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Election map 2018: Key votes to watch.

Libya: When?: TBD

Incumbent: Fayez al-Sarraj

Context: Libya remains deeply divided since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 and effectively has two governments, one in Tripoli (backed by the UN) and one in Benghazi.

Key people UN-backed Fayez al-Sarraj and Khalifa Haftar of the Libyan National Army. The wild card is Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, who is looking to mount a challenge.

Growth forecast: 31.2%

Mali: When?: April-November

Incumbent: Ibrahim Boubacar Keita

Context: Mali is a key country in the Sahel, and at the heart of the migration and security debate. Local elections have already been pushed back from last December due to security concerns.

Key people: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, former PM Abdoulaye Idrissa Maiga and Kalifa Sanogo, the mayor of Sikasso.

Growth forecast: 5%

Sierra Leone:

When?: 7 March

Incumbent: Ernest Bai Koroma

Context: After more than a decade Sierra Leone will elect a successor to Koroma. His mixed record on economic reform means a win for the ruling All People's Congress is not a given.

Key people: Samura Kamara--a former finance minister--is the ruling party's candidate. Former UNIDO head Kandeh Yumkellah is looking to pull off a surprise victory.

Growth forecast: 6.1%


When?: October

Incumbent: Paul Biya

Context: A growing separatist movement in the country's minority English-speaking region could prove crucial as the country's long-time president looks to extend his 35-year rule.

Key people: Paul Biya for the ruling party. Akere Muna, a prominent and highly regarded lawyer, has also declared he will run.

Growth forecast: 4.6%


When?: March

Incumbent: Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

Context : Egypt is going through tough economic reforms on the back of a record $12bn IMF loan. The vote will be a test of confidence in al-Sisi's government.

Key people: A meaningful challenge to the Incumbent--who is yet to declare he will run --is unlikely. His main potential challenger, former PM Ahmed Shafik, ruled out a run in January.

Growth forecast: 4.5%


When?: May/June

Incumbent: Emmerson Mnangagwa

Context: All eyes are on Zimbabwe as it seeks to move beyond the Mugabe era and revive its battered economy. Mnangagwa has promised reforms, but has also ruled out sharing power with the opposition.

Key people: There is no obvious threat to the ruling Zanu-PF's Emmerson Mnangagwa, with the main opposition MDC in disarray.

Growth forecast: 0.8%

South Sudan:

When?: July

Incumbent: Salva Kiir

Context: South Sudan has been in a state of conflict pretty much since independence from Sudan in 2011. The big question is whether elections will even be possible in 2018.

Key people: Incumbent Salva Kiir, exiled former vice president Riek Machar.

Growth forecast: -3.4%

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Comment:Election map 2018: Key votes to watch.(ELECTIONS: INFOGRAPHIC)
Publication:African Business
Geographic Code:6LIBY
Date:Feb 1, 2018
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