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First hard winter wheat varieties for Eastern U.S. production.

The first hard winter wheat varieties bred for production in the eastern United States have been developed by the Agricultural Research Service.

Hard wheat, which is used for baking bread, has been a production challenge for farmers in the eastern United States because the area's humidity increases the incidence of disease in the field, which affects yield and grain quality. But NuEast, a new variety of hard red winter wheat, has good grain yield and moderate resistance to powdery mildew and stem rust, including Ug99 races. It also has good resistance to leaf rust.

Another new wheat variety on deck is a hard white winter wheat called "Appalachian White." This variety was tested for 3 years at six locations and consistently produced good yields and better grain quality than other hard white winter wheats tested. Appalachian White also showed a higher level of resistance to powdery mildew, stripe rust, leaf rust, and Hessian fly than other hard white wheats. David Marshall, USDA-ARS Plant Science Research Unit, Raleigh, NC; (919) 515-6819, david.marshall@ ars.usda.gov.
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Title Annotation:Science Update
Comment:First hard winter wheat varieties for Eastern U.S. production.(Science Update)
Author:Marshall, David
Publication:Agricultural Research
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 2010
Words:175
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