Exploring German tradition.
RIYADH: Germany is the guest of honor country at the Janadriyah Festival, the famous national heritage and cultural festival organized annually to celebrate symbols of the Saudi identity. The visitors this year will experience German tradition and cultural diversity at the special pavilion in the heart of the festive heritage village. Named after the village on the northern outskirts of Riyadh, the festival opens on Feb. 3 (Wednesday) and will continue till Feb. 21 at the Al-Janadriyah heritage village. Describing it as a 'great honor' for Germany to have been chosen as the guest country for the 30th edition of the prestigious festival, German ambassador Boris Ruge said it is a recognition of the excellent state of our bilateral relations to be a 'special guest' for the most outstanding cultural heritage festival in Saudi-Arabia. "We are most honored to have been invited. From my point of view as an ambassador, this is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to present our country to the people of Saudi Arabia," he said. The visit to the German pavilion, situated at the center of the festival site, will be a rich learning experience about the western European country as the visitors will have an opportunity to explore German tradition with the unique blend of cultural diversity and innovation with German participation under the theme, "Germany - Land of Ideas: Where innovation has tradition." The starting point at the German pavilion at the festival, of course, is tradition as Germany has a long history and, like the Kingdom, it is made up of different regions with their own traditions. For many centuries, people from different cultural backgrounds have made Germany their home, sharing their experiences and knowledge and developing solutions to improve life. Moreover, "Made in Germany" is one of the most famous trademarks and German ideas and German technology are present the world over. So besides being a country of tradition, Germany is also a country of innovation. "In fact, Germany is a country where innovation is a matter of tradition and that is why the motto for our presentation at Janadriya is 'Germany-Land of Ideas: Where innovation has tradition'," said the envoy. "By visiting the German pavilion, people can experience firsthand that innovation indeed has tradition in Germany," Ruge said. Adding value to German participation German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier will attend the opening ceremony, leading an 85-member delegation. Commenting on the German participation, the man at the helm of affair Michael Ohnmacht, deputy head of mission, German Embassy in Riyadh, told Arab News, "Germany is seeking a dialogue with the people of Saudi Arabia and we hope that the German pavilion
can contribute to the mutual understanding of each other's culture." In the pavilion, visitors will find ideas and projects 'Made in Germany' whether in business, science or society and experience innovative solutions the country is offering to meet future challenges, the envoy said, adding: "We are inviting the Saudi audience to time travel through a typical German city." Moreover, the visitors can experience performances by German artists, folklore dancers and musicians and may listen to renowned academics from Germany participating in the festival. "When you visit us at Janadriyah, you will be traveling from the medieval beginnings to modern street life, and you will experience a specific German vision of tomorrow as the German pavilion tour starts at a medieval city gate and proceeds over a moat into the inner pavilion taking into a historical market place and half-timbered houses known as 'FachwerkhEnuser,' then proceeding into modern German life and houses," Ohnmacht told Arab News. There is a special attraction just at the beginning of the old market place in the pavilion, which is an exhibition about female pioneers in science and technology from Germany as well as the Kingdom and the Arab and Islamic world being shown in cooperation with Dar Al-Hekma University in Jeddah. Notably, Goethe Institute, Germany's cultural institute, has prepared a program, ranging from traditional music and folklore to football freestylers and graffitiartists to be staged at the pavilion. The project coordinator for the pavilion is "Germany - Land of Ideas," the place branding initiative of the German government and German business community, helping to implement these ideas with partners and the pavilion constructors. Along the way, visitors can find out partners supporting German participation at Janadriyah, where one can see enterprises that are household words and synonyms for industrial excellence, which include the Airbus Group, State of Baden-Wuerttemberg, DETASAD, Deutsche Bank, Dorsch Gruppe, Herrenknecht, GIZ, Lufthansa, Luerssen, SAP, Siemens, V-Line and Volkswagen, who is also sponsoring the museum's exhibit. At the end of the modern town square, a virtual exhibition of the Berlin-based Museum of Islamic Art's special presentation "Early Islamic Capitals" can be experienced. The end of the tour is marked by a fascinating look into the future. Significantly, Germany and Saudi Arabia have a long tradition of friendly relations, which has further strengthened to special bilateral bonding over the past decade. "Trade has gone up significantly, while cooperation on political and strategic issues has become steadily more important," said Ohnmacht. ****************** ACHIEVEMENTS 1817: The bicycle Karl von Drais (1785-1851) was especially taken by the "two-wheeler principle". The bicycle was soon to become a success story world-wide 1861: Telephone The era of revolutionary communications technology commenced with Philipp Reis (1834-1874). A mathematics teacher, he was the first person to transform sounds and words into electric current that could be reproduced elsewhere 1876: Refrigerator On March 25, 1876, Carl von Linde (1842-1934) was awarded the patent for the first refrigerator, which used ammonia as a cooling agent. In 1993, German company Foron introduced the world's first CFC-free "Greenfreeze" refrigerator 1876: Otto engine Take in, condense, ignite, work, expel: Nikolaus August Otto (1832-1891) has gone down in the annals of technology as the inventor of the four-stroke engine, accelerating the pace of motorization 1885: Automobile They made society mobile: Carl Benz (1844-1929) and Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900). Today, over 46 million automobiles are registered in Germany 1897: Aspirin On August 10, 1897 chemist Felix Hoffmann (1868-1946) synthesized a white powder that was soon to prove to be a "miracle treatment": acetyl salicylic acid 1905: Theory of relativity He did not develop a product or invent a process. Instead he created a new idea of time and space. Albert Einstein (1879-1955), who emigrated from Germany in 1933, was the first pop star of science. His formula read: E=mcA 1930/1931: Television On Christmas Eve, 1930, Manfred von Ardenne (1907-1997) was the first person to succeed with an electrical television broadcast. Today, 95 percent of German households have a TV. Average viewing time per day is about 220 minutes 1939: Jet engine As a student Hans von Ohain (1911-1998) was already hunting for a new engine for aircraft. His vision: "thrust" was to be provided by propulsion. In 1939, the first jet airplane took off in Rostock 1941: Computer Because he did not like maths tasks, Konrad Zuse (1910- 1995) invented the first binary calculator: the Z3. The first computer managed four basic arithmetic functions in three seconds. It was the beginning of the digital age. Today, 240 million PCs are sold each year, eight million of them in Germany 1957: Rawl plugs Simple but ingenious: This is the only way to describe the invention of the plastic rawl plug. For "patents world champion" Artur Fischer, the patent for his rawl plug was only one of over 5,000 that he has accumulated during his long life as an entrepreneur 1963: Scanner The inventor of the precursor to fax machines Rudolf Hell (1901-2002) had first thought of dividing texts and images into dots and lines back in the 1920s. His Hell telegraph system was the first to transfer texts and images over long distances. In 1963, he invented the first scanner for inputting color images 1969: Chipcard Under Patent DE 19 45777 C3 JE-rgen Dethloff (1924-2002) and Helmut GrE[micro]ttrup (1916-1981) opened the door wide to the information society. As a check card, phone card or patient card, today, your chipcard is a firm part of everyday life 1976: Liquid crystal display The future of monitors is large and flat, thanks to modern liquid crystals. Darmstadt-based company Merck was the first to offer them for sale, in 1904. The breakthrough came in 1976 with substances with enhanced optical and chemical display properties 1986: Scanning tunnel microscope It renders even atoms, the smallest pieces of matter, visible. German Gerd Binnig and Swiss Heinrich Rohrer were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for their invention in 1986. It was the decisive breakthrough into the nano-world 1994: Fuel cell automobile As early as 1838, Christian Friedrich SchE[micro]nbein (1799-1868) developed the principle of the fuel cell. But not until 1994 did Daimler-Benz AG exploit its potential for the world's first fuel-cell powered car 1995: MP3 For millions of children today, MP3 players are simply the best. This method of audio compression was developed by a team at the Fraunhofer Institute under Karlheinz Brandenburg 2008: STED microscope With his Stimulated Emission Depletion (STED) microscope MPI researcher Stefan Hell succeeded in dramatically raising the resolution of fluorescence microscopy for the first time, thereby paving the way for light microscopy with resolution on a nanometer scale
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