EU/INDONESIA: EU ACEH MONITORING MISSION STARTS ON SCHEDULE.
The AMM aims to ensure that the peace agreement between the GAM and the Indonesian government to end nearly thirty years of conflict, signed on august 15, is adhered to. It is headed by the EU and includes five countries from the Association of South-East Asian Nations (Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Brunei) as well as Switzerland and Norway. It is civil in nature but forms part of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP).
The first phase of the mission which started yesterday and is expected to last four months is aimed at the disarmament of the GAM fighters and the withdrawal of those Indonesian troops whose function is not self-defence. Despite gun shots on the eve of the mission, the first day was without incident. Phase two of the mission will focus on democracy and the defence of human rights. Under the leadership of Peter Feith from the Netherlands, the mission is based in the region of Banda Aceh and comprises ten regional offices with additional mobile teams to monitor disarmament on the ground.
The workforce consists of 130 European and 96 Asian experts on security, conflict management and democratisation. They were recruited by the member states and none of them are armed. The AMM is taking over an 80-strong mission, consisting largely of European diplomats, which have been holding the fort for the period between the signing of the agreement on august 15 and September 15. The European workforce is broke down as follows: EU Council two, Austria two, Belgium five, Denmark eight, Finland 28, France seven, Germany nine, Ireland three, Italy one, Lithuania two, the Netherlands 11, Spain 11, Sweden 13, the UK ten, Norway five, Switzerland three and a further eleven Swedes in charge of logistics.
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|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Sep 17, 2005|
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