. California marine protected areas. Calif. Sea Grant College System, University of California, Publ. No. T-039, La Jolla, California. 268 pp.

McCormick, M. I. and J. H. Choat. 1987. Estimating total abundance of a large temperate-reef fish using visual strip-transects. Mar. Biol., 96:469-478.

Miller, D. J. and R. N. Lea. 1972. Guide to the coastal marine fishes of California. Calif. Dept. Fish Game Fish Bull., 157:1-235.

--and-. 1976. Addendum. Pp. 237-249 in Guide to the coastal marine fishes of California. Calif. Dept. Fish Game Fish Bull., 157. [Reprint with addendum.]

Moring, J. 1999. Cruises of the Albatross off San Diego and other parts of southern California, 1889-1916. Mar. Fish. Rev., 61:22-30.

North, W. J., and C. L. Hubbs (eds.). 1968. Utilization of kelp-bed resources in southern California. Calif. Dept. Fish Game, Fish Bull., 139. 264 pp.

Paddack, M. J. and J. A. Estes. 2000. Kelp forest fish populations in marine reserves and adjacent exploited areas of central California. Ecol. Appl., 10:855-870.

Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico (7th edition). Amer. Fish. Soc., Spec. Publ., 34:1-243.

Parnell, P. E., E. Cleridy, C. E. Lennert-Cody, L. Geelen, L. D. Stanley, and P. K. Dayton. 2005. Effectiveness of a small marine reserve in southern California. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 296:39-52.

--, P. K. Dayton, C. E. Lennert-Cody, L. L. Rasumussen, and J. J. Leichter. 2006. Marine reserve design: optimal size, habitats, species affinities, diversity, and ocean microclimate. Ecol. Appl., 16: 945-962.

Pondella, D. J., II, and L. G. Allen. 2000. The nearshore fish assemblage of Santa Catalina Island. Pp. 394-400 in D. R. Browne, K. L. Mitchell, and H. W. Chaney (eds.). The proceedings of the fifth California islands symposium. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California.

--, B. E. Gintert, J. R. Cobb, and L. G. Allen. 2005. Biogeography of the nearshore rocky-reef fishes at the southern and Baja California islands. J. Biogeogr., 32:187-201.

--, R. Snodgrass, M. T. Craig, and H. Khim. 1998. Re-occurrence of the threebanded butterflyfish, Chaetodon humeralis, (Chaetodontidae) with notes on its distribution in southern California. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 97:121-124.

Pyke, G. H. and P. R. Ehrlich. 2010. Biological collections and ecological/environmental research: a review, some observations and a look to the future. Biol. Rev., 85:247-266.

Quast, J. C. 1968. Estimations of the populations and standing crop of fishes. Pp. 57-80 in W. J. North and C. L. Hubbs (eds.).Utilization of kelp-bed resources in southern California. Calif. Dept. Fish Game, Fish Bull., 139.

Rosenblatt, R. H. and W. L. Smith. 2004. Icelinus limbaughi: a new species of sculpin (Teleostei: Cottidae) from Southern California. Copeia, 2004:556-561.

Shane, M. A. 1996. A study of the fish community in the La Jolla kelp forest off San Diego, California through video transects and gill net sampling. MS thesis, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

Shor, E. N., R. H. Rosenblatt, and J. D. Isaacs. 1987. Carl Leavitt Hubbs. 1894-1979. Biol. Mem., Nat. Acad. Sci., Washington D.C., 1987:215-249.

Starr, R., M. Yoklavich, and B. Tissot. 2008. Monitoring MPAs in deep water off central California: 2007 IMPACT submersible baseline survey. Calif. Sea Grant College Progr. Publ. No. T-067. 21 pp.

Stierhoff, K. L., J. L. Butler, S. A. Mau, and D. W. Murfin. 2013. Abundance and biomass estimates of demersal fishes at the Footprint and Piggy Bank from optical surveys using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). U.S. Dept. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-SWFSC-521. 51 pp.

Philip A. Hastings

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, phastings@ucsd.edu

Matthew T Craig

University of San Diego, matthewcraig4@gmail.com

Brad E. Erisman

The University of Texas Marine Science Institute, berisman@ucsd.edu

John R. Hyde

Southwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA/NMFS, John.Hyde@noaa.gov

Harold J. Walker Jr

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, hjwalker@ucsd.edu

Cover Page Footnote

Acknowledgments We thank past and present students of fishes at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography whose efforts have led to the incomparable Marine Vertebrate Collection. Paul Dayton provided advice and encouragement, Cynthia Klepadlo provided assistance with collection records, Robert Lea provided helpful comments on species occurrences in the area, Marcia Moreno-Baez prepared Figure 1, and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives provided images used in Figure 2. This research was supported by California Sea Grant (Grant R/CZ-183) and the Link Family Foundation.

P. A. Hastings, (1) * M. T. Craig, (2) B. E. Erisman, (3) J. R. Hyde, (4) and H. J. Walker (1)

(1) Marine Biology Research Division, Marine Vertebrate Collection & Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0208 U.S.A.

(2) Department of Environmental and Ocean Sciences, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA 92110 U.S.A.

(3) University of Texas, The University of Texas Marine Science Institute, 750 Channel View Drive, Port Aransas, TX 78373

(4) Southwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA/NMFS, 8901 La Jolla Shores Dr., La Jolla, CA 92037, USA

* Corresponding author: phastings@ucsd.edu

Table 1. List of fishes collected from La Jolla, California, and
deposited in the SIO Marine Vertebrate Collection. Date = year of
first MVC record from study area. Oc = frequency of occurrence in MVC
collections from study area: C = common, 11 or more records; U =
uncommon, 3 to 10 records; R = rare, 1 to 2 records; * indicates
species known to be more common in the study area than collection
records indicate (see text). Habitat (Hab) categories: H = hard bottom
(reefs, etc); P = pelagic; S = soft bottom, "x" under Cn and Tr
indicate, respectively, collection records for La Jolla or Scripps
Canyons at > 30 meters depth, and occurrence in kelp forest transects
in and around the Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve (formerly San Diego-
La Jolla Ecological Reserve; see Table 3). SE = southern latitude
endpoint of range (positive and negative values are north and south
latitude, respectively); NE = northern latitude endpoint of range; mid
= middle latitude of range. Distribution categories: So = southern,
range midpoint south of Punta Eugenia; Ce = central, range midpoint
between Punta Eugenia and Point Conception; No = northern, range
midpoint north of Point Conception.

Scientific name                              Common name

Myxiniformes
  Myxinidae--hagfishes
    Eptatretus mccotmaughevi Wisner &        Shorthead Hagfish
      McMillian, 1990
    Eptatretus stoutii (Lockington, 1878)    Pacific Hagfish

Chimaeriformes
  Chimaeridae--shortnose chimaeras
    Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett,       Spotted Ratfish
      1839)

Hexanchiformes
  Hexanchidae--cow sharks
    Hexcmchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788)     Bluntnose Sixgill Shark
    Notorynchus cepedianus (Peron, 1807)     Broadnose Sevengill Shark

Squaliformes
  Squalidae--dogfish sharks
    Squahts suckleyi (Girard, 1855)          Pacific Spiny Dogfish

Squatiniformes
  Squatinidae--angel sharks
    Squatina californica Ayres, 1859         Pacific Angel Shark

Heterodontiformes
  Heterodontidae--bullhead sharks
    Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)    Horn Shark

Lamniformes
  Alopiidae--thresher sharks
    Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)      Thresher Shark
  Cetorhinidae--basking sharks
    Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)      Basking Shark
  Lamnidae--mackerel sharks
    Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus,        White Shark
      1758)
    Isunis oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810       Shortfin Mako

Carcharhiniformes
  Scyliorhinidae--cat sharks
    CephaloscyUium ventriosum (Garman,       Swell Shark
      1880)
  Triakidae--hound sharks
    Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758)      Tope
    Mustelus californicus Gill, 1864         Gray Smoothhound
    Mustelus henlei (Gill, 1863)             Brown Smoothhound
    Mustelus hmulatus Jordan & Gilbert,      Sicklefin Smoothhound
                                      1882
    Triakis semifasciata Girard, 1885        Leopard Shark
  Carcharhinidae--requiem sharks
    Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818)    Dusky Shark
    Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)         Blue Shark
    Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan &        Pacific Sharpnose Shark
      Gilbert, 1882)
  Sphyrnidae--hammerhead sharks
    Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith,        Scalloped Hammerhead
      1834)
    Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)         Smooth Hammerhead

Torpediniformes
  Torpedinidae--torpedo electric rays
    Torpedo californica Ayres, 1855          Pacific Electric Ray

Rajiformes
  Rhinobatidae--guitarfishes
    Platvrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan &      Thornback
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Rhinobatos pro ductus Ayres, 1854        Shovelnose Guitarfish
    Zapteryx exasperate! (Jordan &           Banded Guitarfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Rajidae--skates
    Beringraja binoculata (Girard 1855)      Big Skate
    Raja inornata Jordan & Gilbert, 1881     California Skate
    Raja rhina Jordan & Gilbert, 1880        Longnose Skate
    Raja stellulata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880   Starry Skate

Myliobatiformes
  Dasyatidae--whiptail stingrays
    Dasvatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert,    Diamond Stingray
      1880)
    Pteroplatytrygon violacea (Bonaparte,    Pelagic Stingray
      1832)
  Urolophidae--round stingrays
    Urobatis halleri (Cooper, 1863)          Round Stingray
  Gymnuridae--butterfly rays
    Gymnura marmorata (Cooper, 1864)         California Butterfly Ray
  Myliobatidae--eagle rays
    Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865        Bat Ray

Anguilliformes
  Muraenidae--morays
    Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859)         California Moray
  Ophichthidae--snake eels
    Ophichthus triserialis (Kaup, 1856)      Pacific Snake Eel
    Ophichthus zophochir Jordan &            Yellow Snake Eel
      Gilbert, 1882
  Congridae--conger eels
    Gnathophis cinctus (Garman, 1899)        Hardtail Conger
  Nettastomatidae--duckbill eels
    Facciolella equatorialis (Gilbert,       Dogface Witch Eel
      1890)

Clupeiformes
  Engraulidae--anchovies
    Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858)          Deepbody Anchovy
    Anchoa delicatissima (Girard, 1854)      Slough Anchovy
    Cetengraulis mysticetus (Gunther,        Anchoveta
      1867)
  Engraulis nwrdax Girard, 1854              Northern Anchovy
  Clupeidae--herrings
    Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847       Pacific Herring
    Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842)             Round Herring
    Harengula thrissina (Jordan &            Flatiron Herring
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sardinops sagax (Jenyns, 1842)           Pacific Sardine

Argentiniformes
  Argentinidae--argentines
    Argentina sialis Gilbert, 1890           Pacific Argentine

Salmoniformes
  Salmonidae--trouts and salmons
    Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum, 1792)   Pink Salmon

Stomiiformes
  Sternoptychidae--Marine Hatchetfishes
    Argyropelecus sladeni Regan, 1908        Lowcrest Hatchetfish

Aulopiformes
  Synodontidae--lizardfishes
    Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)          California Lizardfish
  Alepisauridae--lancetfishes
    Alepisaurus ferox Lowe, 1833             Longnose Lancetfish
  Paralepididae--barracudinas
    Magnisudis atlantica (Kroyer, 1868)      Duckbill Barracudina

Lampridiformes
  Trachipteridae--ribbonfishes
    Trachipterus altivelis Kner, 1859        King-of-the-salmon

Ophidiiformes
  Ophidiidae--cusk-eels
    Chilara taylori (Girard, 1858)           Spotted Cusk-eel
    Ophidion scrippsae (Hubbs, 1916)         Basket weave Cusk-eel
  Bythitidae--viviparous brotulas
    Brosmophycis marginata (Ayres, 1854)     Red Brotula

Gadiformes
  Merlucciidae--merlucciid hakes
    Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)       Pacific Hake

Batrachoidiformes
  Batrachoididae--toadfishes
    Porichthvs mvriaster Hubbs & Schultz,    Specklefin Midshipman
                                      1939
    Porichthvs notatus Girard, 1854          Plainfin Midshipman

Atheriniformes
  Atherinopsidae--New World silversides
    Atherinops affinis (Ayres, 1860)         Top smelt
    Atherinopsis calif or niensis Girard,    Jacksmelt
      1854
    Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)          California Grunion

Beloniformes
  Belonidae--needlefishes
    Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)        California Needlefish
  Scomberesocidae--sauries
    Cololabis saira (Brevoort, 1856)         Pacific Saury
  Exocoetidae--flyingfishes
    Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafmesque,        Blotchwing Flyingfish
      1810)
    Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus              Smallhead Flyingfish
      (Bennett, 1831)

Cyprinodontiformes
  Fundulidae--topminnows
    Fundulus parvipinnis Girard, 1854        California Killifish

Gasterosteiformes
  Aulorhynchidae--tubesnouts
    Aulorhynchus flavidus Gill, 1861         Tubesnout

Syngnathiformes
  Syngnathidae--pipefishes
    Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins &            Snubnose Pipefish
      Evermann, 1889)
    Syngnathus auliscus (Swain, 1882)        Barred Pipefish
    Syngnathus calif or niensis Storer,      Kelp Pipefish
      1845
    Syngnathus euchrous Fritzche, 1980       Chocolate Pipefish
    Syngnathus exilis (Osburn &              Barcheek Pipefish
      Nichols, 1916)
    Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard, 1854    Bay Pipefish
  Macroramphosidae--snipefishes
    Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839)     Slender Snipefish

Scorpaeniformes
  Scorpaenidae--scorpionfishes
    Scorpaena guttata Girard, 1854           California Scorpionfish
    Sebastes ahitus (Gilbert, 1890)          Pacific Ocean Perch
    Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan &            Kelp Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes auriculatus Girard, 1854        Brown Rockfish
    Sebastes carnatus (Jordan &              Gopher Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes caurinus Richardson, 1844       Copper Rockfish
    Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan &         Greenspotted Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan &           Black-and-yellow Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes constellatus (Jordan &          Starry Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann &             Calico Rockfish
      Beeson, 1894)
    Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert, 1890)       Splitnose Rockfish
    Sebastes elongatus Ayres, 1859           Greenstriped Rockfish
    Sebastes ensifer Chen, 1971              Swordspine Rockfish
    Sebastes entomelas (Jordan &             Widow Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes eos (Eigenmann &                Pink Rockfish
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes flavidus (Ayres, 1862)          Yellowtail Rockfish
    Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann &             Chilipepper
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer, 1895)         Squarespot Rockfish
    Sebastes lentiginosus Chen, 1971         Freckled Rockfish
    Sebastes levis (Eigenmann &              Cowcod
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann &       Blackgill Rockfish
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes mmiatus (Jordan &               Vermilion Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes mystinus (Jordan &              Blue Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes ovalis (Ayres, 1862)            Speckled Rockfish
    Sebastes paucispinis Ayres, 1854         Bocaccio
    Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan &          Grass Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes rosaceus Girard, 1854           Rosy Rockfish
    Sebastes rosenblatti Chen, 1971          Greenblotched Rockfish
    Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer, 1895)       Yelloweye Rockfish
    Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan &          Flag Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert, 1890)        Stripetail Rockfish
    Sebastes semicmctus (Gilbert, 1897)      Halfbanded Rockfish
    Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann &        Olive Rockfish
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes serriceps (Jordan &             Treefish
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes simulator Chen, 1971            Pinkrose Rockfish
    Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan &              Honeycomb Rockfish
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sebastolobus alascanus Bean, 1890        Shortspine Thornyhead
  Triglidae--searobins
    Prionotus stephanophrvs                  Lumptail Searobin
      Lockington, 1881
  Epinephelidae--groupers
    Epinephelus analogus Gill, 1863          Spotted Cabrilla
    Mycteroperca jordani (Jenkins &          Gulf Grouper
      Evermann, 1889)
    Mycteroperca xenarcha Jordan, 1888       Broomtail Grouper
  Serranidae--sea basses
    Paralabrax clathratus (Girard, 1854)     Kelp Bass
    Paralabrax maculatofasciatus             Spotted Sand Bass
      (Steindachner, 1868)
    Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard, 1854)      Barred Sand Bass
    Pronotogrammus multifasciatus            Threadfin Bass
      Gill, 1863

Perciformes
  Polyprionidae--wreckfishes
    Stereolepis gigas Ayres, 1859            Giant Sea Bass
  Priacanthidae--bigeyes
    Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert, 1891)      Popeye Catalufa
  Apogonidae--cardinalfishes
    Apogon pacificus (Herre, 1935)           Pink Cardinalfish
  Malacanthidae--tilefishes
    Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns, 1840)     Ocean Whitefish
  Lutjanidae--snappers
    Lutjanus pern (Nichols & Murphy, 1922)   Pacific Red Snapper
  Haemulidae--grunts
    Anisotremus davidsomi (Steindachner,     Sargo
      1876)
    Haemulon calif or niensis                Salema
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sciaenidae--drums and croakers
    Atractoscion nobilis (Ayres, 1860)       White Seabass
    Cheilotrema saturnum (Girard, 1858)      Black Croaker
    Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855)        White Croaker
    Menticirrhus undulatus (Girard, 1854)    California Corbina
    Roncador stearnsii (Steindachner,        Spotfin Croaker
      1876)
    Seriphus politus Ayres, 1860             Queenfish
    Umbrina roncador Jordan &                Yellowfin Croaker
      Gilbert, 1882
  Chaetodontidae--butterflyfishes
    Prognathodes falcifer (Hubbs &           Scythe Butterflyfish
      Rechnitzer, 1958)
  Kyphosidae--sea chubs
    Girella nigricans (Ayres, 1860)          Opaleye
    Hemiosilla azurea Jenkins &              Zebraperch
      Evermann, 1889
    Mediahma californiensis                  Halfmoon
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sphyraenidae--barracudas
    Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854          Pacific Barracuda
    Sphyraena ensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882   Mexican Barracuda

Carangiformes
  Echeneidae--remoras
    Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758)           Remora
  Coryphaenidae--dolphinfishes
    Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758       Dolphinfish
  Carangidae--jacks
    Decapterus muroadsi (Temminck &          Amberstripe Scad
      Schlegel, 1844)
    Serbia lalandi Valenciennes, 1833        Yellowtail Jack
    Trachurus symmetricus (Ayres, 1855)      Jack Mackerel

Labriformes
  Labridae--wrasses
    Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres, 1859)    Rock Wrasse
    Oxyjulis californica (Gunther, 1861)     Senorita
    Semicossyphus pulcher (Ayres, 1854)      California Sheephead
"Chromides"
  Embiotocidae--surfperches
    Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz, 1854     Barred Surfperch
    Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933)        Calico Surfperch
    Brachyistius frenatus Gill, 1862         Kelp Perch
    Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons, 1854     Shiner Perch
    Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853         Black Perch
    Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854        Striped Seaperch
    Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons, 1854    Walleye Surfperch
    Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853)           Rainbow Seaperch
    Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854)      Dwarf Perch
    Phanerodon atripes (Jordan &             Sharpnose Seaperch
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854         White Seaperch
    Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854        Rubberlip Seaperch
    Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855)         Pile Perch
    Zalembius roseus (Jordan &               Pink Seaperch
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Pomacentridae--damselfishes
    Chromis punctipinnis (Cooper, 1863)      Blacksmith
    Hypsypops rubicundus (Girard, 1854)      Garibaldi
Cottiformes
  Anoplopomatidae--sablefishes
    Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas, 1814)        Sablefish
  Hexagrammidae--greenlings
    Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas, 1810)   Kelp Greenling
    Ophiodon elongatus Girard, 1854          Lingcod
    Oxylebius pictus Gill, 1862              Painted Greenling
    Zaniolepis frenata Eigenmann &           Shortspine Combfish
      Eigenmann, 1889
    Zaniolepis latipinnis Girard, 1858       Longspine Combfish
  Cottidae--sculpins
    Artedius corallinus (Hubbs, 1926)        Coralline Sculpin
    Artedius lateralis (Girard, 1854)        Smoothhead Sculpin
    Artedius notospilotus Girard, 1856       Bonyhead Sculpin
    Chitonotus pugetensis                    Roughback Sculpin
      (Steindachner, 1876)
    Clinocottus analis (Girard, 1858)        Woolly Sculpin
    Icelinus cavifrons Gilbert, 1890         Pit-head Sculpin
    Icelinus filamentosus Gilbert, 1890      Threadfin Sculpin
    Icelinus limbaughi Rosenblatt &          Canyon Sculpin
      Smith, 2004
    Icelinus quadriseriatus                  Yellowchin Sculpin

      (Lockington, 1880)
    Icelinus tenuis Gilbert, 1890            Spotfin Sculpin
    Leiocottus hirundo Girard, 1856          Lavender Sculpin
    Leptocottus armatus Girard, 1854         Pacific Staghorn Sculpin
    Oligocottus rubellio (Greeley, 1899)     Rosy Sculpin
    Oligocottus snvderi Greeley, 1898        Fluffy Sculpin
    Orthonopias triads Starks & Mann, 1911   Snubnose Sculpin
    Ruscarius creaseri (Hubbs, 1926)         Roughcheek Sculpin
    Scorpaenichthys marmoratus               Cabezon
      (Ayres, 1854)
  Agonidae--poachers
    Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert, 1898)      Spearnose Poacher
    Odontopyxis trispinosa                   Pygmy Poacher
      Lockington, 1880
    Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert, 1890)     Blacktip Poacher
    Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert, 1890)   Bluespotted Poacher
  Liparidae--snailfishes
    Careproctus melanurus Gilbert, 1892      Blacktail Snailfish
    Liparis mucosus Ayres, 1855              Slimy Snailfish
  Bathymasteridae--ronquils
    Rathbunella alleni Gilbert, 1904         Stripefin Ronquil
    Rathbunelki hvpoplecta (Gilbert, 1890)   Bluebanded Ronquil
    Ronquilus jordani (Gilbert, 1889)        Northern Ronquil
  Zoarcidae--eelpouts
    Eucryphycus californicus (Starks &       Persimmon Eelpout
      Mann, 1911)
    Lycodes pacificus Collett, 1879          Blackbelly Eelpout
    Lyconema barbatum Gilbert, 1896          Bearded Eelpout
  Stichaeidae--pricklebacks
    Esselenichthvs carli (Follett &          Threeline Prickleback
      Anderson, 1990)
    Esselenichthvs laurae (Follett &         Twoline Prickleback
      Anderson, 1990)
    Plectobranchus evides Gilbert, 1890      Bluebarred Prickleback
  Pholidae--gunnels
    Apodichthvs fucorum Jordan &             Rockweed Gunnel
      Gilbert, 1880
    Ulvicola sanctaerosae Gilbert &          Kelp Gunnel
      Starks, 1897
  Anarhichadidae--wolffishes
    Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres, 1855      Wolf-eel

Blenniiformes
  Labrisomidae--labrisomid blennies
    Alloclinus holderi (Lauderbach, 1907)    Island Kelpfish
    Cryptotrema corallinum Gilbert, 1890     Deepwater Blenny
    Paraclinus integripinnis (Smith, 1880)   Reef Finspot
  Clinidae--kelp blennies
    Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper, 1864)         Spotted Kelpfish
    Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs, 1927              Striped Kelpfish
    Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs, 1927      Crevice Kelpfish
    Heterostichus rostratus Girard, 1854     Giant Kelpfish
  Chaenopsidae--tube blennies
    Neoclinus blanchardi Girard, 1858        Sarcastic Fringehead
    Neoclinus stephensae Hubbs, 1953         Yellowfin Fringehead
    Neoclinus uninotatus Hubbs, 1953         Onespot Fringehead
  Blenniidae--combtooth blennies
    Hvpsoblennius gilberti (Jordan, 1882)    Rockpool Blenny
    Hvpsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan &         Mussel Blenny
      Evermann, 1896)

Gobiesociformes
  Gobiesocidae--clingfishes
    Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs, 1955          Lined Clingfish
    Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard, 1858)      Northern Clingfish
    Gobiesox rhessodon Smith, 1881           California Clingfish
    Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert, 1890)      Slender Clingfish
    Rimicola muscarum (Meek &                Kelp Clingfish
      Pierson, 1895)

Gobiiformes
  Gobiidae--gobies
    Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck &     Yellowfin goby
      Schlegel, 1845)
    Ilypmis gilberti (Eigenmann &            Cheekspot Goby
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Lepidogobius lepidus (Girard, 1858)      Bay Goby
    Lethops connectens Hubbs, 1926           Halfblind Goby
    Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert, 1890)         Bluebanded Goby
    Lythrypnus zebra (Gilbert, 1890)         Zebra Goby
    Rhinogobiops nicholsii (Bean, 1882)      Blackeye Goby
    Typhlogobius californiensis              Blind Goby
      Steindachner, 1879

Acanthuriformes
  Luvaridae--louvars
    Luvarus imperialis Rafmesque, 1810       Louvar

Scombriformes
  Trichiuridae--cutlassfishes
    Lepidopus fit chi Rosenblatt &           Pacific Scabbardfish
      Wilson, 1987
  Scombridae--mackerels
    Auxis thazard (Lacepede, 1800)           Frigate Mackerel
    Sarda chiiiensis (Cuvier, 1832)          Pacific Bonito
    Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782         Pacific Chub Mackerel
    Scomberomorus sierra Jordan &            Pacific Sierra
      Starks, 1895
Xiphiiformes
  Istiophoridae--billfishes
    Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)     Sailfish
Stromateiformes
  Centrolophidae--medusafishes
    Icichthvs lockingtoni Jordan &           Medusafish
      Gilbert, 1880
  Stromateidae--butterfishes
    Peprilus simillimus (Ayres, 1860)        Pacific Pompano

Pleuronectiformes
  Paralichthyidae--sand flounders
    Citharichthvs sordidus (Girard, 1854)    Pacific Sanddab
    Citharichthvs stigmaeus Jordan &         Speckled Sanddab
      Gilbert, 1882
    Citharichthys xanthostigma               Longfin Sanddab
      Gilbert, 1890
    Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann &        Bigmouth Sole
      Eigenmann, 1890
    Paralichthys californicus                California Halibut
      (Ayres, 1859)
    Xystreurys liolepis Jordan &             Fantail Sole
      Gilbert, 1880
  Pleuronectidae--righteye flounders
    Eopsetta jordani (Lockington, 1879)      Petrale Sole
    Glyptocephalus zachirus                  Rex Sole
      Lockington, 1879
    Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres, 1855)     Rock Sole
    Lvopsetta exilis (Jordan &               Slender Sole
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Microstomas pacificus                    Dover Sole
      (Lockington, 1879)
    Parophrvs vet ulus (Girard, 1854)        English Sole
    Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard, 1854     C-O Sole
    Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan &        Curlfin Sole
      Gilbert, 1881
    Pleuronichthys guttulatus Girard, 1856   Diamond Turbot
    Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks &          Spotted Turbot
      Morris, 1907
    Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan &       Hornyhead Turbot
      Gilbert, 1880
  Cynoglossidae--tonguefishes
    Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan &           California Tonguefish
      Gilbert, 1880)

Tetraodontiformes
  Balistidae--triggerfishes
    Batistes polvlepis Steindachner, 1876    Finescale Triggerfish
  Ostraciidae--boxfishes
    Lactoria diaphana (Bloch &               Spiny Boxfish
      Schneider, 1801)
  Tetraodontidae--puffers Sphoeroides        Longnose Puffer
    lobatus (Steindachner, 1870)
    Diodontidae--porcupinefishes Diodon      Balloonfish
      holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758
  Molidae--molas                             Ocean Sunfish
    Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific name                               Date     Oc     Hab

Myxiniformes
  Myxinidae--hagfishes
    Eptatretus mccotmaughevi Wisner &         1954     U       S
      McMillian, 1990
    Eptatretus stoutii (Lockington, 1878)     1948     C       s

Chimaeriformes
  Chimaeridae--shortnose chimaeras
    Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett,        1945     C       s
      1839)

Hexanchiformes
  Hexanchidae--cow sharks
    Hexcmchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788)      1974     R     P.H.S
    Notorynchus cepedianus (Peron, 1807)      1948    U *    P.H.S

Squaliformes
  Squalidae--dogfish sharks
    Squahts suckleyi (Girard, 1855)           1945     C      P.S

Squatiniformes
  Squatinidae--angel sharks
    Squatina californica Ayres, 1859          1945     C      H.S

Heterodontiformes
  Heterodontidae--bullhead sharks
    Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)     1945     C      H.S

Lamniformes
  Alopiidae--thresher sharks
    Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)       1945     C      P.H
  Cetorhinidae--basking sharks
    Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)       1962     R       P
  Lamnidae--mackerel sharks
    Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus,         1945     U       P
      1758)
    Isunis oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810        1950    U *      P

