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FDA strengthens kidney warnings on two drugs for type 2 diabetes.

THE FOOD AND DRUG Administra tion has revised warnings on certain medications for type 2 diabetes mellitus based on recent reports of kidney injury. The warning labels on canagliflozin (Invokana, Invokamet) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga, Xigduo XR) now include recommendations on ways to minimize the risk and more information on kidney injury.

"From March 2013, when canagliflozin was approved, to October 2015, FDA received reports of 101 confirmable cases of acute kidney injury, some requiring hospitalization and dialysis, with canagliflozin or dapagliflozin use," the FDA statement said.

The FDA went on to note: "Health care professionals should consider factors that may predispose patients to acute kidney injury prior to starting them on canagliflozin or dapagliflozin. These include decreased blood volume; chronic kidney insufficiency; congestive heart failure; and taking other medications such as diuretics, blood pressure medicines called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Assess kidney function prior to starting canagliflozin or dapagliflozin and monitor periodically thereafter. If acute kidney injury occurs, promptly discontinue the drug and treat the kidney impairment."

acruz@frontlinemedcom.com

BY ABIGAIL CRUZ

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Author:Cruz, Abigail
Publication:Family Practice News
Date:Jul 1, 2016
Words:183
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