Printer Friendly

Female Nobel Prize Winners.

At the end of 2014, Sister Namibia wants to look back over not only this year, but many years previously. We want to hail the women of bravery and intelligence who have not been held back by their gender from achieving some of the highest accollades in the world. May women who have won the Nobel Prize remind us that all human beings hold the same potential.

Literature

Name                             Year

Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlof    1909
Grazia Deledda                   1926
Sigrid Undset                    1928
Pearl Buck                       1938
Gabriela Mistral                 1945
Nelly Sachs                      1966
Nadine Gordimer                  1991
Toni Morrison                    1993
Wislawa Szymborska               1996
Elfriede Jelinek                 2004
Dorris Lessing                   2007
Herta Muller                     2009
Alice Munro                      2013

Science

Name                             Year   Sub-field

Marie Sklodowska Curie--         1903   Physics
Marie Sklodowska Curie--         1911   Chemistry
Irene Joliot-Curie               1935   Chemistry
Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori       1947   Physiology or Medicine
Maria Goeppert Mayer             1963   Physics
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin         1964   Chemistry
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow            1977   Physiology or Medicine
Barbara McClintock               1983   Physiology or Medicine
Rita Levi-Montalcini             1986   Physiology or Medicine
Gertrude B. Elion                1998   Physiology or Medicine
Christiane Nusslein-Volhard      1995   Physiology or Medicine
Linda Buck                       2004   Physiology or Medicine
Francoise Barre-Sinoussi         2008   Physiology or Medicine
Elizabeth H. Blackburn &         2009   Physiology or Medicine
Carol W. Greidner
Ada E. Yonath                    2009   Chemistry
May-Britt Moser                  2014   Physiology or Medicine

Economic Sciences
Name                        Year

Elinor Ostrom               2009

Peace

Name                        Year   Contribution

Bertha von Suttner          1905   Austrian novelist, known chiefly as
                                   an ardent pacifist. Her pacifist
                                   novel Die Waffen nieder(1889, tr.
                                   Lay Down Your Arms, 1892) had great
                                   social impact. Through her
                                   subsequent friendship with Alfred
                                   Nobel, she influenced him to
                                   establish the Nobel Prizes. She was
                                   the first woman awarded (1905) the
                                   Nobel Peace Prize.

Jane Addams                 1931   The reader can find out more about
                                   Jane Addams and her contribution.

Emily Greene Balch          1946   The reader can find out more about
(& John R. Mott)                   Emily Greene and her contribution.

Mairead Corrigan            1976   The reader can find out more about
and Betty Williams                 Mairead Corrigan and Betty
                                   Williamsn and their contribution.

Mother Teresa               1979   The reader can find out more about
of Calcutta                        Mother Teresa of Calcutta and her
                                   contribution.

Alva Myrdal                 1982   The reader can find out more about
                                   Alva Myrdal and her contribution.

Aung San Suu Kyi            1991   In 1988 Aung joined the opposition
                                   to U Ne Win and became leader of the
The daughter of                    National League for Democracy (NLD).
assassinated nationalist           Her outspoken criticism of the
general U Aung San, who            military leaders of Myanmar and the
is regarded as the                 memory of her father made her a
founder of modern                  symbol of popular desire for
Myanmar, she lived                 political freedom and a focus of
outside the country after          opposition to the dictatorship. In
1960. She returned home            July, 1989, she was placed under
in 1988 to care for her            house arrest. The NLD won 80% of the
dying mother.                      seats in 1990 elections for
                                   parliament, but the military refused
                                   to hand over power. Awarded the 1990
                                   Sakharov Prize from the European
                                   Parliament and the 1991 Nobel Peace
                                   Prize for her nonviolent struggle,
                                   she remained under house arrest
                                   until 1995 and was subsequently
                                   subject to severe restrictions.

Rigoberta Menchu Turn       1992   Protesters against human-rights
                                   abuses, her father, mother, and
                                   younger brother were killed by
                                   Guatamalan soldiers, and in 1981
                                   Menchu fled the country and settled
                                   in Mexico. At home and abroad, she
                                   has worked to secure and protect the
                                   rights of indigenous peoples in her
                                   country and to promote intercultural
                                   peace.

Jody Williams               1997   The reader can find out more about
                                   Jody Williams and her contribution.

Shirin Ebadi                2003   Ebadi studied at Tehran University,
                                   earned a law degree in 1971, and was
                                   named Iran's first-ever female judge
                                   in 1975. However, she and other
                                   female judges were forced to resign
                                   when Iran became an Islamic Republic
                                   after the revolution of 1979. After
                                   years of being denied a law licence,
                                   Ebadi set up her own legal practice
                                   in 1992 and has since been working
                                   to promote the rights of women and
                                   children.

Wangari MutaMaathai         2004   The first African woman to win the
                                   Nobel Peace Prize. Ecologist,
                                   Wangari Maathai, won the 2004 Nobel
                                   Peace Prize for her years of work
                                   with women to reverse African
                                   deforestation.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf,      2011   Awarded for their non-violent
Leymah Gbowee and                  struggle for the safety of women and
Tawakkol Karman                    for women's rights to full
                                   participation in peace-building
                                   work.

Malala Yousafzai and        2014   Awarded for their struggle against
(Kailash Satyarthi)                the suppression of children and
                                   young people and for the right of
                                   all children to education.
COPYRIGHT 2014 Sister Namibia
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2014 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:International women
Publication:Sister Namibia
Article Type:Table
Date:Dec 1, 2014
Words:755
Previous Article:Sister interns 2014: Sister Namibia thanks all our interns for your gift of service this year.
Next Article:Omauyelele nomakwatathano gopautekinolohi (ICTs): ondjila yoku ya muuwiliki: uupenda owa pumbiwa mokwiilonga nomokuninga omuwiliki.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters