THE WORLD'S MOST SUSTAINABLE AND CONNECTED OFFICE
Deloitte's new Amsterdam head office, the Edge,
shows how smart building design
can provide flexibility and comfort for its occupants while also reducing energy demands.
Producing more energy than it consumes, the Edge is widely regarded as the most sustainable
office building in the world. The multi-storey, north-facing glass atrium admits lots of daylight while concrete walls on the south facade absorb
heat from sunlight, and solar panels convert that sunlight into energy. A single network controls every
technical system in the building, including a network of tens of thousands of sensors placed around the building. The lift, the lighting and cooling systems, coffee machines and towel dispensers, even the robot security guard which cruises around
the building at night, can all be controlled and adjusted centrally.
Combined with a hot desk approach to working, the technological flexibility of the building means that its 1,100 workspaces can serve more than 2,500 staff.
MAKING HEALTH- CARE INFRASTRUC- TURE SMARTER When completed later in 2017, the New Karolinska Solna (NKS) University
Hospital in Stockholm will have over 12,000 rooms, 35 operating theatres and 17 MRI scanning units. It is considered to be the world's largest public-private partnership project.
The NKS contract required the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM), which provided a single system for designers, contractors and facilities managers to collaborate on. All information relating to the hospital's design, construction and inventory is
stored digitally. Ultimately, BIM data will enable the hospital facilities to be managed comprehensively and serve as a map for 29 automated, guided vehicles which will deliver medical supplies, laundry and other items around the site.
NKS will also be climate-neutral, thanks to its energy-efficient insulation, a geothermal energy plant and the use of food waste for biogas.
THE VERTICAL CITY
By 2050, two-thirds of the global population will live in cities. In many urban centres, there will be a shortage of space on
the ground, and expanding outwards won't be an option. Instead, cities will need to build upwards to accommodate their workforces and residents.
The idea behind the design of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai -- now a popular tour- ist attraction -- was to create a mixed- use modern skyscraper with hotel accommodation, residential apart- ments and commercial premises. Not so much a building as a vertical city.
The report credits the realization of this vision to securing the backing of the authorities, including the
ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid al Maktoum; close collaboration among all contributors; using pre-fabrication to speed construction; and pioneering the use of innovative technologies such as self-climbing cranes.
The Burj Khalifa is now the third most popular "selfie" attraction in the world, after the Eiffel Tower in Paris and Disney World in Florida.
THE 3D-PRINTED BRIDGE MX3D is 3D printing a fully functional stainless steel
bridge to cross one
of the oldest and most famous canals in the center
of Amsterdam, the Oudezijds Achterburgwal. We equip typical industrial robots with purpose-built tools and develop the software to control them. The unique approach allows us to 3D print strong, complex and graceful structures out of
metal. The goal of the MX3D Bridge project is to showcase the potential applications of our multi-axis 3D printing technology.
The Bridge is designed by Joris Laarman Lab, Arup is the lead structural engineer, ArcelorMittal provides the metallurgical expertise, Autodesk assists with their
knowledge on digital production tools, Heijmans is our construction expert, Lenovo supports us with computational hardware, ABB is the robotics specialist, Air Liquide & Oerlikon know everything about welding and lastly, Plymovent protects the air our employees breath whilst AMS and TU Delft do invaluable research. Gemeente Amsterdam is the first customer of our collaborative bridge building department.
It is hoped that a printed steel pedestrian bridge in Amsterdam will show that additive manufacturing techniques, or 3D printing, can work outside the lab in the real world.
The bridge aims to showcase the technology's viability and potential to the construction industry, while also contributing to developing a strong supply chain and customer interest in 3D printing projects of this scale.
In addition to speed and time of construction, 3D-printing technology offers environmental
benefits, too. Being managed digitally from the design to the production phase, it generates no waste and there's little need for rework. Materials savings through optimized shapes also mean that 3D printing is a highly eco-friendly technology.
The bridge is scheduled to be printed by the end of 2017 and installed at the beginning of 2018.
3D-PRINTED HOUSE In China, meanwhile, Winsun is pioneering large- scale 3D printing. In 2014 it succeeded
in printing its first house, and then created a printed housing estate. Since then, it has also delivered the first 3D-printed office building,
Compared with traditional on- site construction, the Winsun process saved about 80 per cent on construction costs and 60 per cent on both labour and waste.
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