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Everything you need to know about coeliac disease (and whether you really have it).

The Neolithic Revolution introduced a whole range of new foods and proteins into the human digestive tract. But this phenomenal change created the perfect conditions for the rise of coeliac disease.

While most proteins were readily consumed, some people's immune systems struggled to tolerate others. Wheat was the first cereal to be widely domesticated, and in the case of the gluten protein from wheat, the result of this struggle was coeliac disease.

When people with coeliac disease consume gluten, an abnormal immune reaction occurs causing inflammation and damage to the small bowel lining. This impairs absorption of nutrients and can lead to a wide range of symptoms and medical complications.

The second century Greek physician Arateus is credited with coining the term coeliac disease, or "koiliakos", after the Greek word koelia (abdomen), to describe patients suffering typical symptoms of diarrhoea, weight loss and anaemia. -aboutcoeliac-disease-and-whether-you-really-have-it-4928

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Author:Tye-Din, Jason
Publication:The Lamp
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:8AUST
Date:Jun 1, 2012
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