European Journal of Clinical Nutrition: Parental IQ and Cognitive Development of Malnourished Indonesian Children.
A cross-sectional study of children in West Kalimantan, Indonesia,
was conducted to examine the relationship between malnutrition history,
child IQ, school attendance, socioeconomic status, parental education
and parental IQ. In unadjusted analyses, severely stunted children had
significantly lower IQ scores than mild-moderately stunted children.
This effect was significant when stunting, school attendance and
parental education were included in multivariable models but was
attenuated when parental IQ was included. Our research underscores the
importance of accounting for parental IQ as a critical covariate when
modeling the association between childhood stunting and IQ.