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Fall preview 2005: three times a year Artforum looks ahead to the coming season. The following survey previews fifty shows opening around the world between September and December.

"Robert Rauschenberg: Combines"

Metropolitan Museum of Art

December 20, 2005-April 2, 2006

Curated by Paul Schimmel

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When Robert Rauschenberg is finally recognized as the Walt Whitman of late-twentieth-century America, the Combines will be his Leaves of Grass. They will stand, like Whitman's masterpiece, as a moment synthesized, an all-inclusive, promiscuous embrace of America in its first, riotous, postindustrial bang. So we should never forget that the Combines came into the world as rowdy, impudent rough trade, and if they no longer seem as mute and brute as they once did, it's only because we have invented words to defend ourselves. Today, we speak casually of art and life interpenetrated, of nature and culture compounded. Now, we have a vocabulary to deal with the assault of global media, niche marketing, designed obsolescence, celebrity assassination, and nonlinear image politics. But we didn't then. Then, in the late '50s and early '60s, the Combines just looked like America. They were big, profligate, messy, ebullient, and impersonal--chillingly sane and arrogantly careless. People tended to regard them as they regarded America in that decade: with a combination of awe, envy, and disdain.

Even so, the Combines were so irrevocably there that the question of whether they were "good" or "bad" seemed irrelevant. You could hate them as regressive fictions, as many fledgling Minimalists did. You could disdain them as tawdry ephemera, as the New York School establishment chose to do. But you couldn't quibble with them, because, good or bad, the Combines felt right. In a single fiat, Rauschenberg appropriated the "personal virtues" of Abstract Expressionist painting--its energy, structure, and convulsive extravagance--and, stepping nimbly aside, reattributed these virtues to the ambient culture. In doing so, he created a new image politics and a metaphor of artistic continuation between American art of the fading '50s and that of the burgeoning '60s. Most critically, however, the Combines, in their chaotic synthesis, supplied a toolbox and template for nearly everything that happened after 1968.

"Installation," "appropriation," "recontextualization," "multimedia," "simulation," "neo-expressionism," and a multitude of other maneuvers trace their first permission to the Combines--as does an enormous landfill of provincial whimsy and academic collage created by artists who thought that Rauschenberg had invented a style. He hadn't. He had a vision of the future and a strategy for adapting to it. Now, forty years later, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, in cooperation with the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, is mounting a show of sixty-five Combines Rauschenberg made between 1954 and 1964. Before this moment, I suspect, their pervasive influence has been reason enough not to show them. And this is fine, actually, because now, with the fever receding, we may see them plain in their sweet, prescient antiquity. Not just avant la lettre, but before the whole alphabet.

--Dave Hickey

Travels to the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, May 14-Sept. 4, 2006; Centre Pompidou, Paris, Oct. 4, 2006-Jan. 8, 2007; Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Feb. 4-Apr. 29, 2007.

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NEW YORK

Elizabeth Murray

Museum of Modern Art

October 23, 2005-January 9, 2006

Curated by Robert Storr

Updating her 1987-88 traveling retrospective, MOMA's survey of seventy-odd paintings and drawings spanning four decades is a tribute to Elizabeth Murray's eccentric presence in today's art world. With a funk sensibility that connects her to the indigenous art of her native Chicago, as well as to Guston and Crumb, she has created her own, Pop-inspired universe swarming with forms resembling Mickey Mouse ears, Dagwood shoes, thought balloons, and domestic objects that morph into illegibility. But her work has equally strong parallels to the story of abstraction, often echoing de Kooning's restless collisions and Stella's shaped explosions as she continues to invent baroque extravagances of clashing shapes and eye-popping colors, all squirming in low relief.

--Robert Rosenblum

Russia!

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

September 16, 2005-January 12, 2006

The founders of the Museum of Non-objective Painting--as the Guggenheim was once called--will turn in their graves when "Russia!" opens. Their institution committed itself to abstract art not long after the big shots of socialist realism celebrated a victory over their modernist rivals; now Krens & Co. will grant the production of these aesthetic adversaries equal status as "masterpieces." Approximately 250 works from the last eight centuries will be generously thrown into the bin--medieval icons, imperial statuary, Suprematist paintings, Soviet propaganda--everything, presumably, but a Russian kitchen sink. No fewer than nine people, including familiar names from the Russian museum establishment as well as some unknown to the field, were required to curate this behemoth.--Margarita Tupitsyn

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Safe: Design Takes On Risk

Museum of Modern Art

October 16, 2005-January 2, 2006

Curated by Paola Antonelli and Patricia Juncosa Vecchierini

Imagine the grim security theater performed by weary airline passengers, stripped of dignity, dropping their shoes into gray dishwashing tubs. Now picture the colorful, sleek, lightweight, high-performance--in a word, sexy--safety equipment donned by skydivers. Aha! Risk, an inherent part of life, can be embraced with joy (helped in no small measure by well-designed protective devices). Gathering some three hundred prototypes, products, and designs-like home C[O.sub.2] detectors, emergency-response gadgets, and anti-drug ads--"Safe" sets out to prove that no aspect of life, no matter how perilous, needs to be imaginatively impoverished. If the Freedom Tower, New York's tallest bunker, had the fizz and pizzazz of this show, the war on terror would soon be over.--Bruce Sterling

Oscar Bluemner

Whitney Museum of American Art

October 7, 2005-February 12, 2006

Curated by Barbara Haskell

There are probably as few people around these days who remember Al Capp's cartoon character Joe Btfsplk--so dogged by misfortune that he had his own personal raincloud hovering over him--as there are contemporary art scenesters who know who Oscar Bluemner was. Actually Btfsplk and Bluemner (1867-1938) could have been the same guy. The artist fled Germany (no, the Kaiser) in 1892; practiced as an architect but had credit for his best design snatched from him; saw his wife die from the effects of chronic poverty; and, crippled, blind, and insomniac after a car crash, committed suicide in 1938. But he painted luminous if heartbreaking semiabstract landscapes, and they--not his star-crossed life--are the attraction of this eighty-work retrospective, Bluemner's first in nearly two decades.--Peter Plagens

