Election reform: a work in progress: former EAC chairman discusses hurdles facing election reform and who needs to get involved.
The former EAC chair, DeForest Soaries Jr., who played a key role in building the EAC from the ground up, knows this firsthand. In October 2002, Congress created the four-member commission, which currently includes Gracia Hillman, chair; Paul DeGregorio, vice chair; Ray Martinez III: and Soaries.
BLACK ENTERPRISE: How much money did the EAC receive for the states to fund reform? How much for EAC operation?
DeForest Soaries Jr.: The total appropriation for states was about $3 billion. The problem was that Congress did not give us enough operating money to move as quickly as we should have. The president told Congress we needed $10 million to operate. Congress only approved $1.2 million.
BE: What has the EAC done?
Soaries: We distributed the $3 billion. We read the states' plans for using the funding, and we helped elections officials prepare for the November election by assisting them with the changes they needed to make to comply with HAVA.
BE: Do you think the 2004 presidential election was won genuinely?
Soaries: The election was fair. It was the most monitored election in history, but it was not flawless. There were machine malfunctions and poll worker problems. However, this was the first election in our history where data was collected that reports how many people voted. This allows us to investigate discrepancies.
BE: Will Congress change the amount of power states have over federal elections?
Soaries: We don't have one federal election process but rather an assemblage of election processes that differ by state. Where we are now, states can do exactly what they please. Jessie [Jackson] is arguing that states should not have the right to make certain decisions about voting in federal elections. They're pushing Congress to say that the federal government is taking over voting in federal elections.
BE: Do you think states have too much power?
Soaries: Well, look at Georgia. In the year 2000, Georgia lost more votes than the state of Florida. In some black neighborhoods, up to 10% of the votes were lost. Then the secretary of state of Georgia decided that every citizen would vote on the same machine. So they bought 24,000 machines and now their spoilage rate is down to less than about .08%.
The president and the Congress did not make that decision. That was a Georgia decision. So while the focus is on the White House and Washington, the issue of election reform should be raised by every state in the country, because, ultimately, the power is in the states.
BE: What do you think the main focus of the new chair should be?
Soaries: Those of us who use microwaves depend on the government to assure us that there are standards in place to protect us from harmful effects. What happened in this country is that we went to computerized voting without those kinds of government standards. That is the issue that the new chair of EAC has as her priority.
BE: So, black groups must be begging to block time on the EAC schedule?
Soaries: I don't think black America understands yet the scope of our work or the fact that half of the commission is African American. This could be a commission that had no members who even understand the black experience. It's a unique opportunity for minorities in this country to impact the most fundamental rights that Americans have.
I'll tell you, we were not invited to the NAACP convention, to the Urban League convention, to PUSH--to one national black organizational convention this year. Maybe now someone will say, 'With all this money being spent, maybe we should talk to these people and find out what we can find out."
ELECTION DAY 2004 SURVEY RESULTS
8% Increase in registered voters, totaling about 13 million new voters
At least 25% of voters have used new voting equipment since 2000. Another 30% will be using new equipment by 2006
1.5 Number of voters (in millions) castingprovisionalballots, of which 68% were counted
At least nine states used a statewide voter registration database. All states and territories must have a statewide database by Jan. 1, 2006.
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|Title Annotation:||WASHINGTON REPORT; Election Assistance Commission|
|Author:||Richardson, Nicole Marie|
|Date:||May 1, 2005|
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