Carcharhiniformes
  Scyliorhinidae--cat sharks
    CephaloscyUium ventriosum (Garman,        1950    R *     H.S
      1880)
  Triakidae--hound sharks
    Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758)       1945     C     P.H.S
    Mustelus californicus Gill, 1864          1945     U      H.S
    Mustelus henlei (Gill, 1863)              1945     U       S
    Mustelus hmulatus Jordan & Gilbert,       1945     R       s
                                      1882
    Triakis semifasciata Girard, 1885         1945     C      H.S
  Carcharhinidae--requiem sharks
    Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818)     1963     R       P
    Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)          1945     C       P
    Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan &         1948     R       P
      Gilbert, 1882)
  Sphyrnidae--hammerhead sharks
    Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith,         1981     R       P
      1834)
    Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)          1958     U       P

Torpediniformes
  Torpedinidae--torpedo electric rays
    Torpedo californica Ayres, 1855           1949    R *      s

Rajiformes
  Rhinobatidae--guitarfishes
    Platvrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan &       1917     C       S
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Rhinobatos pro ductus Ayres, 1854         1938     C       s
    Zapteryx exasperate! (Jordan &            1945    R *      s
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Rajidae--skates
    Beringraja binoculata (Girard 1855)       1945     R       s
    Raja inornata Jordan & Gilbert, 1881      1945     C       s
    Raja rhina Jordan & Gilbert, 1880         1946     U       s
    Raja stellulata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880    1950     U       s

Myliobatiformes
  Dasyatidae--whiptail stingrays
    Dasvatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert,     1949     U       s
      1880)
    Pteroplatytrygon violacea (Bonaparte,     1980     R       p
      1832)
  Urolophidae--round stingrays
    Urobatis halleri (Cooper, 1863)           1945     C      H.S
  Gymnuridae--butterfly rays
    Gymnura marmorata (Cooper, 1864)          1945     C       s
  Myliobatidae--eagle rays
    Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865         1945     C     P.H.S

Anguilliformes
  Muraenidae--morays
    Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859)          1945     C       H
  Ophichthidae--snake eels
    Ophichthus triserialis (Kaup, 1856)       1948     U       S
    Ophichthus zophochir Jordan &             1982    R *      s
      Gilbert, 1882
  Congridae--conger eels
    Gnathophis cinctus (Garman, 1899)         1952     R       s
  Nettastomatidae--duckbill eels
    Facciolella equatorialis (Gilbert,        1948     R       p
      1890)

Clupeiformes
  Engraulidae--anchovies
    Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858)           1963     R      P,S
    Anchoa delicatissima (Girard, 1854)       1950     U      P,S
    Cetengraulis mysticetus (Gunther,         1945     R      P,S
      1867)
  Engraulis nwrdax Girard, 1854               1945     C     P,H,S
  Clupeidae--herrings
    Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847        1945     R       P
    Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842)              1985     U       P
    Harengula thrissina (Jordan &             1951     R       P
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sardinops sagax (Jenyns, 1842)            1945     C     P,H,S

Argentiniformes
  Argentinidae--argentines
    Argentina sialis Gilbert, 1890            1977     R      P,S

Salmoniformes
  Salmonidae--trouts and salmons
    Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum, 1792)    1945     R       P

Stomiiformes
  Sternoptychidae--Marine Hatchetfishes
    Argyropelecus sladeni Regan, 1908         1952     U       P

Aulopiformes
  Synodontidae--lizardfishes
    Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)           1954     C       s
  Alepisauridae--lancetfishes
    Alepisaurus ferox Lowe, 1833              1965     U       p
  Paralepididae--barracudinas
    Magnisudis atlantica (Kroyer, 1868)       1955     U       p

Lampridiformes
  Trachipteridae--ribbonfishes
    Trachipterus altivelis Kner, 1859         1970     U       p

Ophidiiformes
  Ophidiidae--cusk-eels
    Chilara taylori (Girard, 1858)            1946     C       s
    Ophidion scrippsae (Hubbs, 1916)          1945     C       s
  Bythitidae--viviparous brotulas
    Brosmophycis marginata (Ayres, 1854)      1964     U       s

Gadiformes
  Merlucciidae--merlucciid hakes
    Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)        1939     C      P.S

Batrachoidiformes
  Batrachoididae--toadfishes
    Porichthvs mvriaster Hubbs & Schultz,     1945     C      H.S
                                      1939
    Porichthvs notatus Girard, 1854           1946     C      H.S

Atheriniformes
  Atherinopsidae--New World silversides
    Atherinops affinis (Ayres, 1860)          1944     C      P.H
    Atherinopsis calif or niensis Girard,     1945     C      P.H
      1854
    Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)           1945     C     P.H.S

Beloniformes
  Belonidae--needlefishes
    Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)         1945     C       P
  Scomberesocidae--sauries
    Cololabis saira (Brevoort, 1856)          1945     C       P
  Exocoetidae--flyingfishes
    Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafmesque,         1946     U       p
      1810)
    Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus               1945     U       p
      (Bennett, 1831)

Cyprinodontiformes
  Fundulidae--topminnows
    Fundulus parvipinnis Girard, 1854         1951     R       s

Gasterosteiformes
  Aulorhynchidae--tubesnouts
    Aulorhynchus flavidus Gill, 1861          1951     C     P.H.S

Syngnathiformes
  Syngnathidae--pipefishes
    Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins &             1944     U      H.S
      Evermann, 1889)
    Syngnathus auliscus (Swain, 1882)         1945     R       s
    Syngnathus calif or niensis Storer,       1945     C      H.S
      1845
    Syngnathus euchrous Fritzche, 1980        1946     C       s
    Syngnathus exilis (Osburn &               1945     C       s
      Nichols, 1916)
    Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard, 1854     1945     U       s
  Macroramphosidae--snipefishes
    Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839)      1950     R      P.S

Scorpaeniformes
  Scorpaenidae--scorpionfishes
    Scorpaena guttata Girard, 1854            1944     C      H.S
    Sebastes ahitus (Gilbert, 1890)           1947     U       H
    Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan &             1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes auriculatus Girard, 1854         1945     C      H.S
    Sebastes carnatus (Jordan &               1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes caurinus Richardson, 1844        1945     C       H
    Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan &          1945     C       S
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan &            1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes constellatus (Jordan &           1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann &              1946     C       H
      Beeson, 1894)
    Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert, 1890)        1948    U *      S
    Sebastes elongatus Ayres, 1859            1945     C      H.S
    Sebastes ensifer Chen, 1971               1949    U *     H.S
    Sebastes entomelas (Jordan &              1954     U       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes eos (Eigenmann &                 1945     U       H
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes flavidus (Ayres, 1862)           1949     R      P.H
    Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann &              1945     U      P.H
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer, 1895)          1946     C      P.H
    Sebastes lentiginosus Chen, 1971          1948     U       H
    Sebastes levis (Eigenmann &               1964     U       H
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann &        1947     R       H
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes mmiatus (Jordan &                1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes mystinus (Jordan &               1947     C       H
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes ovalis (Ayres, 1862)             1946     U       H
    Sebastes paucispinis Ayres, 1854          1945     C       H
    Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan &           1945     U       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes rosaceus Girard, 1854            1948     C       H
    Sebastes rosenblatti Chen, 1971           1948     C      H.S
    Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer, 1895)        1949     R       H
    Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan &           1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert, 1890)         1950    U *      S
    Sebastes semicmctus (Gilbert, 1897)       1946     C      H.S
    Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann &         1947     C       H
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes serriceps (Jordan &              1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes simulator Chen, 1971             1951     R      H.S
    Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan &               1945     C       H
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sebastolobus alascanus Bean, 1890         1948     U       S
  Triglidae--searobins
    Prionotus stephanophrvs                   1958     R       s
      Lockington, 1881
  Epinephelidae--groupers
    Epinephelus analogus Gill, 1863           1956     R       H
    Mycteroperca jordani (Jenkins &           1945     U       H
      Evermann, 1889)
    Mycteroperca xenarcha Jordan, 1888        1945     U       H
  Serranidae--sea basses
    Paralabrax clathratus (Girard, 1854)      1945     C       H
    Paralabrax maculatofasciatus              1970    R *      S
      (Steindachner, 1868)
    Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard, 1854)       1945     C      H.S
    Pronotogrammus multifasciatus             1984     U      H.S
      Gill, 1863

Perciformes
  Polyprionidae--wreckfishes
    Stereolepis gigas Ayres, 1859             1945    U *      H
  Priacanthidae--bigeyes
    Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert, 1891)       1966     R       H
  Apogonidae--cardinalfishes
    Apogon pacificus (Herre, 1935)            1998     R       H
  Malacanthidae--tilefishes
    Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns, 1840)      1945     C       H
  Lutjanidae--snappers
    Lutjanus pern (Nichols & Murphy, 1922)    1989     R       H
  Haemulidae--grunts
    Anisotremus davidsomi (Steindachner,      1945     C      H.S
      1876)
    Haemulon calif or niensis                 1945     C      H.S
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sciaenidae--drums and croakers
    Atractoscion nobilis (Ayres, 1860)        1945     C      H.S
    Cheilotrema saturnum (Girard, 1858)       1945     C      H.S
    Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855)         1945    U *      S
    Menticirrhus undulatus (Girard, 1854)     1945     C       s
    Roncador stearnsii (Steindachner,         1945     C       s
      1876)
    Seriphus politus Ayres, 1860              1945     C      H.S
    Umbrina roncador Jordan &                 1945     C       S
      Gilbert, 1882
  Chaetodontidae--butterflyfishes
    Prognathodes falcifer (Hubbs &            1970     R       H
      Rechnitzer, 1958)
  Kyphosidae--sea chubs
    Girella nigricans (Ayres, 1860)           1944     C       H
    Hemiosilla azurea Jenkins &               1939     C       H
      Evermann, 1889
    Mediahma californiensis                   1944     C       H
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sphyraenidae--barracudas
    Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854           1913     C      P.H
    Sphyraena ensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882    1998     R      P.H

Carangiformes
  Echeneidae--remoras
    Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758)            1947     U       P
  Coryphaenidae--dolphinfishes
    Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758        1952     R       P
  Carangidae--jacks
    Decapterus muroadsi (Temminck &           1960     R       P
      Schlegel, 1844)
    Serbia lalandi Valenciennes, 1833         1946    U *     P.H
    Trachurus symmetricus (Ayres, 1855)       1945     C     P.H.S

Labriformes
  Labridae--wrasses
    Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres, 1859)     1905     C       H
    Oxyjulis californica (Gunther, 1861)      1944     C      H.S
    Semicossyphus pulcher (Ayres, 1854)       1945     C       H
"Chromides"
  Embiotocidae--surfperches
    Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz, 1854      1945     C       S
    Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933)         1927     R       S
    Brachyistius frenatus Gill, 1862          1945     C      H.S
    Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons, 1854      1946     C      H.S
    Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853          1944     C      H.S
    Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854         1950     U      H.S
    Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons, 1854     1945     C      H.S
    Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853)            1945     C      H.S
    Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854)       1944     C      H.S
    Phanerodon atripes (Jordan &              1950     U      H.S
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854          1945     U      H.S
    Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854         1945     C       H
    Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855)          1944     C       H
    Zalembius roseus (Jordan &                1950    U *      S
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Pomacentridae--damselfishes
    Chromis punctipinnis (Cooper, 1863)       1945     C       H
    Hypsypops rubicundus (Girard, 1854)       1945     C       H
Cottiformes
  Anoplopomatidae--sablefishes
    Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas, 1814)         1947     U       S
  Hexagrammidae--greenlings
    Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas, 1810)    1956     R       H
    Ophiodon elongatus Girard, 1854           1945     U      H.S
    Oxylebius pictus Gill, 1862               1945     C       H
    Zaniolepis frenata Eigenmann &            1937     C       S
      Eigenmann, 1889
    Zaniolepis latipinnis Girard, 1858        1951     C       s
  Cottidae--sculpins
    Artedius corallinus (Hubbs, 1926)         1945     U       H
    Artedius lateralis (Girard, 1854)         1951     U       H
    Artedius notospilotus Girard, 1856        1944     U       H
    Chitonotus pugetensis                     1947    U *      S
      (Steindachner, 1876)
    Clinocottus analis (Girard, 1858)         1945     C       H
    Icelinus cavifrons Gilbert, 1890          1953    U *      S
    Icelinus filamentosus Gilbert, 1890       1969     R       s
    Icelinus limbaughi Rosenblatt &           1954     U      H.S
      Smith, 2004
    Icelinus quadriseriatus                   1950     R       s
      (Lockington, 1880)
    Icelinus tenuis Gilbert, 1890             1965     R       s
    Leiocottus hirundo Girard, 1856           1945     R       H
    Leptocottus armatus Girard, 1854          1945     U       s
    Oligocottus rubellio (Greeley, 1899)      1944     C       H
    Oligocottus snvderi Greeley, 1898         1944     U       H
    Orthonopias triads Starks & Mann, 1911    1950     R       H
    Ruscarius creaseri (Hubbs, 1926)          1945     C       H
    Scorpaenichthys marmoratus                1945     C       H
      (Ayres, 1854)
  Agonidae--poachers
    Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert, 1898)       1954    U *      S
    Odontopyxis trispinosa                    1954     R       S
      Lockington, 1880
    Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert, 1890)      1950     U       s
    Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert, 1890)    1965     R       s
  Liparidae--snailfishes
    Careproctus melanurus Gilbert, 1892       1990     R       s
    Liparis mucosus Ayres, 1855               1946     U       H
  Bathymasteridae--ronquils
    Rathbunella alleni Gilbert, 1904          1954     C       H
    Rathbunelki hvpoplecta (Gilbert, 1890)    1960     U       H
    Ronquilus jordani (Gilbert, 1889)         1974     R       H
  Zoarcidae--eelpouts
    Eucryphycus californicus (Starks &       <1944     R       S
      Mann, 1911)
    Lycodes pacificus Collett, 1879           1950     R       s
    Lyconema barbatum Gilbert, 1896           1965     R       s
  Stichaeidae--pricklebacks
    Esselenichthvs carli (Follett &           1950     U      H.S
      Anderson, 1990)
    Esselenichthvs laurae (Follett &          1954     R      H.S
      Anderson, 1990)
    Plectobranchus evides Gilbert, 1890       1950     U       s
  Pholidae--gunnels
    Apodichthvs fucorum Jordan &              1945     U      H.S
      Gilbert, 1880
    Ulvicola sanctaerosae Gilbert &           1945     U      H.S
      Starks, 1897
  Anarhichadidae--wolffishes
    Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres, 1855       1946     U       H

