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Epoxy curatives.

ABATRON, INC.

Company offers amines and anhydrides as room-temperature, high-temperature and latent epoxy catalysts.

ACME DIV. ALLIED PRODUCTS CORP.

Supplies anhydride and amine-type epoxy curing agents for electrical encapsulation.

AEROJET SOLID PROPULSION CO. CHEMICAL OPERATIONS DIV.

Accelerator AMC-2 is specifically for acid-epoxy reactions and used in preparation of beta-hydroxyester adducts. Accelerator ATC-3 will catalyze acid-epoxy reactions, but is recommended for anhydride-epoxy reactions. Both accelerators reportedly give faster cure rates than standard catalysts with almost no side reactions or homopolymerization.

AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.

Product line includes eleven general types of epoxy catalysts:

* Aliphatic amines for fast cure at room temperature.

* Tertiary amine accelerators.

* Aromatic amines for good chemical resistance.

* Cycloaliphatic amines for good color stability, impact resistance and electrical properties.

* Polyamides for flexibility.

* Amido-amines for low viscosity and rapid cure.

* Anhydrides for filament-wound pipe.

* Latent boron trifluoride-amine complexes, with a pot life ranging from 3 hr to six months, for laminates, hot-dip coatings, and encapsulation.

* Imidazoles with long pot life and high HDT, for potting, casting and encapsulation.

* Dicyandiamide, pulverized and unpulverized.

* Diluents for all types of epoxy systems.

AJINOMOTO USA, INC.

Company offers two lines of Japanese epoxy curing agents.

Ajicure consists of two proprietary products, which can be used alone or together as latent curing agents in single-component epoxy systems with shelf lives up to three months at 104 F. Cure temperatures can be as low as 176 F. Cure time is one hour at 212 F or 30 min at 248 F. Cured [T.sub.g] can be up to 260 F. Ajicure products can also be used as accelerators for epoxy/dicyandiamide or epoxy/anhydride systems and reportedly afford longer shelf life, reduced volatiles, and lower cure temperatures, while enhancing physical and thermal properties.

Yse-Cure is based on spiroacetal, a heterocyclic diamine. The 16 grades are for two-component, room-temperature curing systems. Epoxies cured with these products reportedly have at least double the toughness, flexibility, and thermal-shock resistance obtained with aliphatic amines and polyamides. They are also said to provide outstanding weatherability, clarity, adhesion to wet surfaces, and ability to cure at temperatures down to 41 F.

AKZO NOBEL INC.

Armocure aliphatic polyamines provide flexibility, water resistance, solvent resistance, and low viscosity in casting and coating, and also recommended for laminating. Armocure is said to help produce castings that are tough, flexible, resistant to freeze-thaw cycles, and curable at relatively low temperatures.

ALBEMARLE CORP.

Ethacure 100 curing agent is a clear, light-red, low-viscosity liquid aromatic diamine. It reportedly does not have the staining characteristics of MPDA (met-aphenylenediamine) nor the toxicological concerns associated with MDA (methylenedianiline). As a low-viscosity liquid, it is said to be easily mixed with epoxy resins, and the resulting mixture reportedly has a longer pot life than systems containing MPDA or MDA. Exotherm during cure is low and allows casting of large parts. Cured materials exhibit high deflection temperatures, excellent chemical resistance, and good retention of mechanical properties at elevated temperatures.

ANHYDRIDES & CHEMICALS, INC.

Offers anhydride-type curing agents, including monoanhydrides, dianhydrides, and polyanhydrides. These find use in filament winding, pultrusion, prepreg manufacture, potting and encapsulation, powder coating, and vacuum-pressure impregnation. Cured properties range from hard, high-Tg (525 F) materials to flexible rubber-like materials. Electrical performance may meet class H, N, or R requirements; and thermal shock resistance from 355 F to -85 F is achievable, even after heat aging at 355 F for over 1000 hr. Systems exhibiting high wet-strength retention and near-zero moisture permeability also can be obtained. Colors of cured epoxy resin vary from dark brown to water white.

BACON INDUSTRIES, INC.

Offers full line of proprietary epoxy curing agents for use with companion adhesive and potting compounds.

BUCKMAN LABORATORIES, INC.

Bulab tertiary amine catalysts are based on TMEDA (tetramethylethylene diamine). Both Bulab 600 and anhydrous TMEDA are fast-acting, stable catalysts.

BUFFALO COLOR CORP.

Anhydride curatives available:

* Liquid Nadic methyl anhydride curative (NMA) for electrical applications requiring minimum shrinkage at high temperatures.

* DDSA (dodecenyl succinic anhydride) for producing tougher, more flexible cured polymers.

* Succinic anhydride (SAA) for applications where a dibasic acid anhydride is desired.

* Two saturated anhydrides, HHPA (hexahydrophthalic anhydride) and MeHHPA (methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride) provide excellent electrical properties and good weatherability.

CIBA-GEIGY CORP. PLASTICS DIV.