Odd Lots: Revisiting Gordon Matta-Clark's "Fake Estates"

White Columns

September 9-October 16

Queens Museum of Art

September 11, 2005-January 22, 2006

Curated by Jeffrey Kastner, Sina Najafi, and Frances Richard

Between 1973 and 1974, Gordon Matta-Clark bought fifteen tiny, oddly shaped fragments of land from the City of New York at auction, a meditation on property rights he called "Fake Estates." In what promises to be the definitive statement on this project, "Odd Lots," jointly organized by Cabinet magazine, the Queens Museum of Art, and White Columns, will both revisit the sites Matta-Clark purchased and invite nineteen artists--including Isidro Blasco, and Mierle Laderman Ukeles--to respond to the plots themselves. The catalogue boasts essays by the curators and Queens historian Jeffrey Kroessler.--Pamela M. Lee

Peter Hujar

P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center

October 23, 2005-January 16, 2006

Curated by Bob Nickas

For thirty years, until his death in 1987, Peter Hujar documented the untamed margins of New York and New Jersey, pointing his camera at people (Susan Sontag, David Wojnarowicz, drag queens, and gay cruisers), buildings (corporate high-rises, dilapidated diners, crumbling Newark apartments), and animals. The easy rapport he established with his subjects allowed for intimate pictures that are equal parts romance and record. Selecting fifty previously unexhibited images that span the photographer's career and range of subject matter, P.S. I curator Bob Nickas provides an opportunity to broaden our exposure to Hujar's contemplative and influential body of work.--Kyle Bentley

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Stephen Shore

P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center

October 23, 2005-January 23, 2006

Curated by Bob Nickas

Developing out of his earlier experiments with Pop and Conceptualist practices, Stephen Shore's "American Surfaces" signaled a shift away from the theatrical anomie of late '60s American street photography. Photographing with a miniature 35 mm camera on road trips in 1972 and 1973, Shore documented nearly everything and everyone he encountered, producing perhaps the most stylistically expressive and hauntingly autobiographical work of his career, while laying the foundation for the stoic large-format images that would dominate his oeuvre over the next decade. The resulting series, over three hundred examples of which are on view, is an uneasy portrait of '70s America that is as coolly detached as it is deeply affecting. The show coincides with Phaidon's updated publication of American Surfaces.--Walead Beshty

Egon Schiele

Neue Galerie

October 21, 2005-February 20, 2006

Curated by Renee Price

Put together for the first time, the more than 150 paintings and drawings by Egon Schiele amassed in the collections of Neue Galerie cofounders Ronald Lauder and the late Serge Sabarsky amount to a comprehensive survey of the short-lived rebel's work. The staged gawkiness of Schiele's naked bodies--ready for sex or painful self-reflection--not only fit perfectly into the world of Klimt and Freud, but offer a Janus-faced mirror of Viennese art, looking backward to the grimacing busts of Messerschmidt and forward to the kinky body-art performances of Nitsch. And there's another Schiele, too, whose land-scapes resemble exquisite mosaics, at once echoing turn-of-the-century Viennese decorative arts and anticipating Hundertwasser's patchwork-quilt villages.--RR

Frequency

Studio Museum in Harlem

November 9, 2005-March 12, 2006

Curated by Thelma Golden and Christine Y. Kim

No one could blame you for thinking that "Frequency" will likely be a reprise of "Freestyle," Thelma Golden's celebrated 2001 survey of young black American artists, which presciently showcased the work of Laylah Ali, Julie Mehretu, and Rico Gatson, then in the liftoff stage of big career arcs. But four years have passed, and while the new crop of young hopefuls in "Frequency" may include a few names already familiar from New York gallery shows--Adam Pendleton, Jeff Sonhouse, Kalup Linzy--the bulk of the exhibition's thirty-four artists are relative newcomers from places like Notre Dame, Indiana, and Costa Mesa, California. Their presence will give viewers a rare opportunity to be surprised--again.--Brian Sholis

BOSTON

Thomas Hirschhorn

Institute of Contemporary Art

September 21, 2005-January 16, 2006

Curated by Nicholas Baume and Ralph Rugoff

Thomas Hirschhorn is best known for works that not only challenge the institution of art, but take place outside its confines. His 2002 Bataille Monument, for example, famously sent spectators to a working-class neighborhood far from Documenta 11's tourist-friendly complex. By contrast, Hirschhorn's American venues--galleries and museums--appear decidedly mainstream. Still, his approach remains as context-sensitive as ever, albeit in more geopolitical terms. Titled Utopia, Utopia=One World, One War, One Army, One Dress, Hirschhorn's latest project promises a sly, sartorially minded send-up of America's campaign to put "freedom on the march." Travels to the CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts, San Francisco, Mar. 15-May 13, 2006.--Margaret Sundell

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PHILADELPHIA

Eugene Atget

Philadelphia Museum of Art

September 10-November 27

Curated by Peter Barberie and Katherine Ware

Atget's photographs of Paris--what he modestly termed his "documents"--have entered the canon of twentieth-century photography. Rather than argue his already established legitimacy, this exhibition provides a perspective on Atget through the sensibility of a collector and a photographer, both of whom loved and conserved his work. The 120 photographs are from the collection of Julian Levy, known for his pioneering art gallery (established 1931). Many of these pictures, taken between 1890 and 1926, were printed in the '30s by Berenice Abbott, who rescued so many of Atget's negatives from oblivion and whose own photographs were informed by his work. This show is obligatory for anyone interested in Atget and his photographic legacies.--Abigail Solomon-Godeau

WASHINGTON, DC

Sean Scully

Phillips Collection

October 22, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Stephen Bennett Phillips