Blenniiformes
  Labrisomidae--labrisomid blennies
    Alloclinus holderi (Lauderbach, 1907)     1950     U       H
    Cryptotrema corallinum Gilbert, 1890     <1944     R       H
    Paraclinus integripinnis (Smith, 1880)    1917     C       H
  Clinidae--kelp blennies
    Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper, 1864)          1945     C       H
    Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs, 1927               1944     C       H
    Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs, 1927       1949     U       H
    Heterostichus rostratus Girard, 1854      1944     C       H
  Chaenopsidae--tube blennies
    Neoclinus blanchardi Girard, 1858         1945     C      H.S
    Neoclinus stephensae Hubbs, 1953          1953     C      H.S
    Neoclinus uninotatus Hubbs, 1953          1963     R      H.S
  Blenniidae--combtooth blennies
    Hvpsoblennius gilberti (Jordan, 1882)     1915     C       H
    Hvpsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan &          1915     C       H
      Evermann, 1896)

Gobiesociformes
  Gobiesocidae--clingfishes
    Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs, 1955           1955     U       H
    Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard, 1858)       1976     R       H
    Gobiesox rhessodon Smith, 1881            1944     C       H
    Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert, 1890)       1932     C       H
    Rimicola muscarum (Meek &                 1945     U       H
      Pierson, 1895)

Gobiiformes
  Gobiidae--gobies
    Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck &      2003    R *      s
      Schlegel, 1845)
    Ilypmis gilberti (Eigenmann &             1967     R       s
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Lepidogobius lepidus (Girard, 1858)       1950     R       s
    Lethops connectens Hubbs, 1926            1944     U       H
    Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert, 1890)          1946     C       H
    Lythrypnus zebra (Gilbert, 1890)          1950     U       H
    Rhinogobiops nicholsii (Bean, 1882)       1946     C      H.S
    Typhlogobius californiensis               1944     U       H
      Steindachner, 1879

Acanthuriformes
  Luvaridae--louvars
    Luvarus imperialis Rafmesque, 1810        1956     R       P

Scombriformes
  Trichiuridae--cutlassfishes
    Lepidopus fit chi Rosenblatt &            1948     U       P
      Wilson, 1987
  Scombridae--mackerels
    Auxis thazard (Lacepede, 1800)            1972     R       P
    Sarda chiiiensis (Cuvier, 1832)           1945     U       P
    Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782          1917     C       P
    Scomberomorus sierra Jordan &             1962    R *      P
      Starks, 1895
Xiphiiformes
  Istiophoridae--billfishes
    Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)      1960     R       P
Stromateiformes
  Centrolophidae--medusafishes
    Icichthvs lockingtoni Jordan &            1955     U       P
      Gilbert, 1880
  Stromateidae--butterfishes
    Peprilus simillimus (Ayres, 1860)         1960     R      P.S

Pleuronectiformes
  Paralichthyidae--sand flounders
    Citharichthvs sordidus (Girard, 1854)     1946     C       s
    Citharichthvs stigmaeus Jordan &          1945     C      H.S
      Gilbert, 1882
    Citharichthys xanthostigma                1945     C       s
      Gilbert, 1890
    Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann &         1945     C       s
      Eigenmann, 1890
    Paralichthys californicus                 1945     C      H.S
      (Ayres, 1859)
    Xystreurys liolepis Jordan &              1945     C       s
      Gilbert, 1880
  Pleuronectidae--righteye flounders
    Eopsetta jordani (Lockington, 1879)       1945     C       s
    Glyptocephalus zachirus                   1950     U       s
      Lockington, 1879
    Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres, 1855)      1948     R      H.S
    Lvopsetta exilis (Jordan &                1948     U       s
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Microstomas pacificus                     1950     R       s
      (Lockington, 1879)
    Parophrvs vet ulus (Girard, 1854)         1946     C       s
    Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard, 1854      1962     R      H.S
    Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan &         1952     U       s
      Gilbert, 1881
    Pleuronichthys guttulatus Girard, 1856    1945     U       s
    Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks &           1946     U       s
      Morris, 1907
    Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan &        1945    U *      s
      Gilbert, 1880
  Cynoglossidae--tonguefishes
    Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan &            1961    R *      s
      Gilbert, 1880)

Tetraodontiformes
  Balistidae--triggerfishes
    Batistes polvlepis Steindachner, 1876     1950     U      H.S
  Ostraciidae--boxfishes
    Lactoria diaphana (Bloch &                1952     U       P
      Schneider, 1801)
  Tetraodontidae--puffers Sphoeroides         1998     R       S
    lobatus (Steindachner, 1870)
    Diodontidae--porcupinefishes Diodon       1959     R     P.H.S
      holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758
  Molidae--molas                              1945     U       P
    Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific name                              Cn     Tr     SE

Myxiniformes
  Myxinidae--hagfishes
    Eptatretus mccotmaughevi Wisner &         x     --     23
      McMillian, 1990
    Eptatretus stoutii (Lockington, 1878)     x     --     27

Chimaeriformes
  Chimaeridae--shortnose chimaeras
    Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett,        x     --     28
      1839)

Hexanchiformes
  Hexanchidae--cow sharks
    Hexcmchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788)      x     x      31
    Notorynchus cepedianus (Peron, 1807)     --     --     24

Squaliformes
  Squalidae--dogfish sharks
    Squahts suckleyi (Girard, 1855)           x     --     26

Squatiniformes
  Squatinidae--angel sharks
    Squatina californica Ayres, 1859          x     --     24

Heterodontiformes
  Heterodontidae--bullhead sharks
    Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)     x     x      24

Lamniformes
  Alopiidae--thresher sharks
    Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)      --     --     27
  Cetorhinidae--basking sharks
    Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)      --     --     23
  Lamnidae--mackerel sharks
    Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus,        --     --     -30
      1758)
    Isunis oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810        x     --     -30

Carcharhiniformes
  Scyliorhinidae--cat sharks
    CephaloscyUium ventriosum (Garman,       --     --     -30
      1880)
  Triakidae--hound sharks
    Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758)      --     x      26
    Mustelus californicus Gill, 1864          x     --     23
    Mustelus henlei (Gill, 1863)              x     --     23
    Mustelus hmulatus Jordan & Gilbert,      --     --      8
                                      1882
    Triakis semifasciata Girard, 1885         x     --     23
  Carcharhinidae--requiem sharks
    Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818)    --     --     18
    Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)          x     --     -30
    Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan &        --     --     -10
      Gilbert, 1882)
  Sphyrnidae--hammerhead sharks
    Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith,        --     --      8
      1834)
    Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)         --     --     30

Torpediniformes
  Torpedinidae--torpedo electric rays
    Torpedo californica Ayres, 1855           x     --     28

Rajiformes
  Rhinobatidae--guitarfishes
    Platvrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan &       x     --     28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Rhinobatos pro ductus Ayres, 1854         x     x      23
    Zapteryx exasperate! (Jordan &           --     x       9
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Rajidae--skates
    Beringraja binoculata (Girard 1855)      --     --     28
    Raja inornata Jordan & Gilbert, 1881      x     --      8
    Raja rhina Jordan & Gilbert, 1880         x     --     28
    Raja stellulata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880    x     --     32

Myliobatiformes
  Dasyatidae--whiptail stingrays
    Dasvatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert,    --     --     -5
      1880)
    Pteroplatytrygon violacea (Bonaparte,    --     --      0
      1832)
  Urolophidae--round stingrays
    Urobatis halleri (Cooper, 1863)          --     x       8
  Gymnuridae--butterfly rays
    Gymnura marmorata (Cooper, 1864)          x     --     -10
  Myliobatidae--eagle rays
    Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865         x     x      23

Anguilliformes
  Muraenidae--morays
    Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859)         --     --     25
  Ophichthidae--snake eels
    Ophichthus triserialis (Kaup, 1856)      --     --     -10
    Ophichthus zophochir Jordan &            --     --     -10
      Gilbert, 1882
  Congridae--conger eels
    Gnathophis cinctus (Garman, 1899)        --     --     23
  Nettastomatidae--duckbill eels
    Facciolella equatorialis (Gilbert,       --     --      7
      1890)

Clupeiformes
  Engraulidae--anchovies
    Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858)          --     --     31
    Anchoa delicatissima (Girard, 1854)      --     --     24
    Cetengraulis mysticetus (Gunther,        --     --     -8
      1867)
  Engraulis nwrdax Girard, 1854              --     --     23
  Clupeidae--herrings
    Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847       --     --     30
    Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842)             --     --     -33
    Harengula thrissina (Jordan &            --     --     -10
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sardinops sagax (Jenyns, 1842)           --     --     23

Argentiniformes
  Argentinidae--argentines
    Argentina sialis Gilbert, 1890           --     --     23

Salmoniformes
  Salmonidae--trouts and salmons
    Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum, 1792)   --     --     32

Stomiiformes
  Sternoptychidae--Marine Hatchetfishes
    Argyropelecus sladeni Regan, 1908        --     --     -33

Aulopiformes
  Synodontidae--lizardfishes
    Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)          --     --     28
  Alepisauridae--lancetfishes
    Alepisaurus ferox Lowe, 1833             --     --     -33
  Paralepididae--barracudinas
    Magnisudis atlantica (Kroyer, 1868)      --     --     -33

Lampridiformes
  Trachipteridae--ribbonfishes
    Trachipterus altivelis Kner, 1859        --     --     -33

Ophidiiformes
  Ophidiidae--cusk-eels
    Chilara taylori (Girard, 1858)            x     --     27
    Ophidion scrippsae (Hubbs, 1916)          x     --     28
  Bythitidae--viviparous brotulas
    Brosmophycis marginata (Ayres, 1854)      x     --     31

Gadiformes
  Merlucciidae--merlucciid hakes
    Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)        x     --     24

Batrachoidiformes
  Batrachoididae--toadfishes
    Porichthvs mvriaster Hubbs & Schultz,    --     --     24
                                      1939
    Porichthvs notatus Girard, 1854           x     --     22

Atheriniformes
  Atherinopsidae--New World silversides
    Atherinops affinis (Ayres, 1860)         --     x      23
    Atherinopsis calif or niensis Girard,    --     x      28
      1854
    Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)          --     --     24

Beloniformes
  Belonidae--needlefishes
    Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)        --     --     -10
  Scomberesocidae--sauries
    Cololabis saira (Brevoort, 1856)         --     --     20
  Exocoetidae--flyingfishes
    Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafmesque,        --     --      0
      1810)
    Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus              --     --     22
      (Bennett, 1831)

Cyprinodontiformes
  Fundulidae--topminnows
    Fundulus parvipinnis Girard, 1854        --     --     24

Gasterosteiformes
  Aulorhynchidae--tubesnouts
    Aulorhynchus flavidus Gill, 1861          x     x      27

Syngnathiformes
  Syngnathidae--pipefishes
    Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins &             x     --     23
      Evermann, 1889)
    Syngnathus auliscus (Swain, 1882)        --     --     -8
    Syngnathus calif or niensis Storer,      --     --     24
      1845
    Syngnathus euchrous Fritzche, 1980       --     --     28
    Syngnathus exilis (Osburn &              --     --     24
      Nichols, 1916)
    Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard, 1854    --     --     28
  Macroramphosidae--snipefishes
    Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839)     --     --      0

Scorpaeniformes
  Scorpaenidae--scorpionfishes
    Scorpaena guttata Girard, 1854            x     x      24
    Sebastes ahitus (Gilbert, 1890)           x     --     32
    Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan &             x     x      27
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes auriculatus Girard, 1854         x     x      26
    Sebastes carnatus (Jordan &               x     --     27
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes caurinus Richardson, 1844        x     --     28
    Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan &          x     --     28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan &            x     --     27
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes constellatus (Jordan &           x     --     24
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann &              x     --     27
      Beeson, 1894)
    Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert, 1890)        x     --     28
    Sebastes elongatus Ayres, 1859            x     --     28
    Sebastes ensifer Chen, 1971               x     --     28
    Sebastes entomelas (Jordan &              x     --     32
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes eos (Eigenmann &                 x     --     28
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes flavidus (Ayres, 1862)           x     --     32
    Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann &              x     --     24
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer, 1895)          x     --     29
    Sebastes lentiginosus Chen, 1971          x     --     32
    Sebastes levis (Eigenmann &               x     --     28
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann &        x     --     28
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes mmiatus (Jordan &                x     --     28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes mystinus (Jordan &               x     --     31
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes ovalis (Ayres, 1862)             x     --     31
    Sebastes paucispinis Ayres, 1854          x     x      29
    Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan &           x     --     28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes rosaceus Girard, 1854            x     --     27
    Sebastes rosenblatti Chen, 1971           x     --     28
    Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer, 1895)        x     --     32
    Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan &           x     --     32
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert, 1890)         x     --     27
    Sebastes semicmctus (Gilbert, 1897)       x     --     27
    Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann &         x     x      28
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes serriceps (Jordan &              x     x      28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes simulator Chen, 1971             x     --     31
    Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan &               x     --     26
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sebastolobus alascanus Bean, 1890         x     --     28
  Triglidae--searobins
    Prionotus stephanophrvs                  --     --     -10
      Lockington, 1881
  Epinephelidae--groupers
    Epinephelus analogus Gill, 1863          --     --     -10
    Mycteroperca jordani (Jenkins &          --     --     23
      Evermann, 1889)
    Mycteroperca xenarcha Jordan, 1888       --     x      -5
  Serranidae--sea basses
    Paralabrax clathratus (Girard, 1854)      x     x      24
    Paralabrax maculatofasciatus             --     x      23
      (Steindachner, 1868)
    Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard, 1854)       x     x      24
    Pronotogrammus multifasciatus             x     --     -10
      Gill, 1863

