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Ethiopia Launches Its First Satellite Aboard Chinese Rocket.

Ethiopia just launched its first satellite aboard the (https://www.ibtimes.com/fireball-seen-across-western-us-likely-chinese-rocket-debris-not-meteor-nasa-says-1827324?utm_source=feeds_ibt&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=msn) Chinese rocket  Long March 4B, capping a great year for the (https://africanews.space/2019-is-the-best-year-so-far-for-the-african-space-industry/) African space industry.

ETRSS-1

After being delayed for three days due to unfavorable weather, the first Ethiopian Remote Sensing Satellite (ETRSS-1) finally launched from the Taiyuan Space Base in northern China on Dec. 20.

ETRSS-1, which was developed by the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) along with 21 Ethiopian scientists, is a 70-kilogram multi-spectral civil observation satellite that will monitor and send back data regarding the environment and weather patterns in the Horn of Africa. The data will then be used for better agricultural planning, early drought warnings, forest management, mining activities, and other climate issues.

The satellite project was developed as a part of the technology transfer agreement between Beijing and Ethiopia, with China providing USD 6 million in funding as well as training for the Ethiopian engineers, and Ethiopia providing USD 2 million in funding for the ground station facilities at the Entoto Space Observatory.

As such, both Ethiopian and Chinese scientists watched the live broadcast at the Entoto Observatory and Research Centre just outside Addis Ababa.

African Space Industry

While ETRSS-1 is Ethiopia's first satellite, it is actually Africa's 41satellite and third East African satellite after Kenya's 1KUNS-PF and Rwanda's RwaSat-1. In fact, the ETRSS-1 launch was the eighth launch of an African satellite this year, beating the record of 2017 when Africa launched seven satellites.

Of the African nations, Egypt was the first to launch a satellite, which it did in 1998, and it is also the nation that launched the most satellites. Before 2019, only eight African countries have successfully launched satellites into space, but Rwanda, Sudan, and Ethiopia are now joining the ranks of Algeria, Angola, Egypt, South Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, and Nigeria.

"We can say that 2019 is pretty much the best year in the history of the African space industry," managing director if Space in Africa Temidayo Oniosun (https://phys.org/news/2019-12-ethiopia-celebrates-satellite.html) told AFP. 

Although 2019 is so far considered the best year in the 21-years of African space history, authorities are looking forward to more satellite launches in 2020 and further growths in national space programs.

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Author:Athena Chan
Publication:International Business Times - US ed.
Geographic Code:9CHIN
Date:Dec 24, 2019
Words:392
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