EU round up--European Parliament pushes for green biofuel production standards: the European Parliament's environment committee wants European Union (EU) rules to insist that biofuel production is environmentally sustainable.
THE EUROPEAN Parliament's environment committee wants European
Union (EU) rules to insist that biofuel production is environmentally
sustainable. The call was made in amendments tabled to proposed reforms
to the EU fuel quality directive, aimed at reducing CO2 production by
ensuring fuel formulation involves less CO2 being generated upon
combustion. Indeed, the committee has proposed amendments so that
emissions are reduced by at least 2% every two years from 2012 to 2020,
rather than by 1% per year from 2011 as proposed by the Commission. But
crucially, the committee also wants greenhouse gas emissions created by
the manufacturing and distribution process of fuels--especially
biofuels--taken into account, so that pollution reductions through
formulation are not counteracted by problems such as the clearing of
rain forest for feedstock production. Its amendment says that the
greenhouse gas reduction formula should take into account "CO2
equivalents emitted due to the extraction and production process,
transport, distribution and changes of land use ...". *Researchers
from the University of Leeds have developed a way to turn by-product
sludge created by the production of bio-diesels into hydrogen-rich gas.
The process mixes biodiesel production waste with steam at controlled
high temperatures, separating it into hydrogen, water and carbon dioxide with no residues.