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Environmental Law-II:.

Proposed solutions to pollution problems

Here are some solutions to the pollution problems faced by Pakistan;

a. Air Pollution

i. We should avoid cars as much as possible and prefer walk for short distances.

ii. We should plant trees and avoid unnecessary burning of fuels.

iii. Instead of diesel engine cars we should use either CNG cars or petrol ones.

iv. Smoking should be left absolutely.

v. Dirty water may not be allowed to be dumped anywhere.

vi. The wet wastes, human excreta, slaughter house excreta and other garbage may not be dumped so to create poisonous odour.

vii. No unnecessary noise may be made.

viii. The vehicles of low quality engine should be avoided.

ix. Smoke producing factories may be made far away from the population.

x. The measures for the smooth flow of traffic may be adopted so that the vehicles remain start for the minimum time on the roads.

b. Water pollution;

i. The factory waste should be first filtered and the disposed of properly into sea or river.

ii. Instead of using clean water, we can use the filtered industrial water for flushing toilets, watering the plants and washing the cars etc.

iii. The public water tanks and poles should be cleaned under the strict supervision of the government.

iv. The government should take serious action against those who leave dirty water in public water channels and rivers etc.

v. Public awareness must be created to save the marine life and keep the water clean.

vi. The unnecessary usage of water may be discouraged at the gross root level.

c. Land Pollution;

i. Instead of throwing rubbish and dumping the same we must recycle them and should not allow the same to make the land dirty.

ii. The garbage should be taken away and spread the same in the light of sun so it can become dry.

iii. The polythene bags at first may not be used and if necessary it may not be mixed with the garbage.

iv. The factories should avoid the packing of their products in plastic cover.

v. The government should place garbage cans and bins for the collection of rubbish and wastes.

vi. All shopkeepers must use papers bags instead of plastic bags.

vii. The people should develop the habit of using cloth bag instead of plastic bags.

However for the implementation of all these measures the most necessary is the public awareness therefore the government should work on this aspect first. This is possible through the insertion of the environmental topics in the syllabus of schools and colleges etc.

These were some lines about the issues of environment in the following the law relating to the environment would be discussed.


Pakistan is a party to all multilateral treaties that address natural resource conservation and management. In becoming a party to these international conventions, the federal government has assumed obligations to implement their provisions, which in many cases requires legislation. Although the subject of wildlife is on the concurrent legislative list, no federal law exists to establish fundamental principles of wildlife conservation and use, to be applied equally in all provinces and territories. The federal laws governing the processes and institutions that affect natural resources focus on regulating those processes to ensure their orderly conduct and achieve commercial objectives.

Environmental Legislation;

After the independence Pakistan adopted a number of the laws that it inherited from the colonial period that were converted to the environmental provisions. At present for the purpose of protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of the environment, for the prevention and control of pollution and promotion of sustainable development we have an act known as "PAKISTAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1997"

Regarding the preamble of this act the Lahore High Court has remarked that the problem of pollution being more dangerous as compared to destruction by Hydrogen bomb, it is proper and high time to implement the law in letter spirit without determination as the life of human being is more precious.

According to the act the term ENVIRONMENT has been defined as following;

(a) Air, water and land;

(b) All layers of the atmosphere;

(c) All organic and inorganic matter and living organism;

(d) The ecosystem and ecological relationships;

(e) Buildings, structures, roads, facilities and works;

(f) All social and economic conditions affecting community life, and

(g) The inter relationships between any of the factors in sub-clauses (a) to (f);

As per this definition it is the duty of the government as well as the general public to take steps towards the clean air, water, land, buildings, roads, ecosystem and all social and economic conditions but on the contrary we have taken no steps in this regard and unfortunately these laws are confined to the pages of book alone and very less steps are taken for the implementation of the laws in Pakistan particularly in Balochistan. This is evident from the fact that Quetta is one of the most polluted cities in the world but ironically the number of cases registered under the environmental protection act is equal to naught. So we need to first take steps to implement these laws in their letter and spirit and clean our city in particular and in general the whole of the country. So our agencies having the mandate of undertaking the law of environment need to register cases against all those who violate the provisions of the act. Cases should be registered against those who hinder the flow of water channels, dump wastes in public way or road sides or use extra smoke emitting vehicles etc.

Further necessary steps should be taken to ensure the maintenance environmental standards by the industries and any pollutant sector. Besides these the following Laws, Rules and Regulations have been issued under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997.


1. National Environmental Quality Standards (self monitoring and Reporting by Industries)

2. Pakistan sustainable Development Fund (utilization) Rules 2001

3. Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (procedure) Rules 2001

4. Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (utilization) Rules 2003

5. Pollution charge for Industry (calculation and collection) Rules 2001

6. Environmental Tribunal Rules, 1999

7. Environmental Tribunal Procedures and Qualifications Rules, 2000

8. Environmental Sample Rules, 2001

9. Hazardous Substances Rules, 2000

10. Hazardous Substances Rules, 2003


1. Review of IEE/ EIA Regulations, 2000

2. Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review of IEE/ EIA) Regulations 2000

3. National Environmental Quality Standards (Environmental Laboratories Certification) Regulations, 2000

4. National Environmental Quality Standards

5. Draft Hospital Waste Management Rules

6. Draft Composition of Offences and Payment of Administrative Penalty Rules 1999


1. National Environment Policy

2. National Resettlement Policy March, 2002 (draft)

3. National Drinking Water Policy (draft)

4. National Drinking Water Policy

5. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

6. National Operational Strategy.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Council

This is the apex body with the Prime Minister as its head. The council is represented by trade and industry, leading NGOs educational intuitions, experts, journalists and concerned ministries.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency:

Pakistan environmental protection agency (Pak- EPA) which is an attached department of the Ministry of Environment is responsible for the enforcement of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 and its enabling rules and regulations. It also deals with the public complaints and carries out research and investigation in different fields of environment. It is the technical arm of the Ministry of Environment; it prepares reports on different environmental issues and prepares national environmental policies for approval of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council.

Objectives of the Policy are:

1. Conservation, restoration and efficient management of environmental resources,.

2. Integration of environmental considerations in policy making and planning processes.

3. Capacity building of government agencies and other stakeholders at all levels for better environmental management.

4. Meeting international obligations effectively in line with the national aspirations.

5. Creation of a demand for environment through mass awareness and community mobilization.
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Publication:Balochistan Times (Baluchistan Province, Pakistan)
Geographic Code:9PAKI
Date:Feb 26, 2013
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