Printer Friendly

Effects of prenatal alcohol last into teens: growth deficiencies.

Prenatal exposure to alcohol may limit growth even in adolescence, said Nancy L. Day, Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh, and her associates.

The investigators tracked alcohol consumption of 565 lower-income women during pregnancy and evaluated their children's growth at age 14 years. Alcohol consumption was recorded during each trimester of pregnancy (Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. 26[10]:1584-91, 2002).

At the age 14 assessment, children exposed to alcohol prenatally were smaller in terms of weight, height, head circumference, and triceps skinfold thickness than were the children who were not exposed to alcohol prenatally. Growth deficiencies were detectable with consumption of one-fifth or less of a drink per day.

Exposure to alcohol during the first and second trimesters resulted in significant reductions in weight at age 14, while third-trimester exposure did not appear to have such an effect. Height and head circumference were significantly decreased by alcohol exposure during the first trimester but not during the second or third trimesters. The effects of prenatal alcohol exposure appear to be dose related, Dr. Day and her associates said. Compared with the children of abstaining mothers, 14-year-olds born of light, moderate, and heavy drinkers during the first trimester weighed 2.5, 9.1, and 16 pounds less, respectively. Teens born of women who were light, moderate, and heavy drinkers during the second trimester weighed 9.9, 8.5, and 19 pounds less.
COPYRIGHT 2003 International Medical News Group
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2003 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Clinical Rounds
Author:Wachter, Kerri
Publication:Clinical Psychiatry News
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Aug 1, 2003
Words:231
Previous Article:Add group therapy to drugs for bipolar disorder: relapse prevention a challenge.
Next Article:Polypharmacy among elderly: top five reasons: start with lower doses.
Topics:


Related Articles
Birth defects too often blamed on alcohol.
Synthetic peptides may prevent some fas injury: small amounts of these compounds might avert brain damage caused by fetal alcohol syndrome.
Alcohol exposure in third trimester may affect children's higher order functions.
The effectiveness of peer-led FAS/FAE prevention presentations in middle and high schools.
Suicide attempts among adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: clinical considerations.
A comparison of psychopathology in children with and without prenatal alcohol exposure.
Kids 'sleep badly' if mother drank during pregnancy.
Do Canadian prenatal record forms integrate evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis of a FASD?

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters