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Eating for pulmonary fibrosis.

Q. I have pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Are there dietary changes I can make to help me manage my disease?

A. Diet does not have a direct effect on PF, but maintaining a healthy diet can help control your symptoms.

The American Lung Association (ALA) suggests that people with PF eat a lean diet low in sodium, added sugars, and saturated fat. A lean diet would include fish, poultry, lean meats, fruits, whole grains, beans, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products. Whole grains are very satiating. If you find them too filling, try partial portions spread out across your day instead of a full portion at a single meal, but don't skip them.

With packaged foods such as soups or crackers, look for a "low-sodium" version. But don't rely only on the front of the package for information. Read the Nutrition Facts label on the back to understand the exact amounts of sodium, carbohydrates, saturated fat, and added sugars in each serving and to choose the item with the least amounts. Added sugars should be less than 10 percent of your daily calories.

Protein is needed to maintain strong muscles for breathing in and out. Women should consume 46 grams per day. Protein can be found in seafood, poultry, lean meats, low-fat cheese, soy, beans, lentils, eggs, and nuts/nut butters.

The ALA suggests eating smaller, more frequent meals to prevent feeling full, which can make it harder to breathe. Also, maintaining a normal body weight and body mass index (between 18.5 and 24.9) will help make it easier to breathe, as well.

Send questions for Dr. Etingin to: Women's Nutrition Connection ATTN: Lynn Russo Whylly, Executive Editor P.O. Box 5656, Norwalk, CT 06856-5656

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Title Annotation:ASK DR. ETINGIN
Publication:Women's Nutrition Connection
Date:Aug 27, 2019
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