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Enterprise Challenge 2018: Multi-Domain Battle Experimentation.

In their 2017 article about the future of war, General Robert Brown and General David Perkins wrote:
"People like to talk about how the future of warfare will be different,
but it has already started to arrive...Across these battlefields, rival
powers made investments and developed doctrine, providing ample
evidence that future wars promise extreme lethality not seen since
World War II...The next fight will be defined by a violent intensity
that will test the U.S. military's might in the cauldron of battle...
In attempting to remake the global order, these actors are developing
and employing technologies and tactics that offset America's military
dominance on land, at sea, in the air, and in space and cyberspace." (1)


The Problem

Studies of the emerging operational environment describe a future of contested norms and persistent disorder. (2) In this environment, the U.S. military will compete with sophisticated peer adversary threats in which all domains are contested--land, maritime, air, space, cyberspace, and across the electromagnetic spectrum. In response to these challenges, the Army is developing a new warfighting concept called "Multi-Domain Battle" (MDB). MDB is a joint combined arms concept that not only outlines required capabilities for the physical domains (land, sea, air, and space) but also places significant emphasis on the cyberspace and information spheres. Examples of some of the major challenges or questions facing the Army under this construct include:

* How do U.S. forces deter the escalation of violence, defeat threat operations to destabilize the region, and turn denied spaces into contested spaces should violence escalate?

* How do U.S. forces maneuver from contested strategic and operational depth with sufficient combat power in time to defeat enemy forces?

* How do U.S. forces conduct deep maneuver by air, naval, and/or ground forces to suppress and destroy enemy indirect fire and air defense systems and reserve forces?

* How do U.S. ground forces defeat the enemy in the close area?

Competing with the future operating environment and the emerging demands of MDB, Army intelligence leaders are reviewing all aspects of current and projected intelligence capabilities. These demands on Army intelligence are broad and far-reaching and include attributes such as platform mobility and survivability, growing access to the intelligence enterprise, and sensor diversification. A significant demand continues to be the development of a high degree of interoperability with our joint, interagency, and coalition partners.

Enterprise Challenge

One event that focuses on those future interoperability challenges is Enterprise Challenge. Sponsored by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and managed by the National Geospatial-lntelligence Agency, this annual event drives the development and integration of intelligence enterprise components and architectures, while ensuring baseline interoperability and data exchanges. This annual event is conducted at multiple locations and includes participants from across the Department of Defense, coalition partners, and industry. Enterprise Challenge assesses the Defense Intelligence Information Enterprise alignment and the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance mission workflows; validates interoperability with partners; and creates a low-risk opportunity to demonstrate future intelligence capabilities.

For Army intelligence professionals, the pathway to Enterprise Challenge is through the U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence (USAICoE) Battle Lab. In May 2018, USAICoE will host the Army portion of Enterprise Challenge 2018 at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. In order to address those MDB demands, we are challenging our agency, service, industry, and internal Army partners to help answer important questions such as these:

* How can we enhance interoperability and collaboration (i.e., share the capabilities, distribute workflow, etc.) with joint, interagency, and multinational partners?

* How can we strengthen, develop, and validate architecture requirements in an age of big data?

* How can we improve "reach" among partners to increase Army intelligence expeditionary capabilities?

* Is it possible to modify or replace existing sensors to remain effective in the operating environment?

* Can we introduce a "system of systems" approach to persistent surveillance using a variety of alternate sensor platforms (e.g., high-altitude, low-cost, small unmanned aircraft systems; space-based, disposable unmanned ground systems; etc.) regardless of who owns them?

Conclusion

The overall goal of Enterprise Challenge 2018 is to explore with our joint, interagency, and multinational partners those capabilities required to support the emerging MDB concept. While we rely on the willingness of organizations to fund their own participation, we have a multi-year record of successfully integrating many diverse capabilities and objectives. Consider this guiding direction from Generals Brown and Perkins:
"In the future fight, we must evolve from a system defined by
stovepipes and parochialism. Future commanders will have a profound
breadth and depth of information and access to capabilities providing
cross-domain effects, maneuver, and fires. Provided in a federated
package of solutions, however, no matter how well executed, our joint
capabilities will be vulnerable to a peer adversary with a more united
solution. Now is the time to establish a shared visualization and
understanding of what the future U.S. military will look like. The U.S.
Army is committed to being part of an integrated solution across the
services. A solution built on testing, experimentation, and clearly
articulating the lessons and subsequent requirements derived
therefrom--thus, setting the conditions to design the transformation of
the Army from the one that will fight tonight, tomorrow, and in the
future." (3)


Endnotes

(1.) GEN Robert B. Brown and GEN David G. Perkins, "Multi-Domain Battle: Tonight, Tomorrow, and the Future Fight," War on the Rocks (Texas National Security Network), 18 August 2017, https://warontherocks.com/2017/08/multi-domain-battle-tonight-tomorrow-and-the-future-fight/.

(2.) U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, "Multi-Domain Battle: Combined Arms for the 21st Century" (white paper, 24 February 2017), 2, www.tradoc.army.mil/multidomainbattle/docs/MDB_WhitePaper.pdf.

(3.) Brown and Perkins, "Multi-Domain Battle."

by Major Jermaine Carter and Mr. Matthew Malanowski

MAJ Jermaine Carter serves as chief of the capabilities and evaluation team for the U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence Battle Lab at Fort Huachuca, AZ. Previous assignments include battalion intelligence officer with the 94th Military Police Battalion in Yongsan, South Korea, and brigade intelligence officer with the 5th Armored Brigade at Fort Bliss, TX. He has a bachelor's degree in history from Delaware State University. He attended the Military Intelligence Captain's Career Course at Fort Huachuca, AZ, and the Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, KS.

Mr. Matthew Malanowski is a retired master sergeant. He is now a Department of the Army Civilian, serving as an intelligence specialist for the Experiments and Analysis Directorate (EAD), U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence at Fort Huachuca, AZ. Before joining EAD, he worked with the U.S. Training and Doctrine Command Capability Manager-Terrestrial and Identity. He has a bachelor's degree in business management from Loyola College and a master's degree in business administration from the University of Georgia.
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Author:Carter, Jermaine; Malanowski, Matthew
Publication:Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin
Date:Jan 1, 2018
Words:1123
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