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Fascinating facts about the human cardiovascular system.

Byline: METRO CREATIVE CONTENT

The human heart and the miles of blood vessels that snake through the body are a wonder to behold. Made up of three independent components, the cardiovascular system functions best when these three components, which include the heart, lungs and portal vessels, work cohesively.

Each day 2,000 gallons of blood travel through the blood vessels to provide oxygenated blood to the body and remove waste materials, including carbon dioxide. That's a lot of traveling. In fact, according to LiveScience, if you were to lay out all of the arteries, capillaries and veins in one adult from end-to-end, they would stretch roughly 60,000 miles, which means that our blood vessels could wrap around the Earth 2.5 times.

The human cardiovascular system is nothing short of fascinating, and the following are some even more remarkable facts about this wonder of nature, courtesy of Mercola, PBS, CPR Certified medical training group, and LiveScience.

* The heart beats around 2.5 billion times in the average person's lifetime.

* Red blood cells have to move in a single-file line to fit through the minuscule capillaries in the body.

* When the body is at rest, it takes about six seconds for the blood to go from the heart to the lungs and back.

* A woman's heart typically beats faster than a man's heart, at a rate of 78 times per minute (mens' hearts beat 70 times per minute).

* The corneas in a person's eyes are the only bodily cells that do not receive a blood supply.

* The thumping sound of the heart is made by the four valves of the heart closing.

* If a heart has an adequate supply of oxygen, it can beat even when separated from the body, thanks to its own electrical impulse.

* Ancient Egyptians believed the heart, rather than the brain, was the source of emotion, wisdom and memory.

* Unlike other cells, red blood cells do not contain nuclei so they have room to carry oxygen. However, this absence is why they cannot divide or synthesize new cell components.

* Healthy bone marrow will constantly manufacture new red blood cells.

* Within a tiny droplet of blood, there are about 5 million red blood cells.

* The right ventricle is responsible for moving blood to the lungs, where it will receive fresh oxygen and nutrients. The left atrium and left ventricle receive this oxygenated blood back from the lungs.

* The heart begins beating four weeks after conception.

The cardiovascular system is an amazing component of the human body.

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Publication:Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL)
Date:Feb 14, 2018
Words:419
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