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Employment rates slightly higher in rural areas in Kyrgyzstan than in urban areas.

Employment rates are slightly higher in rural areas than in Bishkek and the urban areas, according to the World Bank's Kyrgyz Republic Regional Welfare Disparities Report. The structure of employment differs substantially. Self-employment accounts for 68% of total employment in rural areas, while self-employment is closely associated with higher poverty at the country level. This finding probably reflects the fact that self-employment covers informal and low-paying jobs often in the agricultural sectors. The importance of the agricultural sector also explains the high level of part-time work in rural areas. Only 51% of rural workers had full-time jobs compared to 96% in the capital (more or equal to 38 hours per week). A sizable gap in the human capital exists between areas. People with higher education are concentrated in Bishkek where their skills are more likely to match the labor market. Thus, the share of individuals with higher education in Bishkek is twice higher than in the other urban areas and almost four times higher than in rural areas. Households in the urban and rural areas have unfavorable demographics with larger households that include more children. Such conditions are also associated with higher poverty.

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Publication:AKIpress News Agency
Geographic Code:9KYRG
Date:Apr 17, 2013
Words:206
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