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Epidemiology of radiofrequency exposure: Ahlbom et al. respond.

We thank Kundi for his comments on our review of the epidemiologic literature on health effects of radiofrequency exposure (Ahlbom et al. 2004). He points out, quite correctly, that our assessment of the literature differs from the one he and colleagues have made in a previous review (Kundi et al. 2004). We do, however, stand by our judgment that the literature we reviewed offers little support for a causal relation between radiofrequency exposure and disease risk. Although quality of research varies, most of the studies we reviewed were methodologically limited and more rigorous studies are needed. It is obviously impossible to tell what more sophisticated research along the lines suggested by Kundi, and also by ourselves, will reveal in the future. We certainly agree that consideration of latency and various types of bias is important and, indeed, we did consider these at some length in our review.

The authors declare they have no competing financial interests.


Ahlbom A, Green A, Kheifets L, Savitz D, Swerdlow A. Epidemiology of health effects of radiofrequency exposure. Environ Health Perspect 112:1741-1754 (2004).

Kundi M, Mild K, Hardell L, Mattsson MO. Mobile telephones and cancer--a review of epidemiological evidence. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev 7:351-384 (2004).

Anders Ahlbom

Instititute of Environmental Medicine,

Karolinska Institutet

Stockholm, Sweden


Adele Green

Queensland Institute of Medical Research

Brisbane Australia

Leeka Kheifets

School of Public Health

University of California at Los Angeles

Los Angeles, California

David Savitz

School of Public Health

University of North Carolina

at Chapel Hill

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Anthony Swerdlow

Institute of Cancer Research

Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
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Title Annotation:Correspondence
Author:Swerdlow, Anthony
Publication:Environmental Health Perspectives
Date:Mar 1, 2005
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