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 SACRAMENTO, Nov. 12 /PRNewswire/ -- The California Energy Commission and Pacific Gas and Electric Co. have announced the selection of three sites to demonstrate electric vehicle technology. The demonstration program is a part of the state's "Drive Clean California" campaign, announced as part of Gov. Pete Wilson's 1991 California Energy Plan released Oct. 30.
 The three sites chosen to receive electric G-vans are the City of Oakland, City of Santa Rosa and Yosemite National Park. Oakland and Santa Rosa will use the electric vans for mail and package delivery and Yosemite will lease its electric van to Yosemite Park and Curry Co. to use for its valley passenger shuttle service.
 "We are pleased to have these electric vans join the Drive Clean California campaign," Energy Commission Chairman Charles Imbrecht stated. "These silent-running electric vehicles will decrease smog because there is no engine producing exhaust emissions. We are especially excited about placing an electric passenger van in Yosemite Valley to help maintain the magnificence of our country's most beautiful National Park."
 A total of $120,000 was available to public fleets to cost-share the difference between the price of a conventional van and an electric van. The commission along with PG&E formed a partnership to demonstrate the three electric-powered Conceptor G-vans in PG&E's service territory. The demonstration program will last three years and will assist in the development of electric vehicles for California's future.
 "We are delighted with the special partnership with the California Energy Commission. It provides us with an opportunity to demonstrate yet another clean, alternative fuel option that significantly improves our environment in the future," Norman L. Bryan, Pacific Gas and Electric Co. vice president, Clean Air Vehicles said.
 The Conceptor Electric G-Van is the first electrically-powered, safety-certified vehicle to go into line production in North America. This demonstration is the first time local governments in California will demonstrate electric vehicles, or EVs.
 Energy Commission Chairman Charles Imbrecht says there are two reasons to switch to using clean, alternative fuel vehicles.
 "California is nearly 100 percent dependent on petroleum in its transportation sector," Imbrecht stated. "In order to break that dependency and to clean our skies, the Commission is encouraging the development of clean, alternative fuel technologies. EVs (along with methanol and compressed natural gas) will play an important role for commuters of the future, and this demonstration program is essential to helping that future become a reality."
 EVs will play a part in helping California meet strict air quality regulations. California Air Resources Board rules require that starting in 1998, two percent of vehicles sold by auto manufacturers must be zero emission vehicles. That increases in the year 2003 to 10 percent of all vehicles sold, or more than 200,000 vehicles each year.
 Based on tests conducted by the California Air Resources Board and by using PG&E's annual off-peak electricity generation for battery charging, electric vehicles reduce emissions of hydrocarbons by 99 percent, nitrogen oxides by almost 80 percent and carbon dioxide by 97 percent -- when compared to gasoline vehicles.
 The electric G-Van is designed by Vehma International and manufactured by its Conceptor Industries Division. The base vehicle is the General Motors "G" van shell, produced on the existing "G" van production line. An electric propulsion system developed in England by Chloride Limited EV Systems Divisions replaces the traditional internal combustion engine and drive train.
 The cost of a gasoline G-Van is about $16,000 to $22,000, depending on options. The price of an electric G-Van, including charging equipment and battery watering trolley will range from $56,000 to $62,000 depending on model and accessories. These are limited-production, demonstration vehicles, hence the high cost.
 The Energy Commission and PG&E will both provide $20,000 (total of $40,000) of the total cost of the electric vehicle. The two will pay the differential cost of outfitting the vehicle to run on electricity, while the local governments and the National park Service will pay for the basic cost of the Gm Vandura. PG&E will also be offering cost sharing for vehicle charging modifications.
 Funding for the state's portion of demonstration program comes from the federal Petroleum Violation Escrow Account, made up of fines paid by oil companies that overcharged consumers during the 1970 oil crisis. RECIPIENT USE
 Yosemite National Park will be using its electric van to transport people as part of the valley shuttle service. The shuttles run from 7:30 a.m. to 10 p.m., however, in the early morning and late evening their are only a few riders. The electric van will replace a Gillig diesel bus that normally carries a small number of passengers. The summer loop is about 8.5 miles with 18 stops; the winter loop is shorter.
 Yosemite National Park has received approval to purchase the vehicle by the federal General Service Administration. The park will lease the electric van to Yosemite Park and Curry Co., the concession operator at the park. Curry Co. will maintain the vehicle. The park and Curry Co. have borrowed an electric G-van from PG&E to test the route and to make sure they have the equipment necessary to maintain the vehicle.
 The City of Oakland will use its G-van for mail and package delivery between five city office locations. The van will be used on an urban route with some highway miles. The route is approximately 54 miles long. The city fleet administration and staff have expressed enthusiasm about clean, alternative fuels. The electric van will be charged in the evenings and over-night during off-peak hours.
 The City of Santa Rosa will use its G-van for mail and package delivery between city office sites. The route is about 43 miles long over both urban and semi-rural roads. The city will install a second electric vehicle charging site, at their own expense, at a City Hall garage. DRIVE CLEAN CALIFORNIA
 The electric vehicle demonstration program is the second facet of the Drive Clean California campaign, kicked off last week in Los Angeles. The Energy Commission in public/private partnerships with auto companies, utilities, private and public fleets, and local governments are making an effort to introduce clean, alternative transportation fuels and vehicles to Californians.
 The campaign is a portion of Gov.r Pete Wilson's 1991 California Energy Plan that calls for use of clean, alternative fuels to help clear California's air and to diversify the fuels used in the transportation sector.
 Last week, General Motors and the Energy Commission announced the availability of more than 2,000 variable fuel Chevrolet Luminas that can be purchased by fleets and private individuals. These cars run on methanol or gasoline in any combination from the same tank.
 The commission is also working with California's natural gas utility companies to demonstrate 100 GMC Sierra pick-up trucks that run on compressed natural gas. These pick-up trucks will be placed in nine local government fleets when they are delivered next year. The G-Van at a Glance
 Base Vehicle General Motors GM Vandura
 Electric Propulsion System Chloride Limited EV Systems
 Electric Power Lead acid batteries
 Gross Vehicle Weight 8,600 pounds (with batteries)
 Payload 1,500 pounds cargo version
 900 pounds passenger version
 Top Speed 52 miles per hour
 Acceleration 0-30 mph in 13 seconds
 Vehicle Range 50-60 miles (approximate)
 Recharging Time 8-10 hours
 Recharge Requirement 240 volt
 Energy Use 1.1 Kwh/mile
 Fuel Cost $0.06/Kwh (off peak rate)

Source: PG&E and Energy Commission Staff Emissions / Grams per Mile Electric vs. Gasoline
 Electric (i) Gasoline
 Hydrocarbons (Hcs) 0.01 0.39
 Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) 0.14 0.66
 Carbon Monoxide (CO) 0.04 1.35
 (i) Based on an electric-powered minivan; includes emissions from
 electricity generation.

Source: PG&E and Energy Commission Staff
 -0- 11/12/91
 /CONTACT: Claudia Barker of California Energy Commission, 916-324-3298; or Cheryl Popp of PG&E Clean-Air Vehicle Program, 415- 543-0956/ CO: California Energy Commission; PG&E ST: California IN: AUT SU: PDT RM -- SF005 -- 3509 11/12/91 13:43 EST
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Date:Nov 12, 1991

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