To some, Dublin-born Sean Scully is a profoundly joyful painter who, in spite of an obsession with cinder-block compositions and really big paintbrushes, almost manages to pull off greatness. To others, Scully is a rigorous abstractionist who, in spite of a persistent atmospheric romanticism in his work, almost manages to pull off greatness. While this show of the artist's "Wall of Light" series (1998-2005) would seem to bode in favor of the latter, it's still probably six to five, pick 'em. The odds of Scully eluding that nagging almost are a little longer. Some sixty watercolors, oils, pastels, and aquatints should go a long way in deciding the matter. Travels to the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Feb. 11-May 28, 2006; Cincinnati Art Museum, June 24-Sept. 3, 2006; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Sept. 25, 2006-Jan. 14, 2007.--PP

MIAMI

Albert Oehlen

Museum of Contemporary Art

November 18, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Bonnie Clearwater

I Know What You Did Last Summer helped launch the careers of Jennifer Love Hewitt and Freddie Prinze Jr. "I Know Whom You Showed Last Summer" (the title of Oehlen's exhibition) won't launch anyone's career, but it may lead Miami gallerygoers to take a closer look at two artists, Albert Oehlen and Malcolm Morley--or at least that's Clearwater's plan. Oehlen's thirty-work survey, spanning 1983 to the present, strategically precedes Morley's big MOCA show in December. The younger German painter is known for collaborating with more folks than a Vichy bureaucrat (having partnered with, among others, Martin Kippenberger and Jonathan Meese). Clearwater hopes his painterly affection for Morley will emerge in this, his first US survey.--Eric Banks

COLUMBUS, OH

Part Object Part Sculpture

Wexner Center for the Arts

October 30, 2005-February 26, 2006

Curated by Helen Molesworth

In 1964, Duchamp oversaw an edition of his readymades in which replicas of iconic works such as Bottle Rack and Fountain were handcrafted by artisans. In this first show in the Wexner's newly renovated galleries, Molesworth argues that these works, along with a series of erotic ceramic sculptures Duchamp made in the '50s, complicate the standard narrative of postwar sculptural production with its emphasis on the logic of the assembly line. To support her revisionist take on Duchamp's legacy, Molesworth marshals eighty-five works by twenty artists, including Lynda Benglis, Louise Bourgeois, Marcel Broodthaers, Robert Gober, and Josiah McElheny. The catalogue features essays by Molesworth, Briony Fer, Rachel Haidu, Rosalind Krauss, and Molly Nesbit.--Lisa Pasquariello

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MINNEAPOLIS

Huang Yong Ping

Walker Art Center

October 16, 2005-January 15, 2006

Curated by Philippe Vergne

A leading figure of China's '80s avantgarde, Huang Yong Ping went to Paris in 1989 to participate in Jean-Hubert Martin's seminal "Magiciens de la terre" at the Centre Pompidou and never left. In his first US retrospective, Huang unveils the culminating installment of "Bat Project," 2001-2005, a series of partial re-creations of the American spy plane that crashed into a Chinese fighter jet on April 1, 2001, triggering an international standoff. (Earlier incarnations of this work were banned in China.) Apart from the controversial "Bat Project," the Walker's show will feature over forty works--installations, documentation of performances, and objects--from 1985 to the present. Travels to Mass MOCA, North Adams, MA, Feb. 19, 2006-Jan. 8, 2007.--Melissa Chiu

HOUSTON

Andrea Zittel

Contemporary Arts Museum Houston

October 1, 2005-January 1, 2006

Curated by Paola Morsiani and Trevor Smith

Andrea Zittel has carved out--or knitted, drilled, and glue-gunned--a niche in critiquing the uber-efficient but impersonal domestic lifestyle. Since the early '90s, she has turned on its head every cultural signpost of utopian freedom, from homemade clothes to the RV. At the CAMH (which co-organized the exhibition with New York's New Museum), Zittel's gouache drawings, dehydrated food, and living units will settle in one place for the first time on native soil. It should be the most avant-garde RV park in Houston's history. Travels to the New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, Jan. 26, 2005-Apr. 29, 2006; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, Oct. 6, 2006-Jan. 7, 2007; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Mar. 4-May 21, 2007; and other venues.--Christopher Bollen

Robert Gober

Menil Collection

October 28, 2005-January 22, 2006

Curated by Matthew Drutt

"The Meat Wagon," the creepy title of the Menil Collection's Robert Gober exhibition, is perhaps more immediately evocative of an artist like Paul McCarthy, but then there's no shortage of "meat" in Gober's oeuvre--like a man's hairy leg protruding from a hairless vagina. Organized by Menil curator Matthew Drutt in collaboration with the artist, the exhibition includes twenty familiar and seldom-seen works by Gober from the past two decades. These will be installed with about fifty items from the museum's collections--Surrealist, Spanish Colonial, and black Americana, for example--in the interest of fostering a "dialogue" between the historical artifacts and Gober's works. And since the artist has proven himself a genius at installation, the results should be compelling.--David Rimanelli

The Surreal Calder

Menil Collection

September 30, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Mark Rosenthal

"Surrealism," like "Romanticism," encompasses a bewildering variety of artists as different as Magritte and Miro. Now Calder will be initiated into this strange fraternity. Often pigeonholed simply as the inventor of the mobile, Calder in fact participated in many of the vital artistic movements of his time, but it was Surrealism that rooted his art in a biomorphic universe. Calder's flying, crawling creatures, celestial visions, and fantastic constructions from unexpected fragments--dating from 1927 to 1947--will find themselves at home in the company of works by his European friends and contemporaries, from Tanguy to Ernst. Travels to SF MOMA, Mar. 3-May 21, 2006; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, June 11-Sept. 10, 2006.--RR

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Thornton Dial Sr.

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

September 25, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Jane Livingston and Alvia J. Wardlaw

Thornton Dial was one of the first contemporary outsider artists to gain an international reputation. Born in 1928 in rural Alabama, Dial spent about forty years as a carpenter, welder, and bricklayer, all the while burying his paintings in the yard so no one could see them. Since his retirement in 1983, he has devoted his time and skills to artmaking. The seventy-three paintings in this show are encrusted with barbed wire, carpeting, paper, and steel; the twenty-two large sculptures are made from steel piping and found objects. The exhibition, Dial's largest to date, also includes twenty-three watercolors and charcoal drawings. But what will stand out above all is that there is nothing remotely marginal about Dial's work.--Michele Wallace

FORT WORTH

Anselm Kiefer

Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth

September 25, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Michael Auping

Will Anselm Kiefer ever overcome his limited American reputation as Germany's premier history painter, working the nation through its National Socialist past? This sixty-work survey will provide US viewers with a metaphysical take on the artist's practice. The exhibition traces the dialogue between heaven and earth in Kiefer's oeuvre, from one of his earliest artist's books, The Heavens, 1969, to recent engagements with Jewish mysticism. Travels to the Musee d'Art Contemporain de Montreal, Feb. 12-May 7, 2006; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC, June 18-Sept. 10, 2006; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Oct. 15, 2006-Jan. 14, 2007.--Christine Mehring

SAN FRANCISCO

Kiki Smith

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

November 19, 2005-January 29, 2006

Curated by Siri Engberg

Kiki Smith's restless forays into paper, glass, bronze, video, books, bodily fluids, and tattoos have been sparked at one time or another by feminist politics, AIDS activism, and classic fables, perhaps giving her practice more personality than focus. This distillation of nearly one hundred works--organized by Siri Engberg of the Walker Art Center, where the show doubles in size next winter--is arranged into thematic "clusters" of figural and abstract pieces. The first to take stock of Smith's entire oeuvre (now spanning twenty-five years), this survey seems well timed for our emotive, craft-conscious moment. Travels to the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Feb. 26-May 14, 2006; Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, July 15-Sept. 24, 2006; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, Nov. 16, 2006-Feb. 11, 2007.--Linda Yablonsky

LOS ANGELES

Ecstasy: In and About Altered States

Museum of Contemporary Art

October 9, 2005-February 20, 2006

Curated by Paul Schimmel

In the '80s, XTC (the English pop band whose name phonetically transcribes the word that serves as the theme for this exhibition) wrote a song titled "The Man Who Sailed Around His Soul." The great voyage beyond oneself seems to be the order of the day, at least if one is to judge by the number of recent exhibitions devoted either to soul-searching's historical and vernacular side (psychedelia) or to its multiple avatars in contemporary art. Among the latter, this show promises a particularly original, and very multimedia, journey. The list of thirty artists is radically eclectic, running the gamut from Jeppe Hein to Pipilotti Rist, Ann Veronica Janssens to Takashi Murakami, plus a few newcomers from the four corners of the globe.--Jean-Pierre Criqui

Translated from French by Jeanine Herman.

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Masters of American Comics

Museum of Contemporary Art/UCLA Hammer Museum

November 20, 2005-March 12, 2006

Curated by John Carlin and Brian Walker

Funny as a crutch, as Ralph Malph used to say: Most discussions of comics are drier than a Methodist wake. And with fans' obsessive knowledge of particular faves often exaggerating their subject's relative cultural importance, essays on the medium frequently adopt a tone that is, ironically, world-serious. This show hopes to circumvent this somber solipsism by tracing comics' development over the century, with drawings and vintage newspaper strips by fifteen "masters" exhibited alongside comic books themselves. The catalogue offers writers as varied and talented as Pete Hamill and Jules Feiffer (on Terry and the Pirates and Popeye), not to mention the unstoppable Dave Eggers (on Chris Ware). Travels to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Apr. 25-Aug. 20, 2006.--EB

HONOLULU

Situation Comedy: Humor in Recent Art

Contemporary Museum

September 9-December 31

Curated by Dominic Molon and Michael Rooks

Though sitcoms are a staple of American culture, will "Situation Comedy" be able to draw connections between Cary Leibowitz, Michael Smith, and Dave Muller and The Honeymooners, Golden Girls, and Friends? I hope so. The exhibition includes more than sixty works in traditional media (and video, of course) by nearly thirty artists, some of whom seem like naturals (John Waters, Richard Prince) and others (Dana Schutz, Rodney Graham) who may provide oblique insight into the pleasures of self-deprecation, pranks, and laugh tracks. An excerpt from David Sedaris's essay collection Me Talk Pretty One Day complements a catalogue essay by the curators. Travels to the Chicago Cultural Center, Feb. 4-Apr. 9, 2006; and other venues.--DR

LONDON

Nobuyoshi Araki

Barblcan Art Gallery

October 6, 2005-January 22, 2006

Curated by Yoshiko Isshiki, Akiko Miki, and Tomoko Sato

Nobuyoshi Araki is Japan's most prolific photographer, and so much more: a purveyor of kimono-clad Japanese girls trussed up and hanging from the ceiling (with perhaps a curious kitten looking on?) and a master of desiccated lizards resting atop sunflower blooms. Perversity, aestheticism, and melancholia reign in his oeuvre. This exhibition includes roughly four thousand of his photographs from the '60s to the present as well as rare handmade albums from his early career and "Xerox Shashin-Cho," photocopied photographs elegantly bound in the traditional Japanese style, which Araki distributed to friends, critics, and people selected at random from the phone book. Travels to the National Museum of Photography, Copenhagen, July 21-Oct. 1, 2006.--DR

Eileen Gray

Design Museum

September 17, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Libby Sellers

Eileen Gray stands as one of the signature designers of the early modern era, her iconic status confirmed by the sheer quantity of knockoffs of her E. 1027 chrome-and-glass table available (cheap!) on the Internet. An intimate of Le Corbusier and member of the avantgarde group that formed around the magazine L'Architecture Vivante in the mid-'20s, Gray was, in her own time, well known for striking lacquer work and now-vanished International Style interiors. She remains, however, an elusive figure--a condition attributable both to the sexism of the first generation of modernist historians and to Gray's penchant for destroying her own sketches. This retrospective of furniture, models, drawings, and archival material from 1905 to 1945 promises to further cement her position in the modernist pantheon.--Kevin Pratt

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Henri Rousseau

Tate Modern

November 3, 2005-February 5, 2006

Curated by Christopher Green, Frances Morris, and Claire Freches

Although born in 1844, Henri "le Douanier" Rousseau very much belongs to the history of modernism. It is thus fitting that Tate Modern should mount a show primarily of his jungle paintings, with their mixture of animal violence, impossible flora, and dreamlike fantasy. The first substantial presentation of Rousseau's work to be held in Britain in eighty years, it benefits from considerable new research into the "exotic" in Paris by the Courtauld's Christopher Green and should be a revelation to a new public of this astonishing, far-from-naive painter. Travels to the Grand Palais, Paris, Mar. 13-June 19, 2006; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, July 16-Oct. 15, 2006.--Richard Shone

Jonathan Monk

Institute of Contemporary Arts

October 14-December 4

Curated by Jens Hoffmann

Jonathan Monk loves first-generation Conceptualists like family: unconditionally and without compunction about teasing them for their foibles. The autobiographical tilt of the British artist's output ensures its comic, critical impurity, whether in photographs taken on a car journey with his mother whenever she checked the route, wall texts inviting the viewer to dubious future assignations, or animations of both Sol LeWitt's gouache cubes and a Rubik's Cube. Monk's first London retrospective will repurpose the ICA's lower gallery as storage and its upper gallery as a daily-changing display space, destabilizing the institution while showcasing the bulk of his nimble historical maneuvers. An accompanying catalogue features an interview between Monk and Hoffmann.--Martin Herbert

Kerry James Marshall

Camden Arts Centre

November 25, 2005-January 29, 2006

Curated by Deborah Smith

History painting seems relevant again, with younger artists diving into the narrative waters en masse. So the timing's perfect for this survey of Kerry James Marshall's paintings, sculptures, and works on paper. Marshall has often been pigeonholed as naive or too American, which may explain why this is his first British solo show. Yet his painting is not just political, but sharply experimental in its treatment of surface and illusion. Perhaps this drew Luc Tuymans to write for the catalogue, which also includes an essay by Valerie Cassel Oliver. Travels to BALTIC, Gateshead, Feb. 4-Apr. 23, 2006; New Art Gallery Walsall, England, May 12-July 2, 2006; Modern Art Oxford, July 25-Oct. 22, 2006.--Katy Siegel

Degas, Sickert and Toulouse-Lautrec: London and Paris 1870-1910

Tate Britain

October 5, 2005-January 15, 2006

Curated by Anna Gruetzner Robins, Martin Myrone, and Richard Thomson

Another "modern life" exhibition from the well-fished lake of the fin-de-siecle places two of France's most French artists alongside Britain's most international. Degas's prescient and controversial L'Absinthe, 1875-76, sets the pace for an exploration of cafes, dance halls, cabarets, and scenes of sexual congress by twenty artists of the period. Alert British artists in Paris are, unusually, given equal emphasis, and Degas's friendship with Sickert will surely be seen as crucial for the later revitalization of British art. One can only hope that the aesthetic temperature reaches the fever of the curators' thematic, sociohistorical, and even sensational intent. Travels to the Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, Feb. 18-May 14, 2006.--RS

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OXFORD

Angela Bulloch

Modern Art Oxford

October 8-December 18

Curated by Suzanne Cotter, Reid Shier, Hendrik Driessen, and Matthias Hermann

Though Angela Bulloch was nominated for the Turner Prize in 1997, this exhibition is her first substantial showing in Britain since then. Bulloch explores her concern with perceptual systems in a variety of media: light and sound works sensitive to ambient conditions; viewer-activated furniture and pixel boxes that reconfigure imagery from the films of Kubrick, Antonioni, and farkovsky. Each of these investigations should receive their due at the four venues involved in this presentation of Bulloch's work from 1991 to the present. Interrelated shows will be mounted at the Vienna Secession (Sept. 15-Nov. 13), the De Pont Foundation, Tilburg, the Netherlands (Jan. 14-May 7, 2006), and the Power Plant, Toronto (June 24-Sept. 4, 2006).--Michael Archer

PARIS

Dada

Centre Pompidou

October 5, 2005-January 9, 2006

Curated by Laurent Le Bon, Leah Dickerman, and Anne Umland

Of all the isms that fed modernism, Dada might be the hardest to pin down. Not only did the movement turn up in several countries, but it spanned performance and poetry, painting and--perhaps the ultimate Dada art form--collage. Recent exhibitions have pursued depth over breadth, chasing after strains of Dada in New York and Japan. The Pompidou does the opposite, showing a staggering one thousand works by fifty artists, including films by Rene Clair and Marcel Duchamp. Just don't expect a single argument or vision: This survey promises to be as messy as the movement itself. Travels to the National Gallery, Washington, DC, Feb. 19-May 14, 2006; Museum of Modern Art, New York, June 16-Sept. 11, 2006.--Jori Finkel

LYON

Biennale d'Art Contemporain de Lyon

Varlous venues

September 14-December 31

Curated by Nicolas Bourriaud and Jerome Sans

"What is the tense of artwork today?" Curators Sans and Bourriaud make this question the focus of Lyon's next biennale, which charts temporal experience in art--the slowness of painting, the speed of the digital arts, and the virtual nature of computer time. Some sixty artists--including Daniel Buren, Yoko Ono, Sophie Calle, Philippe Parreno, and Rirkrit Tiravanija--use time as a medium, building material, and mode of engagement. Wim Delvoye even presents the evolution of the La Vache Qui Rit cow through his own collection of cheese labels. Plus, as an exercise in "teleporting," the biennale will produce simultaneous events in Glasgow, Frankfurt, Milan, Zurich, and Paris.--Jean-Max Colard

Translated from French by Jeanine Herman.

NANTES

Lygia Clark

Musee des Beaux Arts de Nantes

October 7-December 31

Curated by Suely Rolnik

In the late '70s, Lygia Clark and Brazilian psychoanalyst Suely Rolnik wrote a text on "relational objects" that became fundamental to the artist's later work, which focused on the development of a non-verbal therapy. Appropriately, Rolnik has now tackled the difficult task of examining the last twenty-five years of Clark's oeuvre. The exhibition comprises paintings, sculptures, and photographs, including a small number of artworks that predate 1963, the year that signaled a progressive abandonment of the object in Clark's practice. The core of the show, however, is a documentary of fifty-two interviews conducted by Rolnik in which a range of people involved with Clark's late work talk about their involvement with the Brazilian artist.--Carlos Basualdo

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NIMES, FRANCE

John Baldessari

Carre d'Art, Musee

d'Art Contemporain

October 19, 2005-January 6, 2006

Curated by Marie de Brugerolle

John Baldessari's oeuvre reflects the entire unfolding of West Coast post-modernism. First, he sets all of his canvases ablaze in order to reject painterly formalism and reclaim those modernist "others," information technology, the image, and the word. Second, he develops an acsthetic language out of massmedia image fragments. Third, he comes full circle, rehabilitating formalism as such, but within a context of media studies and linguistics. It should be interesting, then, to see what the sixty-six paintings, photographs, and films on view might mean both for the French--who provided Baldessari's work with a large part of its theoretical foundation--and for fellow artists, including Lawrence Weiner and Douglas Gordon, who contribute to the catalogue.--Jan Tumlir

LINZ, AUSTRIA

Matt Mullican

Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz

October 21, 2005-February 19, 2006

Curated by Stella Rollig

Known for his personal cosmologies, hypnosis performances, and invention of gnomic signs, Matt Mullican explores the multiple, and sometimes zany, connections between consciousness and language. This survey features some twenty-five works in diverse materials (including paper, glass, cloth, ceramic, and wood) and in various scales (from small drawings to roomsized installations) dating from the late '80s to today. Visitors will have the opportunity to gain an overview of the artist's complex approach to the idea of "models." By making material his relationship to architecture and cities, as well as mapping networks of mental ideas, Mullican's models open onto both the psychology of space and the spatialization of thought.--T.J. Demos

TURIN

T1 Turin Triennial of Contemporary Art

Varlous venues

November 11, 2005-March 19, 2006

Curated by Francesco Bonami and Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev

Rabelais's grotesque, voracious giant always on the move supplies a model for contemporary globalization in "The Pantagruel Syndrome," the title of Turin's first triennial. T1--the abbreviation seems to draw inspiration from Schwarzenegger's Terminator films (Gov. Arnold as today's Pantagruel?)--is organized in two parts. The first shows new work by seventy-five young artists (like Trisha Donnelly, Christian Jankowski, and Jennifer Allora and Guillermo Calzadilla); the focus here is on information, with ten cocurators serving as "correspondents" from different global hotspots. The second features retrospectives of the work of Doris Salcedo and Takashi Murakami. No doubt a gargantuan task to pull off.--Nico Israel

BARCELONA

Gunter Brus

Museu d'Art Contemporanl de Barcelona

October 14, 2005-January 15, 2006

Curated by Manuel J. Borja-Villel and Monika Faber

Unlike his peers, Viennese Actionist Gunter Brus knew how to stop. In 1969, Rudolf Schwarzkogler fell out a window to his death; Otto Muhl and Hermann Nitsch were still orchestrating body-analytical rituals into the '70s. But Brus sensed the limits of his selfmutilating actions as early as 1970 and decided to convey radicality through more cerebral means. This 140-piece retrospective traces his rebellious spirit from the '60s to the present, including actions, stage designs, paintings, writings, and idiosyncratic "Image-Poems," a combination of visionary drawings and acerbic texts. The catalogue, which features Brus's aphoristic, Karl Krausian prose, promises to posit the former enfant terrible as Actionism's most inspired member.--Caroline Schneider

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BASEL

Willem de Kooning

Kunstmuseum Basel

September 17, 2005-January 22, 2006

Curated by Bernhard Mendes Burgi

The '60s and '70s were not happy years for Willem de Kooning. At the height of his fame, the aging painter often disappeared for days at a time on drinking binges that would culminate in hospital stays. Even good days often began with a bottle of J & B. Was the "blubbery" style of those years a relative low point, a long prequel to the (now much better known) abstractions of the "dry" '80s? Or do its slovenly, lascivious images of women and emulsified landscapes represent de Kooning's true "late style," before the onset of Alzheimer's? With about forty major works made between 1960 and 1980, curator Bernhard Mendes Burgi gives European audiences a chance to assess the artist's most dissipated, least prolific decades.--Alexi Worth

Wolfgang Laib

Fondation Beyeler

November 27, 2005-February 27, 2006

Curated by Philippe Buttner and Ulf Kuster

The poet of milk stones and pollen squares, Wolfgang Laib is, at fifty-five, the youngest artist--and the first installation artist--to receive a solo exhibition at the Fondation Beyeler, a world-class collection of modern masterworks that became its own public museum in 1997. The Renzo Piano building, with its translucent white-glass roof, should be a beautiful setting for about thirty of Laib's fragile, tactile installations made since the '80s, including not only milk and pollen works but examples of his beeswax "houses" and ziggurat-shaped towers. Artists honored with special showings at the Beyeler tend to be dead masters--Monet, Picasso, Rothko--or living legends--Kelly, Johns. This inserts Laib, however gently, into a grand pantheon.--Frances Richard

BERN

Franz Gertsch

Kunstmuseum Bern/Museum Franz Gertsch, Burgdorf

November 13, 2005-March 12, 2006

Curated by Reinhard Spieler and Samuel Vitali

The Swiss Photorealist painter Franz Gertsch has recently enjoyed a muchdeserved reconsideration, and on the occasion of his seventy-fifth birthday, the Kunstmuseum Bern and the Museum Franz Gertsch have assembled a retrospective. Coinciding with a renewal of interest in Photorealism and the recent currency of this painterly mode among younger artists, Gertsch's revival becomes all the more relevant. The shows include some sixty canvases: from early favorites like At Luciano's House, 1973, and his "Patti Smith" series (1977-79) to a new painting, Silvia III, 2003-2005. One can also survey Gertsch's woodcuts, gouaches, and watercolors. Travels to Ludwig Forum, Aachen, Apr.-June 2006; Kunsthalle Tubingen, July-Oct. 2006.--DR

ZURICH

Nedko Solakov

Kunsthaus Zurlch

September 2-November 13

Curated by Mirjam Varadinis

With characteristic conceptual specificity and comic brio, Bulgarian artist Nedko Solakov mounts his own personal "Salon des Refuses." Comprising nearly one hundred works in painting, photography, drawing, and video left unsold after twenty-plus years of gallery shows, Solakov's conceptual exercise thumbs its nose at the dictatorship of capital that increasingly overdetermines the discourse surrounding contemporary art. His assemblage of "leftovers," significantly sited an hour from art-mecca Basel, highlights how the market and institutions sometimes butt heads on the importance of objects. It also rescues some of Solakov's quirky, poetic, and poignant works from their undeserved hibernation in his studio and gallery back rooms.--Elizabeth Thomas

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STOCKHOLM

Here Comes the Sun

Magasln 3 Stockholm Konsthall

August 27-December 4

Curated by Daniel Birnbaum, Rosa Martinez, Jerome Sans, and Sarit Shapira

When is a Konsthall not a Konsthall? When it is Magasin 3 in Stockholm. Guided by an inimitably plucky vision that resists definition, M3 has been staking out its own territory in contemporary art since 1987. Last year, four associate curators--Daniel Birnbaum, Rosa Martinez, Jerome Sans, and Sarit Shapira--joined the staff, and their inaugural exhibition, "Here Comes the Sun," materializes in late summer, just as the Scandinavian sun begins its slow disappearing act. Nine international artists, from Israel's Avital Geva to Germany's Tobias Rehberger to Spain's Pilar Albarracin, dip into the really big questions concerning cosmology and time. The result should bring to light a spectrum of work that lives up to Magasin 3's habit for dispensing with the routine.--Ronald Jones

MALMO, SWEDEN

Olafur Eliasson

Malmo Konsthall/Lunds Konsthall

September 10, 2005-January 22, 2006

Curated by Lars Grambye and Asa Nacking

Clearly preferring to take things day by day, Olafur Eliasson follows up his installation at the Venice Biennale--a dark jewel of a pavilion on San Lazzaro island that duplicates and then distills the Mediterranean sun's effects from dawn to dusk into a fourteen-minute cycle--with a series of rooms in Malmo presenting gradations of natural and manmade light. Here, the solar and synthetic accumulate into one seamless spectrum, even becoming indistinguishable--such that Eliasson's usual probing of perception, by underscoring our projections onto the natural world, now turns to that world's augmented reality. A complementary exhibition in nearby Lund revolves on small-scale works and display models, upping the ante on his endeavors of self-awareness and providing a kind of periodic table for his enterprise.--Tim Griffin

VADUZ, LIECHTENSTEIN

Fred Sandback

Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein

November 18, 2005-February 5, 2006

Curated by Friedemann Malsch and Christiane Meyer-Stoll

In a lecture last year, Andrea Fraser observed that Fred Sandback's work makes her cry. Sandback's spare installations of twine indeed elicit a strong response: Engaging or annoying, they rarely inspire indifference. This show, organized in cooperation with the artist's widow, Amy Sandback, brings the Fred Sandback revival, inaugurated by Lynne Cooke at Dia: Chelsea in 1996, to an apogee. Including some fifty sculptures from 1967 to 2003 in wool, string, and metal, as well as graphic media, and a catalogue with contributions by the artist and such luminaries as Sol Le Witt and Olafur Eliasson, it should make a strong case for Sandback's achievement. Travels to the Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Mar.-May 2006; capcMusee de Bordeaux, Feb.-May 2007.--James Meyer

BERLIN

Jorg Immendorff

Neue Nationalgalerie

September 23, 2005-January 22, 2006

Curated by Anette Husch and Angela Schneider

Jorg Immendorff, long considered Germany's foremost political artist, has designed a playful architectural complex--a freestanding wall and six pavilions, connected by walkways, all painted stoplight red--for the upper gallery of Mies's glass museum. The installation conceptually references Immendorff's Lidl village of the late '60s, a kind of Fluxus commune conceived when he was an anti-art art student of Joseph Beuys. But this new "red city," with its emblematic detached wall, doubtless refers to the failed dream of an all-red unified Germany. Each pavilion displays a different theme in Immendorff's art, including "Lidl," 1968-70, and his masterpiece, the "Cafe Deutschland" paintings, an allegory of art and politics architecturally united.--Arthur C. Danto

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HANNOVER/HAMBURG

Michel Majerus

Kestnergesellschaft

November 19, 2005-February 26, 2006

Delchtorhallen Hamburg

November 18, 2005-January 29, 2006

Curated by Anne Prenzler

The chief irony attending Michel Majerus's tragic death in a plane crash at age thirty-five in 2002 is that his art--eyeball-strafing post-Pop paintings and installations colliding high and low imagery--could have gone on hacking through the mutating forest of signs forever. In Majerus's view, progress was over and everything in our image-riddled culture was equivalent. These exhibitions--key components in an ongoing retrospective that, by 2007, will have spanned five separate institutions--should be appropriately overwhelming. Hannover gets the paintings and Hamburg the installations, giving the headroom never achieved in his lifetime to Majerus's trick of flipping iconographic repletion into end-of-history emptiness.--MH

COLOGNE

George Brecht

Museum Ludwig

September 17, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Alfred M. Fischer and Julia Robinson

George Brecht once described his events as "very private, like little enlightenments I wanted to communicate to my friends who would know what to do with them." Though this reticence has restricted his oeuvre's accessibility, intimacy remains one of his work's greatest strengths. Brecht is inextricably linked with Fluxus, but his art is too elusive to be quite nameable. Accompanied by a catalogue edited by Fischer, including the artist's statements and texts, this retrospective comprising two hundred works--books, installations, assemblages, and more, dating from 1957 through the '90s--should bring Brecht wider attention. But the happy few already in on the secret might quietly regret it. Travels to MACBA, Barcelona, May 2006.--Barry Schwabsky

Rosemarie Trockel

Museum Ludwig

October 29, 2005-February 22, 2006

Curated by Barbara Engelbach

COGITO, ERGO SUM. So reads a 1988 machine-knit wool-on-linen picture by Rosemarie Trockel, stitched in a rendition of childish cursive. The artist's appropriation of Descartes's famous dictum unravels its linear logic, recasting the rational subject as dreamy doodler. For the past twenty-odd years, Trockel has similarly undermined hallowed ideologies and confused recourse to easy meaning, employing sculpture, installation, drawing, and video. This comprehensive survey--which includes 131 works and is accompanied by a catalogue with essays by Silvia Eiblmayr, Gregory Williams, Brigid Doherty, and the curator--promises to weave together the strands of Trockel's eminent and multifaceted oeuvre. Travels to Galleria Communale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, May 2006.--Johanna Burton

Project Migration

Kolnischer Kunstverein

October 1, 2005-January 15, 2006

Curated by marion von Osten and Kathrin Rhomberg

Today's European Union is at once ambitious and reticent, incorporating former Eastern Bloc countries while fortifying itself against African and Asian immigration. Launched in 2002, "Project Migration" focuses on corresponding cultural change. Following a film and lecture program, this fall will see the opening of a group show curated by Kunstverein director Rhomberg and von Osten, a professor at Zurich's Hochschule fur Gestaltung und Kunst. They've chosen seventy artists, including Kutlug Ataman and Ann-Sofie Siden, who confront the economic, political, and aesthetic dynamics of legal and illicit migration. The catalogue includes essays by Stuart Hall, Saskia Sassen, Arjun Appadurai, and Etienne Balibar.--Harald Fricke

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FRANKFURT

James Ensor

Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt

December 17, 2005-March 19, 2006

Curated by Ingrid Pfeiffer

This retrospective of around eighty paintings and sixty works on paper draws on the rich history of James Ensor's German reception. Since the 1890s, the Belgian artist's output has been collected by German institutions (several of which are lenders), and its impact is visible from Expressionism to Dada and beyond. Emil Nolde was among those who made pilgrimages to visit Ensor, whose work anticipates the pictorial experiments and anarchosocialist politics of Dada in Zurich and Berlin. One might quibble with curator Pfeiffer's stated aim to present Ensor's oeuvre as an instance of "postmodern stylistic pluralism"--wasn't Ensor (1860-1949), from beginning to end, a desperate, idiosyncratic modernist?--but the show's timeliness is difficult to contest.--Brigid Doherty

MUNICH

Pier Paolo Pasolini

Pinakothek der Moderne

November 17, 2005-February 5, 2006

Curated by Bernhart Schwenk and Michael Semff

Pasolini was twentieth-century Italy's most important and provocative cultural figure. A writer, filmmaker, playwright, and painter, he focused his oeuvre on sexuality, politics, religion, and revolution. One of Italy's first no-globals, he was also among its last romantic visionaries. Murdered in 1975, Pasolini's last years were spent denouncing political corruption and making aesthetically astonishing work, such as the infamous film Salo (1975), which attacked transnational consumer capitalism. The thirtieth anniversary of his assassination (which some suggest he sought) provides the occasion for this first-ever survey of Pasolini's visual and literary art, including rarely seen drawings and paintings, and a film retrospective organized by the Filmmuseum Munchen.--Patrick Rumble

Franz Marc

Stadtlsche Galerie Im Lenbachhaus

September 17, 2005-January 8, 2006

Curated by Annegret Hoberg

The Lenbachhaus is home to a major collection of Blaue Reiter art and is sponsor of the monumental Franz Marc catalogue raisonne. It is thus the ideal venue for what will be the largest retrospective of Marc's work since the commemorative exhibition that followed his death in 1916. Nearly one hundred canvases and even more works on paper, sculptures, and design materials--some never before exhibited--provide an opportunity to consider Marc's development chronologically and the-matically. Special attention will be paid, of course, to his coloristic expression of spiritual concerns and his totemic treatment of animals. Annegret Hoberg, who has edited the accompanying catalogue, is also the author of the catalogue raisonne, the final volume of which will be published to coincide with the exhibition.--FR

TOKYO

Hiroshi Sugimoto

Mori Art Museum

September 17, 2005-January 9, 2006

Curated by David Elliott

Exploiting the camera's ability to copy with an intensity and subtlety that endows lifeless things with living presence, Hiroshi Sugimoto has led Japanese conceptual photography for the past thirty years. Co-organized by the Mori and Hirshhorn museums, Sugimoto's first retrospective presents 145 images from his major series, made between 1974 and 2005. In addition to premiering a series of color photographs, the exhibition includes two new aluminum sculptures based on his 2004 photographic series "Conceptual Forms." Sugimoto has also designed a Noh stage, on which a play will be performed. Travels to the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC, Feb. 16-May 14, 2006; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Sept. 2006-Jan. 2007.--Midori Matsui
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Title Annotation:PREVIEW
Publication:Artforum International
Article Type:Calendar
Date:Sep 1, 2005
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