Female genital mutilation, obstetric outcomes and primary infertility.
A case-control study of 99 infertile women in Khartoum, Sudan, investigated the possible association between female genital mutilation (FGM) and primary infertility. The women underwent diagnostic laparoscopy. Of the 99 women with primary infertility examined, 48 had adnexal pathology indicative of previous inflammation. After controlling for other risk factors, these women had significantly higher risk than a control group of having undergone the most extensive form of FGM, that involves the labia majora. The anatomical extent of FGM, rather than whether or not the vulva had been sutured or closed, was associated with primary infertility. (3)
(1.) WHO Study Group on Female Genital Mutilation and Obstetric Outcome. Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries. Lancet 2006;367:1835-41.
(2.) Eke N, Nkanginieme KEO. Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome (Comment]. Lancet 2006;367: 1799-80.
(3.) Almroth L, Elmusharaf S, El Hadi N, et al. Primary infertility after genital mutilation in girlhood in Sudan: a case-control study. Lancet 2005;366:385-91.
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|Title Annotation:||ROUND UP: Research|
|Publication:||Reproductive Health Matters|
|Date:||Nov 1, 2006|
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