Perciformes
  Polyprionidae--wreckfishes
    Stereolepis gigas Ayres, 1859            --     x      30
  Priacanthidae--bigeyes
    Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert, 1891)      --     --     -10
  Apogonidae--cardinalfishes
    Apogon pacificus (Herre, 1935)           --     --      0
  Malacanthidae--tilefishes
    Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns, 1840)      x     --     -10
  Lutjanidae--snappers
    Lutjanus pern (Nichols & Murphy, 1922)   --     --     -10
  Haemulidae--grunts
    Anisotremus davidsomi (Steindachner,     --     x      24
      1876)
    Haemulon calif or niensis                --     x      -10
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sciaenidae--drums and croakers
    Atractoscion nobilis (Ayres, 1860)       --     x      24
    Cheilotrema saturnum (Girard, 1858)      --     x      24
    Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855)        --     --     24
    Menticirrhus undulatus (Girard, 1854)    --     --     23
    Roncador stearnsii (Steindachner,        --     --     23
      1876)
    Seriphus politus Ayres, 1860             --     x      25
    Umbrina roncador Jordan &                --     --     23
      Gilbert, 1882
  Chaetodontidae--butterflyfishes
    Prognathodes falcifer (Hubbs &           --     --      0
      Rechnitzer, 1958)
  Kyphosidae--sea chubs
    Girella nigricans (Ayres, 1860)          --     x      22
    Hemiosilla azurea Jenkins &              --     x      23
      Evermann, 1889
    Mediahma californiensis                  --     x      23
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sphyraenidae--barracudas
    Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854          --     x      22
    Sphyraena ensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882   --     --      0

Carangiformes
  Echeneidae--remoras
    Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758)           --     --     -30
  Coryphaenidae--dolphinfishes
    Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758       --     --     -30
  Carangidae--jacks
    Decapterus muroadsi (Temminck &          --     --      0
      Schlegel, 1844)
    Serbia lalandi Valenciennes, 1833        --     --      3
    Trachurus symmetricus (Ayres, 1855)       x     --     24

Labriformes
  Labridae--wrasses
    Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres, 1859)    --     x      23
    Oxyjulis californica (Gunther, 1861)      x     x      28
    Semicossyphus pulcher (Ayres, 1854)       x     x      22
"Chromides"
  Embiotocidae--surfperches
    Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz, 1854     --     x      28
    Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933)        --     --     26
    Brachyistius frenatus Gill, 1862          x     x      27
    Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons, 1854     --     x      30
    Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853          x     x      26
    Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854        --     --     31
    Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons, 1854    --     x      28
    Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853)           --     x      31
    Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854)      --     x      28
    Phanerodon atripes (Jordan &              x     --     28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854          x     x      31
    Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854         x     x      27
    Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855)          x     x      29
    Zalembius roseus (Jordan &                x     --     27
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Pomacentridae--damselfishes
    Chromis punctipinnis (Cooper, 1863)       x     x      27
    Hypsypops rubicundus (Girard, 1854)      --     x      24
Cottiformes
  Anoplopomatidae--sablefishes
    Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas, 1814)         x     --     28
  Hexagrammidae--greenlings
    Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas, 1810)    x     --     32
    Ophiodon elongatus Girard, 1854           x     --     29
    Oxylebius pictus Gill, 1862               x     x      29
    Zaniolepis frenata Eigenmann &            x     --     27
      Eigenmann, 1889
    Zaniolepis latipinnis Girard, 1858       --     --     27
  Cottidae--sculpins
    Artedius corallinus (Hubbs, 1926)        --     --     30
    Artedius lateralis (Girard, 1854)        --     --     30
    Artedius notospilotus Girard, 1856        x     --     30
    Chitonotus pugetensis                     x     --     25
      (Steindachner, 1876)
    Clinocottus analis (Girard, 1858)        --     --     27
    Icelinus cavifrons Gilbert, 1890          x     --     24
    Icelinus filamentosus Gilbert, 1890       x     --     32
    Icelinus limbaughi Rosenblatt &           x     --     32
      Smith, 2004
    Icelinus quadriseriatus                  --     --     22
      (Lockington, 1880)
    Icelinus tenuis Gilbert, 1890            --     --     28
    Leiocottus hirundo Girard, 1856          --     --     31
    Leptocottus armatus Girard, 1854         --     --     30
    Oligocottus rubellio (Greeley, 1899)     --     --     30
    Oligocottus snvderi Greeley, 1898        --     --     30
    Orthonopias triads Starks & Mann, 1911   --     --     29
    Ruscarius creaseri (Hubbs, 1926)         --     --     27
    Scorpaenichthys marmoratus                x     x      26
      (Ayres, 1854)
  Agonidae--poachers
    Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert, 1898)       x     --     27
    Odontopyxis trispinosa                    x     --     28
      Lockington, 1880
    Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert, 1890)      x     --     30
    Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert, 1890)   --     --     30
  Liparidae--snailfishes
    Careproctus melanurus Gilbert, 1892       x     --     32
    Liparis mucosus Ayres, 1855              --     --     29
  Bathymasteridae--ronquils
    Rathbunella alleni Gilbert, 1904          x     --     29
    Rathbunelki hvpoplecta (Gilbert, 1890)    x     --     31
    Ronquilus jordani (Gilbert, 1889)        --     --     33
  Zoarcidae--eelpouts
    Eucryphycus californicus (Starks &       --     --     33
      Mann, 1911)
    Lycodes pacificus Collett, 1879           x     --     31
    Lyconema barbatum Gilbert, 1896          --     --     30
  Stichaeidae--pricklebacks
    Esselenichthvs carli (Follett &           x     --     30
      Anderson, 1990)
    Esselenichthvs laurae (Follett &         --     --     32
      Anderson, 1990)
    Plectobranchus evides Gilbert, 1890       x     --     32
  Pholidae--gunnels
    Apodichthvs fucorum Jordan &             --     --     30
      Gilbert, 1880
    Ulvicola sanctaerosae Gilbert &          --     --     31
      Starks, 1897
  Anarhichadidae--wolffishes
    Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres, 1855       x     --     32

Blenniiformes
  Labrisomidae--labrisomid blennies
    Alloclinus holderi (Lauderbach, 1907)    --     x      27
    Cryptotrema corallinum Gilbert, 1890     --     --     30
    Paraclinus integripinnis (Smith, 1880)   --     --     24
  Clinidae--kelp blennies
    Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper, 1864)         --     x      24
    Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs, 1927              --     --     27
    Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs, 1927      --     --     31
    Heterostichus rostratus Girard, 1854     --     x      22
  Chaenopsidae--tube blennies
    Neoclinus blanchardi Girard, 1858         x     --     28
    Neoclinus stephensae Hubbs, 1953          x     --     27
    Neoclinus uninotatus Hubbs, 1953          x     --     32
  Blenniidae--combtooth blennies
    Hvpsoblennius gilberti (Jordan, 1882)    --     --     24
    Hvpsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan &         --     --     16
      Evermann, 1896)

Gobiesociformes
  Gobiesocidae--clingfishes
    Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs, 1955          --     --     29
    Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard, 1858)      --     --     29
    Gobiesox rhessodon Smith, 1881            x     --     27
    Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert, 1890)      --     --     26
    Rimicola muscarum (Meek &                --     --     31
      Pierson, 1895)

Gobiiformes
  Gobiidae--gobies
    Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck &     --     --     --
      Schlegel, 1845)
    Ilypmis gilberti (Eigenmann &            --     --     23
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Lepidogobius lepidus (Girard, 1858)      --     --     28
    Lethops connectens Hubbs, 1926           --     --     31
    Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert, 1890)          x     x      23
    Lythrypnus zebra (Gilbert, 1890)          x     --     18
    Rhinogobiops nicholsii (Bean, 1882)       x     x      27
    Typhlogobius californiensis              --     --     25
      Steindachner, 1879

Acanthuriformes
  Luvaridae--louvars
    Luvarus imperialis Rafmesque, 1810       --     --     -33

Scombriformes
  Trichiuridae--cutlassfishes
    Lepidopus fit chi Rosenblatt &            x     --     23
      Wilson, 1987
  Scombridae--mackerels
    Auxis thazard (Lacepede, 1800)           --     --     -10
    Sarda chiiiensis (Cuvier, 1832)          --     --     -30
    Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782          x     --     -30
    Scomberomorus sierra Jordan &            --     --     -5
      Starks, 1895
Xiphiiformes
  Istiophoridae--billfishes
    Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)     --     --     -30
Stromateiformes
  Centrolophidae--medusafishes
    Icichthvs lockingtoni Jordan &           --     --     27
      Gilbert, 1880
  Stromateidae--butterfishes
    Peprilus simillimus (Ayres, 1860)        --     --     25

Pleuronectiformes
  Paralichthyidae--sand flounders
    Citharichthvs sordidus (Girard, 1854)     x     --     23
    Citharichthvs stigmaeus Jordan &          x     --     23
      Gilbert, 1882
    Citharichthys xanthostigma                x     --     10
      Gilbert, 1890
    Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann &         x     --     23
      Eigenmann, 1890
    Paralichthys californicus                 x     --     25
      (Ayres, 1859)
    Xystreurys liolepis Jordan &              x     --     23
      Gilbert, 1880
  Pleuronectidae--righteye flounders
    Eopsetta jordani (Lockington, 1879)       x     --     28
    Glyptocephalus zachirus                  --     --     28
      Lockington, 1879
    Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres, 1855)      x     --     32
    Lvopsetta exilis (Jordan &               --     --     28
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Microstomas pacificus                    --     --     23
      (Lockington, 1879)
    Parophrvs vet ulus (Girard, 1854)         x     --     23
    Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard, 1854      x     --     31
    Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan &        --     --     28
      Gilbert, 1881
    Pleuronichthys guttulatus Girard, 1856    x     --     25
    Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks &           x     --     25
      Morris, 1907
    Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan &        x     --     25
      Gilbert, 1880
  Cynoglossidae--tonguefishes
    Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan &            x     --     22
      Gilbert, 1880)

Tetraodontiformes
  Balistidae--triggerfishes
    Batistes polvlepis Steindachner, 1876    --     --     -30
  Ostraciidae--boxfishes
    Lactoria diaphana (Bloch &               --     --      0
      Schneider, 1801)
  Tetraodontidae--puffers Sphoeroides        --    --      -33
    lobatus (Steindachner, 1870)
    Diodontidae--porcupinefishes Diodon      --    --      -30
      holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758
  Molidae--molas                             --    --       0
    Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific name                               NE     mid      Dist

Myxiniformes
  Myxinidae--hagfishes
    Eptatretus mccotmaughevi Wisner &         34     28.5      Ce
      McMillian, 1990
    Eptatretus stoutii (Lockington, 1878)     60     43.5      No

Chimaeriformes
  Chimaeridae--shortnose chimaeras
    Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett,        60      44       No
      1839)

Hexanchiformes
  Hexanchidae--cow sharks
    Hexcmchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788)      53      42       No
    Notorynchus cepedianus (Peron, 1807)      53     38.5      No

Squaliformes
  Squalidae--dogfish sharks
    Squahts suckleyi (Girard, 1855)           60      43       No

Squatiniformes
  Squatinidae--angel sharks
    Squatina californica Ayres, 1859          60      42       No

Heterodontiformes
  Heterodontidae--bullhead sharks
    Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)     36      30       Ce

Lamniformes
  Alopiidae--thresher sharks
    Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)       50     38.5      No
  Cetorhinidae--basking sharks
    Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)       60     41.5      No
  Lamnidae--mackerel sharks
    Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus,         60      15       So
      1758)
    Isunis oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810        46      8        So

Carcharhiniformes
  Scyliorhinidae--cat sharks
    CephaloscyUium ventriosum (Garman,        36      3        So
      1880)
  Triakidae--hound sharks
    Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758)       55     40.5      No
    Mustelus californicus Gill, 1864          40     31.5      Ce
    Mustelus henlei (Gill, 1863)              40     31.5      Ce
    Mustelus hmulatus Jordan & Gilbert,       33     20.5      So
                                      1882
    Triakis semifasciata Girard, 1885         40     31.5      Ce
  Carcharhinidae--requiem sharks
    Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818)     33     25.5      Ce
    Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)          60      15       So
    Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan &         33     11.5      So
      Gilbert, 1882)
  Sphyrnidae--hammerhead sharks
    Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith,         34      21       So
      1834)
    Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)          37     33.5      Ce

Torpediniformes
  Torpedinidae--torpedo electric rays
    Torpedo californica Ayres, 1855           53     40.5      No

Rajiformes
  Rhinobatidae--guitarfishes
    Platvrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan &       37     32.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Rhinobatos pro ductus Ayres, 1854         37      30       Ce
    Zapteryx exasperate! (Jordan &            33      21       So
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Rajidae--skates
    Beringraja binoculata (Girard 1855)       60      44       No
    Raja inornata Jordan & Gilbert, 1881      48      28       Ce
    Raja rhina Jordan & Gilbert, 1880         60      44       No
    Raja stellulata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880    60      46       No

Myliobatiformes
  Dasyatidae--whiptail stingrays
    Dasvatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert,     50     22.5      So
      1880)
    Pteroplatytrygon violacea (Bonaparte,     50      25       So
      1832)
  Urolophidae--round stingrays
    Urobatis halleri (Cooper, 1863)           40      24       So
  Gymnuridae--butterfly rays
    Gymnura marmorata (Cooper, 1864)          34      12       So
  Myliobatidae--eagle rays
    Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865         44     33.5      Ce

Anguilliformes
  Muraenidae--morays
    Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859)          34     29.5      Ce
  Ophichthidae--snake eels
    Ophichthus triserialis (Kaup, 1856)       40      15       So
    Ophichthus zophochir Jordan &             40      15       So
      Gilbert, 1882
  Congridae--conger eels
    Gnathophis cinctus (Garman, 1899)         34     28.5      Ce
  Nettastomatidae--duckbill eels
    Facciolella equatorialis (Gilbert,        34      21       So
      1890)

Clupeiformes
  Engraulidae--anchovies
    Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858)           35      33       Ce
    Anchoa delicatissima (Girard, 1854)       33     28.5      Ce
    Cetengraulis mysticetus (Gunther,         34      13       So
      1867)
  Engraulis nwrdax Girard, 1854               53      38       No
  Clupeidae--herrings
    Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847        77     53.5      No
    Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842)              37      2        So
    Harengula thrissina (Jordan &             32      11       So
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sardinops sagax (Jenyns, 1842)            55      39       No

Argentiniformes
  Argentinidae--argentines
    Argentina sialis Gilbert, 1890            44     33.5      Ce

Salmoniformes
  Salmonidae--trouts and salmons
    Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum, 1792)    60      46       No

Stomiiformes
  Sternoptychidae--Marine Hatchetfishes
    Argyropelecus sladeni Regan, 1908         58      12       So

Aulopiformes
  Synodontidae--lizardfishes
    Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)           38      33       Ce
  Alepisauridae--lancetfishes
    Alepisaurus ferox Lowe, 1833              58      12       So
  Paralepididae--barracudinas
    Magnisudis atlantica (Kroyer, 1868)       58      12       So

Lampridiformes
  Trachipteridae--ribbonfishes
    Trachipterus altivelis Kner, 1859         58      12       So

Ophidiiformes
  Ophidiidae--cusk-eels
    Chilara taylori (Girard, 1858)            45      36       No
    Ophidion scrippsae (Hubbs, 1916)          34      31       Ce
  Bythitidae--viviparous brotulas
    Brosmophycis marginata (Ayres, 1854)      57      44       No

Gadiformes
  Merlucciidae--merlucciid hakes
    Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)        60      42       No

Batrachoidiformes
  Batrachoididae--toadfishes
    Porichthvs mvriaster Hubbs & Schultz,     34      29       Ce
                                      1939
    Porichthvs notatus Girard, 1854           57     39.5      No

Atheriniformes
  Atherinopsidae--New World silversides
    Atherinops affinis (Ayres, 1860)          50     36.5      No
    Atherinopsis calif or niensis Girard,     44      36       No
      1854
    Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)           37     30.5      Ce

Beloniformes
  Belonidae--needlefishes
    Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)         37     13.5      So
  Scomberesocidae--sauries
    Cololabis saira (Brevoort, 1856)          60      40       No
  Exocoetidae--flyingfishes
    Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafmesque,         32      16       So
      1810)
    Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus               46      34       Ce
      (Bennett, 1831)

Cyprinodontiformes
  Fundulidae--topminnows
    Fundulus parvipinnis Girard, 1854         35     29.5      Ce

Gasterosteiformes
  Aulorhynchidae--tubesnouts
    Aulorhynchus flavidus Gill, 1861          57      42       No

Syngnathiformes
  Syngnathidae--pipefishes
    Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins &             38     30.5      Ce
      Evermann, 1889)
    Syngnathus auliscus (Swain, 1882)         34      13       So
    Syngnathus calif or niensis Storer,       37     30.5      Ce
      1845
    Syngnathus euchrous Fritzche, 1980        34      31       Ce
    Syngnathus exilis (Osburn &               38      31       Ce
      Nichols, 1916)
    Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard, 1854     57     42.5      No
  Macroramphosidae--snipefishes
    Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839)      33     16.5      So

Scorpaeniformes
  Scorpaenidae--scorpionfishes
    Scorpaena guttata Girard, 1854            37     30.5      Ce
    Sebastes ahitus (Gilbert, 1890)           60      46       No
    Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan &             37      32       Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes auriculatus Girard, 1854         57     41.5      No
    Sebastes carnatus (Jordan &               42     34.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes caurinus Richardson, 1844        60      44       No
    Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan &          47     37.5      No
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan &            40     33.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes constellatus (Jordan &           40      32       Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann &              37      32       Ce
      Beeson, 1894)
    Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert, 1890)        61     44.5      No
    Sebastes elongatus Ayres, 1859            60      44       No
    Sebastes ensifer Chen, 1971               37     32.5      Ce
    Sebastes entomelas (Jordan &              57     44.5      No
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes eos (Eigenmann &                 37     32.5      Ce
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes flavidus (Ayres, 1862)           59     45.5      No
    Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann &              51     37.5      No
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer, 1895)          37      33       Ce
    Sebastes lentiginosus Chen, 1971          33     32.5      Ce
    Sebastes levis (Eigenmann &               42      35       No
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann &        47     37.5      No
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes mmiatus (Jordan &                50      39       No
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes mystinus (Jordan &               60     45.5      No
      Gilbert, 1881)
    Sebastes ovalis (Ayres, 1862)             42     36.5      No
    Sebastes paucispinis Ayres, 1854          57      43       No
    Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan &           44      36       No
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes rosaceus Girard, 1854            48     37.5      No
    Sebastes rosenblatti Chen, 1971           37     32.5      Ce
    Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer, 1895)        60      46       No
    Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan &           60      46       No
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert, 1890)         57      42       No
    Sebastes semicmctus (Gilbert, 1897)       37      32       Ce
    Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann &         41     34.5      Ce
      Eigenmann, 1890)
    Sebastes serriceps (Jordan &              37     32.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Sebastes simulator Chen, 1971             37      34       Ce
    Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan &               37     31.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1882)
    Sebastolobus alascanus Bean, 1890         60      44       No
  Triglidae--searobins
    Prionotus stephanophrvs                   46      18       No
      Lockington, 1881
  Epinephelidae--groupers
    Epinephelus analogus Gill, 1863           34      12       So
    Mycteroperca jordani (Jenkins &           32     27.5      So
      Evermann, 1889)
    Mycteroperca xenarcha Jordan, 1888        37      16       So
  Serranidae--sea basses
    Paralabrax clathratus (Girard, 1854)      46      35       No
    Paralabrax maculatofasciatus              36     29.5      Ce
      (Steindachner, 1868)
    Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard, 1854)       37     30.5      Ce
    Pronotogrammus multifasciatus             34      12       So
      Gill, 1863

Perciformes
  Polyprionidae--wreckfishes
    Stereolepis gigas Ayres, 1859             40      35       No
  Priacanthidae--bigeyes
    Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert, 1891)       34      12       So
  Apogonidae--cardinalfishes
    Apogon pacificus (Herre, 1935)            32      16       So
  Malacanthidae--tilefishes
    Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns, 1840)      50      20       So
  Lutjanidae--snappers
    Lutjanus pern (Nichols & Murphy, 1922)    33      12       So
  Haemulidae--grunts
    Anisotremus davidsomi (Steindachner,      37     30.5      Ce
      1876)
    Haemulon calif or niensis                 36      13       So
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sciaenidae--drums and croakers
    Atractoscion nobilis (Ayres, 1860)        58      41       No
    Cheilotrema saturnum (Girard, 1858)       34      29       Ce
    Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855)         50      37       No
    Menticirrhus undulatus (Girard, 1854)     34     28.5      Ce
    Roncador stearnsii (Steindachner,         34     28.5      Ce
      1876)
    Seriphus politus Ayres, 1860              40     32.5      Ce
    Umbrina roncador Jordan &                 34     28.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1882
  Chaetodontidae--butterflyfishes
    Prognathodes falcifer (Hubbs &            33     16.5      So
      Rechnitzer, 1958)
  Kyphosidae--sea chubs
    Girella nigricans (Ayres, 1860)           37     29.5      Ce
    Hemiosilla azurea Jenkins &               36     29.5      Ce
      Evermann, 1889
    Mediahma californiensis                   41      32       Ce
      (Steindachner, 1876)
  Sphyraenidae--barracudas
    Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854           57     39.5      No
    Sphyraena ensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882    33     16.5      So

Carangiformes
  Echeneidae--remoras
    Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758)            37     3.5       So
  Coryphaenidae--dolphinfishes
    Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758        47     8.5       So
  Carangidae--jacks
    Decapterus muroadsi (Temminck &           36      18       So
      Schlegel, 1844)
    Serbia lalandi Valenciennes, 1833         47      25       So
    Trachurus symmetricus (Ayres, 1855)       57     40.5      No

Labriformes
  Labridae--wrasses
    Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres, 1859)     34     28.5      Ce
    Oxyjulis californica (Gunther, 1861)      38      33       Ce
    Semicossyphus pulcher (Ayres, 1854)       37     29.5      Ce
"Chromides"
  Embiotocidae--surfperches
    Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz, 1854      38      33       Ce
    Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933)         48      37       No
    Brachyistius frenatus Gill, 1862          50     38.5      No
    Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons, 1854      56      43       No
    Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853          39     32.5      Ce
    Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854         56     43.5      No
    Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons, 1854     50      39       No
    Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853)            40     35.5      No
    Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854)       38      33       Ce
    Phanerodon atripes (Jordan &              38      33       Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854          50     40.5      No
    Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854         39      33       Ce
    Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855)          56     42.5      No
    Zalembius roseus (Jordan &                38     32.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)
  Pomacentridae--damselfishes
    Chromis punctipinnis (Cooper, 1863)       36     31.5      Ce
    Hypsypops rubicundus (Girard, 1854)       36      30       Ce
Cottiformes
  Anoplopomatidae--sablefishes
    Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas, 1814)         60      44       No
  Hexagrammidae--greenlings
    Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas, 1810)    55     43.5      No
    Ophiodon elongatus Girard, 1854           57      43       No
    Oxylebius pictus Gill, 1862               50     39.5      No
    Zaniolepis frenata Eigenmann &            43      35       No
      Eigenmann, 1889
    Zaniolepis latipinnis Girard, 1858        43      35       No
  Cottidae--sculpins
    Artedius corallinus (Hubbs, 1926)         48      39       No
    Artedius lateralis (Girard, 1854)         55     42.5      No
    Artedius notospilotus Girard, 1856        48      39       No
    Chitonotus pugetensis                     54     39.5      No
      (Steindachner, 1876)
    Clinocottus analis (Girard, 1858)         39      33       Ce
    Icelinus cavifrons Gilbert, 1890          36      30       Ce
    Icelinus filamentosus Gilbert, 1890       54      43       No
    Icelinus limbaughi Rosenblatt &           34      33       Ce
      Smith, 2004
    Icelinus quadriseriatus                   38      30       Ce
      (Lockington, 1880)
    Icelinus tenuis Gilbert, 1890             50      39       No
    Leiocottus hirundo Girard, 1856           34     32.5      Ce
    Leptocottus armatus Girard, 1854          56      43       No
    Oligocottus rubellio (Greeley, 1899)      40      35       No
    Oligocottus snvderi Greeley, 1898         57     38.5      No
    Orthonopias triads Starks & Mann, 1911    37      33       Ce
    Ruscarius creaseri (Hubbs, 1926)          36     30.5      Ce
    Scorpaenichthys marmoratus                56      41       No
      (Ayres, 1854)
  Agonidae--poachers
    Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert, 1898)       35      31       Ce
    Odontopyxis trispinosa                    57     42.5      No
      Lockington, 1880
    Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert, 1890)      49     39.5      No
    Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert, 1890)    52      41       No
  Liparidae--snailfishes
    Careproctus melanurus Gilbert, 1892       54      43       No
    Liparis mucosus Ayres, 1855               50     39.5      No
  Bathymasteridae--ronquils
    Rathbunella alleni Gilbert, 1904          38     33.5      Ce
    Rathbunelki hvpoplecta (Gilbert, 1890)    50     40.5      No
    Ronquilus jordani (Gilbert, 1889)         59      46       No
  Zoarcidae--eelpouts
    Eucryphycus californicus (Starks &        37      35       No
      Mann, 1911)
    Lycodes pacificus Collett, 1879           58     44.5      No
    Lyconema barbatum Gilbert, 1896           42      36       No
  Stichaeidae--pricklebacks
    Esselenichthvs carli (Follett &           36      33       Ce
      Anderson, 1990)
    Esselenichthvs laurae (Follett &          38      35       No
      Anderson, 1990)
    Plectobranchus evides Gilbert, 1890       55     43.5      No
  Pholidae--gunnels
    Apodichthvs fucorum Jordan &              53     41.5      No
      Gilbert, 1880
    Ulvicola sanctaerosae Gilbert &           36     33.5      Ce
      Starks, 1897
  Anarhichadidae--wolffishes
    Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres, 1855       57     44.5      No

Blenniiformes
  Labrisomidae--labrisomid blennies
    Alloclinus holderi (Lauderbach, 1907)     34     30.5      Ce
    Cryptotrema corallinum Gilbert, 1890      34      32       Ce
    Paraclinus integripinnis (Smith, 1880)    34      29       Ce
  Clinidae--kelp blennies
    Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper, 1864)          35     29.5      Ce
    Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs, 1927               50     38.5      No
    Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs, 1927       53      42       No
    Heterostichus rostratus Girard, 1854      53     37.5      No
  Chaenopsidae--tube blennies
    Neoclinus blanchardi Girard, 1858         37     32.5      Ce
    Neoclinus stephensae Hubbs, 1953          36     31.5      Ce
    Neoclinus uninotatus Hubbs, 1953          38      35       No
  Blenniidae--combtooth blennies
    Hvpsoblennius gilberti (Jordan, 1882)     34      29       Ce
    Hvpsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan &          34      25       So
      Evermann, 1896)

Gobiesociformes
  Gobiesocidae--clingfishes
    Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs, 1955           33      31       Ce
    Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard, 1858)       55      42       No
    Gobiesox rhessodon Smith, 1881            35      31       Ce
    Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert, 1890)       33     29.5      Ce
    Rimicola muscarum (Meek &                 52     41.5      No
      Pierson, 1895)

Gobiiformes
  Gobiidae--gobies
    Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck &      --      --       --
      Schlegel, 1845)
    Ilypmis gilberti (Eigenmann &             38     30.5      Ce
      Eigenmann, 1889)
    Lepidogobius lepidus (Girard, 1858)       50      39       No
    Lethops connectens Hubbs, 1926            35      33       Ce
    Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert, 1890)          36     29.5      Ce
    Lythrypnus zebra (Gilbert, 1890)          36      27       So
    Rhinogobiops nicholsii (Bean, 1882)       53      40       No
    Typhlogobius californiensis               35      30       Ce
      Steindachner, 1879

Acanthuriformes
  Luvaridae--louvars
    Luvarus imperialis Rafmesque, 1810        48     8.5       So

Scombriformes
  Trichiuridae--cutlassfishes
    Lepidopus fit chi Rosenblatt &            40     31.5      Ce
      Wilson, 1987
  Scombridae--mackerels
    Auxis thazard (Lacepede, 1800)            33     11.5      So
    Sarda chiiiensis (Cuvier, 1832)           57     13.5      So
    Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782          57     13.5      So
    Scomberomorus sierra Jordan &             33      19       So
      Starks, 1895
Xiphiiformes
  Istiophoridae--billfishes
    Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)      32      1        So
Stromateiformes
  Centrolophidae--medusafishes
    Icichthvs lockingtoni Jordan &            57      42       No
      Gilbert, 1880
  Stromateidae--butterfishes
    Peprilus simillimus (Ayres, 1860)         49      37       No

Pleuronectiformes
  Paralichthyidae--sand flounders
    Citharichthvs sordidus (Girard, 1854)     60     41.5      No
    Citharichthvs stigmaeus Jordan &          60     41.5      No
      Gilbert, 1882
    Citharichthys xanthostigma                36      23       So
      Gilbert, 1890
    Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann &         37      30       Ce
      Eigenmann, 1890
    Paralichthys californicus                 50     37.5      No
      (Ayres, 1859)
    Xystreurys liolepis Jordan &              36     29.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1880
  Pleuronectidae--righteye flounders
    Eopsetta jordani (Lockington, 1879)       60      44       No
    Glyptocephalus zachirus                   60      44       No
      Lockington, 1879
    Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres, 1855)      60      46       No
    Lvopsetta exilis (Jordan &                51     39.5      No
      Gilbert, 1880)
    Microstomas pacificus                     60     41.5      No
      (Lockington, 1879)
    Parophrvs vet ulus (Girard, 1854)         60     41.5      No
    Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard, 1854      57      44       No
    Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan &         60      44       No
      Gilbert, 1881
    Pleuronichthys guttulatus Girard, 1856    40     32.5      Ce
    Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks &           35      30       Ce
      Morris, 1907
    Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan &        37      31       Ce
      Gilbert, 1880
  Cynoglossidae--tonguefishes
    Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan &            41     31.5      Ce
      Gilbert, 1880)

Tetraodontiformes
  Balistidae--triggerfishes
    Batistes polvlepis Steindachner, 1876     41     5.5       So
  Ostraciidae--boxfishes
    Lactoria diaphana (Bloch &                34      17       So
      Schneider, 1801)
  Tetraodontidae--puffers Sphoeroides         34      0        So
    lobatus (Steindachner, 1870)
    Diodontidae--porcupinefishes Diodon       32      1        So
      holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758
  Molidae--molas                              55     27.5      So
    Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758)

Table 2. Numbers of species recorded in the La Jolla region (Table 1;
excluding one exotic species, the Yellowfin Goby, Acanthogobius
flavimanus) by distribution and frequency of occurrence categories for
all species and those found in selected habitats.