Broad line of epoxy hardeners and catalysts offered, including aliphatic polyamines, aliphatic and aromatic polyamine adducts, anhydrides and polyamides. Specialty hardeners also offered, including XU HY 360 100%-solids, modified polyamidoamine with a viscosity of approximately 300-500 cp at room temperature.

CONAP INC.

Conacure EA-Series epoxy hardeners for potting and encapsulating offer such properties as room-temperature cure, heat-curing systems with long pot life, flexible and rigid systems, good chemical resistance, and good electrical properties.

DOW U.S.A.

Offers broad line of polyamine curing agents used in epoxy applications such as molding and tooling. Included are aliphatic amine compounds such as D.E.H. 20 (diethylene triamine), D.E.H. 24 (triethylene tetramine) and D.E.H. 26 (tetraethylene pentamine).

Adducts of some of these amines that reportedly provide fast cure and low vapor pressure also available. Less critical ratios are said to improve handling characteristics. D.E.H. 52 and 58 are typical of this product type.

EPIC RESINS

Offers modified aliphatic amine blends for replacing MDA-type hardeners. Epamine 7044 and 9000 reportedly feature reduced toxicity, glass-transition temperature of 302 F, 4700 psi lap shear, low viscosity, and excellent electrical characteristics at low and high temperatures. Epamine 9000 is designed for high-tech casting and laminating applications.

ETHYL CORP. Now Albemarle Corp.

FURANE PRODUCTS CIBA-GEIGY CORP.

Broad range of custom-formulated epoxy curing agents includes anhydride, amine, cycloaliphatic and polyamide types. High-performance hardeners available for high-temperature performance, thermal-shock resistance, chemical resistance, and other special effects. Can be activated by heat or ambient conditions. Catalytic hardeners also available.

GIORGIA-PACIFIC RESINS, INC. SUB. OF GEORGIA-PACIFIC CORP.

Offers phenolic resins for use as hardeners in epoxy systems. Designed for use in molding materials and laminates, the resins are suited to encapsulated semiconductors, discrete devices, and general-purpose electronic components. Phenolic hardeners have high, medium, and low molecular weights with melt viscosities ranging from 500 to 7000 cp.

HEXCEL CHEMICAL PRODUCTS

Epoxy curing agents offered for laminating, filament winding, tooling, and custom formulating. Epolite line includes:

* Polyamides--widely used, general-purpose, room-temperature, forgiving hardeners.

* Aliphatics--fast, room temperature curing.

* Aromatics---high-temperature, chemical resistant, usually requiring heat cure.

* Cycloaliphatics--in between aromatics and aliphatics, usually require heat cure unless accelerated or specifically formulated.

* Imaidazoles--long pot life, high-temperature, used in filament wound and other large, high-performance laminated structures. Requires elevated temperature cure.

Apco 2330 is a 100%-aromatic epoxy curing agent containing no MDA; Apco 2180, an aliphatic mine, is a room-temperature curing agent; Apco Safe-T-Poxy 2183 is a nonirritant, room-temperature hardener; and Apco 2320, an aromatic amine, is a high-tempera-ture hardener.

HUNTSMAN CORP.

(Formerly Texaco Chemical Co.) Poly-oxypropyleneamine curing agents include Jeffamine D-230, D-400 and D-2000 diamines; and a triamine, Jeffamine T-403. Products offer low viscosities and little color, while providing long pot life. Used for casting, adhesives, encapsulation, flooring compounds, and laminates. When Jeffamine compounds are used with Texaco's Accelerator 399, cure rates are significantly increased.

Also offers other developmental products for epoxy curing, including Jeffamine T5000 and Jeffamine BuD-2000, for good adhesion and thermal shock resistance. Jeffamine EDR-148 is about four times more reactive than standard Jeffamine products.

LEEPOXY PLASTICS, INC.

Supplies a series of boron trifluoride-based liquid epoxy curing agents for use with all commercially available epoxy resins. They range in reactivity from Leecure B-610, which provides a cure at room temperature in less than one minute, to Leecure B-1550, which provides a four-month, stable one-component system curing in one hour at 300 F. These curing agents are said to provide heat-, water-, and chemical-resistant systems. They are used in various applications: glass-reinforced laminates for aerospace and automotive use, electronic potting compounds, electrical varnishes, tooling parts, and discreet products like corrosion-resistant pipe fittings and grating.

MARUZEN AMERICA INC.

Offers Maruka Lyncur M poly p-vinyl phenol and Lyncur MB, a brominated version of poly p-vinyl for use with almost all types of epoxies. Products reportedly cure rapidly without generating volatiles, and resulting resins are said to exhibit better thermal and dimensional stability and chemical resistance than conventional systems. Superior electrical properties in molding and casting applications are also claimed. Lyncur MB is said to add flame retardancy. Applications include printed circuit boards, integrated-circuit substrates, and high-temperature films.

MERECO PRODUCTS DIV. METACHEM RESINS CORP.

Metre-Cure series of catalytic epoxy resin hardeners has been developed for diverse applications. Users can enhance or tailor properties such as adhesion, flexibility, heat and moisture resistance, electrical insulation, and hardness.

MILLIKEN CHEMICAL CO.

Makes three anhydrides and an amine epoxy curing agent: dodecenylsuccinic anhydride, hexahydrophthalic anhydride, methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride, and a cycloalaphatic diamine known as Millamine 5260.

MOONEY CHEMICALS, INC.

See OM Group, Inc.

MORTON INTERNATIONAL, INC. MORTON PERFORMANCE CHEMICALS

Offers quaternary organophosphonium salts, efficient latent-curing catalysts and latent accelerators, for epoxies. Such as: benzyltriphenylphosphonium chloride, ethyltriphenylphosphonium iodide, ethyltriphenylphosphonium acid acetate (70% in methanol) and tetrabutylphosphonium acid acetate (70% in methanol).

NEW ENGLAND RESINS & PIGMENTS CORP.

Offers polyamides, anhydrides, and aliphatic, amido, cycloaliphatic, aromatic, tertiary, and boron trifluoride amines.

OM GROUP, INC.

Offers epoxy catalysts, which include cobalt, calcium, zirconium and rare-earth octoate, naphthenate, and neo-decanoate.

REICHHOLD CHEMICALS, INC. REACTIVE POLYMERS DIV.

Epotuf epoxy hardeners include modified aliphatic and cycloaliphatic polyamines, polyamides and polyamide solutions, amidopolyamines, and anhydrides.

RESTECH/FEL-PRO CHEMICAL PRODUCTS L.P.

Offers filled and untilled formulated liquid amines, polyamides, anhyd-rides, and Lewis acids.

ROHM AND HAAS CO.

Supplies DMP-10 and DMP-30 aromatic amines.

SHELL CHEMICAL CO.

Epoxy curing agents for use in all epoxy application arenas include aromatic amines, aliphatic and cycloaliphatic mines, ketamines, polyamides, polyamine adducts and salts, amido-amine and accelerated amines.

SKW CHEMICALS, INC.

Dyhard line includes dicyandiamide-based epoxy resin hardeners and hardener/accelerator blends. The premier product in the line, Dyhard 100S, is a micropulverized dicyandiamide, homogeneously ground to 98% less than 10 microns. This fine grade of dicyandiamide is also available predispersed with a choice of accelerators, including diuron, fenuron, chlortolurone, or a new TDI bifunctional uron.

Also offers a wide range of imidazole accelerators, including 2-methylimida-zole, 2-ethyl-4-methylimidazole, and 2-phenylimidazole, as well as several developmental types. A blocked imidazole is available.

THERMOSET PLASTICS INC.

Custom formulates a variety of epoxy hardeners for specific applications. Formulating is done with aliphatic amine, anhydride, polyamide, Lewis-acid, and cycloaliphatic chemistries. These are often used in electrical/electronics, molding/tooling, and construction. Many hardeners are off-the-shelf, and others can be provided on a special batch basis.

3M CO.

Industrial Specialties and Tape Div. offers seven phenalkamine curing agents for epoxy flooring compounds and industrial maintenance coatings. Products reportedly are relatively low in toxicity and may be used over a wide range of mixing ratios for most epoxy room-temperature applications. Also supplies reactive dilutions said to speed cures without shortening pot life.

UNION CAMP CORP.

Uni-Rez epoxy curing agents include reactive polyamides and amidoamines used in floor toppings, grouts, potting compounds, and laminates.

UNION CARBIDE CHEMICALS & PLASTICS CO.

Industrial Chemicals Div. offers Bakelite epoxy curing agents, which include N-aminoethyl piperazine, diethylenetriamine, triethylenetotramine and tetraethylenepentamine.

UNION CARBIDE CHEMICALS & PLASTICS CO.

Specialty Chemicals Div. offers epoxy curing agents, which include polygly-coldiamine H-221, polyglycolamine H- 163, and dimethylaminopropylamine.

UNIROYAL CHEMICAL CO., INC.

Tonox, Tonox MDA, Tonox LC and Tonox 60/40, aromatic dismine curatives for epoxies and urethanes, are said to offer excellent physical, chemical and electrical properties. Products are used in epoxy casting, pipe, electrical and electronic applications and include:

* Tonox is a solid which melts to a low-viscosity liquid.

* Tonox MDA is pure methylene dianiline.

* Tonox LC is a high-viscosity liquid exhibiting long pot life.

* Tonox 60/40 is a low-viscosity liquid leading to faster epoxy curing.
COPYRIGHT 1994 Gardner Publications, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1994, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Title Annotation:Manufacturing Handbook & Buyers' Guide 1994/95
Publication:Plastics Technology
Article Type:Directory
Date:Jul 15, 1994
Words:1935
Previous Article:Blowing agents.
Next Article:Polyester curatives.
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