                      Northern   Central   Southern   Total
All species
  Common                 44        58         11       113
  Uncommon               38        25         20       83
  Rare                   29        13         26       68
  Total                 111        96         57       264
Hard-bottom species
  Common                 33        40         5        78
  Uncommon               21        13         6        40
  Rare                   10         4         8        22
  Total                  64        57         19       140
Soft-bottom species
  Common                 25        27         4        56
  Uncommon               21        16         4        41
  Rare                   20         9         9        38
  Total                  66        52         17       135
Pelagic species
  Common                 12         3         3        18
  Uncommon               3          4         13       20
  Rare                   6          2         17       25
  Total                  21         9         33       63
Canyon species
  Common                 31        32         5        68
  Uncommon               20        17         3        40
  Rare                   13         2         0        15
  Total                  64        51         8        123

Table 3. Densities of fishes per 100 [m.sup.2] observed during belt
transects in La Jolla Cove (A) and Boomers (B). Species are arranged
alphabetically by genus and species name. Means, standard error (SE)
and percent occurrence (O) represent six sampling periods for each
year (except for Boomers 2003 with five).

                                A) La Jolla Cove

                                          2002
                                 Mean      SE      O

AUoclinus holderi                 0        --      0
Amphistichus argenteus            0        --      0
Anisotremus davidsonii          0.667    0.269    83
Atherinops off inis               0        --      0
Atherinopsis californiensis     3.750    3.427    33
Atractoscion nobilis            0.069    0.054    33
Aulorhynchus flavidus           1.083    2.573    17
Brachyistius frenatus           0.153    0.153    17
Cheilotrema saturnum            0.208    0.208    17
Chromis punctipinnis            76.361   14.075   100
Cymatogaster aggregata            0        --      0
Embiotoca jacksoni              1.986    0.312    100
Galeorhinus galeus              0.042    0.028    17
Gibbonsia elegans               0.014    0.014    17
Girella nigricans               7.389    2.254    100
Haemulon californiensis           0        --      0
Halichoeres semicinctus         7.722    2.097    100
Hermosilla azurea                 0        --      0
Heterodontus francisci            0        --      0
Heterostichus rostratus         0.125    0.085    33
Hexanchus griseus                 0        --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum         1.347    1.314    33
Hypsurus caryi                  0.264    0.113    83
Hypsypops rubicundus            13.583   2.263    100
Lythrypnus dalli                  0        --      0
Medialuna californiensis        1.083    0.243    100
Micrometrus minimus             0.083    0.053    33
Mycteroperca xenarcha           0.014    0.014    17
Myliobatis californica            0        --      0
Oxyjulis californica            29.597   9.147    100
Oxylebius pictus                0.028    0.017    33
Paralabrax clathratus           8.000    1.308    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus    0.014    0.014    17
Paralabrax nebulifer            0.528    0.178    83
Phanerodon furcatus             0.236    0.220    33
Rhacochilus toxotes             0.069    0.040    50
Rhacochilus vacca               0.056    0.035    33
Rhinobatos productus            0.014    0.033    17
Rhinogobiops nicholsii            0        --      0
Scorpaena guttata                 0        --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus        0        --      0
Sebastes atrovirens             0.139    0.063    67
Sebastes auriculatus              0        --      0
Sebastes paucispinis              0        --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger             0        --      0
Sebastes serranoides            0.111    0.272    17
Sebastes serriceps              0.014    0.014    17
Semicossyphus pulcher           3.653    0.552    100
Seriphus politus                  0        --      0
Sphyraena argentea              1.653    0.836    50
Stereolepis gigas                 0        --      0
Urobatis halleri                  0        --      0
Zap teryx exasp erata           0.014    0.014    17
AUoclinus holderi               0.014    0.014    17
Amphistichus argenteus          1.250    1.250    17
Anisotremus davidsonii          0.816    0.398    67
Atherinops affinis                0        --      0
Atherinopsis californiensis     0.139    0.139    17
Atractoscion nobilis              0        --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus           0.083    0.083    17
Brachyistius frenatus           0.014    0.014    17
Cheilotrema saturnum            0.014    0.014    17
Chromis punctipinnis            46.806   10.016   100
Cymatogaster aggregata            0        --      0
Embiotoca jacksoni              1.797    0.415    100
Galeorhinus galeus                0        --      0
Gibbonsia elegans                 0        --      0
Girella nigricans               6.359    2.796    100
Haemulon calif or niensis       0.042    0.028    33
Halichoeres semicinctus         4.155    0.699    100
Hermosilla azurea               0.472    0.472    17
Heterodontus francisci            0        --      0
Heterostichus rostratus         0.093    0.024    100
Hexanchus griseus                 0        --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum         0.361    0.361    17
Hypsurus caryi                  0.236    0.153    33
Hypsypops rubicundus            14.835   2.683    100
Lythrypnus dalli                  0        --      0
Medialuna californiensis        2.266    1.248    100
Micrometrus minimus             0.177    0.046    83
Mycteroperca xenarcha           0.014    0.014    17
Myliobatis californica            0        --      0
Oxyjulis californica            51.956   23.659   100
Oxylebius pictus                0.012    0.012    17
Paralabrax clathratus           7.367    2.127    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus      0        --      0
Paralabrax nebulifer            0.381    0.226    100
Phanerodon furcatus             0.292    0.275    33
Rhacochilus toxotes             0.228    0.064    100
Rhacochilus vacca               0.294    0.083    83
Rhinobatos productus              0        --      0
Rhinogobiops nicholsii          0.049    0.036    33
Scorpaena guttata                 0        --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus      0.012    0.012    17
Sebastes atrovirens             0.156    0.061    83
Sebastes auriculatus              0        --      0
Sebastes paucispinis              0        --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger             0        --      0
Sebastes serranoides            0.778    0.626    33
Sebastes serriceps                0        --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher           2.678    0.384    100
Seriphus politus                  0        --      0
Sphyraena argentea                0        --      0
Stereolepis gigas               0.014    0.014    17
Urobatis halleri                0.028    0.017    33
Zapteryx exasperata             0.028    0.017    33

                                A) La Jolla Cove

                                         2003
                                 Mean      SE      O

AUoclinus holderi                0         --      0
Amphistichus argenteus           0         --      0
Anisotremus davidsonii           0.504   0.392    50
Atherinops off inis              0         --      0
Atherinopsis californiensis      0.708   0.708    17
Atractoscion nobilis             0         --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus            0.028   0.028    17
Brachyistius frenatus            0.796   0.518    67
Cheilotrema saturnum             0         --      0
Chromis punctipinnis            47.370   11.480   100
Cymatogaster aggregata           0.083   0.083    17
Embiotoca jacksoni               1.384   0.300    100
Galeorhinus galeus               0         --      0
Gibbonsia elegans                0.014   0.014    17
Girella nigricans                8.292   2.895    100
Haemulon californiensis          0         --      0
Halichoeres semicinctus          3.606   0.547    100
Hermosilla azurea                0.292   0.275    33
Heterodontus francisci           0         --      0
Heterostichus rostratus          0.116   0.041    67
Hexanchus griseus                0         --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum          0         --      0
Hypsurus caryi                   0.222   0.159    50
Hypsypops rubicundus            10.903   2.153    100
Lythrypnus dalli                 0         --      0
Medialuna californiensis         1.199   0.578    83
Micrometrus minimus              0.111   0.073    33
Mycteroperca xenarcha            0         --      0
Myliobatis californica           1.037   1.037    17
Oxyjulis californica            42.005   23.735   100
Oxylebius pictus                 0.014   0.014    17
Paralabrax clathratus            9.894   3.526    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus     0.083   0.083    17
Paralabrax nebulifer             2.056   0.443    100
Phanerodon furcatus              0         --      0
Rhacochilus toxotes              0.074   0.055    33
Rhacochilus vacca                0.319   0.273    33
Rhinobatos productus             0         0       0
Rhinogobiops nicholsii           0.069   0.069    17
Scorpaena guttata                0         --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus       0         --      0
Sebastes atrovirens              0.69    0.045    33
Sebastes auriculatus             0         --      0
Sebastes paucispinis             0.153   0.153    17
Sebastes rastrelliger            0         --      0
Sebastes serranoides             0         --      0
Sebastes serriceps               0         --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher            5.551   1.338    100
Seriphus politus                 0         --      0
Sphyraena argentea               1.046   1.013    33
Stereolepis gigas                0.028   0.028    17
Urobatis halleri                 0         --      0
Zap teryx exasp erata            0         --      0
AUoclinus holderi                0         --      0
Amphistichus argenteus           0         --      0
Anisotremus davidsonii           1.236   0.881    50
Atherinops affinis               0         --      0
Atherinopsis californiensis      1.389   1.389    17
Atractoscion nobilis             0         --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus            0         --      0
Brachyistius frenatus            0.268   0.237    33
Cheilotrema saturnum             0         --      0
Chromis punctipinnis            34.569   11.096   100
Cymatogaster aggregata           0         --      0
Embiotoca jacksoni               2.856   0.678    100
Galeorhinus galeus               0         --      0
Gibbonsia elegans                0.018   0.018    17
Girella nigricans                3.287   1.248    100
Haemulon calif or niensis        0         --      0
Halichoeres semicinctus          3.694   1.078    100
Hermosilla azurea                0.250   0.218    33
Heterodontus francisci           0.014   0.014    17
Heterostichus rostratus          0.056   0.035    33
Hexanchus griseus                0         --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum          0         --      0
Hypsurus caryi                   0.315   0.193    50
Hypsypops rubicundus            16.685   8.118    100
Lythrypnus dalli                 0         --      0
Medialuna californiensis         1.042   0.476    100
Micrometrus minimus              0.139   0.109    33
Mycteroperca xenarcha            0.028   0.028    17
Myliobatis californica           0         --      0
Oxyjulis californica            21.717   6.494    83
Oxylebius pictus                 0.051   0.037    33
Paralabrax clathratus            5.861   1.725    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus     0.028   0.028    17
Paralabrax nebulifer             0.180   0.062    67
Phanerodon furcatus              0         --      0
Rhacochilus toxotes              0.055   0.055    17
Rhacochilus vacca                0.232   0.124    50
Rhinobatos productus             0.014   0.014    17
Rhinogobiops nicholsii           0.037   0.037    17
Scorpaena guttata                0         --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus       0         --      0
Sebastes atrovirens              0.037   0.037    17
Sebastes auriculatus             0         --      0
Sebastes paucispinis             0         --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger            0         --      0
Sebastes serranoides             0         --      0
Sebastes serriceps               0         --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher            4.292   0.671    100
Seriphus politus                 0         --      0
Sphyraena argentea               1.250   1.250    17
Stereolepis gigas                0.028   0.028    17
Urobatis halleri                 0         --      0
Zapteryx exasperata              0.042   0.042    17

                                A) La Jolla Cove

                                         2004
                                 Mean      SE      O

AUoclinus holderi                0         --      0
Amphistichus argenteus           0         --      0
Anisotremus davidsonii           4.250   1.806    100
Atherinops off inis              0.639   0.545    33
Atherinopsis californiensis      0         --      0
Atractoscion nobilis             0         --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus            0         --      0
Brachyistius frenatus            1.042   0.385    67
Cheilotrema saturnum             0.028   0.028    17
Chromis punctipinnis            96.861   32.763   100
Cymatogaster aggregata           0.333   0.333    17
Embiotoca jacksoni               1.778   0.283    100
Galeorhinus galeus               0.083   0.083    17
Gibbonsia elegans                0         --      0
Girella nigricans               12.764   3.521    100
Haemulon californiensis          3.333   3.333    17
Halichoeres semicinctus          5.653   1.494    100
Hermosilla azurea                0.736   0.736    17
Heterodontus francisci           0         --      0
Heterostichus rostratus          0.750   0.618    83
Hexanchus griseus                0         --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum          0.972   0.624    33
Hypsurus caryi                   0.125   0.096    33
Hypsypops rubicundus            13.361   1.755    100
Lythrypnus dalli                 0.958   0.909    33
Medialuna californiensis         1.653   0.052    100
Micrometrus minimus              0.375   0.152    67
Mycteroperca xenarcha            0         --      0
Myliobatis californica           0.028   0.028    17
Oxyjulis californica            97.056   20.271   100
Oxylebius pictus                 0.153   0.097    33
Paralabrax clathratus           14.056   3.997    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus     0.028   0.028    17
Paralabrax nebulifer             1.625   0.911    67
Phanerodon furcatus              0.250   0.250    17
Rhacochilus toxotes              0.153   0.097    33
Rhacochilus vacca                0.083   0.057    33
Rhinobatos productus             0         --      0
Rhinogobiops nicholsii           0.056   0.041    33
Scorpaena guttata                0         --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus       0         --      0
Sebastes atrovirens              0.403   0.232    50
Sebastes auriculatus             0.014   0.014    17
Sebastes paucispinis             0         --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger            0.042   0.042    17
Sebastes serranoides             0         --      0
Sebastes serriceps               0         --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher            6.972   2.350    100
Seriphus politus                 0         --      0
Sphyraena argentea               0         --      0
Stereolepis gigas                0.028   0.028    17
Urobatis halleri                 0         --      0
Zap teryx exasp erata            0.014   0.014    17
AUoclinus holderi                0         --      0
Amphistichus argenteus           0         --      0
Anisotremus davidsonii           1.261   0.525    80
Atherinops affinis               0.050   0.050    20
Atherinopsis californiensis      0         --      0
Atractoscion nobilis             0         --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus            0.233   0.233    20
Brachyistius frenatus            8.789   7.425    80
Cheilotrema saturnum             0.017   0.017    20
Chromis punctipinnis            55.994   30.932   100
Cymatogaster aggregata           0.022   0.022    20
Embiotoca jacksoni               3.928   0.885    100
Galeorhinus galeus               0         --      0
Gibbonsia elegans                0.067   0.149    20
Girella nigricans                7.106   1.826    100
Haemulon calif or niensis        0         --      0
Halichoeres semicinctus          4.684   1.289    100
Hermosilla azurea                0.033   0.020    40
Heterodontus francisci           0         --      0
Heterostichus rostratus          0.139   0.093    60
Hexanchus griseus                0.017   0.017    20
Hyperprosopon argenteum          0         --      0
Hypsurus caryi                   0.128   0.054    60
Hypsypops rubicundus            27.117   6.050    100
Lythrypnus dalli                 0         --      0
Medialuna californiensis         1.456   0.679    80
Micrometrus minimus              0.978   0.441    80
Mycteroperca xenarcha            0         --      0
Myliobatis californica           0         --      0
Oxyjulis californica            70.011   26.699   100
Oxylebius pictus                 0.033   0.020    40
Paralabrax clathratus            8.055   2.165    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus     0         --      0
Paralabrax nebulifer             0.255   0.108    60
Phanerodon furcatus              0.089   0.089    20
Rhacochilus toxotes              0.339   0.318    40
Rhacochilus vacca                0.017   0.017    20
Rhinobatos productus             0.022   0.022    20
Rhinogobiops nicholsii           0         --      0
Scorpaena guttata                0         --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus       0         --      0
Sebastes atrovirens              0.100   0.100    20
Sebastes auriculatus             0         --      0
Sebastes paucispinis             0         --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger            0.017   0.017    20
Sebastes serranoides             0.050   0.050    20
Sebastes serriceps               0         --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher            4.900   1.269    100
Seriphus politus                 0         --      0
Sphyraena argentea               0.150   0.150    20
Stereolepis gigas                0         --      0
Urobatis halleri                 0.200   0.200    20
Zapteryx exasperata              0.033   0.033    20

                                A) La Jolla Cove

                                          2005
                                 Mean       SE      O

AUoclinus holderi                 0         --      0
Amphistichus argenteus            0.347   0.347    17
Anisotremus davidsonii            0.292   0.127    67
Atherinops off inis               0.022   0.022    17
Atherinopsis californiensis       0.139   0.139    17
Atractoscion nobilis              0         --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus             0         --      0
Brachyistius frenatus             0.722   0.287    67
Cheilotrema saturnum              0.028   0.028    17
Chromis punctipinnis            108.86    30.677   100
Cymatogaster aggregata            0.097   0.062    33
Embiotoca jacksoni                2.038   0.348    100
Galeorhinus galeus                0.055   0.055    17
Gibbonsia elegans                 0.014   0.014    17
Girella nigricans                 5.419   1.187    100
Haemulon californiensis           0         --      0
Halichoeres semicinctus           6.611   1.088    100
Hermosilla azurea                 0.167   0.108    33
Heterodontus francisci            0         --      0
Heterostichus rostratus           0.122   0.077    67
Hexanchus griseus                 0         --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum           0         --      0
Hypsurus caryi                    0.247   0.076    100
Hypsypops rubicundus             16.500   1.953    100
Lythrypnus dalli                  0         --      0
Medialuna californiensis          2.500   1.262    100
Micrometrus minimus               0.861   0.384    83
Mycteroperca xenarcha             0         --      0
Myliobatis californica            0         --      0
Oxyjulis californica             52.678   7.767    100
Oxylebius pictus                  0.050   0.023    50
Paralabrax clathratus            15.345   2.328    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus      0         --      0
Paralabrax nebulifer              2.433   1.308    100
Phanerodon furcatus               0.125   0.093    50
Rhacochilus toxotes               0.189   0.128    50
Rhacochilus vacca                 0.083    0.30    67
Rhinobatos productus              0         --      0
Rhinogobiops nicholsii            0         --      0
Scorpaena guttata                 0         --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus        0         --      0
Sebastes atrovirens               0.414   0.333    67
Sebastes auriculatus              0         --      0
Sebastes paucispinis              0         --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger             0         --      0
Sebastes serranoides              0.014   0.014    17
Sebastes serriceps                0         --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher             7.769   1.417    100
Seriphus politus                  0.028   0.028    17
Sphyraena argentea                0.042   0.042    17
Stereolepis gigas                 0.180   0.121    50
Urobatis halleri                  0         --      0
Zap teryx exasp erata             0         --      0
AUoclinus holderi                 0         --      0
Amphistichus argenteus            0         --      0
Anisotremus davidsonii            0.700   0.243    83
Atherinops affinis                0.011   0.011    17
Atherinopsis californiensis       0         --      0
Atractoscion nobilis              0         --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus             0         --      0
Brachyistius frenatus             5.525   4.589    100
Cheilotrema saturnum              0.014   0.014    17
Chromis punctipinnis             72.880   32.705   100
Cymatogaster aggregata            0         --      0
Embiotoca jacksoni                3.703   1.375    100
Galeorhinus galeus                0         --      0
Gibbonsia elegans                 0         --      0
Girella nigricans                 3.547   2.363    100
Haemulon calif or niensis         0         --      0
Halichoeres semicinctus          11.466   4.080    100
Hermosilla azurea                 0.083   0.057    33
Heterodontus francisci            0.014   0.014    17
Heterostichus rostratus           0.080   0.022    83
Hexanchus griseus                 0         --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum           0         --      0
Hypsurus caryi                    0.408   0.237    67
Hypsypops rubicundus             18.172   5.526    100
Lythrypnus dalli                  0         --      0
Medialuna californiensis          1.903   0.835    83
Micrometrus minimus               0.347   0.159    67
Mycteroperca xenarcha             0         --      0
Myliobatis californica            0.011   0.011    17
Oxyjulis californica             62.411   14.528   100
Oxylebius pictus                  0         --      0
Paralabrax clathratus            11.558   3.924    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus      0.042   0.042    17
Paralabrax nebulifer              0.133   0.041    83
Phanerodon furcatus               0.292   0.275    33
Rhacochilus toxotes               0.139   0.028    83
Rhacochilus vacca                 0.133   0.051    67
Rhinobatos productus              0         --      0
Rhinogobiops nicholsii            0         --      0
Scorpaena guttata                 0.014   0.014    17
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus        0         --      0
Sebastes atrovirens               0.055   0.028    17
Sebastes auriculatus              0.014   0.014    17
Sebastes paucispinis              0         --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger             0         --      0
Sebastes serranoides              0.014   0.014    17
Sebastes serriceps                0         --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher             5.153   1.808    100
Seriphus politus                  0         --      0
Sphyraena argentea                0.028   0.028    17
Stereolepis gigas                 0         --      0
Urobatis halleri                  0         --      0
Zapteryx exasperata               0         --      0

                                A) La Jolla Cove

                                            2002-2005
                                  Mean        SE      O

AUoclinus holderi                0            --      0
Amphistichus argenteus           0.087      0.087     4
Anisotremus davidsonii           1.428      0.554     75
Atherinops off inis              0.165      0.139     12
Atherinopsis californiensis      1.149      0.876     17
Atractoscion nobilis             0.017      0.014     8
Aulorhynchus flavidus            0.278      0.263     8
Brachyistius frenatus            0.678      0.182     54
Cheilotrema saturnum             0.066      0.052     12
Chromis punctipinnis            82.362      12.289   100
Cymatogaster aggregata           0.128      0.085     17
Embiotoca jacksoni               1.794      0.155    100
Galeorhinus galeus               0.045      0.025     17
Gibbonsia elegans                0.010      0.006     12
Girella nigricans                8.466      1.340    100
Haemulon californiensis          0.833      0.833     4
Halichoeres semicinctus          5.898      0.735    100
Hermosilla azurea                0.299      0.193     21
Heterodontus francisci           0            --      0
Heterostichus rostratus          0.278      0.157     62
Hexanchus griseus                0            --      0
Hyperprosopon argenteum          0.580      0.361     17
Hypsurus caryi                   0.215      0.268     67
Hypsypops rubicundus            13.587      1.037    100
Lythrypnus dalli                 0.240      0.229     8
Medialuna californiensis         1.609      0.367     96
Micrometrus minimus              0.358      0.118     54
Mycteroperca xenarcha            0.003      0.003     4
Myliobatis californica           0.266      0.259     8
Oxyjulis californica            55.334      9.429    100
Oxylebius pictus                 0.061      0.026     33
Paralabrax clathratus           11.823      1.523    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus     0.031      0.022     8
Paralabrax nebulifer             1.660      0.415     87
Phanerodon furcatus              0.153      0.083     25
Rhacochilus toxotes              0.121      0.042     42
Rhacochilus vacca                0.135      0.069     42
Rhinobatos productus             0.003      0.003     4
Rhinogobiops nicholsii           0.031      0.020     12
Scorpaena guttata                0            --      0
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus       0            --      0
Sebastes atrovirens              0.256      0.101     54
Sebastes auriculatus             0.003      0.003     4
Sebastes paucispinis             0.038      0.038     4
Sebastes rastrelliger            0.010      0.010     4
Sebastes serranoides             0.031      0.028     8
Sebastes serriceps               0.003      0.003     4
Semicossyphus pulcher            5.986      0.793    100
Seriphus politus                 0.007      0.007     4
Sphyraena argentea               0.685      0.339     25
Stereolepis gigas                0.059      0.033     21
Urobatis halleri                 0            0       0
Zap teryx exasp erata            0.007      0.005     8
AUoclinus holderi                0.004      0.004     4
Amphistichus argenteus           0.326      0.326     4
Anisotremus davidsonii           0.984      0.270     70
Atherinops affinis               0.014      0.011     9
Atherinopsis californiensis      0.398      0.362     9
Atractoscion nobilis             0            --      0
Aulorhynchus flavidus            0.072      0.054     9
Brachyistius frenatus            3.426      2.006     56
Cheilotrema saturnum             0.011      0.006     13
Chromis punctipinnis            52.413      11.123   100
Cymatogaster aggregata           0.005      0.005     4
Embiotoca jacksoni               3.034      0.461    100
Galeorhinus galeus               0            --      0
Gibbonsia elegans                0.019      0.015     9
Girella nigricans                4.986      1.070    100
Haemulon calif or niensis        0.011      0.008     9
Halichoeres semicinctus          6.057      1.275    100
Hermosilla azurea                0.217      0.133     30
Heterodontus francisci           0.007      0.005     9
Heterostichus rostratus          0.090      0.023     70
Hexanchus griseus                0.004      0.004     4
Hyperprosopon argenteum          0.094      0.094     4
Hypsurus caryi                   0.278      0.087     52
Hypsypops rubicundus            18.858      2.919    100
Lythrypnus dalli                 0            --      0
Medialuna californiensis         1.676      0.419     91
Micrometrus minimus              0.385      0.121     65
Mycteroperca xenarcha            0.011      0.008     9
Myliobatis californica           0.003      0.003     4
Oxyjulis californica            50.720      9.574     96
Oxylebius pictus                 0.024      0.011     22
Paralabrax clathratus            8.215      1.323    100
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus     0.018      0.013     9
Paralabrax nebulifer             0.237      0.065     78
Phanerodon furcatus              0.171      0.100     22
Rhacochilus toxotes              0.184      0.069     61
Rhacochilus vacca                0.175      0.044     56
Rhinobatos productus             0.008      0.006     9
Rhinogobiops nicholsii           0.023      0.013     13
Scorpaena guttata                0.004      0.004     4
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus       0.004      0.004     4
Sebastes atrovirens              0.087      0.029     35
Sebastes auriculatus             0.004      0.004     4
Sebastes paucispinis             0            --      0
Sebastes rastrelliger            0.004      0.004     4
Sebastes serranoides             0.217      0.168     17
Sebastes serriceps               0            --      0
Semicossyphus pulcher            4.238      0.580    100
Seriphus politus                 0            --      0
Sphyraena argentea               0.366      0.326     13
Stereolepis gigas                0.011      0.008     9
Urobatis halleri                 0.051      0.043     13
Zapteryx exasperata              0.025      0.013     17

Table 4. Rank order list of the top twelve species of fishes at two
sites in La Jolla between 2002 and 2005.

                                               La Jolla Cove   Boomers

Chromis punctipinnis (Blacksmith)                    1            1
Oxyjulis californica (Seriorita)                     2            2
Hypsypops rubicundus (Garibaldi)                     3            3
Paralabrax clathratus (Kelp Bass)                    4            4
Girella nigricans (Opaleye)                          5            6
Halichoeres semicinctus (Rock Wrasse)                6            5
Semicossyphus pulcher (California Sheephead)         7            7
Embiotoca jacksoni (Black Perch)                     8            9
Paralabrax nebulifer (Barred Sand Bass)              9           --
Medialuna californiensis (Halfmoon)                 10           10
Anisotremus davidsonii (Sargo)                      11           11
Haemulon californiensis (Salema)                    12           --
Brachyistius frenatus (Kelp Perch)                  --            8
Amphistichus argenteus (Barred Surfperch)           --           12
COPYRIGHT 2014 Southern California Academy of Sciences
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2014 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Hastings, P.A.; Craig, M.T.; Erisman, B.E.; Hyde, J.R.; Walker, H.J.
Publication:Bulletin (Southern California Academy of Sciences)
Date:Dec 1, 2014
Words:17597
Previous Article:Avian predators target nocturnal runs of the beach-spawning marine fish, California Grunion, Leuresthes tenuis (Atherinopsidae).
Next Article:Clarifying the northern extent of the diamond stingray (Dasyatis dipterura) in Southern California.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters